EVENTS, anniversaries and birthdays for 27 June
1450: Jack Cade, Irish-born physician, using the pseudonym Mortimer, led an insurrection march of 40,000 along Old Kent Road to London to protest about laws of Henry VI. The march began in May and ended in July with a battle on London Bridge. Cade was beheaded in Sussex on 11 July while trying to get abroad.
1693: The Ladies’ Mercury, the first magazine for women, was published.
1858: Treaty of Tientsin ended war between Britain and China.
1937: Duke of Windsor married Mrs Wallis Warfield Simpson in France.
1939: First transatlantic airline was inaugurated by Pan American Airways Boeing flying boat Yankee Clipper, between Newfoundland and Southampton, carrying 19 passengers.
1944: Allied forces took Cherbourg, France.
1945: Charter establishing United Nations was signed in San Francisco by 50 nations.
1954: The world’s first atomic power station, at Obninsk near Moscow, went into production.
1961: Doctor Michael Ramsey was enthroned as the 100th Archbishop of Canterbury in Canterbury Cathedral.
1967: Britain’s first cash dispenser was opened by Barclay’s Bank in Enfield.
1991: Tanks and helicopters clashed in first fighting of Yugoslav civil war as federal army units invaded Slovenia.
1993: The United States launched a missile attack on Iraqi intelligence posts in Baghdad in retaliation for an alleged plot to assassinate president George Bush. Eight people died.
1996: Actor Hugh Grant was arrested in Hollywood and charged with indecent conduct with a prostitute in a public place.
1996: John McCallion, MP, resigned from Labour’s front bench in protest over the party’s proposed referendum on a Scottish parliament.
2007: On his first day as prime minister after taking over from Tony Blair, Gordon Brown promised a “politics of change”.
2012: The Queen and Northern Ireland’s deputy first minister Martin McGuinness shook hands for the first time. The meeting took place during the monarch’s two-day visit to Northern Ireland as part of her Diamond Jubilee tour.
Wendy Alexander, former Labour MSP 1999-2011, 51; JJ Abrams, American television and film producer, 47; David Cholmondeley, 7th Marquess of Cholmondeley, Hereditary Great Lord Chamberlain of England, film director, 53; Shirley Ann Field, British actress, 77; Johnny Herbert, racing driver, 49; Robert King, British conductor, 53; Mary McAleese, eighth president of Ireland 1997-2011, 62; Tobey Maguire, actor, 38; Baron (Ian) Lang of Monkton, secretary of state for Scotland 1990-5, 73; Muriel Pavlow, British actress, 92; Kevin Pietersen, English cricketer, 33; Eric Richard, British actor, 73; Meera Syal MBE, British writer and actress, 51; Hugh Wood, British composer, 81.
Births: 1846 Charles Parnell, leader of the Home Rule movement in Ireland; 1880 Helen Keller, American blind and deaf scholar and writer; 1888 Antoinette Perry, American actress who gave name to “Tony” awards; 1937 Robin Hall, folk singer.
Deaths: 1829 James Smithson, English scientist whose bequest established Smithsonian Institute in Washington; 2001 Joan Sims, actress.