Scotland’s deprived areas have more off-licences

Carry out beer from an off-licence. Picture Michael Gillen.
Carry out beer from an off-licence. Picture Michael Gillen.
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SCOTLAND’S most economically-deprived neighbourhoods have more off-licences and shops selling tobacco than wealthier areas, a study has suggested.

It found places with the lowest average household incomes have the highest number of alcohol and tobacco outlets per head of population while the most well-off parts of the country have the fewest.

Off licence map of Glasgow. Red indicates much higher number of offlicences than the Scottish average.  Picture: CRESH/Ordanance Survey

Off licence map of Glasgow. Red indicates much higher number of offlicences than the Scottish average. Picture: CRESH/Ordanance Survey

City centres also had a high number of off-licenses due to their location.

Researchers at CRESH said the pattern could be a contributing factor to inequalities in rates of alcohol and tobacco-related disease.

Reducing the concentration of shops selling these products could help improve public health and address health inequalities, according to the team at the University of Edinburgh who led the study.

They said links between deprivation, outlet density and disease should be considered when drawing up tobacco and alcohol policies.

We already knew that alcohol and tobacco-related illnesses disproportionately affect people in deprived areas and this study confirms that these areas also have the highest concentrations of alcohol and tobacco outlets

Dr Niamh Shortt, University of Edinburgh

Their findings will be presented at a global alcohol policy conference in Edinburgh tomorrow where First Minister Nicola Sturgeon will deliver the keynote speech.

The team used alcohol licensing data and a tobacco retail register to calculate the density of outlets in regions across Scotland.

Links with deprivation were assessed using figures from the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation, which shows the proportion of people across the country receiving means-tested benefits and other government support.

Dr Niamh Shortt, senior lecturer in human geography at the University of Edinburgh, who led the study, said: “We already knew that alcohol and tobacco-related illnesses disproportionately affect people in deprived areas and this study confirms that these areas also have the highest concentrations of alcohol and tobacco outlets.

Off licence map of Edinburgh. Red indicates much higher number of offlicences than the Scottish average. Outside of central areas there are high number of off lincenses in deprived areas. Picture: CRESH/Ordanance Survey

Off licence map of Edinburgh. Red indicates much higher number of offlicences than the Scottish average. Outside of central areas there are high number of off lincenses in deprived areas. Picture: CRESH/Ordanance Survey

“We need to alter the environments in which people live, including restricting the availability of these products. Failing to tackle a broader set of factors, including retail environments, may exacerbate health inequalities.”

The research for the study, published in the journal BMC Public Health, was carried out in collaboration with the University of Glasgow.