Events, birthdays and anniversaries from 22 June
1679: Battle of Bothwell Brig, in which the Covenanters under Balfour of Burleigh and Hackston of Rathillet, were defeated by the Royal troops under the Duke of Monmouth.
1680: Declaration of the Covenanters against Charles II.
1897: Queen Victoria’s diamond jubilee was celebrated.
1911: The coronation of King George V took place.
1922: Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson, former Chief of Imperial General Staff and a Northern Irish unionist, was shot dead by two Irish republicans in London.
1937: Joe Louis won the world heavyweight boxing title by knocking out James J Braddock in eighth round in Chicago.
1940: France capitulated and accepted Germany’s armistice terms.
1941: Hitler invaded USSR along 1,200-mile front, breaching Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and triggering over-extension of forces which turned emphasis of Second World War against Germany.
1949: Ezzard Charles won the world heavyweight boxing title, beating Jersey Joe Walcott on points in Chicago.
1973: United Nations accepted applications for membership from East and West Germany.
1989: After 17 years, John Craven read his 2,926th and last children’s Newsround on BBC TV.
1993: Lloyd’s of London reported record losses of £2.91 billion.
1994: The Daily Telegraph started a newspaper price war by cutting its midweek cover price to 30p, matching the Times.
1995: John Major resigned as leader of the Conservative Party to force a leadership election. He later won the contest and regained leadership of the party.
2002: An earthquake struck a region of north-west Iran killing at least 261 people and injuring 1,300 others.
2004: John Swinney resigned as leader of the SNP after a series of poor election results.
2009: Conservative MP John Bercow was appointed Commons Speaker. The Buckingham MP beat nine other candidates, including Labour’s Margaret Beckett and Tory veteran Ann Widdecombe, to be named 157th Speaker.
2009: Nine people were killed and 100 injured during a subway train collision in Washington DC.
Bobby Gillespie, musician (Primal Scream), 51; Sir Hugh Annesley, chief constable, RUC 1989-96, 74; Danny Baker, actor and broadcaster, 56; Dan Brown, novelist (The Da Vinci Code), 49; Kris Kristofferson, actor, singer and songwriter, 77; Cyndi Lauper, singer, 60; Alan Osmond, eldest of the singing Osmond brothers, 64; Esther Rantzen CBE, broadcaster, 73; Prunella Scales CBE, actress, 81; Jimmy Somerville, Glasgow-born singer (Bronski Beat and The Communards), 52; Alastair Stewart, newscaster, 61; Meryl Streep, film actress, 64; Lindsay Wagner, film actress, 64.
Births: 1757 George Vancouver, naval captain and surveyor of the Pacific coast of North America; 1885 James Maxton, chairman, Independent Labour Party; 1887 Sir Julian Huxley, biologist; 1887 Erich Maria Remarque, novelist (All Quiet on the Western Front); 1906 Billy Wilder, film director; 1910 Lord Hunt, soldier, author, leader of the successful British Everest expedition 1952-53;
Deaths: 1956 Walter de la Mare, poet; 1969 Judy Garland, singer and film actress; 1987 Fred Astaire, actor and dancer; 1998 Benny Green, musician, writer and broadcaster; 1998 Maureen O’Sullivan, film actress.