On this day: First women admitted to study medicine

On this day in 2003, the Shanghai Transrapid set a new world speed record ' 311 mph ' for commercial railway systems. Picture: Getty
On this day in 2003, the Shanghai Transrapid set a new world speed record ' 311 mph ' for commercial railway systems. Picture: Getty
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Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 12 November

12 November

1603: Sir Walter Raleigh went on trial in Winchester for high treason.

1660: John Bunyan, author of A Pilgrim’s Progress, was jailed for preaching without a licence.

1867: First political party conference held by Conservatives at Freemason’s Tavern, Great Queen Street, London.

1869: Edinburgh University admitted women to the study of medicine, the first in Britain.

1902: Enrico Caruso, the Italian tenor, recorded On With The Motley. It became the first record to reach one million sales.

1912: The remains of Captain Robert Scott, EA Wilson and HR Bowers, who died on their journey from the South Pole, were discovered.

1918: The Republic of Austria was declared, thus ending the Habsburg dynasty.

1927: Leon Trotsky expelled from Communist Party in Russia, and Joseph Stalin became undisputed ruler.

1927: The first veteran car rally from London to Brighton took place, with 51 entries.

1927: The first automatic telephone service came into operation, in London.

1928: The New Oxford Theatre, the first cinema outside the US to show talking pictures, opened in Manchester.

1933: Nazis dominated German elections.

1937: Japanese troops occupied Chinese city of Shanghai.

1941: Soviet troops halted Germans at outskirts of Moscow.

1942: Tobruk fell to the Allies.

1951: Come Dancing was first transmitted on BBC television.

1956: An iceberg bigger than Belgium found in South Pacific.

1982: Yuri Andropov succeeded Brezhnev as Soviet leader.

1987: Van Gogh’s Irises sold for a world record £30.2 million.

1990: Cullen report on Piper Alpha disaster (6 July, 1988) criticised Occidental oil company and Department of Energy over death of 167 workers.

1996: 350 people died when a Saudi Airlines Boeing 747 and a Kazakh Airlines Ilyshin 76 collided in mid-air over India.

1998: US vice-president Al Gore signed the Kyoto Protocol.

2001: In New York City, American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300 en route to the Dominican Republic, crashed minutes after take-off from JFK, killing all 260 on board and five on the ground.

2003: Shanghai Transrapid set a new world speed record (311 mph) for commercial railway systems.

2010: Holiday company Pontin’s called in the administrators.

BIRTHDAYS

Ryan Gosling, actor, 33; Nadia Comaneci, Olympic gold medallist gymnast, 52; Mariella Frostrup, television presenter, 51; Lucas Glover, golfer, 34; Tonya Harding, figure skater, 43; Anne Hathaway, actress, 31; Booker T Jones, soul musician, 69; Anne Nolan, of the singing Nolan Sisters, 62; Cote de Pablo, actress, 34; Ashley Williams, actress, 35; Neil Young, rock/folk guitarist and songwriter, 68.

ANNIVERSARIES

Births: 1840 Auguste Rodin, French sculptor; 1842 Lord Rayleigh, physicist; 1866 Sun Yat-Sen, founder of Chinese republic; 1912 Prebendary Chad Varah, founder of the Samaritans; 1928 Bob Holness, British radio and television presenter; 1929 Princess Grace of Monaco (Grace Kelly), film actress.

Deaths: 1035 King Canute II (the Great); 1854 Charles Kemble, actor; 1865 Elizabeth Gaskell, novelist; 1916 Percival Lowell, astronomer; 1995, Sir Robert Stephens, actor; 2001 Tony Miles, chess grandmaster; 2007 Ira Levin, novelist and playwright (Rosemary’s Baby).