On this day: Birmingham six freed

Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 14 March

Chris Mullin (centre) and the Birmingham Six, who were freed on this day in 1990 after being wrongfully imprisoned for 16 years. Picture: PA

14 March

Close season for trout ends.

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1885: At the first night of Gilbert and Sullivan’s The Mikado at the Savoy Theatre, London, the Japanese ambassador presented a petition to have it banned for racism. It ran for two years.

1891: First submarine telephone lines laid across English Channel.

1930: The Channel Tunnel Committee in London gave approval for the building of a tunnel between Britain and France.

1947: Twenty Questions, billed as a radio parlour game, began on BBC radio with question-master Stewart Macpherson and panel members Richard Dimbleby, Anona Winn and Jack Train.

1961: New English Bible published in two phases (New Testament on this day, Old Testament on 16 March, 1970).

1962: Eric Lubbock captured Orpington for Liberals in sensational by-election, turning Tory majority of 14,760 into Liberal majority of 7,855.

1964: Jack Ruby was found guilty of killing Lee Harvey Oswald and was sentenced to death. He died of a blood clot in 1967.

1965: Israel’s Cabinet formally approved establishment of diplomatic relations with West Germany.

1968: George Brown resigned as Labour Foreign Secretary.

1978: Israeli troops invaded Lebanon on mission to root out terrorist bases.

1984: Gerry Adams, head of Sinn Fein, was seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in Belfast.

1988: Iran and Iraq unleashed missiles on each other’s capitals.

1991: Birmingham Six were freed after wrongfully serving 16 years in jail for 1974 Birmingham pub bombings.

1992: Eleven died in North Sea crash of helicopter transferring workers from Shell Cormorant Alpha platform to nearby accommodation flotel.

1993: More than 70 people were killed as hurricanes, blizzards and floods left a trail of destruction along America’s Atlantic coast.

1994: Government rejected IRA demands for talks, saying there would be no negotiations until violence stopped.

2008: A series of riots, protests, and demonstrations erupted in Lhasa and elsewhere in Tibet.

2011: Figures revealed that the number of women given prison sentences in Scotland had almost doubled in the past decade.

2012: Perth became Scotland’s seventh city after winning a UK competition marking the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee.

BIRTHDAYS

Jamie Bell, actor, 28; Pam Ayres MBE, poet and broadcaster, 67; Liz Burnley CBE, Chief Guide, Girlguiding UK (2006-11), 56; Sir Michael Caine CBE, actor, 81; Jasper Carrott OBE, comedian, actor and television presenter, 69; Sir Robert (Bob) Charles CBE, golfer, 78; Billy Crystal, actor, 67; Quincy Jones, composer, arranger and bandleader, 81; Tessa Sanderson CBE, athlete and broadcaster, 58; Francine Stock, writer and broadcaster, 56.

ANNIVERSARIES

Births: 1681 George Telemann, German composer; 1804 Johann Strauss, Austrian violinist and composer; 1836 Isabella Mary Mayson (aka Mrs Beeton), author of The Book of Household Management; 1868 Maxim Gorky, Russian author; 1879 Albert Einstein, mathematical physicist; 1926 Lita Roza, singer (How Much is That Doggie in the Window?)

Deaths: 1748 General George Wade, soldier and road-builder; 1883 Karl Marx, German social philosopher and radical leader; 1932 George Eastman, photographic pioneer; 1975 Susan Hayward, film actress.