Prospective owners should be aware their beloved dog may be predisposed to developing eye problems.
A huge number of us decided to welcome new puppies into our homes over the last few years – according to Kennel Club figures dog ownership has soared to record levels.
There are a whopping 221 different breeds of pedigree dog to choose from, alongside numerous crossbreeds, so there’s plenty of thinking to do before you select your family’s latest addition.
There’s even academic guidance to seek out, with Psychologist Stanley Coren’s book ‘The Intelligence of Dogs’ ranking breeds by instincts, obedience, and the ability to adapt.
Another thing to take into consideration is that some breeds are prone to particular health issues.
There are a number of canine disorders relating to the eyes – from conjunctivitis to glaucoma – with some breeds far more likely to be affected than others.
Here are the 10 least breeds of dog genetically predisposed to having issues with their eyes.
1. Labrador Retriever
Labrador Retrievers are genetically more likely than other dogs to develop progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), a degenerative condition that causes complete blindness within around two years of diagnosis. Photo: Canva/Getty Images
2. Golden Retriever
Like the Labrador Retrievers, Golden Retreivers are predisposed to suffer from PRA. Responsible breeders will not breed from a dog known to have the inherited condition. Photo: Canva/Getty Images
3. Springer Spaniel
Springer Spaniels commonly develop glaucoma and cataracts, particularly later in life. A trip to the vet is required if your pet's eyes are cloudy, red or itchy. Photo: Canva/Getty Images
4. German Shepherd
Courageous German Shepherds are the breed of dog most likely to develop Chronic Superficial Keratitis, which causes the dog's body to reject the cornea. Treatment is availbale to slow its progression. Photo: Canva/Getty Images