Joe Biden, Boris Johnson, Angela Merkel, Emmanuel Macron and other leaders are all in attendance and last night saw the first major deal come to light.
Actor Leonardo DiCaprio, who is also a climate activist, has also been spotted at the conference.
Follow along here for all updates relating to COP26 on Tuesday.
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US President Joe Biden arrived at Dalmahoy Hotel & Country Club after long day attending COP26 on Monday
Biden was spotted arriving in the presidential state car to Dalmahoy Hotel last night.
Police were seen to be guarding the entrance of the hotel and country club, which is located on the outskirts of Edinburgh, in Kirknewton.
US President Joe Biden has arrived at Dalmahoy Hotel & Country Club, where he will be staying during the climate change summit.
Queen pays tribute to late husband, environmentalist Philip, as she calls for ‘everyone to play their part’ at COP26
The Queen has issued a rallying cry to world leaders attending COP26 urging them to work together in “common cause” to tackle climate change and ‘solve the move insurmountable problems’.
Motorists filling up their cars at a petrol station on Calder Road in Edinburgh were shocked when two of Joe Biden’s presidential state cars pulled up to refill.
The vehicles were spotted at the BP petrol station on Calder Road, at around 9.15pm on Monday.
More than 100 leaders are set to promise an end to deforestation and land degradation by 2030 at COP26.
At an event in Glasgow on Tuesday, countries spanning the northern forests of Canada and Russia to the tropical rainforests of Brazil, Colombia, Indonesia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo will endorse the Glasgow Leaders’ Declaration on Forest and Land Use.
This will be backed by almost £14 billion in public and private funding.
President Joe Biden and his motorcade arrive back at The Dalmahoy Hotel, Edinburgh, on Monday evening
The president returned to the Capital on Monday evening after a long day at the climate summit.
Biden was seen arriving at the Dalmahoy Hotel & Country Club in Kirknewton just after 9pm, where he is staying for the duration of COP26.
Environment Secretary George Eustice said the “important breakthrough” of world leaders signing an agreement to protect forests seems to “bode well” for the rest of Cop26.
He told Sky News: “This is an important breakthrough, had you spoken to me five days ago I also would’ve been apprehensive about whether we would’ve landed this agreement on forests but we have and it’s looking really encouraging. This is a big breakthrough.”
Mr Eustice welcomed India’s net zero target as a “big step forward” even though “the have got more to do to get there”.
Joe Biden has been accused of falling asleep during the COP26 Climate Summit opening speeches in Glasgow on Monday.
The US president, who flew into Edinburgh from Rome yesterday, was filmed folding his arms and briefly closing his eyes at the conference during one of the openign speeches.
The 78-year-old was then approached by an aide during the speech during the pre-recorded message from South African activist Eddie Ndopu.