If you one of the growing number of people looking to add a puppy to your family, here are the breeds that come top of the class for intelligence – and those that may flunk their exams.
Plenty of us decided to welcome new four-legged friends into our homes in the last few years – according to Kennel Club figures dog ownership has soared to record levels.
There are a whopping 221 different breeds of pedigree dog to choose from, alongside numerous crossbreeds, so there’s plenty of thinking to do before you select your family’s latest addition.
One thing worth considering before making a decision is that certain breeds of dog are naturally more intelligent than others.
There’s even academic guidance to seek out, with Psychologist Stanley Coren’s book ‘The Intelligence of Dogs’ ranking breeds by instincts, obedience, and the ability to adapt.
That’s not to say that the less clever pups don’t make loving and loyal pets, just that if you are looking for a dog that will be easy to train, learn commands, or carry out tasks, then certain breeds should be avoided.
So, here are the 10 breeds of dog that fit at either extreme of the canine intelligence spectrum.
For all the latest dog news, pictures, advice and information, join our Scotsdog Facebook group here
1. Border Collie
The Border Collie is the undisputed top dog when it comes to intelligence. Commonly utilised to herd sheep, that's just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to their intellect. They can learn a huge number of words and commands, and can turn their paw to a wide range of jobs and tasks. Photo: Canva/Getty Images
2. Golden Retriever
One of the world's friendliest dogs is also one of the most intelligent. Golden Retrievers are perfect as seeing dogs and search-and-rescue dogs due to their obedience, big brains and dedication to tasks. Photo: Canva/Getty Images
Don't let their curly hair and cute demeanor fool you - Poodles have a razor-sharp brain second only to the Border Collie. All three sizes - Standard, Miniature and Toy - are hugely smart, making great service and therapy dogs. Photo: Canva/Getty Images
4. German Shepherd
Used for everything from drug detection to sniffing out explosives, the German Shepherd is another breed in the top tier of canine intelligence - understanding a new command after only five repititions and following the command at least 95 per cent of the time. Photo: Canva/Getty Images