Events, birthdays and anniversaries from 4 May
1471: The Battle of Tewkesbury, a Yorkist victory in the Wars of the Roses.
1494: The West Indian island of Jamaica was discovered by Christopher Columbus.
1595: Sir John Norris was sent from England to Ireland to put down resistance to Elizabeth I.
1654: Proclamations at the Mercat Cross, Edinburgh, of the Protectorate and Union with England by General George Monck.
1780: The first Derby was run at Epsom.
1863: New Maori uprisings began in New Zealand.
1896: The Daily Mail, founded by Lord Northcliffe, was first published.
1904: Construction started on Panama Canal.
1926: The General Strike began at midnight, the first in British history. It was called off on 13 May.
1935: Leicester Square tube station opened, with the world’s longest escalator.
1938: Douglas Hyde became the first president of Eire.
1939: Japanese bombers inflicted thousands of casualties in Chungking, China.
1942: Battle of the Coral Sea began.
1949: Thirteen women and girls died in a fire which destroyed Grafton’s four-storey gown store in Argyle Street, Glasgow.
1973: Sears tower in Chicago, the tallest office building in the world at 1,454 feet with 110 storeys, was topped out.
1974: Abba reached top of the UK pop charts with Waterloo, the Eurovision song contest winner.
1979: Margaret Thatcher became Britain’s first woman prime minister.
1982: HMS Sheffield was hit by an Exocet missile and destroyed during the Falklands conflict, with the loss of 20 men.
1989: Tens of thousands of Chinese students marched to Tiananmen Square, in Peking, calling for freedom and democracy.
2001: The Bank of Scotland and Halifax merged as HBOS in a £28 million deal, putting it in the top five UK banking groups.
2007: The SNP won the Scottish general election and became the largest party in the Scottish Parliament for the first time.
2009: John Higgins, MBE, from Wishaw, captured his third world snooker championship at The Crucible, in Sheffield.
Rory McIlroy, golfer, 24; Oleta Adams, singer, 51; Jay Aston, rock singer, 52; Michael Barrymore, entertainer, 61; Susan Brown, actress, 67; Ron Carter, jazz bassist, 76; Kate Garraway, television presenter, 46; Charlotte Green, newsreader, 57; Liz Robertson, actress and singer, 59; Professor Marisa Robles, harpist, 76; Gennadi Rozhdestvensky, conductor, 82; Graham Swift, novelist, 64; Gillian Tindall, biographer and novelist, 75; Randy Travis, country singer, 54; John Watson MBE, British racing driver, 67; Pia Zadora, actress and singer, 59.
Births: 1820 Joseph Whitaker, bookseller and publisher, founder of Whitaker’s Almanack; 1882 Estelle Sylvia Pankhurst, artist and feminist; 1889 Baron Sieff, president of Marks & Spencer; 1923 Eric Sykes CBE, comedian and writer; 1929 Audrey Hepburn, actress.
Deaths: 1471 Edward, Prince of Wales (Battle of Tewkesbury); 1924 Edith Nesbit, poet and author of children’s books (The Railway Children); 1980 Marshal Tito, president of Yugoslavia 1953-80; 1984 Diana Dors, actress; 1991 Bernie Winters, comedian.