On this day: Princess Diana died| Coca-Cola in UK

Police move the wreck of the car in which, on this day in 1997, Diana, Princess of Wales, and her friend Dodi Fayed were killed. Picture: AP
Police move the wreck of the car in which, on this day in 1997, Diana, Princess of Wales, and her friend Dodi Fayed were killed. Picture: AP
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Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 31 August

31 AUGUST

National days of Malaysia, and Trinidad and Tobago.

Traditional date for return of the dove to Noah’s Ark with an olive leaf.

1422: Henry VI of England acceded to the throne at the age of nine months.

1888: The first victim of Jack the Ripper, Mary “Polly” Nichols, a prostitute, was found dead in Whitechapel, London.

1900: Coca-Cola went on sale in Britain.

1908: WG Grace retired from first-class cricket at the age of 60. He scored 54,896 runs (126 centuries), took 2,879 wickets and held 871 catches over 43 years.

1928: The first performance took place of Brecht and Weill’s The Threepenny Opera, in Berlin, with their wives playing the leading roles.

1936: Elizabeth Cowell, Britain’s first woman TV announcer, made her debut at Alexandra Palace.

1939: Wartime evacuation of women and children from London to country areas began.

1951: Deutsche Grammophon marketed first 33rpm long-playing record.

1957: Malaya achieved independence.

1962: Trinidad and Tobago in the West Indies became independent.

1963: The “hot line” linking the Kremlin with the White House went into service.

1976: Carallyn Bowes ran 3,841 miles across Canada, from Halifax to Burnaby.

1983: Soviet plane shot down a South Korean airliner. All 269 aboard were killed.

1990: Baton-wielding French riot police clashed with farmers demonstrating against imported British meat.

1990: President FW de Klerk announced that membership of South Africa’s National Party was to be open to all races.

1994: Peace in Northern Ireland moved a step closer as the IRA announced a “complete cessation of military operations”.

1997: Diana, Princess of Wales, 36, and her boyfriend, Dodi Fayed, died in a car crash in Paris.

2005: A stampede on al-Aaimmah bridge in Baghdad killed 1,199 people.

2010: The last episode of iconic British TV series The Bill was aired on ITV1.

2011: Wootton Bassett, Wiltshire, held a service to mark the end of military repatriations there.

BIRTHDAYS

Isao Aoki, Japanese golfer, 69; Martin Bell OBE, broadcaster, MP 1997-2001, 75; Serge Blanco, French rugby player, 55; Todd Carty, British actor, 50; Dame Elizabeth ‘Liz’ Forgan DBE, British writer and broadcaster, 69; Richard Gere, American actor, 64; Padraig Harrington, golf major winner, 42; Clive Lloyd CBE, West Indies cricketer, 69; Van Morrison, singer and songwriter, 68; Edwin Moses, American Olympic athlete, 58; Bryan Organ, British artist, 78; Itzhak Perlman, Israeli-born violinist and conductor, 68; Glenn Tilbrook, British rock musician (Squeeze), 56.

ANNIVERSARIES

Births: AD12 Caligula, Roman emperor; 1774 Charles Turner, engraver; 1870 Maria Montessori, educationist; 1913 Sir Bernard Lovell OBE, astronomer; 1918 Alan Jay Lerner, songwriter; 1928 James Coburn, film actor.

Deaths: 1422 Henry V of England; 1688 John Bunyan, author of The Pilgrim’s Progress; 1969 Rocky Marciano, world heavyweight boxing champion 1952-56 (air crash);1973 John Ford, film director; 1986 Henry Moore, abstract sculptor; 1997 Diana, Princess of Wales (in a car crash in Paris); 2012 Max Bygraves OBE, British entertainer.