Mapped: the geographical origins of Scotland's most common surnames
Scotland has a long and eventful history stretching back centuries. Yet Scottish surnames are far more recent. Until the 12th century, most Scots did not have surnames. It was only with King David I’s decision to give large amounts of Scottish land to Norman nobles that the Norman tradition of surnames came into fashion.
Choosing a surname was somewhat haphazard in Scotland. You could be the son of somebody (Robertson, Johnston) or adopt the Gaelic variation of ‘Mac’ rather than ‘son’ (MacDonald, MacLeod, MacKenzie).
Stewart, one of Scotlands most popular surnames, comes from the Highland side of the old Highland border, just north of Stirling.