Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 12 November
1603: Sir Walter Raleigh went on trial in Winchester for high treason.
1660: John Bunyan, author of A Pilgrim’s Progress, was jailed for preaching without a licence.
1867: First political party conference held by Conservatives at Freemason’s Tavern, Great Queen Street, London.
1869: Edinburgh University admitted women to the study of medicine, the first in Britain.
1902: Enrico Caruso, the Italian tenor, recorded On With The Motley. It became the first record to reach one million sales.
1912: The remains of Captain Robert Scott, EA Wilson and HR Bowers, who died on their journey from the South Pole, were discovered.
1918: The Republic of Austria was declared, thus ending the Habsburg dynasty.
1927: Leon Trotsky expelled from Communist Party in Russia, and Joseph Stalin became undisputed ruler.
1927: The first veteran car rally from London to Brighton took place, with 51 entries.
1927: The first automatic telephone service came into operation, in London.
1928: The New Oxford Theatre, the first cinema outside the US to show talking pictures, opened in Manchester.
1933: Nazis dominated German elections.
1937: Japanese troops occupied Chinese city of Shanghai.
1941: Soviet troops halted Germans at outskirts of Moscow.
1942: Tobruk fell to the Allies.
1951: Come Dancing was first transmitted on BBC television.
1956: An iceberg bigger than Belgium found in South Pacific.
1982: Yuri Andropov succeeded Brezhnev as Soviet leader.
1987: Van Gogh’s Irises sold for a world record £30.2 million.
1990: Cullen report on Piper Alpha disaster (6 July, 1988) criticised Occidental oil company and Department of Energy over death of 167 workers.
1996: 350 people died when a Saudi Airlines Boeing 747 and a Kazakh Airlines Ilyshin 76 collided in mid-air over India.
1998: US vice-president Al Gore signed the Kyoto Protocol.
2001: In New York City, American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300 en route to the Dominican Republic, crashed minutes after take-off from JFK, killing all 260 on board and five on the ground.
2003: Shanghai Transrapid set a new world speed record (311 mph) for commercial railway systems.
2010: Holiday company Pontin’s called in the administrators.
Ryan Gosling, actor, 33; Nadia Comaneci, Olympic gold medallist gymnast, 52; Mariella Frostrup, television presenter, 51; Lucas Glover, golfer, 34; Tonya Harding, figure skater, 43; Anne Hathaway, actress, 31; Booker T Jones, soul musician, 69; Anne Nolan, of the singing Nolan Sisters, 62; Cote de Pablo, actress, 34; Ashley Williams, actress, 35; Neil Young, rock/folk guitarist and songwriter, 68.
Births: 1840 Auguste Rodin, French sculptor; 1842 Lord Rayleigh, physicist; 1866 Sun Yat-Sen, founder of Chinese republic; 1912 Prebendary Chad Varah, founder of the Samaritans; 1928 Bob Holness, British radio and television presenter; 1929 Princess Grace of Monaco (Grace Kelly), film actress.
Deaths: 1035 King Canute II (the Great); 1854 Charles Kemble, actor; 1865 Elizabeth Gaskell, novelist; 1916 Percival Lowell, astronomer; 1995, Sir Robert Stephens, actor; 2001 Tony Miles, chess grandmaster; 2007 Ira Levin, novelist and playwright (Rosemary’s Baby).