Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 29 May
1453: Constantinople, capital of Byzantine Empire, was captured by Turks. Some historians list date as end of Middle Ages.
1660: After nearly nine years of exile, Charles II returned to London in triumph and was restored to the throne.
1871: Whit Monday became the first Bank Holiday in Britain.
1922: Horatio Bottomley, journalist, MP and founder of John Bull magazine, was jailed for seven years for selling fraudulent Victory Bonds after the First World War.
1923: Palestine Constitution was suspended by British because Arabs refused to co-operate.
1930: The BBC formed its own permanent Symphony Orchestra under the directorship of Sir Adrian Boult.
1950: First episode of The Archers on BBC radio.
1951: Easington Colliery explosion killed 83 miners.
1953: Everest, the world’s highest mountain, was conquered by Edmund Hillary and Tensing Norgay. The news broke four days later on Coronation Day, 2 June.
1959: Charles de Gaulle formed a government of national safety in France.
1961: First television interview with a member of the Royal Family. The Duke of Edinburgh spoke to Richard Dimbleby on the BBC’s Panorama.
1966: Buddhist nun burned herself to death outside a pagoda in South Vietnamese city of Hue in protest against country’s military government.
1968: Manchester United became the first English football club to win the European Cup, beating Benfica of Portugal 4-1 at Wembley Stadium.
1985: At Heysel Stadium, Brussels, 38 football fans died when a wall collapsed as a result of crowd violence before the Liverpool versus Juventus match.
1990: Boris Yeltsin was elected president of the Russian Federation.
1993: Rangers completed the treble when they beat Aberdeen 2-1 in the Scottish Cup final.
1995: A “state of the nation” opinion poll showed that the majority of Britons had lost faith in the system of government and were in favour of a bill of rights and a written constitution.
1999: Space Shuttle Discovery completed the first docking with the International Space Station.
2001: US Supreme Court ruled that disabled golfer Casey Martin can use a cart to ride in tournaments.
2004: The Second World War Memorial is dedicated in Washington DC.
2009: The Scottish Football Association consented to a plan that could pave the way for a team to compete on behalf of Britain at the London Olympics in 2012.
Dr Gordon Rintoul, director, National Museums of Scotland, 57; 13th Duke of Argyll, Chief of Clan Campbell, 45; Sir Christopher Bland, chairman, BT 2001-7, 75; Rupert Everett, actor, 54; Lord Fraser of Carmyllie, MP 1979-87, Lord Advocate 1989-92, 68; Esther Gray, Scottish opera singer, 65; Sir Alan Langlands, former principal and vice-chancellor, Dundee University 2000-9, 61.
Births: 1630 King Charles II; 1874 Gilbert Keith Chesterton, author, poet, wit; 1903 Bob Hope, comedian and film actor; 1917 John F Kennedy, 35th US president 1961-63; 1925 Mick McGahey, Scottish miners’ leader.
Deaths: 1546 David Beaton, cardinal archbishop of St Andrews, Lord High Chancellor of Scotland (murdered in his palace by a band of Reformers); 1829 Sir Humphry Davy, chemist who invented miner’s safety lamp.