{"JP":[ {"NewsSection":{"name":"business","detaillevel":"full", "Articles": {"count":25,"detaillevel":"full","articlesList":[ {"article": { "url":"https://www.scotsman.com/business/companies/media-leisure/sale-of-iconic-fife-pub-offers-chance-to-escape-the-rat-race-1-4666415","id":"1.4666415","articleHeadline": "Sale of iconic Fife pub offers chance to escape the rat race","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516377347175 ,"articleLead": "

One of Fife’s best known pubs, the Ship Inn in the historic shoreside village of Limekilns, has gone on the market.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4666413.1516377458!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The Ship Inn overlooks the River Forth. Picture: Contributed"} ,"articleBody": "

Cornerstone, the licensed trade property agent, said it had been instructed by the owners of The Ship Inn overlooking the River Forth to offer their shoreside bar and restaurant as well as attached house for sale.

The business and property is on the market for a guide price of £575,000. Owners Ian and Claire Cruickshank said: \"After 14 years watching the business and our children grow up we think it is about time to pass the business on to another custodian.

\"We will miss the views over the Forth from our living room window and it will be a real challenge to find a comparable house but we are looking forward positively to the future.\"

Barry McNeil, director of Cornerstone Business Agents, said: \"It is exceptionally rare with pub purchases in Scotland to acquire a beautifully presented shoreside pub with an equally beautifully presented owners house.

\"The package on offer at The Ship Inn in Limekilns offers prospective buyers the chance to run a profitable and well regarded locals bar and restaurant which is well frequented by tourists, day-trippers and visitors from all around the world with the advantage of living over the premises.

\"The owners of the business, Ian and Claire Cruickshank, have run the popular village pub for the last 14 years. Our clients have substantially developed the business, the property and the owners accommodation during their tenure in charge.\"

" ,"byline": {"email": "scott.reid@jpress.co.uk" ,"author": "SCOTT REID"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4666413.1516377458!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4666413.1516377458!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "The Ship Inn overlooks the River Forth. Picture: Contributed","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The Ship Inn overlooks the River Forth. Picture: Contributed","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4666413.1516377458!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/business/sturgeon-says-councils-could-get-power-to-police-airbnb-1-4665696","id":"1.4665696","articleHeadline": "Sturgeon says councils could get power to police Airbnb","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516341641000 ,"articleLead": "

Nicola Sturgeon has said she would “not rule out” handing powers to councils to allow them to block short-term let properties rented through sites such as Airbnb.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4665695.1516313081!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Nicola Sturgeon. Picture: Andrew MacColl/REX/Shutterstock"} ,"articleBody": "

Speaking at First Minister’s Questions, Ms Sturgeon said individual planning authorities needed to consider holiday let properties on a case by case basis – but said she would consider bringing forward new laws which could see planning authorities more easily able to police short-term lets.

A report into the “collaborative economy” is due to be published next week following a consultation by the Scottish Expert Advisory Panel on the Collaborative Economy to examine the issue of the so-called “sharing economy”.

The issue was raised by Green MSP Patrick Harvie, whose party has laid out proposals for an addition to planning use class orders which would, if actioned by councils, require properties to apply for a change of use before they could be rented to tourists. At present, there is no classification for short-term holiday lets.

The sector has sparked controversy in recent years as a growing number of neighbours of holiday let flats complain of noise disturbance and antisocial behaviour.

Mr Harvie told MSPs a distinction had to be made between between the “collaborative economy” and the “exploitative housing economy”.

When Airbnb was launched, it aimed to allow householders to rent out their properties while they were away for short period, or supplement their incomes through renting out their spare room. However, in recent years, entrepreneurs have used the site to market properties specifically bought to rent out as holiday lets.

He said: “The government can allow councils to use planning use class orders to make it clear that there’s a distinction between a home being a home and a home being converted into a mini hotel using continual short-term lets. Councils should have the option.”

Ms Sturgeon said: “It is for the planning authority to consider the evidence case by case. I know there is an argument to make that new powers are required and I am not ruling that out.”

MSP Andy Wightman, who has led the Green Party’s lobbying on the issue of short-term lets, told The Scotsman: “If you want to change a house to a shop, you have to have a change of consent. There is currently no class for a short-term commerical let.

“If one council doesn’t have the need of this in there area, that is fine, but bringing this through legislation would give councils like Edinburgh the chance to have this in their toolkit.”

Earlier this week, Airbnb revealed the proposals it has put to the panel, which also includes representatives from Uber, VisitScotland and IT body ScotlandIS, which suggest that short-term letting hosts in Edinburgh would be restricted to renting out their properties for just 90 days a year – outwith peak festival periods.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4665695.1516313081!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4665695.1516313081!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Nicola Sturgeon. Picture: Andrew MacColl/REX/Shutterstock","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Nicola Sturgeon. Picture: Andrew MacColl/REX/Shutterstock","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4665695.1516313081!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/news/opinion/leader-comment-holiday-lets-shouldn-t-be-hell-for-neighbours-1-4665633","id":"1.4665633","articleHeadline": "Leader comment: Holiday lets shouldn’t be hell for neighbours","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516341600000 ,"articleLead": "

The boom in short-term holiday lets in Scotland has had a significant impact on the economy.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4665632.1516304108!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Nicola Sturgeon signalled the Scottish Government may act over short-term holiday lets"} ,"articleBody": "

According to industry leader AirBnB, the people who book through its website alone are worth about £1m a day to Scotland.

A lot of people are clearly finding a cheap, easy and pleasant way to visit Edinburgh, Glasgow, scenic Highland glens and other parts of the country, while many Scots have discovered a welcome alternative source of income.

READ MORE: AirBnB proposes 90-day curb on Edinburgh lets – except during Festival

However, the boom has also brought problems, some utterly appalling. In one of the worst examples, a student and her flatmates in Edinburgh were issued with rape alarms and advised to move after the creation of a “party flat” in the same Edinburgh tenement. They said stag parties of up to 40 middle-aged men were turning up “nearly every weekend”. There was “constant noise”, broken glass in the stair and, on one occasion, a man tried to force his way into the flat. A councillor told one of the flatmates that “one girl got raped in a stairwell” of another property. Most issues are thankfully much less terrifying; residents can find it difficult getting hold of the owner of a holiday flat to deal with communal repairs. There are also concerns about empty properties reducing the sense of community in city centres and the failure of some holiday landlords to pay business rates.

AirBnB is now proposing to restrict people to renting out properties in Edinburgh to 90 days a year, outwith peak festival periods.

READ MORE: Edinburgh students given rape alarms over ‘party flat’ concerns

But it is not the only short-term letting website, so Nicola Sturgeon is right to consider whether councils should be given greater powers to deal with situations that get out of hand.

If nothing else, establishing some new ground rules might help create a level-playing field for everyone involved. At present, councils can act if there are complaints but they can be perhaps understandably slow to respond, given the cuts in local authority spending. The real issue might not be a lack of regulation, but a lack of resources to enforce existing ones.

Most people using AirBnB-style websites simply want to have a nice holiday and Scotland, in particular, should be careful not to do anything to put tourists off. After all, VisitScotland estimates tourism is worth £11bn to the economy.

But exploring ways to ensure neighbours’ lives are not blighted seems a sensible idea.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4665632.1516304108!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4665632.1516304108!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Nicola Sturgeon signalled the Scottish Government may act over short-term holiday lets","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Nicola Sturgeon signalled the Scottish Government may act over short-term holiday lets","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4665632.1516304108!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/lifestyle/v-a-dundee-to-open-in-september-with-ocean-liners-exhibition-1-4664723","id":"1.4664723","articleHeadline": "V&A Dundee to open in September with ocean liners exhibition","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516299769413 ,"articleLead": "A lavish celebration of the golden age of ocean travel will be unveiled at Dundee’s long-awaited V&A Museum of Design when it opens to the public in the autumn.","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664722.1516266881!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Dundee's 80 million waterfront museum has been in the planning for more than a decade."} ,"articleBody": "

Rarely-seen artefacts, outfits, works of art, furniture and fittings from some of the world’s greatest liners will be showcased at the city’s £80 million waterfront attraction, which will finally be unveiled in September after more than a decade in the planning.

Scotland’s newest architectural landmark, which has been masterminded by Japanese architect Kengo Kuma over the last eight years, is at the heart of a £1 billion regeneration of the city’s waterfront.

An official public opening date of Saturday 15 September has been announced, but still to be announced are details of an official opening celebration, which is expected to be a highlight of Scotland’s Year of Young People.

V&A Dundee director Philip Long said: “I can’t go into the details at the moment, but we are planning something significant for the opening, as I think would be expected. It is a major project in Scotland and we want to celebrate that.

“There is great deal of planning and discussions across the city going on behind the scenes in preparation for the opening event. It’s going to be a great moment for the city and everything that has been achieved. The opening event will reflect the ambition of V&A Dundee and be a showcase of creativity.”

The first visitors to V&A Dundee will be able see the largest remaining fragment of the Titanic, from the first-class lounge of the doomed vessel, as well as a diamond and pearl tiara which was saved from the Lusitania when it was sunk in a German u-boat attack off the Irish coast in the First World War.

Charting the evolution of the world’s “great floating palaces” between the mid-19th century and the early 20th century, the first ever international exhibition to be devoted to ocean liners will feature the luggage used by the Duke of Windsor and Wallis Simpson after he abdicated in 1936.

The exhibition, which will draw extensively from the V&A’s own fashion collections, will feature a Christian Dior suit worn by actress Marlene Dietrich as she arrived in New York on board the Queen Elizabeth in 1950, a 1930s yellow swimsuit worn by the wealthy Londoner Lady Swettenham on her travels, and a “flapper dress” by French designer Jeanne Lanvin, which belonged to Emilie Grigsby, a regular American passenger between the UK and New York in the 1910s and 1920s.

More than 250 paintings, sculptures, ship and engine models, wall panels, furniture, fashion, textiles, photographs, posters and film footage will be brought together from public and private collections around the world.

The exhibition, which will explore Scotland’s part in the design and development of ocean liners, will feature the Stanley Spencer painting The Riveters from the 1941 series Shipbuilding on the Clyde, commissioned to record the industries involved in the Second World War effort.

Sophie McKinlay, director of exhibitions at V&A Dundee, said: “Visitors will get a sense of what it would have been like to experience life on board an ocean liner. There is a lot to be said about the romance of these floating cities which are a wonderful example of a totally designed experience.

“As well as the glamour and hugely successful marketing of ocean liners, the exhibition will also venture into the engine rooms of these impressive vessels, exploring the innovations in engineering that so radically changed the way people travel.

“This exhibition demonstrates how design covers such a huge range of disciplines drawing upon collections, skills and expertise as well as exploring the design and cultural impact of the ocean liner in a way that has never been done before.”

Exhibition curator Ghislaine Wood said: “This exhibition has been four years in the making and from the outset research for the V&A Dundee project played a key role in its development. It highlights how Scottish design and engineering innovation was at the centre of the spectacular evolution of the ocean liner. It is truly fitting that it will be the first V&A Dundee exhibition.”

The inside of Dundee’s new museum is expected to be kept firmly under wraps until the week of the opening. However it has just been confirmed that Turner Prize-nominated artist Ciara Phillips will be creating a site-specific installation for the upper floor of the museum - inspired by the V&A’s vast Scottish design collection.

Two of the four galleries will have permanent displays telling “the story of Scotland’s outstanding design heritage.” Around 300 objects spanning more than 500 years will showcase everything from furniture, textiles, metalwork and ceramics to the latest digital technology, innovations in the health service, modern-day architecture and fashions.

Going on display will be a 500-year-old book of Christian text, prayers and psalms featuring several Scottish saints, a Jacobite garter, a Highland pistol, a pair of “Wellington Boots,” a Dennis the Menace artwork from the famous comic strip and an elephant-shaped case designed by the artist Eduardo Paolozzi for the linoleum company Nairn Floors.

Also included will be an Indian throne chair created by a Berwickshire painter Robert Home, a bookcase created by “Glasgow Style” designer George Logan for the city’s famous International Exhibition in 1901 and a recreation of part of a Glasgow tearoom designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh.

Mr Long added: “After many years of planning for V&A Dundee, we’re absolutely thrilled to announce the date of the new museum’s opening. In just eight months we will be opening the doors and welcoming our first visitors. V&A Dundee is set to be a vital new cultural organisation for Dundee, the UK and beyond, helping to change understanding of just how important design and creativity are to people’s lives.

“V&A Dundee brings something new to Scotland. It is the country’s first museum dedicated to design, which visitors will be able to experience and get involved with in very many ways. Particularly important is that the new museum enables major V&A exhibitions to be seen more widely by more people across the UK.

During a recent visit to the site, Kuma told of his hopes that it will become both a “living room” and “community centre” for the city. His striking design, which has been compared to a ship, is said to have been inspired by the cliff-faces that Kuma, who is working on Tokyo’s stadium for the 2020 Olympics, found on Scotland’s east coast near Arbroath. Around 2,500 cast stone panels have been hung on to the exterior walls of the museum to try to replicate the sea cliffs Kuma saw when he was bidding to win the competition.

The cost of the project has almost doubled since his design won a £45m international competition and its scheduled opening is around four years later than originally envisaged. A new network of roads and a public park, Slessor Gardens, have been created in the waterfront area dominated by the museum, which is connected to the city centre via Union Street, and a new railway station.

" ,"byline": {"email": "brian.ferguson@jpress.co.uk" ,"author": "Brian Ferguson"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4664722.1516266881!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664722.1516266881!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Dundee's 80 million waterfront museum has been in the planning for more than a decade.","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Dundee's 80 million waterfront museum has been in the planning for more than a decade.","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4664722.1516266881!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/business/companies/retail/shop-vacancy-rates-in-scottish-town-centres-rises-1-4665544","id":"1.4665544","articleHeadline": "Shop vacancy rates in Scottish town centres rises","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516299430000 ,"articleLead": "

The rapidly changing nature of Scotland’s high streets has been laid bare in a report outlining the challenges facing retailers in the age of online shopping and out-of-town business parks.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4665543.1516299427!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The east end of Falkirk High Street, with Callendar Square shopping centre on the left. The centre had a vacancy rate of 64.9 per cent in 2017. Picture: Michael Gillen"} ,"articleBody": "

Vacancy figures for town centre retail and leisure units across the country rose for the first time in five years in 2017 from 11.7 to 11.9 per cent, analysis by the Local Data Company (LDC) and the University of Stirling found.

But this still represents a long-term reduction since 2013 when the figure was 12.4 per cent.

The annual report also warned that economic changes facing high streets were “considerable” and that levels of business uncertainty remained high.

The increase in Scotland of 0.2 per cent compares with a reducing trend in England, which showed a reduction from 11.3 per cent to 11.1 per cent - although the report authors cautioned this figure was “skewed by the impact of vacancy rates in London”.

Wales continues to reflect the highest vacancy rates across Britain in 2017 at 14.5 per cent.

“While town centre vacancy rates have stabilised, they have not shown the improvement that the shopping centres and retail parks have shown, which for some therein lies the challenge,” said Matthew Hopkinson, director at LDC.

“As with all of LDC’s data the devil is in the detail as well as understanding the wider context. An example is that while Scotland’s shopping centres have more occupied shops that in previous years they still have more empty shopping centre units than England and Wales.

“Is this a result of oversupply, underdevelopment or that high streets and retail parks are the core destinations for consumers?

He added: “The changing nature of places and how they serve the modern consumer is clearly evident in this report. An understanding of these changes and alignment to a plan at each and every town level is key to maintaining the relevance and value of Scotland’s towns.”

The Inverclyde town of Gourock was found to have the highest percentage of independent businesses in Scotland, with 85 per cent of its shops non-chains.

Strathaven, in South Lanarkshire, was in second place at 82.4 per cent, followed by Rothesay, on the Isle of Bute, at 81.9, and Moffat in Galloway at 80.8.

The number of independent retailers in Gourock has risen by six per cent since 2013.

“This is the beginning of the journey and we now have to continue working hard to increase football and we’re doing that,” local councillor Ronnie Ahlfeld told the Greenock Telegraph.

Professor Leigh Sparks of the University of Stirling said: “Town centres are always changing and it is vitally important to understand the dimensions of this change.

“The data from the Local Data Company show that the process of adjustment and change across Scotland’s towns and cities continues but is not uniform.

“The headline vacancy figure for towns has risen in the last year but this masks a decline in retail vacancy and a rise in leisure vacancy, the latter for the first time since this series began. We have also seen a decline in the number of charity shops.

“These two sectors are ones which have expanded rapidly in Scotland in recent years, and the data poses the question whether this year’s changes are a pause in expansion or a reverse?”

The number of empty units in Scottish shopping centre declined in 2017, but 20 have vacancy rates above 20 per cent. The Callendar Square centre in Falkirk - which was sold last year - had a vacancy rate of 64.9 per cent.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4665543.1516299427!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4665543.1516299427!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "The east end of Falkirk High Street, with Callendar Square shopping centre on the left. The centre had a vacancy rate of 64.9 per cent in 2017. Picture: Michael Gillen","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The east end of Falkirk High Street, with Callendar Square shopping centre on the left. The centre had a vacancy rate of 64.9 per cent in 2017. Picture: Michael Gillen","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4665543.1516299427!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/future-scotland/tech/as-scotland-s-tech-sector-grows-what-will-the-jobs-of-2020-be-1-4665148","id":"1.4665148","articleHeadline": "As Scotland’s tech sector grows, what will the jobs of 2020 be?","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516292901000 ,"articleLead": "

Scotland’s digital technology sector has experienced strong growth in recent years, with business and political leaders confident the upward trend will continue in the long-term with sufficient support and investment.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4665147.1516292897!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "John Swinney visits CodeClan, the Edinburgh-based digital skills academy, in 2015. The Scottish Government views tech as a key growth sector in the coming years. Picture: Julie Bull"} ,"articleBody": "

But predicting what the future holds in such a continuously evolving industry is difficult. Decisions must be made on where to focus training and skills development. Standing still is not an option.

Official forecasts published by the Scottish Government suggest that 12,800 jobs will be created year on year, which ministers view as a “major opportunity” for young people and those willing to change careers.

The question asked by both companies and potential employees is what kind of jobs these will be and how they can prepare for them.

Addressing a skills shortage is crucial in the short term. CodeClan, the Edinburgh-based digital skills academy, has been leading on this front by speaking with industry leaders to help influence its 16-week professional software development course. So far more than 300 people have graduated, with 90 per cent finding employment within five months.

Steven Drost, chief strategy officer at CodeBase, the tech incubator based in Edinburgh, agrees there is a shortage of suitable candidates to fill newly created roles.

“We need 12,000 people who are missing - and if we could ready those people through education, upscaling, more graduates or attracting people to the country - then those jobs can be filled and we would have tens of thousands more jobs created,” he said.

READ MORE: Scotland’s first Eagle Lab will use technology to help businesses fly high

Drost believes that the tech sector’s future relies on more companies reaching the heights of the country’s biggest names such as Skyscanner, FanDuel and FreeAgent. For that to happen, there must be an investment in scale-up companies, otherwise known as SMEs.

“Personally, my hope is that those jobs will go to the scale-ups - because more scale-ups are a good thing for the ecosystem, he added.

“I think we’ve had three stand-out companies that I can think of, who have been very kind to the community and very giving to the eco-system. We need a cohort of companies to be next in line and jump into that space.”

Gordon Kaye, managing director of tech recruitment specialists Cathcart Associates, said there was remained a strong desire for software developers.

“Our consultants are seeing the biggest need for web and mobile software developers and the appetite for people with those skills shows no sign of slowing,” he said.

“Javascript and full stack developers are in high demand.

“Growth areas include FinTech, the mobile market and big data, which is now much more accessible to companies in the UK thanks to the strides being made in technologies such as Splunk, Hadoop and Hive.”

Kaye also sees Scotland as an employee’s market, with skilled graduates being highly sought.

“What’s evident is that the need for skilled IT workers means that the best developers can have the luxury of being picky about where they work,” he added.

Polly Purvis, chief executive of ScotlandIS, believes the constant movement of the tech sector makes it a great place to work.

“The technology landscape is so fast moving - eight years ago no one had heard of iOS and AngularJS, and the internet of things and big data were buzz words - now they are common parlance.”

Purvis thinks that the digital expansion will see jobs across all sectors, including finance, transport and the creative arts.

“Looking ahead, cyber security is an increasingly challenging area and skills are in short supply.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "CHRIS McCALL"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4665147.1516292897!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4665147.1516292897!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "John Swinney visits CodeClan, the Edinburgh-based digital skills academy, in 2015. The Scottish Government views tech as a key growth sector in the coming years. Picture: Julie Bull","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "John Swinney visits CodeClan, the Edinburgh-based digital skills academy, in 2015. The Scottish Government views tech as a key growth sector in the coming years. Picture: Julie Bull","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4665147.1516292897!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/regions/edinburgh-fife-lothians/edinburgh-workers-spend-a-quarter-of-their-salaries-on-rent-1-4664944","id":"1.4664944","articleHeadline": "Edinburgh workers spend a quarter of their salaries on rent","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516285508000 ,"articleLead": "

Nearly a quarter of the average income earned by residents in Scotland’s capital is spent on rent, a new study has shown.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664943.1516310236!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Rent levels in Edinburgh are among the highest in the UK. Picture: Callum Bennetts"} ,"articleBody": "

Edinburgh is among a group of UK cities identified as having high rent levels by analysts at jobs site CV-Library.

READ MORE: V&A Dundee to open in September with ocean liners exhibition

The average monthly rent in the city is £463, which equates to 23 per cent of the typical salary.

However, this is significantly lower than in London, where workers pay a “staggering” 37 per cent of their monthly salary on rent - more than three times as much as in other parts of the country.

The average monthly rent in London is now £836. This compares with Hull, where average rents are £227.68 - around 11.6 per cent of wages.

Other cities with high rents included Brighton at £623 a month (32 per cent) of average wages, Bristol (£458, almost 22 per cent) and Southampton (£418, around 21.8 per cent).

The highest monthly pay was said to be in Aberdeen, at £2,300, just more than London, while the lowest was in Exeter, at £1,855.

Lee Biggins, managing director of CV-Library, said: “Generation ‘rent’ is well and truly in full swing, and while some cities offer manageable living costs and generous pay packets, others could be pushing workers to breaking point.”

READ MORE: Poll: most Scots back SNP’s tax rise plan

The study did not factor in additional costs on top of rent, such as council tax, electricity, water and gas bills, or other monthly outgoings including mobile phone and internet contracts, pension, transport and insurance.

People living in cities such as London, Brighton, Edinburgh and Bristol could be heading towards “debt levels” each month, said the report.

200 Voices: find out more about the people who have shaped Scotland

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "ALAN JONES"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4664943.1516310236!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664943.1516310236!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Rent levels in Edinburgh are among the highest in the UK. Picture: Callum Bennetts","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Rent levels in Edinburgh are among the highest in the UK. Picture: Callum Bennetts","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4664943.1516310236!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/lifestyle/karen-gillan-to-be-edinburgh-film-festival-s-figurehead-for-young-people-1-4665037","id":"1.4665037","articleHeadline": "Karen Gillan to be Edinburgh film festival's figurehead for young people","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516282350053 ,"articleLead": "Doctor Who star Karen Gillan has agreed to be the figurehead of a dedicated string of events for young people at the Edinburgh International Film Festival this summer.","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4665036.1516279974!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Karen Gillan will be patron of an expanded programme for young people at the Edinburgh International Film Festival this year."} ,"articleBody": "

The Inverness-born actress will be patron of The Young and the Wild - which will featured specially-programmed screenings, networking events, workshop, on-stage interviews and masterclasses.

The festival has instigated a competition to try to unearth a new young Scottish filmmaker and will be allowing a group of young programmers to present their favourite films at the festival.

The Young and the Wild line-up is being staged as part of Scotland's Year of Young People.

READ MORE: Insight: The Year of Young People 2018

Gillan said: "This builds on the great work the Edinburgh International Film Festival has been doing for the past four years in developing and inspiring young people who have a passion for cinema.

"Through this programme young people will be able to access great international cinema, but more importantly learn from filmmakers from around the world who will visit the festival in June.”

Diane Henderson, deputy artistic director at the festival, said: "To have support from Karen Gillan, one of Scotland’s most treasured and successful actor/writer/directors, is a huge honour for us. Karen is already one of our esteemed Honorary Patrons and to have this additional support from her means a great deal to all of us here at EIFF.”

READ MORE: £2m line-up of events for Scotland's Year of Young People

" ,"byline": {"email": "brian.ferguson@jpress.co.uk" ,"author": "Brian Ferguson"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4665036.1516279974!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4665036.1516279974!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Karen Gillan will be patron of an expanded programme for young people at the Edinburgh International Film Festival this year.","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Karen Gillan will be patron of an expanded programme for young people at the Edinburgh International Film Festival this year.","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4665036.1516279974!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/future-scotland/tech/scotland-s-first-eagle-lab-will-use-technology-to-help-businesses-fly-high-1-4664924","id":"1.4664924","articleHeadline": "Scotland’s first Eagle Lab will use technology to help businesses fly high","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516275936000 ,"articleLead": "

An innovation hub which will allow businesses to rapidly produce and test prototypes without having to import them from overseas was opened this week in Edinburgh, the first of its kind in Scotland.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664923.1516275934!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Keith Brown visits the Eagle Lab"} ,"articleBody": "

The Barclays Eagle Lab, opened in partnership with CodeBase, will provide a new space for firms to learn about innovative technologies and boost digital skills, while supporting job creation in the local economy.

It is the 14th to be opened by the financial giant across the UK following succesful trials in London, Liverpool and Cardiff.

creation in the local economy.

The Eagle Lab will provide cutting-edge equipment for digital fabrication, 3D printing and laser cutting, among others.

Amomg the companies who will benefit from the facility is Machines with Vision, whose localisation mapping technology can be used to position and guide self-driving vehicles, and Holixica - specialists in 3D visualisation technologies including digital holograms and holographic video displays.

The lab will operate within the existing CodeBase business incubator and co-working facility in the capital.

Economy secretary Keith Brown said: “This is a great new resource providing Scottish businesses with access to a range of experts, workshops and advice to help our workforces become equipped with the necessary skills to embrace the opportunities of digital technology.

“The Scottish Government is committed to promoting a CAN DO culture of entrepreneurship across all industry sectors. This is important so that the most talented entrepreneurs, from Scotland and elsewhere, can develop their ideas and create the successful new companies we need for our economy to continue to grow.”

Stuart Brown, head of SME Scotland at Barclays, said: “With Scotland focused on becoming a major digital player, it is vital our SMEs and entrepreneurs are equipped with the skills and tools they need to thrive in today’s ever-changing and dynamic economy.

“Whether you’re an inventor, innovator or mentor, our Eagle Lab is the perfect space to digitally empower your business.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "ANGUS HOWARTH"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4664923.1516275934!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664923.1516275934!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Keith Brown visits the Eagle Lab","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Keith Brown visits the Eagle Lab","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4664923.1516275934!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/lifestyle/edinburgh-festivals-expo-fund-to-be-opened-up-to-celtic-connections-1-4664533","id":"1.4664533","articleHeadline": "Edinburgh Festivals Expo Fund to be opened up to Celtic Connections","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516275042751 ,"articleLead": "Glasgow’s long-running winter music festival will be able to access an Edinburgh Festival funding pot for the first time.","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664532.1516231363!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Artistic director Donald Shaw is at the helm of the 25th Celtic Connections, which launches on Thursday."} ,"articleBody": "

Ahead of the launch of the 25th Celtic Connections on Thursday, organisers of the event have been told it is now be eligible for a share of the Scottish Government's Edinburgh Festivals Expo Fund.

It is thought that the move will allow Celtic Connections to stage major shows in both Edinburgh and Glasgow in future.

The Expo Fund, which saw £2.3 million worth of grants issued last year, has supported some of the highest profile productions which have been staged in the capital over the last decade.

However it has traditionally only been open to the Edinburgh festivals themselves to apply to.

The government's announced has effectively given national status to Celtic Connections for the first time in its 25-year history.

Several productions have appeared at both Celtic Connections and the Edinburgh International Festival in recent years, including Karine Polwart’s Wind Resistance, Martin Green’s Flit, a live recreation of Martyn Bennett’s final album by the Grit Orchestra and King Creosote’s From Scotland With Love.

More than 100,000 people are expected to attend concerts at Celtic Connections, which will be staged across 26 different venues.

Donald Shaw, artistic director of Celtic Connections, said: “Our festival is constantly striving to create unique and exciting collaborations for home-grown talent to deliver a real legacy for our country’s musical landscape, whilst recognising the importance of engaging with outstanding talent from across the world to further enhance the acclaim for Scotland’s unique and evolving music tradition.

“We would like to thank the Scottish Government for giving Celtic Connections this fantastic opportunity through the Expo fund to further expand our musical horizons and creativity, from which we hope to build on the festival’s success and reputation.”

The announcement from the Scottish Government has come months after it agreed to provide an extra £5 million in funding for Edinburgh's festivals over the next five years.

Celtic Connections will be able to along for up to £100,000 for major projects and productions under the deal which has been negotiated with the government over several months.

It also helps stabilise the funding of the music festival, which has previously relied on the backing of Glasgow City Council and Creative Scotland.

Scottish culture secretary Fiona Hylsop said: “The Expo Fund has made a massive contribution in cementing Edinburgh’s reputation as a world-leading festival city.

“Celtic Connections is renowned as a world leading international music festival and to mark its 25th anniversary, to recognise its status and its power to support the development of talent internationally, I’m delighted to announce that it will now be able to access the Expo Fund.

“Celtic Connections will be able to apply for up to 100k from the 2018/19 budget to support performers from Scotland to make the most of their career opportunities.

“Celtic Connections has grown into one of the world’s largest winter music festivals, boosting Scotland’s culture, economy and tourism sectors.

“The Scottish Government believes that culture must be at the very heart of Scotland’s development and engagement with the world. This ethos is crucial as we develop a culture strategy for Scotland.”

Alan Morrison, head of music at Creative Scotland, said: “This is terrific news for Celtic Connections as it celebrates its 25th anniversary.

"It is now firmly established as the winter destination of choice, not only for lovers of folk and traditional music, but also for anyone who wants to embrace culture on a global scale. This support will enable Celtic Connections to provide an even bigger, louder and more vibrant platform to showcase an outstanding range of work produced by Scottish artists.”

David McDonald, deputy leader of Glasgow City Council and chair of Glasgow Life, which runs many of the leading venues at Celtic Connections, said: "Celtic Connections has firmly established a reputation for bringing outstanding talent and works from all over the world to Glasgow and have a significant role in attracting visitors to Scotland.

"It already enjoys an enviable record of delivering programmes of extraordinary quality, innovation and creativity which can only be enhanced through access to Expo funding in the coming years.

"It is recognition of the tireless effort of the festival team and the artists and musicians involved that as we celebrate the 25thanniversary of Celtic Connections that, in years to come, they will be able to attract funding that will add further to its global prestige."

" ,"byline": {"email": "brian.ferguson@jpress.co.uk" ,"author": "Brian Ferguson"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4664532.1516231363!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664532.1516231363!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Artistic director Donald Shaw is at the helm of the 25th Celtic Connections, which launches on Thursday.","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Artistic director Donald Shaw is at the helm of the 25th Celtic Connections, which launches on Thursday.","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4664532.1516231363!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/news/opinion/lauren-brown-employers-should-tap-into-a-well-of-creative-ideas-from-a-diverse-workforce-1-4664835","id":"1.4664835","articleHeadline": "Lauren Brown: Employers should tap into a well of creative ideas from a diverse workforce","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516273079000 ,"articleLead": "

One of my genuine wishes for 2018 is that Scotland can ably demonstrate to the world what a wonderfully rich and diverse workforce we have. We will show how we can positively ­transcend individuals’ perceived barriers, break down prejudices and have a 100 per cent focus on equality in the workplace.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664833.1516273070!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Employers can reap the benefit of a diverse workforce"} ,"articleBody": "

I would encourage employers to see the far-reaching benefits of offering job opportunities to young, ­vulnerable and disadvantaged people who might otherwise have been considered socially excluded. As an employer which has recruited ­individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds, and supported other businesses to do so, I have seen first-hand the advantages of embracing diversity in the workplace.

Emerging talent bringing countless benefits to a business will come from those who are given the opportunity to shine. Employing young ­people from a range of backgrounds can have a real and significant impact on the culture and sense of engagement within the workforce too. After all, these young people represent a vast and potentially untapped source of talent for employers.

This is why a key focus for the Developing the Young Workforce Regional Groups in 2018 is workplace equality. In West Lothian, we have embarked on a working partnership with the equalities team at Skills Development Scotland (SDS) to help champion and support the work they are doing in areas such as Black Minority Ethnic community care, young people with disabilities, care-experienced young people and increased gender ­balance, where there is a strong emphasis of getting more young people from these groups onto modern apprenticeship schemes and other national training programmes – an initiative which we fully support.

Michelle Goldenpenny, National Training Programme equality ­executive at Skills Development ­Scotland, believes that the more diverse your workforce is, the more ideas generated and the more problem-solving capability you have.

She said: ‘It comes down to your personal life experiences. Someone with, for example, autism, might perceive the world in a completely different way to someone who does not. However, if you ask both to find a solution to a problem, there are going to be two alternative approaches, because our minds and experiences have taught us to work in different ways. Therefore, the more ­people you have in the work environment with different life experiences, backgrounds and ways of thinking, then the more creative they can be.

“If everyone conforms to a stereotypical workplace environment and employers don’t reach out to a rich and diverse talent pool, you may only ever get one perspective, but when you bring in others from what might be considered ‘outside the normal framework’, you can get a lot more from your workforce.’

SDS recently worked with Applied Arts Scotland to provide a young female apprentice to work in the ­creative arts industry for two small businesses – a jewellery designer and a textile design company. Both were aware that the apprentice had ­challenging health issues, but were happy to employ her. They created a fantastic opportunity for the apprentice, who continues to flourish in her twin roles and both businesses are happy to have her work with them. Her creativity has shone through. We need to see more of this.

Last November, the Developing the Young Workforce West Lothian Regional Group worked in collaboration with local partners to run an event for businesses wishing to find out more about becoming a Disability Confident employer. The UK ­Government introduced the scheme in 2013, aiming to ­­get employers to think differently about disability, and to attract, recruit and retain disabled workers.

This is also about challenging the misconceptions of the past and realising the many benefits disabled people can bring to the workplace, which is very much aligned with the approach of SDS for Scotland to employ a rich and diverse workforce.

People transform businesses and jobs transform lives. Developing Young Workforce West Lothian engages with employers, schools, colleges, pupils and parents to address ways of getting young people, regardless of their life journey, into the workplace. I would urge employers, hiring managers and entrepreneurs to take advantage of the support available to diversify their workforce, and to look forward to the benefits it will bring.

Lauren Brown, project manager, Developing the Young Workforce West Lothian Regional Group.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4664833.1516273070!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664833.1516273070!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Employers can reap the benefit of a diverse workforce","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Employers can reap the benefit of a diverse workforce","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4664833.1516273070!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4664834.1516273076!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664834.1516273076!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Lauren Brown, Project Manager, Developing the Young Workforce West Lothian Regional Group","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Lauren Brown, Project Manager, Developing the Young Workforce West Lothian Regional Group","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4664834.1516273076!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/news/opinion/bill-jamieson-carillion-s-failure-was-necessary-nationalisation-isn-t-1-4664410","id":"1.4664410","articleHeadline": "Bill Jamieson: Carillion’s failure was necessary, nationalisation isn’t","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516255200000 ,"articleLead": "

The demise of the corporate behemoth Carillion is no argument for nationalisation, writes Bill Jamieson.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664409.1516219329!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Carillion's collapse was spectacular and questions must be asked, but the answer is not nationalisation (Picture: SWNS)"} ,"articleBody": "

Few more tasty dishes could have been served up to Jeremy Corbyn than the collapse of Carillion, the construction and services behemoth.

Tens of thousands of jobs at risk, hundreds of small firms facing bankruptcy over unpaid bills and critical public services from hospitals to schools facing uncertainty.

What more damning exposure could there be of public-sector outsourcing and private-sector failure? Carillion’s handling of numerous projects came under criticism and maintenance contracts were withdrawn. Three public profit warnings in five months were issued last year – but ignored by the UK Government, which continued to award Carillion huge contracts. Once again, it seems, the capitalist model has failed.

New contracts were taken on in the hope that extra revenues would make good the shortfalls in existing ones – a giant Ponzi scheme in effect. Meanwhile Carillion’s management kept shelling out millions in dividends to shareholders while the group’s pensions deficit ballooned.

READ MORE: What Carillion collapse means to Scotland

Enough, already! The solution is blindingly obvious: bring all those infrastructure projects and long-term public service contracts in-house, to be overseen and managed by the public sector, cutting out the need for profits to finance dividends, fees to banks and costly advisors – and bringing to an end the fat cat pay circus. That’s one way of summing up this corporate debacle. But there’s another. This is not a “failure of capitalism” but an object lesson in how sanction and penalty should work to enforce reform. On this perspective, Carillion is a necessary failure. It sends a clear and salutary signal on the constant dangers of aggressive ambition and over-reach, while reinforcing the cautionary principle that should govern all undertakings: mind that you do not bite off more than you can chew – you may choke to death. A set of searing post-mortems is now underway – as well they should – questioning the award of government contracts, the project accounting system, the oversight of so-called watchdogs and auditors, and above all the Carillion management.

These may take many months. For not least of the questions to be explored is how this company, the UK’s second largest construction concern with a £1.5 billion debt pile, was allowed to grow so big.

The scale of Carillion’s operations almost beggars belief. Contracts embraced institutions from the Royal Opera House, Library of Birmingham and Tate Modern to the controversial HS2 high-speed rail line and the headquarters of GCHQ.

READ MORE: Darren McGarvey: Carillion – giants of capitalism or scroungers?

Built up through the acquisition of parts of Tarmac, Mowlem, Wimpey and Alfred McAlpine, it came to hold some 450 government contracts spanning the departments of Education, Justice, Defence and Transport. Its projects included the running of libraries under the fanciful brand name “Cultural Community Solutions”. Amey Housing took on the maintenance of some 50,000 army homes across the UK. Contracts worth between £700 million and £1bn in total. Last year a report by the Public Accounts Committee described the group’s performance for the MoD as “totally unacceptable”.

Carillion maintained approximately half of the UK’s prisons and Young Offender Institutions – again, widely criticised by independent monitoring boards. Two major hospital building contracts have fallen behind schedule, while responsibility for handling the delivery of school meals in Oxfordshire has now been handed to firefighters. Critical issues need to be explored here, three in particular. The first relates to the culture within Carillion – but is by no means confined to it – that encouraged aggressive fixed-price contract bidding to secure business and the booking of profits before contracts (with inevitable cost over-runs) were completed.

Second is who, if anyone, in government had overall oversight of the totality of all the public sector contracts and projects that Carillion was taking on. And who was checking on the competence of Carillion’s finances and its management to handle them? The third relates to the banks, City institutions and investors who for the past 30 years sought to dismantle the corporate behemoth conglomerates and mouthed the mantra of focused business models: no management, the mantra insisted, could possibly have a uniformity of competence across many disparate activities.

Yet multi-contract corporates such as Carillion and Interserve sprang up amid all this, with fund managers and analysts extolling the so-called ‘defensive’ qualities of these all-purpose infrastructure and service models – just so long as they paid the dividends. Ever-rising order intake seemed to be the only metric that mattered, blinding them to issues of managerial competence – and of course, ever-rising debt. As for the £600m pension fund deficit, who seemed much concerned about that, such was the flawed culture within Carillion?

While the post-mortems get underway, it is tempting to urge that public service contracts are now brought in-house and managed by central and local government: tempting, but blind to past experience. The land is littered with examples of public sector failure – projects that overran massively such as Edinburgh’s trams, rail line extensions that billowed in cost, buildings that fell years behind schedule, poor workmanship, inefficiency and wasted resources.

No public sector approach can ever be total, for which local authority can afford a fully staffed, full-time, multi-skilled and multi-specialist workforce to meet all contingencies? Heavy assurances would be given that small-scale outsourcing would be allowed to enable contracts to be undertaken and completed with confidence. But for years, small and medium-sized enterprises have railed against the exclusive nature of public sector procurement.

Nowhere has this complaint been louder than in Scotland, where the business community has constantly lobbied government ministers for a more equitable slice of the pie. Qualification hurdles working against small firms can range from lack of historic track record to size of balance sheet and gender and diversity requirements. All these can effectively bar all but the biggest private sector firms from bidding for contracts. The system favours the biggies. But, hey, isn’t this where we came in? The path out of this trap inevitably involves pain: sanction, behaviour change and cultural shake-up. In this respect ‘capitalism’ must be allowed to work: managers and government agencies brought to account, and business models obliged to reform and adapt.

Seventeen years ago, the US – that epitome of unbridled capitalism – threw the book at the gross corporate mismanagement at the corporate giants Enron and WorldCom. Government did not step into ‘rescue’ them but instead ensured that market sanction had its chastening effect. That is why Carillion is indeed a necessary failure and why the sanction of bankruptcy and searching inquest must apply. Just as an enterprise system should reward success, it needs also to penalise failure – the endgame business seeks to avoid.

There is every reason to despair at what has happened, but every reason, too, for hope that Carillion will stand as a lesson that will bring about a chastened but more responsible business culture.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Bill Jamieson"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4664409.1516219329!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664409.1516219329!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Carillion's collapse was spectacular and questions must be asked, but the answer is not nationalisation (Picture: SWNS)","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Carillion's collapse was spectacular and questions must be asked, but the answer is not nationalisation (Picture: SWNS)","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4664409.1516219329!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/regions/aberdeen-north-east/former-carillion-boss-resigns-from-aberdeen-oil-firm-1-4664459","id":"1.4664459","articleHeadline": "Former Carillion boss resigns from Aberdeen oil firm","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516222886000 ,"articleLead": "

Former Carillion chief executive Richard Howson has resigned from an Aberdeen oil services giant.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664458.1516222882!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "editorial image"} ,"articleBody": "

Mr Howson has stood down from his role as non-executive director with energy firm Wood.

He had separately left Carillion in November, just weeks before it went into administration.

Mr Howson joined Wood - formerly the Wood Group - as a non-executive director in 2016.

Ian Marchant, chairman of John Wood Group PLC, said: “I would like to thank Richard for his contribution over the last two years.”

When Mr Howson was hired in 2016, Mr Marchant said the director’s “extensive experience” at Carillion would “further strengthen the board”.

The move comes as unions reported cases of Carillion workers being laid off across the country as a number of construction projects were stopped, with no certainty over when work would restart.

Workers on most private sector contracts held by the failed construction company will continue to be paid. Bonus payments to directors and former executives have been stopped.

The UK Government has urged banks to deal “swiftly and sympathetically” with small firms caught up in the crisis.

Mr Howson had been due to collect his £660,000-a-year salary and £28,000 in benefits from Carillion until October.

The company went into liquidation on Monday and yesterday the Government ordered a fast-track investigation into directors at the failed construction firm.

‘Historic milestone’ hailed as MPs vote through Brexit Withdrawal Bill

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4664458.1516222882!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664458.1516222882!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "editorial image","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "editorial image","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4664458.1516222882!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/news/politics/rbs-workers-joked-about-letting-customers-hang-themselves-1-4664358","id":"1.4664358","articleHeadline": "RBS workers joked about letting customers ‘hang themselves’","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516214718000 ,"articleLead": "

RBS employees in a controversial small business unit joked about letting customers “hang themselves”, newly published memos reveal.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664357.1516214716!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "RBS Bothwell is among 62 branches set to close across Scotland"} ,"articleBody": "

The revelation came as it was confirmed RBS chief executive Ross McEwan will be hauled in front of MPs later this month to answer questions about the conduct of the Global Restructuring Group (GRG).

The Treasury select committee confirmed Mr McEwan will appear alongside chairman Sir Howard Davies on 30 January.

Following a request from chairwoman Nicky Morgan for unpublished memos, details of how staff were encouraged to extract money from struggling businesses have come to light.

One 2009 memo entitled Just Hit Budget! talks of applying high interest rates to encourage customers to sign over a stake in their business.

The memo says: “Rope: Sometimes you need to let customers hang themselves.” SNP committee member Stewart Hosie said the memo was “shocking reading” and a “step by step guide to fleece RBS customers”.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4664357.1516214716!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664357.1516214716!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "RBS Bothwell is among 62 branches set to close across Scotland","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "RBS Bothwell is among 62 branches set to close across Scotland","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4664357.1516214716!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/news/politics/tesco-delays-clubcard-changes-1-4664307","id":"1.4664307","articleHeadline": "Tesco delays Clubcard changes","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516213562000 ,"articleLead": "

Tesco is delaying changes to its Clubcard rewards scheme after an outcry from customers who objected to a cut to the value of vouchers without warning.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664306.1516213559!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Tesco has delayed plans to change its Clubcard rewards scheme"} ,"articleBody": "

The UK’s largest retailer said it had listened to customer feedback and had decided to delay the introduction of the changes until 10 June.

Tesco wrote to its millions of Clubcard customers earlier this week to say it had “simplified” the scheme with effect from 15 January to make it more straightforward to use by offering three times the value of their vouchers with more than 100 scheme partners as the standard offer.

It said it was ending those which offered twice the value and four times the value, including some of the most popular deals such as meals at Pizza Express, Prezzo and Zizzi. The announcement was immediately met with criticism that customers would gain less from their points and were given no prior warning.

Tesco said any customers who had already redeemed vouchers at three times 
the value “will not lose 
out” and should contact 
its customer service centre.

Tesco has around 16 million Clubcard customers.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4664306.1516213559!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664306.1516213559!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Tesco has delayed plans to change its Clubcard rewards scheme","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Tesco has delayed plans to change its Clubcard rewards scheme","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4664306.1516213559!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/news/jeremy-corbyn-accuses-theresa-may-of-being-negligent-on-carillion-1-4664305","id":"1.4664305","articleHeadline": "Jeremy Corbyn accuses Theresa May of being ‘negligent’ on Carillion","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516212883000 ,"articleLead": "

Jeremy Corbyn has accused the Government of “negligence” over Carillion as he urged Theresa May to end the “costly racket” of private companies running services for the public.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664304.1516212879!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn attacked Theresa May over Carillion at today's Prime Minister's Questions. Picture: Aaron Chown/PA Wire"} ,"articleBody": "

The Labour leader said the “ruins” of the collapsed construction giant lie around the Prime Minister. He called for private firms to be “shown the door”.

‘He’s extremely vigorous’: Jeremy Corbyn not too old to be Labour leader

Mrs May said a third of government contracts with Carillion were let by the previous Labour administration, adding she wants to provide “good quality public services, delivered at best value to the taxpayer”.

The fate of Carillion dominated the pair’s exchanges at Prime Minister’s Questions today.

Concluding his attacks on the Government, Mr Corbyn said: “This isn’t one isolated case of Government negligence and corporate failure - it’s a broken system.

“Under this Government, Virgin and Stagecoach can spectacularly mismanage the East Coast Main Line and be let off a £2 billion payment.

“Capita and Atos can continue to wreck the lives through damaging disability assessments of many people with disabilities and win more Government-funded contracts.

“G4S promised to provide security at the Olympics - failed to do so and the army had to step in and save the day.

“These corporations need to be shown the door. We need our public services provided by public employees with a public service ethos and a strong public oversight.

“As the ruins of Carillion lie around her, will the Prime Minister act to end this costly racket of the relationship between Government and some of these companies?”

Mrs May cited Labour’s involvement with Carillion before outlining the Government’s plan for public services.

She added: “We’re making sure in this case that public services continue to be provided, that workers in those public services are supported and taxpayers are protected.

“But what Labour oppose isn’t just a role for private companies in public services, it’s the private sector as a whole.”

Mrs May said the vast majority of workers in the country are employed in the private sector, but claimed Labour has “turned its back on investment, on growth and on jobs”.

At one stage Mrs May refused to provide a response to Mr Corbyn, telling the Commons: “I’m very happy to answer questions when (Mr Corbyn) asks one. He didn’t.”

One Labour MP could be heard labelling Mrs May an “absolute disgrace”.

Mr Corbyn said: “I asked the Government if they’d been negligent or not and they clearly have been very negligent.”

The PM also took aim at Emily Thornberry after the shadow foreign secretary shouted at her.

Mrs May said: “Can I say to the shadow foreign secretary, I will indeed answer the question, but I know she herself has praised Carillion in the past for the work they have done.”

Ms Thornberry appeared to ask “have I?” to a colleague before laughing and continuing to watch the exchanges.

Poll: Majority of Scots don’t want Indyref2 in next five years

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4664304.1516212879!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664304.1516212879!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn attacked Theresa May over Carillion at today's Prime Minister's Questions. Picture: Aaron Chown/PA Wire","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn attacked Theresa May over Carillion at today's Prime Minister's Questions. Picture: Aaron Chown/PA Wire","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4664304.1516212879!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/news/scottish-government-accepts-calls-for-budget-changes-to-protect-services-1-4664284","id":"1.4664284","articleHeadline": "Scottish Government accepts calls for Budget changes to protect services","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516211219000 ,"articleLead": "

The Scottish Government has accepted calls to make ­changes to its budget to protect services and increase ­public sector pay.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4657868.1515592763!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Finance Secretary Derek Mackay"} ,"articleBody": "

Poll: Majority of Scots don’t want Indyref2 in next five years

Mr Mackay unveiled his draft budget last month, including plans for an overhaul of the tax system which leave higher earners paying more than counterparts elsewhere in the UK. Lower earners would get a small cut.

But the Greens have already demanded an extra £150 million for councils to ensure vital frontline services don’t suffer.

Patrick Harvie’s amendment called for the budget changes to “protect public services, fund a fair pay increase for public sector workers and invest in low-carbon infrastructure.”

It was passed by 67 votes to 56, as Greens and SNP MSPs out-voted the other opposition parties.

Mr Harvie said: “For months, Greens have been focused on reversing cuts to council budgets, achieving a fair pay increase for frontline workers, and increasing the proportion of capital spend on low-­carbon infrastructure.

“Greens have shifted the debate on tax to show that ­revenue can be raised while protecting low and middle earners.”

Britons could face high fees, holiday visa wait to go to Europe after Brexit

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4657868.1515592763!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4657868.1515592763!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Finance Secretary Derek Mackay","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Finance Secretary Derek Mackay","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4657868.1515592763!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/news/britons-could-face-high-fees-holiday-visa-wait-to-go-to-europe-after-brexit-1-4664240","id":"1.4664240","articleHeadline": "Britons could face high fees, holiday visa wait to go to Europe after Brexit","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516210090000 ,"articleLead": "

British holidaymakers could have to provide their criminal record, immigration history and biometric data to travel in Europe after Brexit.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4645448.1516210449!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "British holidaymakers could face a four-day wait for visas to travel to European destinations such as Spain after Brexit. Picture: Home Office"} ,"articleBody": "

Baroness Ludford warned after the UK leaves the European Union those wishing to head to the continent may face “significant” fees and four day waits for approval to travel.

The Liberal Democrats’ Brexit spokeswoman said if Brexit happens, people will have to apply for a US-style visa waiver scheme.

Poll: Majority of Scots don’t want Indyref2 in next five years

Speaking during Oral Questions in the Lords, Baroness Ludford said: “All a British citizen needs to do at present to go on holiday to Spain or business in Germany is to present a passport at the border.

“If we Brexit, they will have to apply for an ETIAS (European Travel Information and Authorisation System), similar to a US ESTA (Electronic System for Travel Authorisation).

“The fee could become significant and it could take four days for approval.

“And this will require the supply of biometric data, details of health, criminal record and previous immigration history.”

She asked: “Has the Government levelled, when will it level, with the British people about how this is another example of Brexit increasing cost and red tape?

“Isn’t it another reason why the British people should be able to choose to exit from Brexit?”

Responding for the Government, Brexit minister Lord Callanan said: “No it isn’t, my Lords.

“(Baroness Ludford) is making a whole series of assumptions in her question – none of which may turn out to be true.

“We are still to have the discussions with the EU on the future relationship in terms of how people will travel backwards and forwards, so when we’ve had those discussions, when we’ve reached a conclusion, we will be sure to let her know.”

Donald Tusk: UK can change mind on Brexit and stay in EU

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4645448.1516210449!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4645448.1516210449!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "British holidaymakers could face a four-day wait for visas to travel to European destinations such as Spain after Brexit. Picture: Home Office","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "British holidaymakers could face a four-day wait for visas to travel to European destinations such as Spain after Brexit. Picture: Home Office","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4645448.1516210449!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/regions/glasgow-strathclyde/scotland-supermarket-stockpiles-thousands-of-original-irn-bru-bottles-1-4664230","id":"1.4664230","articleHeadline": "Scotland supermarket stockpiles thousands of original Irn-Bru bottles","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516209272000 ,"articleLead": "

A supermarket south of Glasgow has stockpiled thousands of bottles of the ‘original’ recipe Irn-Bru.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4653642.1516209270!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Irn-Bru is the biggest selling soft drink in Scotland and is due to have a recipe change"} ,"articleBody": "

The Bourtreehill Supermarket in Irvine has collected more than 3000 two litre bottles of the original drink.

The stock grab comes ahead of the introduction of a new recipe of the fizzy drink at the end of this month that contains 50 per cent less sugar.

Some devoted fans of the beloved Scottish drink have voiced their opposition to the recipte change, which has coincided with the introduction of the so-called “sugar tax” in April.

“Irn-Bru original recipe production has officially stopped,” store owner Imran Ali told STV.

“Fear not Bourtreehill.

“We have over 3000 two litre bottles of original Irn-Bru in stock. From end of January Irn-Bru will have up to 50 per cent less sugar.

“Some people don’t mind the less sugar but some aren’t happy.

“We like to look after our customers and go extra mile to cater for their needs.”

The amount of sugar in every can of Irn-Bru is being cut from 8.5 teaspoons to four, going from just under 140 calories to about 65 calories.

A test of the new and old Irn-Bru recipes carried out by staff at The Scotsman found little difference between the two in a blind tasting.

Reporter James Delaney added: “I was a little bit sceptical when I heard they were changing the recipe, but trying it for the first time it is almost impossible to tell the difference. It still tastes like the Irn-Bru we all know and love.”

New Barr’s Irn-Bru recipe tastes ‘almost exactly the same’ as old one

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4653642.1516209270!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4653642.1516209270!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Irn-Bru is the biggest selling soft drink in Scotland and is due to have a recipe change","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Irn-Bru is the biggest selling soft drink in Scotland and is due to have a recipe change","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4653642.1516209270!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/business/companies/will-2018-be-plain-sailing-for-the-clyde-shipyards-1-4663999","id":"1.4663999","articleHeadline": "Will 2018 be plain sailing for the Clyde shipyards?","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516202681000 ,"articleLead": "

The launch of any ship is a celebratory occasion but the naming of the MV Glen Sannox in 2017 was a particularly notable event in the history of shipbuilding on the Clyde.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4663998.1516202677!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The MV Glen Sannox, the UK's first dual-fuel ferry, is launched at Ferguson Marine Engineering in Port Glasgow. Picture: PA"} ,"articleBody": "

The vessel was the first dual-fuel passenger ferry built in the UK and represented a turning point for its builders, Ferguson Marine Engineering Limited (FMEL). The Port Glasgow-based company was days from going bust in 2014 before being rescued by Clyde Blowers Capital. As the last commercial yard on the river, its closure would have represented a grievous blow to the country’s already diminished industrial capacity.

Its renaissance can be illustrated by more than just ship launches. There are now more than 360 staff on the books - up from just 47 when the yard was bought. That figure is likely to rise as and when more orders are secured.

Jim McColl, the billionaire industrialist and founder of Clyde Blowers, has previously talked of a five-year transformation of FMEL with up to 1,300 jobs being created. Key to this expansion is diversifying the type of contracts the yard can bid for - a push towards renewables as well as shipbuilding.

Entering the defence market is also on the cards. This month, FMEL was revealed as part of a consortium bidding to win the Type 31e frigate contract from the Ministry of Defence (MoD).

READ MORE: Ferguson shipyard could be a winner in new MoD plan

The future of shipbuilding on the west coast is of course about much more than business. Both the UK and Scottish Governments are acutely aware of “the politics of the Clyde”, as one source put it to the BBC in 2013 following the decision to end naval shipbuilding in Portsmouth.

That was good news for workers at the Govan and Scotstoun yards owned by defence giant BAE, which took the decision to consolidate its warship capability in Glasgow.

2018 will be a busy year for the biggest remaining shipbuilder on the Clyde. Work continues on the River Class offshore patrol vessels (OPVs) contract it secured in 2013, with two of five vessels already afloat. The latest, HMS Medway, was named at Scotstoun in October.

BAE currently employs 2,600 staff through its naval ships division in Glasgow, and will recruit more apprentices in the coming months.

But the company’s future on the Clyde currently rests on the successful completion of Type 26 frigate contract, described as “the UK’s core shipbuilding programme for the next 18 years”.

Eight vessels are planned - but only contracts for the first three have been signed off, in a deal worth £3.7 billion. Early work on HMS Glasgow, the first of the Type 26s, is currently progressing at Govan. Securing a future deal for the remaining five vessels is a key priority for BAE.

Defence bosses and UK Government ministers claim the OPV and Type 26 contracts combined secure the future of the Clyde yards until the 2030s.

But some Glasgow MPs are not so certain. They point to BAE’s decision not to proceed with a “frigate factory” at Scotstoun, which was first talked about in 2013, as proof the company is hedging its bets on future orders. The company in turn points to the on-going investment it has made at both Clyde yards and its determination to deliver the Type 26 fleet.

There is also concern that three naval support ships will be built overseas after no UK yards bid for the work.

In a Commons debate on the UK’s shipbuilding strategy, SNP MP Chris Stephens said auxiliary ships should not be built abroad.

He added: “This country has just completed a process during which the Aircraft Carrier Alliance was built across shipyards in the UK. If that was good enough for the Alliance, surely it is good enough for Royal Fleet Auxiliary ships. I do not believe that sending Royal Fleet Auxiliary ships to international competition will save the Ministry of Defence money — far from it.”

Labour’s Paul Sweeney called for the UK Government to fund a frigate factory at Scotstoun as it would offer an integrated site which would provide value for money for the Royal Navy.

Yet the message from both BAE and Ferguson is that the Clyde yards are looking ahead to 2018 with confidence.

While the days when shipbuilding on the river directly employed 55,000 men - a high point reached at the end of the Second World War - are long gone, the industry believes it is ready for any stormy waters that may lie ahead.

READ MORE: Everything you need to know about Clyde shipbuilding

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "CHRIS McCALL"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4663998.1516202677!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4663998.1516202677!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "The MV Glen Sannox, the UK's first dual-fuel ferry, is launched at Ferguson Marine Engineering in Port Glasgow. Picture: PA","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The MV Glen Sannox, the UK's first dual-fuel ferry, is launched at Ferguson Marine Engineering in Port Glasgow. Picture: PA","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4663998.1516202677!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4664020.1516202329!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4664020.1516202329!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "The naming cermony of HMS Medway at BAE's Scotstoun yard in 2017. Picture: \\nJohn Linton/BAE","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The naming cermony of HMS Medway at BAE's Scotstoun yard in 2017. Picture: \\nJohn Linton/BAE","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4664020.1516202329!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/news/rbs-bosses-refuse-u-turn-on-scotland-branch-closures-1-4663989","id":"1.4663989","articleHeadline": "RBS bosses refuse U-turn on Scotland branch closures","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516199825000 ,"articleLead": "

Banking regulations may have to be changed to make sure rural communities are not left without vital services, the SNP’s Westminster leader has said after RBS executives rejected calls from MPs to reconsider a wave of branch closures.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4663473.1516200169!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "RBS are set to close 62 branches in Scotland and are not budging on the decision. Picture: Michael Gillen"} ,"articleBody": "

Members of the Commons Scottish Affairs Committee said answers given by two senior RBS figures summoned to explain the bank’s proposed closure of 62 branches in Scotland were “not good enough”.

Jane Howard, managing director of personal banking, and Les Matheson, chief executive of personal and business banking, insisted RBS is responding to changes in customer behaviour, including a rise in digital banking.

They admitted savings from the planned closures would amount to just £9.5 million, and the branches were not being scrapped to save money.

The executives also were unable to point to any consultation carried out by the bank before the announcement.

Committee chairman Pete Wishart told the executives that he had never experienced “such an overwhelming negative response to a single issue in my 17 years as a Member of Parliament”.

Mr Matheson told MPs: “We understand that customers are concerned about the change, that customers find change difficult, and we are committed to helping them through that process, and we have lots of ways of doing that.”

Ian Blackford, the SNP’s leader at Westminster and former fund manager, said the government’s Access to Banking Code may have to be re-written to stop banks from pulling out of rural communties.

Following the session Mr Wishart said RBS’ response had been “unsatisfactory”, adding “the whole committee has been left disappointed and frustrated”.

“They seem to not be listening to the deep concerns from communities right across Scotland over their branch closure programme,” Mr Wishart said.

Scottish Conservative MP John Lamont said the evidence from RBS was “not good enough”.

Thirteen rural communities will be left with no bank at all once the closures go ahead.

One of them is the Hebridean island of Barra, where residents will have to take a ferry to get to their nearest bank branch.

MPs argue Post Offices and mobile banking trucks cannot provide the same cash-handlings services that small businesses and charities rely on.

The UK Government continues to hold a 70 per cent stake in RBS after bailing it out with £45 billion of public money during the financial crisis.

Ruth Davidson remains most popular leader - poll

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4663473.1516200169!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4663473.1516200169!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "RBS are set to close 62 branches in Scotland and are not budging on the decision. Picture: Michael Gillen","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "RBS are set to close 62 branches in Scotland and are not budging on the decision. Picture: Michael Gillen","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4663473.1516200169!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ {"video": {"brightcoveId":"5664333457001"} } ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/news/date-for-harry-potter-pop-up-bar-in-edinburgh-revealed-1-4663799","id":"1.4663799","articleHeadline": "Date for Harry Potter pop-up bar in Edinburgh revealed","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516193683000 ,"articleLead": "

MUGGLES keen for a taste of Harry Potter will soon be able to sample a butterbeer in a new pop-up bar on East Market Street.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4663798.1516193680!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "editorial image"} ,"articleBody": "

The Pop Up Geeks, known for setting up temporary themed bars across Edinburgh, are launching a bar featuring drinks inspired by JK Rowling’s masterpiece on February 1.

The ‘Perilous Potions’ bar will launch in Arch 14, allowing wizards to magic up their own cocktails and impress their muggle friends with their creations.

And in a new approach to the pop-up experience, guests are able to book ahead online to save lengthy queues.

Linden Wilkinson from The Pop Up Geeks said: “Perilous Potions will be our most interactive experience bar to date, with guests able to conjure their own cocktails at their table in a potions class setting. “Simply select your potion from the menu and you will receive a tray of ingredients and a set of instructions. “Each potion has its own magical effect and the end result will depend entirely on your wizarding ability, however we can guarantee it will always be delicious.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4663798.1516193680!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4663798.1516193680!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "editorial image","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "editorial image","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4663798.1516193680!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/news/businessman-named-new-chair-of-scotland-food-drink-1-4663590","id":"1.4663590","articleHeadline": "Businessman named new chair of Scotland Food & Drink","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516185253000 ,"articleLead": "

Industry body Scotland Food and Drink has announced businessman Dennis Overton as their new chairman following the retirement of David Kilshaw.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4663589.1516185251!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Dennis Overton."} ,"articleBody": "

Mr Overton, who co-founded seafood business Aquascot, and runs the Trust which owns it own behalf of the staff, will take up his post at the start of the financial year in April 2018.

He will spearhead the leadership organisation’s strategy “Ambition 2030” which aims to double the value of Scotland’s agriculture, fishing, and food and drink to £30bn in the next 12 years.

Mr Overton has been a member of the board since 2007, and Vice-Chair since 2015.

David Kilshaw said: “It has been a privilege to have been at the heart of Scotland Food & Drink’s journey over the last ten years - it was a pioneering concept of leadership and collaboration between the industry, the government and its agencies.

“The success of the organisation is one I am immensely proud of and it is down to the hard work of many people that I have had the good fortune o work with around our Board table and across industry and public sector bodies.

“I would like to thank the Board, the staff of Scotland Food & Drink and our many partners for all their support and commitment over the last ten years.”

Following his appointment, Dennis Overton said: “Our food and drink industry has gone from static growth ten years ago to becoming the best performing sector in Scotland’s economy.

“David Kilshaw’s leadership has been central to that. He had a vision for a collaborative leadership body, to forge a deep partnership cross industry and the public sector and drive a new era of growth.

“We have seen that vision become a reality in recent years and we have the strongest ever platform to now build on.

“Our Board and the industry owes David a debt of gratitude for his commitment not only over the last ten years but in the many years that led up to the creation of the Scotland Food & Drink Partnership.

“There are of course challenges ahead, with the implications of Brexit at the forefront of minds. However, we remain hugely ambitious for the sector’s potential.

“Ambition 2030 charts a path to doubling the size of our sector by 2030 and making it a force for good across Scotland’s economy, environment and communities. I look forward to working with the Board, staff team and our partners to delivering on that ambition.”

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" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4663589.1516185251!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4663589.1516185251!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Dennis Overton.","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Dennis Overton.","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4663589.1516185251!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/business/companies/glasgow-s-mccrea-financial-services-eyes-bigger-hq-1-4663555","id":"1.4663555","articleHeadline": "Glasgow’s McCrea Financial Services eyes bigger HQ","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516183883000 ,"articleLead": "

Glasgow-based McCrea Financial Services is looking to ramp up its headcount by a fifth as it eyes a move into ­larger office premises.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4663554.1516183880!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "McCrea has been boosted by sponsorship deals with Glasgow Warriors. Picture: Jeff Holmes."} ,"articleBody": "

The firm, which was established in 1999 and holds the Investors in People Gold standard, has seen staff ­numbers double in recent years as the business has expanded. Client numbers have recently topped 1,000.

Funds under management are now in excess of £300 million and the firm’s profile has increased through its sports sponsorships, which include rugby team Glasgow Warriors and Partick Thistle Football Club.

To support the growth plans at McCrea – which currently has about 20 staff – a recruitment drive and dedicated microsite have been launched. The firm has also attained ‘Chartered’ status from the Chartered Insurance Institute – recognising it as one of the most qualified and experienced in its field based on a range of criteria.

In achieving this status, the firm is in a group of less than 2 per cent of independent financial advisors in Scotland that hold this accreditation.

Douglas McCrea, managing director of McCrea Financial Services and an independent financial adviser since 1991, said: “We are delighted to reveal our plans to increase our team during 2018.

“With over 1,000 clients, which increases weekly, the expansion will help our commitment to provide a professional and personal service to both existing and new clients, which is always our number one priority.

“With that in mind, we are making a big investment to recruit for roles including independent financial advisers, paraplanners and senior administrators as well as in our marketing department.”

He added: “We invest in our people and we treat them with enormous respect. In turn, the business benefits from a loyal, and dedicated team.

“The news that we have secured Chartered status from the Chartered Insurance Institute is also fantastic, and reflects the hard work, experience and commitment from the whole team.”

The firm, which is studying plans to expand its headquarters, also said that it would continue to support a range of key community and charity initiatives over the course of the next 12 months, with two major announcements to follow in the coming weeks.

Its managing director and founder is on the board of directors at St Margaret of Scotland Hospice in Clydebank and has been on the advisory board at Glasgow Warriors since 2008.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4663554.1516183880!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4663554.1516183880!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "McCrea has been boosted by sponsorship deals with Glasgow Warriors. Picture: Jeff Holmes.","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "McCrea has been boosted by sponsorship deals with Glasgow Warriors. Picture: Jeff Holmes.","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4663554.1516183880!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"https://www.scotsman.com/lifestyle/personal-finance/jim-duffy-implications-of-millennials-losing-trust-in-saving-1-4663550","id":"1.4663550","articleHeadline": "Jim Duffy: Implications of millennials losing trust in saving","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1516183752000 ,"articleLead": "

We like to feel good about ­ourselves. We like to know that our investments and assets are rising in value. From pension funds to equities, from ISAs to our homes, we rest easy in the knowledge that we have invested in assets that will appreciate and provide a pot of cash for our old age.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4663549.1516183749!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Millenials are not embracing saving."} ,"articleBody": "

Perhaps that is just my generation. The 50-somethings who bought into the line that property was always a good long-term bet and growth funds would always outperform the Footsie 100. I for one have placed my faith in this mantra, but it would appear the young ones do not share our optimism and faith.

Getting one’s foot on the property ­ladder was always a marker that stated you had grown up. You were standing on your own two feet, or four feet if you bought with your partner, and had branched out. I recall buying my first house and setting up a mortgage. It felt good and I knew that something had changed in my life – forever. But it appears this is no longer the path that young people wish to tread.

Whether mortgages, mortgage fees, stamp duty, utilities costs and large deposits are putting them off, I’m not so sure. It appears that “an Englishman’s home is his castle” no longer rings true with the ­millennial generation. Add to this the ownership of a pension and the picture becomes even more vivid. When I joined “the polis”, I recall my late father telling me that it was a job for life with a gold-plated pension. He was right. Thirty years in this final salary scheme has provided fabulous pensions for many coppers.

But, the new pension scheme for recruits signing up now has been – well, let’s say – watered down a bit. The good old days are gone and the younger generation knows it. I recently tried to get my frozen pension out of the Police Pension Scheme, but was told a big “no”. It seems to me it is skint and needs all the cash it can keep in the fund.

Yes, the pensions bonanza is over as the younger generation shun long-term saving into anonymous funds that may – only may – provide a return over the next 30 to40 years. Let’s be honest, the retirement ages are creeping up as we live longer, so younger folks see no imminent joy. Only a big “maybe” in the future with no final ­salary option to comfort them.

So as we can see, houses hold no intrinsic value for millennials and pensions offer nothing that grabs their attention. As we know, their attention is difficult to hold. Add to this the uncertainty of the markets and I can see why they have no real interest in investing money for the long term.

Carillion is all over the business pages right now as it dies in liquidation. But, it was dying for months and no one had the gumption or willingness to conduct a pre-mortem. And this is where I believe that the millennial generation have no faith and trust in us to get it right for them.

Despite the good work of the markets and big investment firms, it seems we do not like the term “proactivity” when it comes to due diligence. It’s a bit reactive as we now look at this specific post-mortem with job losses, massive pension shortfalls and missed or ignored profit warnings.

Whether it’s buying a house or saving for retirement, which is more important than ever, or putting some money into a savings vehicle, the younger generations have lost confidence in the future. With a 30-year bull run seemingly coming to an end, pensions that pay out measly amounts when they are 70 (maybe), and more barriers put in the way to owning a home and moving up the ­ladder, it is plain to see why the new wealth generators are sceptical about the next 50 years.

Maybe it is time to bring back the old with-profits endowment that instilled some confidence in saving for the future with some hope of a return that had a guarantee. Something is missing and if we do not enlighten and motivate these young people to save more, it will all end in tears – for us and them.

l Jim Duffy is co-founder of Moonshot ­Academy and author of Create Special

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