TWO clear front-runners have emerged in Afghanistan’s presidential race as partial results revealed a tight race that looks set for a runoff vote.
Both candidates promise a fresh start with the West, vowing to sign a security pact with the United States that has been rejected by President Hamid Karzai, but their fierce rivalry has raised the spectre of divisive campaigning in what so far has been a relatively peaceful election.
With 10 per cent of the ballots counted, Abdullah Abdullah, who was Mr Karzai’s main rival in his fraud-marred re-election in 2009, had 41.9 per cent of the vote. Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai, a former finance minister and World Bank official, followed with 37.6 per cent. Zalmai Rassoul, another former foreign minister widely considered as Karzai’s pick, was a distant third with 9.8 per cent.
Karzai himself was constitutionally barred from seeking a third term.
Officials warned the vote count might still change as full preliminary results will not be due until April 24, but the early numbers suggest none of the eight candidates are likely to get the outright majority needed to avoid a runoff.
Shortly after officials announced the results, Mr Abdullah revealed that he had held talks with third-placed Mr Rassoul but it was premature to discuss a possible alliance.
The 53-year-old suggested he will seek a unity government if elected but said an invite would not be extended to rival Mr Ghani, who “could serve as a loyal opposition,” Mr Abdullah said in an interview at his home in Kabul. “That’s also a service to the nation.”
Mr Ghani, however, remained confident that he would be in first place at the final tally. He dismissed talk of a political deal to avoid a runoff, saying he would run in a second round if needed.
“We are in a 100-minute game and we’ve only done 10 minutes,” he said. He noted that he and Mr Abdullah are only a little over 21,000 votes apart and millions of votes remain to be counted.
The chairman of the Independent Election Commission, Ahmad Yousuf Nouristani, also said it was too soon to predict the outcome.
“Maybe today one candidate looks strong. Tomorrow, maybe another will pull ahead,” he said.
Final results are to be declared in mid-May once complaints of fraud are fully investigated.
The man who replaces Mr Karzai, the only president Afghans have known since the US-led invasion ousted the Taliban in 2001, faces a huge task in fighting the insurgents and overseeing the withdrawal of the last foreign combat troops by the end of this year.
Both front-runners support women’s rights and differ largely on domestic issues such as relations with Pakistan and peace talks with the Taliban. They also have promised to sign a bilateral security agreement with the United States that would allow thousands of foreign troops to remain in the country in a training and advisory role after 2014.
Mr Abdullah has said he would sign the security pact within a month of taking office.
“My position in regards to the [pact] is that it should be signed as soon as possible and is long overdue already.”
Mr Ahmadzai, who chaired a commission overseeing the transition of responsibility for security from the US-led coalition to Afghan forces, also has said he would sign the agreement shortly after taking office.