On this day: ARPANET, the precursor to the internet

Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 29 October

Israeli army officer Ariel Sharon, left, with his troops before
the invasion of the Sinai Peninsular on this day in 1956. Picture: Getty
Israeli army officer Ariel Sharon, left, with his troops before the invasion of the Sinai Peninsular on this day in 1956. Picture: Getty

29 October

National Day of Turkey.

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1787: Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni was first performed, in Prague.

1859: Spain declared war on Morocco.

1863: Swiss philanthropist Henri Dunant founded the International Red Cross.

1929: “Black Tuesday” – so-called when Wall Street crashed, leading to the Great Depression.

1956: Israel invaded the Sinai Peninsula and troops pushed on towards the Suez Canal, just 20 miles away.

1964: A collection of gems, including the 565 carat (113g) Star of India, were stolen by thieves from the American Museum of Natural History in New York City.

1967: London criminal Jack McVitie was murdered by the Kray twins, leading to their eventual imprisonment.

1969: The first-ever computer-to-computer link is established on ARPANET, the precursor to the internet.

1983: More than half-a-million people demonstrated against cruise missiles in The Hague, Netherlands.

1985: Lester Piggott rode Full Choke at Nottingham to record his 4,349th winner. This was thought to be the end of his career in Britain – he eventually retired in 1995.

1986: The final section of the M25 motorway around London was opened by prime minister Margaret Thatcher.

1987: Thomas “Hit Man” Hearns won the world middleweight title, making him the first boxer to win a world title at four different weights.

1991: The American Galileo spacecraft made its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid.

1994: A man was arrested outside the White House in Washington after spraying the building with automatic gunfire while Bill Clinton, the president, watched television inside.

1995: Orkney police started an investigation after 25 grey seal pups were found shot near Burwick on South Ronaldsay.

1998: A fire at The Gothenburg nightclub in Sweden claimed 63 lives and injured 200.

2004: In Rome, European heads of state signed the Treaty and Final Act to establish the first European Constitution.

2005: More than 60 people die in a series of bombings in Delhi.

2008: Delta Air Lines merged with Northwest Airlines to create the world’s largest airline.


Yasmin Le Bon, model, 49; Angela Douglas, actress, 73; Richard Dreyfuss, actor, 66; Ian Durrant, Scottish footballer and coach, 47; Robert Hardy CBE, actor and writer, 88; Kate Jackson, American actress, 65; Michael Jayston, actor, 78; Denny Laine, rock musician (Wings), 69; Winona Ryder, actress, 42; Frank Sedgman, Australian tennis champion, 86; Rufus Sewell, actor, 46; Jack Shepherd, actor and director, 73; Michael Vaughan OBE, former England cricket captain, 39.


Births: 1656 Edmund Halley, astronomer; 1740 James Boswell, Edinburgh-born diarist and biographer of Samuel Johnson; 1891 Fanny Brice, actress and singer; 1897 Joseph Goebbels, Hitler’s propaganda minister; 1904 Vivian Ellis, composer and author.

Deaths: 1618 Sir Walter Raleigh, seafarer; 1911 Joseph Pulitzer, American newspaper publisher; 1924 Frances Burnett, novelist and dramatist; 2009 Norman Painting OBE, actor (Phil Archer in The Archers); 2011 Jimmy Savile, media personality.