They formed in an East Kilbride bedroom more than three decades ago, enjoyed a critically acclaimed career that took them around the world, before splitting in acrimonious circumstances on stage in Miami in 1998.
Now, The Jesus and Mary Chain are among the nominees for the most prestigious contemporary music prize in Scotland for Damage and Joy, their first album in 19 years.
The alternative rock band, fronted by brothers Jim and William Reid, are among 20 artists to make the Scottish Album of the Year (SAY) Award longlist.
Among the other nominees revealed at an event at the ABC venue in Glasgow were indie veterans Teenage Fanclub, post-rock titans Mogwai and respected folk singer and harpist Rachel Newton.
Newer artists have also been given a chance to shine, with debut albums from Sacred Paws and TeenCanteen among those on the longlist.
Fans of electronic music will welcome with the inclusion of Konx-om-Pax, the recording name of Glasgow-based producer Tom Scholefield, whose second album Caramel was released last year.
But it is the return of the famously unsmiling Reid brothers that will attract most attention. The Jesus and Mary Chain first made headlines in 1985 on the back of their abrasive-yet-melodic debut LP, Psychocandy, and continued to regularly tour and record until falling out 13 years later.
Although they reunited for shows in 2006 it has taken more than a decade for Damage and Joy to surface.
The public will now have a chance to vote online to decide one of the 10 albums that will make the final shortlist, with the remaining nine chosen by judges.
The winner will be announced at a ceremony at Paisley Town Hall on June 28 and collect a cheque for £10,000.
Now in its sixth year, the SAY Award was started by the Scottish Music Industry Association (SMIA) with support from Creative Scotland to promote the nation’s recording industry at home and abroad.
The competition is open to Scottish artists as well those who have chosen to make Scotland their home.
“This year’s SAY Award ranges from acts who burst onto the scene in the 1980s such as The Jesus And Mary Chain to TeenCanteen,” said Alan Morrison, head of music at Creative Scotland.
“And that’s one of the wonderful things about this prize – emerging artists such as Vukovi, Sacred Paws and Fatherson find themselves standing shoulder to shoulder with Scottish icons.”
Robert Kilpatrick, projects and operations manager, at SMIA, said the longlist was “an incredibly strong, diverse and important list of contemporary Scottish records”.
The 2017 SAY Award longlist:
Adam Holmes and The Embers - Brighter Still
C Duncan - The Midnight Sun
Ela Orleans - Circles of Upper and Lower Hell
Fatherson - Open Book
Frightened Rabbit - Painting of a Panic Attack
Honeyblood - Babes Never Die
The Jesus and Mary Chain - Damage and Joy
King Creosote - Astronaut Meets Appleman
Konx-om-Pax - Caramel
Meursault - I Will Kill Again
Modern Studies - Swell to Great
Mogwai - Atomic
Pictish Trail - Future Echoes
Rachel Newton - Here’s My Heart Come Take It
RM Hubbert - Telling The Trees
Sacred Paws - Strike A Match
Starless - Starless
Teenage Fanclub - Here
TeenCanteen - Say It All With A Kiss
Vukovi - Vukovi