On this day: Highland dress prohibited

On this day in 1908, the first Model T Ford, known as the 'Tin Lizzie', was produced, replacing the Model A. Picture: Getty

On this day in 1908, the first Model T Ford, known as the 'Tin Lizzie', was produced, replacing the Model A. Picture: Getty

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Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 12 August

12 AUGUST

The Glorious Twelfth. Start of the grouse shooting season.

1291: The Great Cause lawsuit on Scottish succession was adjourned at Berwick.

1530: Florence was restored to Medici family in Italy by Holy Roman Empire troops.

1746: Highland dress prohibited by parliament.

1759: Russian and Austrian forces defeated Prussians at Kunersdorf, Germany, and Dresden fell into Austrian hands.

1813: Austria declared war on France.

1851: The first Hundred Guinea Cup was offered by the Royal Yacht Squadron of Great Britain for a race around the Isle of Wight. It was won by the United States yacht America, which beat the British Aurora. It became known as the America’s Cup.

1877: Thomas Edison drew the sketch of his cylinder with stylus and sent it to a mechanic with the message “Make this”. It came back as the first phonograph recording machine.

1898: Hawaiian Islands in Pacific were transferred to United States.

1908: The first Model T Ford, affectionately known as the “Tin Lizzie”, was produced, replacing the Model A.

1938: Germany began mobilisation of its armed forces.

1941: French Marshal Henri Philippe Petain called on his countrymen to give full support to Nazi Germany.

1944: Pluto – pipe line under the ocean – supplying petrol across the English Channel to allied forces in France, went into operation from Shanklin on the Isle of Wight.

1953: Soviet Union exploded its first hydrogen bomb in the Pacific – confirmed by a Moscow announcement on 20 August.

1960: The first communications satellite was launched – the United States’ Echo I.

1970: West Germany and Soviet Union signed non-aggression pact in Moscow.

1981: IBM introduced its first personal computer, heralding a revolution in small business and home computing.

1990: Iraqi president Saddam Hussein offered to link Iraqi withdrawal from Kuwait to Israeli withdrawal from occupied territories and other conditions.

1990: Douglas Croskery became first British casualty of Gulf crisis when he was shot dead by Iraqi soldiers while trying to escape from Kuwait.

1991: It was announced that the first modern toll road was to be built at Birmingham, to relieve congestion on the M6.

1994: Billionaire benefactor John Paul Getty II pledged £1million to keep Canova’s sculpture The Three Graces in Britain.

BIRTHDAYS

Mark Knopfler OBE, Glasgow-born singer, songwriter and guitarist (Dire Straits), 64; Casey Affleck, actor, 38; Mario Balotelli, Italian footballer, 23; Michael Brunson OBE, television political journalist, 73; Bobby Geddes, footballer and coach, 53; William Goldman, novelist and screenwriter, 82; Simon Groom, former Blue Peter presenter, 63; George Hamilton, actor, 74; Pete Sampras, seven-times Wimbledon singles champion, 42; Tanita Tikaram, singer, 44; Lizzie Webb, television fitness expert, 65.

ANNIVERSARIES

Births: 1753 Thomas Bewick, wood engraver and naturalist; 1881 Cecil B DeMille, film producer 1918 Wing Commander Guy Gibson, VC, leader of the Dam Busters’ raid; 1922 Fulton McKay, actor.

Deaths: 1827 William Blake, poet and artist; 1848 George Stephenson, engineer who constructed the Rocket and first railway; 1964 Ian Fleming, author and creator of James Bond; 1992 John Cage, composer.

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