The Hillington firm, which provides payroll and other services to companies including Asda and RBS, will also relocate to new purpose-built offices in nearby Braehead.
The 200 new workers will be taken on between 2012 and 2014 after the firm received 1.8 million from Scottish Enterprise.
Ceridian, which currently employs 280 staff, already had plans to take on 110 new employees by the end of 2011 thanks to a previous round of funding. The total workforce will stand at 590 by the end of 2014.
First Minister Alex Salmond visited the firm's base today and said: "The Scottish Government is doing all we can to ensure the strongest possible economic recovery and to create and safeguard jobs across the country.
"It is fantastic news that Ceridian has announced plans to invest in Scotland and to increase its presence by creating 200 high-quality jobs and a new purpose-built facility at Braehead.
"Ceridian's decision to expand its Scottish operation, which is now its largest centre of excellence in the UK, is testament to the quality and skills of the local workforce, and the reputation and strength of staff at the Hillington site.
"The Scottish Government, through Scottish Enterprise, has offered 1.83 million to support the creation of these new jobs and to attract this substantial investment.
"I wish Ceridian every success as they take forward their ambitious plans for further success in Scotland."
Doug Sawers, managing director of Ceridian in the UK, said: "We are delighted with the progress of our Scottish operation over the last three years, which is now our largest UK centre of excellence.
"The success has been such that we now plan to expand from this excellent base and, in response to customer and market demand, grow our presence still further.
"We anticipate further growth over the next few years.
"The naturally strong customer service ethic together with the drive and passion displayed by our colleagues based at Glasgow has helped drive this positive prospect, and makes it an obvious choice to invest further in the West of Scotland with the support of SDI and Scottish Enterprise."