Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 14 June
1645: Battle of Naseby took place in Northamptonshire during the Civil War. Parliamentarians, under Cromwell and Fairfax, defeated the Royalists under Prince Rupert.
1777: The “Stars and Stripes” flag was adopted by the United States Congress.
1789: Captain Bligh, cast adrift from the Bounty with 18 men, arrived at Timor, near Java, having sailed his small craft for 3,618 miles.
1839: The first Henley Regatta was held on the Thames.
1873: King Priam’s treasure of 8,700 priceless pieces was discovered in Turkey by German-American Heinrich Schliemann. In disinterring it he destroyed what was left of Troy.
1900: Hawaii became part of the United States.
1940: Paris was captured and occupied by German forces.
1964: Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life imprisonment and sent to Robben Island, seven miles off Cape Town, amid international protests.
1966: Vatican’s Index of Forbidden Books, which listed proscribed literary works, was abolished.
1982: Ceasefire was agreed in the Falklands.
1988: Top executives’ pay was reported to be rising at 22 per cent a year, as against a national average of 8.5 per cent.
1989: The Queen bestowed an honorary knighthood on president Ronald Reagan.
1991: British Rail was fined £250,000 after admitting safety failures caused Clapham Junction disaster in which 35 people died.
1995: Two policemen were cleared at the Old Bailey of the unlawful killing of illegal immigrant Joy Gardner. A third officer had been cleared earlier.
1996: A Japanese trader ran up losses of at least £1.2 billion through unauthorised copper deals.
2007: A Glasgow City Council report revealed that as many as 40 staff at its Kerelaw children’s residential school in Stevenston, Ayrshire, had been guilty of physical and sexual abuse for 25 years.
2007: The SNP executive said it was abolishing immediately the £2,200 graduate endowment fee introduced by the previous Labour/Liberal Democrat administration when it scrapped tuition fees.
Steffi Graf, tennis champion, 44
Paul Boateng, MP 1987-2005, 62; Alan Carr, English stand-up comedian and television presenter, 37; Julie Felix, American singer, 75; Boy George, pop singer, 52; Judith Kerr, German-born British author and illustrator of children’s books, 90; Paul O’Grady MBE (Lily Savage), comedian, 58; Will Patton, American actor, 59; Jonathan Raban, British novelist and travel writer, 71; Demis Roussos, singer, 66; Sir Antony Sher KBE, South African-born British actor and writer, 64; Nigel Short MBE, British chess champion, 48; Mike Yarwood OBE, impressionist and entertainer, 72; Most Reverend Rowan Williams, Archbishop of Canterbury 2002-12, 63.
Births: 1811 Harriet Beecher Stowe, novelist (Uncle Tom’s Cabin); 1919 Sam Wanamaker, American actor; 1924 Sir James Black, Scottish pharmacologist and Nobel laureate, chancellor, Dundee University 1992-2006; 1928 Che Guevara, guerrilla leader.
Deaths: 1928 Emmeline Pankhurst, suffragette; 1946 John Logie Baird, and pioneer in TV development; 1948 Sir John Blackwood McEwan, composer.