EVENTS, birthdays and anniversaries.
National day of Yugoslavia.
1530: Cardinal Wolsey arrested as a traitor and recalled to London. On the way he died at Leicester, and was buried there.
1580: Sir Francis Drake returned to England from circumnavigating the globe.
1681: The Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh, was granted its charter by Charles II.
1907: Florence Nightingale, the “Lady of the Lamp”, was presented, at the age of 87, with the Order of Merit by King Edward VII for her services to the sick during the Crimean war.
1915: Women were first employed on the permanent staff at Scotland Yard.
1922: Archaeologists announced that they had found fabulous treasures in tomb of Tutankhamen in Egypt.
1929: American admiral and aviator Richard Byrd made first flight over the South Pole.
1945: Monarchy was abolished in Yugoslavia.
1947: United Nations announced plan for partition of Palestine, with Jerusalem under United Nations control.
1965: Mary Whitehouse began her Clean Up TV campaign by setting up the National Viewers’ and Listeners’ Association to tackle “BBC bad taste and irresponsibility”.
1974: Parliament passed a bill making the IRA an illegal organisation.
1975: Graham Hill, 46, motor racing champion, died with five others while piloting a plane that crashed in fog over north London.
1988: South African presidential council rejected proposed bill to tighten enforcement of residential segregation laws.
1989: Romanian gymnast Nadia Comaneci fled to Hungary.
1990: John Major was criticised for his all-male Cabinet, the first since 1964.
1995: The Conservative government announced an expanded role for the Scottish Grand Committee by switching some parliamentary proceedings from Westminster, including examination of the prime minister and Cabinet ministers.
2007: Wendy Alexander faced calls for her resignation as leader of the Scottish Labour Party after Charlie Gordon, a former leader of Glasgow City Council, admitted that cash given to her leadership campaign from Jersey-based businessman Paul Green broke the law on overseas donations.
Ryan Giggs, footballer, 41; Simon Amstell, comedy actor and writer, 35; Don Cheadle, actor, 50; Jacques Chirac, president of France 1995-2007, 82; Joel Coen, film actor, producer and director, 60; Ross Drummond, Scottish golfer, 58; Diane Ladd, actress, 79; Gena Lee Nolin, actress, 43; David Rintoul, Aberdeen-born actor, 66; Kasey Keller, goalkeeper, 45; Chadwick Boseman, actor, playwright and screenwriter, 38; Kim Delaney, actress, 53; Cathy Moriarty, actress, 54; Garry Shandling, comedian, actor and writer, 65; John Mayall, singer-songwriter and musician, 81; Diane Ladd, actress, director, producer, 79.
Births: 1832 Louisa May Alcott, author; 1843 Gertrude Jekyll, gardener and landscape architect; 1898 CS Lewis, writer and academic; 1915 Billy Strayhorn, jazz pianist and composer; 1929 Derek Jameson, journalist; 1940 Denny Doherty, singer-songwriter (The Mamas & The Papas).
Deaths: 1268 Pope Clement IV; 1695 James Dalrymple, 1st Viscount of Stair, Scottish lawyer and statesman; 1872 Mary Somerville, Jedburgh-born mathematician2001 George Harrison, Beatle.