On this day: Glasgow’s first railway opened

On this day in 1987 Severiano Ballesteros, right, and Tony Jacklin celebrate victory in the Ryder Cup. Picture: Getty
On this day in 1987 Severiano Ballesteros, right, and Tony Jacklin celebrate victory in the Ryder Cup. Picture: Getty
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Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 27 September

27 September

1540: The Society of Jesus was founded.

1837: Glasgow’s first railway, from Townhead to Garnkirk, opened to passenger traffic.

1888: The Central News Agency in London received a letter which began: “Dear Boss, I keep on hearing the police have caught me, but they won’t fix me just yet…” It was signed Jack the Ripper, the first time the name had been used.

1923: Martial law was declared in Germany.

1938: League of Nations branded Japan an aggressor in China.

1938: Queen Consort Elizabeth, later the Queen Mother, launched the largest passenger vessel, the 80,000-ton Queen Elizabeth.

1939: As Warsaw surrendered to German forces, Hitler announced that he was going to annex Sudetenland.

1940: Japan, Germany and Italy signed a ten-year military alliance pact in Berlin, presided over by Adolf Hitler.

1967: The liner Queen Mary arrived at Southampton at the end of her final transatlantic voyage.

1968: France barred Britain’s entry to European Common Market.

1969: The rock musical Hair opened at the Shaftesbury Theatre, London.

1970: Jordan’s King Hussein and Al Fatah guerrilla leader Yasser Arafat met in Cairo with ten Arab chiefs of state and signed 14-point agreement ending civil war in Jordan.

1973: Soviet Union launched spacecraft into orbit with two cosmonauts aboard.

1979: BBC’s Question Time was broadcast for the first time, with Robin Day in the chair.

1987: Europe’s golfers beat the United States on American soil for the first time to retain the Ryder Cup.

1988: In Seoul, Ben Johnson failed a second drugs test and was stripped of his Olympic gold medal.

1990: The IRA claimed responsibility for a bomb found in St James’s, London. A conference on terrorism was due to be held there hours later.

1993: After 34 years, Tony Benn lost his seat on Labour’s national executive.

1995: Government circles reacted with anger and disbelief at a European Court of Human Rights ruling which condemned the SAS killing of three IRA terrorists in Gibraltar, in 1988.

BIRTHDAYS

Irvine Welsh, novelist and film director, 55; Steve Archibald, football manager, 57; Dame Josephine Barstow DBE, opera soprano, 73; Barbara Dickson, Dunfermline-born singer and actress, 66; Michele Dotrice, actress, 65; Gordon Honeycombe, broadcaster and writer, 77; Denis Lawson, actor, 66; Avril Lavigne, Canadian singer-songwriter, 29; Meat Loaf (Marvin Lee Aday), rock singer, 66; Dougie MacLean, folk singer and songwriter, 59; Robbie Shakespeare, reggae musician, 60.

ANNIVERSARIES

Births: 1722 Samuel Adams, organiser of the Boston Tea Party and signatory of the Declaration of Independence; 1895 George Raft, film actor; 1918 Sir Martin Royle, Astronomer Royal; 1927 Sada Thompson, American actress; 1946 Robin Nedwell, actor.

Deaths: 1917 Edgar Degas, artist; 1965 Clara Bow, actress and “It” girl; 1968 Sir Norman Brookes, tennis champion; 1979 Dame Gracie Fields, music hall entertainer; 1994 Jessie Kesson, novelist and playwright; 2012 Herbert Lom, Czech-born actor.