Events, birthdays and anniversaries from 8 May
1660: Restoration of the British monarchy.
1701: “Captain” William Kidd was tried at London’s Old Bailey for piracy – he was hanged on 23 May.
1886: Coca-Cola was invented by Dr John Pemberton. He mixed the multi-million pound brew at Jacob’s Pharmacy in Atlanta, Georgia.
1902: Mount Pelée erupted on the Caribbean island of Martinique, killing more than 30,000 people.
1927: Speedway racing took place in Britain for the first time, at Camberley Heath.
1931: A group of leaders from Scottish industry, commerce, trade unions and local authorities convened a meeting in Edinburgh which resulted in the formation of the Scottish National Development Council.
1933: The first execution by gas chamber in the United States was carried out in the state of Nevada.
1945: VE Day. Victory came to Europe at one minute past midnight with the unconditional surrender of Germany.
1954: The BBC banned Johnny Ray’s song Such a Night, and the publicity sent it to No 1.
1955: The European Cup for the football league champions of the respective nations was approved by Fifa.
1961: George Blake, British naval intelligence officer and Soviet spy, was jailed for 42 years, the longest sentence ever imposed in Britain.
1970: The Beatles’ final album, Let It Be, was released.
1972: US president Richard Nixon ordered a blockade and mining of North Vietnamese ports, including Hai Phong.
1981: Ken Livingstone, Labour left-winger, was elected leader of the Greater London Council.
1989: United States space shuttle Atlantis glided out of orbit into a safe landing in California’s Mojave Desert.
1990: Estonia declared itself a republic, dropped the words “Soviet Socialist” from its name, and restored its pre-war coat-of-arms.
1993: British boxer Lennox Lewis became WBC world heavyweight champion, beating Tony Tucker.
2008: ITV was fined a record £5.68 million by Ofcom for abusing premium rate phone lines used in viewer competitions in shows such as Ant and Dec’s Saturday Night Takeaway.
David Sole, Scotland Grand Slam rugby captain, 51; Sir David Attenborough, naturalist and broadcaster, 87; Pat Barker, novelist, 70; Jack Charlton OBE, football player and manager, 78; Terry Christian, television presenter, 51; Viviana Durante, ballerina, 46; Lucius Edward William Plantagenet Cary, 15th Viscount Falkland, premier viscount of Scotland, 78; Heather Harper CBE, soprano, 83; Enrique Iglesias, singer, 38; Lord Lamont of Lerwick, chancellor of the Exchequer 1990-93, 71; Dame Felicity Lott DBE, soprano, 66; 52; Thomas Pynchon, author, 76; Lord Reid, MP, home secretary 2006-7 and chairman of Celtic Football Club 2007-11, 66.
Births: 1592 Francis Quarles, Royalist poet; 1884 Harry S Truman, 33rd US president;
1932 Sonny Liston, heavyweight boxing champion; 1940 Peter Benchley, author (Jaws); 1940 Ricky Nelson, singer.
Deaths: 1880 Gustave Flaubert, novelist; 1903 Paul Gauguin, post-Impressionist painter; 1947 Harry Gordon Selfridge, store owner; 1988 Robert Heinlein, science fiction writer; 1999 Sir Dirk Bogarde, actor and author.