Travel: Cruising in the Douro Valley, Portugal
Lamego is a handsome town on the terraced slopes of the Douro Valley. Home to Portugal's first parliament, it is brimful of noble manor houses and spot lit medieval monuments. As far as tourists are concerned though, its main claim to fame is an 18th century shrine, the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Remedies, flanked by twin bell towers. Back in the day, pilgrims climbed 600 zigzagging steps to reach this sanctuary nudging the clouds, but fortunately our coach did the journey for us.
We were here on a shore excursion courtesy of AmaWaterways – they include all their excursions in the fare which I think is a pretty good deal. We’d started our week’s river cruise a couple of days earlier in Porto – Oporto to the locals – the northern Portuguese terracotta-roofed coastal city that gave its name to the fortified drink. The part of town called Vila Nova de Gaia, which lies at the other side of the river, is home to several British port wine cellars, their names emblazoned on signs from the 1950s – Cockburn, Taylor, Croft and Graham, the latter founded by two Scottish brothers in 1820.
We managed to cram in a whirlwind tour of some sights before our ship, AmaVida, set sail next morning. The historic centre of the city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and walking around town the tiled splendour of Porto’s Sao Bento railway station had a few cameras clicking as did Lello, a bookshop dating back to the early 1900s with neo-gothic façade, wooden walls, hand carved shelves and imposing staircase. However our chatty guide became positively ecstatic when it came to talking about Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas’ concert hall, the iconic, geometrically designed Casa da Musica. “It is THE most beautiful concert hall, excellent acoustics,” she declared, “without a doubt, the best in Europe”.
Of course, Porto is indeed charming but much of the appeal of a river trip comes from the scenery lining its banks, in this case the steep, terraced vineyards on which thousands of hectares of port wine grapes are cultivated, well after all, this is an oenologically blessed region. Wine production here goes back to pre-Roman times though it wasn’t until the 18th century, thanks to King Jose 1’s royal charter, that it became a demarcated and regulated wine-growing region. Medieval villages, blurs of white sugar cube houses, intermittently dot the landscape as do quintas (wine estates) peeping between tangles of almond and olive groves.
Holding a maximum of 106 passengers, the AmaVida is petite, which of course is a necessity on the Duoro with its narrow, though deep, locks – five in all on this trip. Cabins – most have balconies – are compact but contain everything a person needs while bathrooms are well set out with walk-in showers and posh toiletries. An inviting, bite-sized pool on the sundeck is a boon in the baking heat – I was there in August, the hottest month to visit this region. The piano lounge/bar and restaurant are comfortable and pleasantly designed. Floor to ceiling windows mean there’s no need to miss out on admiring the passing scenery as you sail along the glassy blue-green river while lingering over lunch or dinner. And I should say, besides the aforementioned complimentary excursions, guests can expect free wine and beer with meals and extra perks such as private port tastings.
At Regua, main town of the wine producing region, we paid a visit to the Douro Museum. Here visitors can enjoy sampling port wine as well as gain an insight into the heritage and wine culture of the region. It was a pleasant way to squander a morning until it was time to hop on our air-conditioned coach which whisked us to the rather glam Mateus Palace. Built for the Count of Vila Real, the palace is instantly recognisable to fans of Mateus Rose wine as the image which appears on the bottle labels. It’s somewhere to drink in the beauty of the gardens while enjoying a tipple.
After crossing the Spanish border on day five of our trip, prior to turning round to head back to Porto, the ship moored overnight at Vega de Terron, a tiny place which is the setting off point for excursions to Salamanca. The ochre-tinted, Unesco listed, Spanish city – in this region Unesco sites are ten a penny – has a rich past reflected by Moorish and Renaissance monuments. Its 26 arch Roman bridge stands proud, 15 of the arches are the originals so only pedestrians are allowed to cross it. Top sights in town include the 15th century House of Shells, so-called of course because as you can guess from the name, its walls are studded with sandstone shells. There’s the main square too, the Plaza Major, the city’s heartbeat loved by locals, surrounded by arcaded walkways and brilliantly illuminated at night.
One particularly enjoyable excursion was to Guimarães, described by locals as the “cradle of Portugal” and another Unesco World Heritage listed site. Indeed, Dom Afonso Henriques, the very first Portuguese king was born here in the 12th century. It’s a small city, a maze of cobwebby cobbled streets and café-lined shady squares and was the country’s first capital, though it lost its crown to Coimbra in 1143. A picturesque castle, now no more than an empty shell, offers head-swimming sights too much to view in one go, from the ramparts right across the city while the nearby Ducal Palace is littered with tapestries and armoury. Not too far away from Guimarães we swung by the 14th century Casa de Sezim, a rather grand manor house surrounded by vineyards. Our group was greeted by the current owner who gave us a tour of his ancestral home – it has been in his family since 1376. Walls, hung with rare, early 19th century wallpaper, hand painted in brilliant demented hues, portray vivid, intricate scenes of the Old and New Worlds. After touring his much-loved home he led us out onto the long veranda, bathed in sunshine and overlooking lush gardens, where as if by magic platters of local cheese, succulent ham and rough homemade bread arrived – and, what’s that? Yes of course – more swiggable wines. n
AmaWaterways offers a seven night ‘Enticing Douro’ river cruise aboard the AmaVida departing from/returning to Porto. Prices start from £2,348pp for a river view cabin including flights, non UK transfers, accommodation, all meals, wine, beer and soft drinks with lunch and dinner, complimentary daily tours and excursions and free wi-fi. Freephone 0800 320 2336 or visit www.amawaterways.co.uk
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