Born: 13 September 1919 in Vienna Died: 21 January in London, aged 96
Publisher and philanthropist George Weidenfeld, who in his later years devoted himself to improving understanding between faiths and peoples, died yesterday in London at 96. His office said Weidenfeld died in his sleep after a brief illness.
Weidenfeld was a member of the House of Lords who had recently launched an initiative to help save Christians facing persecution at the hands of the Islamic State in the Middle East. He established a “safe havens” fund that made it possible for Christians to relocate.
Born in Vienna, Weidenfeld studied at the University of Vienna before fleeing his native country in 1938, before the start of the Second World War, to avoid Nazi persecution of Jews. He said his work on behalf of threatened Christians was an effort to thank British Quakers for helping him when he first arrived in Britain.
He told the Jewish Chronicle in 2009 that he had fought a duel with a Nazi student in 1937. He said it ended in a draw and that he looked his opponent up after the war and they shared a salami sandwich.
Weidenfeld worked for the BBC as a political commentator and also wrote newspaper columns before he and British writer Nigel Nicolson in 1949 founded a publishing house, Weidenfeld & Nicolsonl.
The firm gained notoriety in 1959 for publishing the British edition of Vladimir Nabokov’s Lolita, despite the threat of prosecution for obscenity. No legal action was taken. The book’s strong sales put the publishers on a secure financial footing but the controversy damaged Nicolson’s political career. Their company became part of Orion Publishing Group in 1992. Nicolson died in 2004, but Weidenfeld remained active with the company until the end of his life. Weidenfeld & Nicolson was named Imprint of the Year at the Bookseller Awards in 2015.
Weidenfeld also was a strong supporter of Israel who for a year served as a director of the Israeli cabinet and senior adviser to the Israeli president.
Pinchas Goldschmidt, president of the Conference of European Rabbis, said Weidenfeld showed a strong commitment to community service.
“One of Lord Weidenfeld’s last acts – rescuing Christian families from Syria and Iraq and resettling them elsewhere – exemplifies the legacy of a man we should all endeavour to replicate,” the chief rabbi said.
Weidenfeld is survived by his wife, a daughter, grandchildren and great-grandchildren.