Events, birthdays and anniversaries on 6 April
1320: Declaration of Independence sent to Pope John XXII from the Scottish Parliament at Arbroath Abbey.
1789: George Washington was elected as first United States president.
1830: The Mormon Movement (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints), was founded in New York State by Joseph Smith.
1850: Koh-i-Noor diamond was sent from India to become part of British Crown jewels.
1866: Civil Rights Act, giving full citizenship to American blacks after Civil War, was passed by United States Congress.
1868: Ku Klux Klan was founded.
1886: Vancouver, British Columbia, was founded.
1893: The longest recorded boxing match with gloves, seven hours, 19 minutes, took place and ended in a draw. The fight, in New Orleans, lasted 110 rounds.
1896: Modern Olympic Games revived by Pierre de Coubertin at Athens.
1917: The United States declared war on Germany.
1944: Pay As You Earn income tax, devised by Sir Cornelius Gregg, came into operation.
1955: Sir Anthony Eden succeeded Sir Winston Churchill as Prime Minister.
1984: The 17-year-old South African barefoot runner Zola Budd, who was brought by the Daily Mail to Britain, was granted British citizenship by home secretary Leon Brittan after a matter of weeks.
1985: Henrietta Shaw became the first woman to cox Cambridge University in the boat race.
1988: Israeli settlers and Arab villagers clashed in West Bank village, killing two Palestinians and an Israeli girl.
1989: Muslim guerrillas fired missiles and rockets at Kabul and three other Afghanistan cities.
1992: European Community foreign ministers agreed to scrap its oil embargo on South Africa.
1993: Labour dropped its last commitment to nationalisation when it published its new proposals for industrial strategy.
1995: The Conservatives were all but eliminated from Scottish local government as Labour dominated council elections.
2000: MSPs voted 68-56 to go ahead with the Holyrood parliament building in Edinburgh, but with a fixed price of £195 million.
2004: Rolandas Paksas became the first president of Lithuania to be peacefully removed from office by impeachment.
2006: Almost 1,000 square miles of Scotland were placed under quarantine after the first British case of the deadly strain of H5N1 bird flu was confirmed in a swan found dead at Cellardyke in Fife.
2009: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck near L’Aquila, Italy, killing 307.
2011: In San Fernando, Tamaulipas, Mexico, almost 200 bodies were exhumed from several mass graves made by the powerful and violent criminal syndicate Los Zetas.
2012: Azawad Declaration of Independence was declared (from the Republic of Mali).