Events, birthdays and anniversaries from 7 August
1711: Ascot became “Royal” with the attendance of Queen Anne at the races.
1804: United States fleet bombarded port of Tripoli, Libya, in action against Barbary corsairs.
1840: Parliament passed an act prohibiting the employment of climbing boys as chimney sweeps.
1858: Ottawa, the choice of Queen Victoria, was made the capital of Canada.
1888: The revolving door was patented by Theophilus Van Kannel of Philadelphia.
1925: British Summer Time became permanent feature with the passing of the Daylight Saving Act.
1926: The first British motor-racing Grand Prix was held, at the Brooklands track, over 287 miles.
1941: Soviet planes carried out their first bombing raids against Berlin.
1942: Guadalcanal, in the southern Solomon Islands, was assaulted by United States Marines in one of the most costly Pacific campaigns of the Second World War.
1958: The Litter Act came into force in Britain.
1971: Three Apollo 15 astronauts made safe splashdown in Pacific Ocean after their Moon visit.
1988: First issue published of Scotland on Sunday, sister paper of The Scotsman.
1990: At 12:34 and 56 seconds on this day, 7.8.90, the sequence of numbers ran from 1 to 0. It occurs once each century.
1990: The United States announced it would send troops to Saudi Arabia to defend it against invasion by Iraq.
1991: A report showed a 63 per cent rise in heterosexual Aids cases in the United Kingdom.
1992: Britain called for United Nations action to end concentration camp atrocities in Serbia.
1993: More than 4,300 people visited Buckingham Palace on the first day it was open to the public.
1995: Britain’s Jonathan Edwards broke his own world triple jump record twice, when he won gold at the world athletics championships in Gothenburg.
1997: Tony Blair ordered an inquiry into the Labour Party in Paisley after the suicide of MP Gordon McMaster.
1998: The United States embassy bombings in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and Nairobi, Kenya, killed about 212 people.
2012: Sir Chris Hoy took the gold medal in the keirin final at the London Games, making him the most successful British Olympian.
Charlize Theron, South African-born film actress, 38; Greg Chappell MBE, Australian cricketer and commentator, 65; Brian Conley, British comedian and actor, 52; Dominic Cork, English cricketer, 42; Bruce Dickinson, heavy metal musician (Iron Maiden), 55; David Duchovny, American actor (The X Files), 53; Tina O’Brien, British actress, 30; Matthew Parris, MP 1979-87, broadcaster and columnist, 64; Nick Ross, British broadcaster, 66; Alexei Sayle, British comedian, 61.
Births: 1831 Dean Frederick Farrar, clergyman and writer of school stories; 1876 Margarete Geertruida Zelle (Mata Hari), Dutch-born dancer, courtesan and German spy; 1885 Dornford Yates (Cecil William Mercer), novelist; 1924 Kenneth Kendall, British broadcaster.
Deaths: 1903 Martha Jane Cannary, US frontierswomen Calamity Jane; 1931 Bix Beiderbecke, jazz cornet-player and composer; 1957 Oliver Hardy, film comedian; 1995 Tom Scott, poet, critic and essayist; 1996 Ossie Clark, fashion designer.