On this day: Nixon resigns| Cliff Richard signed

The Watergate scandal finally claimed the scalp of Richard Nixon, pictured resigning as US president on TV today in 1974. Picture: Getty
The Watergate scandal finally claimed the scalp of Richard Nixon, pictured resigning as US president on TV today in 1974. Picture: Getty
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Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 8 August

8 AUGUST

AD117: Hadrian became Emperor of Rome.

1296: Scottish Coronation Stone removed from Scone Abbey by King Edward I.

1503: Marriage of James IV and Margaret Tudor, sister of Henry VIII.

1570: Peace of St Germain-en-Laye ended third Civil War in France, whereby Huguenots gained greater concessions.

1767: Mount Vesuvius erupted.

1815: France’s Napoleon Bonaparte sailed for St Helenaand life in exile.

1870: The first America’s Cup race took place. Magic of the United States beat Britain’s challenger, Cambria.

1900: The Davis Cup for tenniswas contested for the first time and won by the US.

1911: Five thousand troops moved to Liverpool to quell riots amid industrial and civil unrest.

1914: The first British troops landed in France.

1918: Twenty divisions of Allied troops went into action near Amiens in the final thrust to break the Hindenburg Line.

1940: The decisive period of the Battle of Britain began.

1944: A field marshal and four generals were hanged by piano wire for attempt on Hitler’s life.

1953: US and South Korea signed mutual defence treaty.

1958: Columbia Records signed 17-year-old singer Cliff Richard.

1963: The Great Train Robbery took place in Buckinghamshire.

1963: The United States, Britain and the USSR signed the Test Ban Treaty in the Kremlin.

1972: Première of the musical Jesus Christ Superstar at the Palace Theatre, London.

1974: Richard Nixon became the first United States president to resign, because of Watergate.

1990: Iraq announced the total annexation of Kuwait.

1991: British hostage John McCarthy was set free in Beirut after 1,942 days in captivity.

1995: Scottish Rugby Union said it wanted to pay players to end the hypocrisy surrounding the game’s tarnished amateur status.

2001: Hollywood superstars Nicole Kidman and Tom Cruise were divorced.

2008: Royal Bank of Scotland unveiled the group’s first loss in 40 years as a public company. The bank reported pre-tax losses of £691 million for the first half.

2008: The 2008 Olympic Games were launched in Beijing.

BIRTHDAYS

Katie Leung, Scottish actress, 26; Keith Barron, British actor, 77; Ronald Biggs, train robber, 84; Dennis Canavan, MP 1974-2001, 71; Keith Carradine, American actor, singer, song-writer, 64; Sarah Dunant, British broadcaster and thriller writer, 63; The Edge (David Evans), rock guitarist (U2), 52; Roger Federer, Swiss tennis champion, 32; Angus Fraser, English cricketer, commentator and writer, 48; Brian Harvey, pop singer, 39; Dustin Hoffman, American actor, 76; Bradley McIntosh, pop singer (S Club), 32; Nigel Mansell CBE, Formula 1 champion 1992, 60; Lord Smith of Kelvin, chairman, Weir Group, and Scottish governor, BBC, 69; Princess Beatrice of York, 25.

ANNIVERSARIES

Births: 1876 Frank Richards (Charles Hamilton), author and creator of fat schoolboy Billy Bunter; 1921 Esther Williams, American swimmer and actress; 1931 Andy Warhol, artist.

Deaths: 1919 FW Woolworth, founder of the first dime-store; 1961 Air Commodore Cecil Wigglesworth, the man on whom the Biggles was based; 1996 Sir Frank Whittle, inventor of jet engine; 2004 Fay Wray, actress (King Kong).