The survey covering 2008-09 showed Professor Anton Muscatelli, the then principal of Heriot-Watt University, received the largest rise in Scotland – a 23.8 per cent increase from 168,000 in 2007-8 to 208,000 in 2008-9.
Professor Tim O'Shea at Edinburgh University took a 2.6 per cent cut but still received 223,000. Napier's Joan Stringer got a 7.9 per cent rise to 191,000. And Anthony Cohen at Queen Margaret had a 14 per cent rise to 171,000.
Mary Senior, of the University and College Union, said: "It is hypocritical to give themselves large rises while giving a ludicrous offer to the staff who do all the work."
A spokeswoman for Heriot-Watt said: "Principal Muscatelli joined on 160,000, a modest salary within the sector. By the start of 2008-9, he had implemented a visionary new strategic plan."