Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 14 November
1647: King Charles I was recaptured and imprisoned.
1770: British explorer James Bruce discovered the source of the Blue Nile – Lake Tana in north-west Ethiopia.
1890: British-Portuguese agreement on Zambesi and Congo granted Britain control of lower Zambesi and colonising rights up to the Congo.
1896: The Highway Act raised the speed limit for horseless carriages on Britain’s roads from 4mph (2mph in towns) to 14mph.
1910: A Curtiss biplane, piloted by Eugene Ely, made the first take-off from a ship, the United States light cruiser Birmingham.
1922: BBC began transmitting daily from 2LO in the Strand, London.
1940: A thousand civilians were killed and Coventry’s historic cathedral was devastated in German air raid.
1941: The aircraft carrier Ark Royal sank near Gibraltar after being hit by a torpedo.
1952: Britain’s first music chart was published in the New Musical Express, with Al Martino’s Here in My Heart at No1
1959: The Dounreay fast reactor went into operation.
1963: The island of Surtsey was formed off Iceland by the eruption of an underwater volcano.
1969: Second manned Moon mission, US Apollo 12, launched from Cape Kennedy with astronauts Charles Conrad, Richard Gordon and Alan Bean aboard.
1973: Princess Anne married Captain Mark Phillips.
1977: Firemen, claiming a pay increase of 30 per cent, went on strike leaving armed forces to cope with fires.
1983: First Cruise missiles arrived at Greenham Common base in Newbury, Berkshire.
1988: Picasso’s Maternité sold for £13.7million, a record for a Picasso painting.
1990: Desmond Ellis became first IRA suspect to be extradited from Republic of Ireland to mainland Britain.
1991: Murder warrants were issued in Scotland against two Libyan intelligence officers who were alleged to have carried out Pan Am airliner bombing in which 270 died at Lockerbie.
1994: More than £7 million worth of National Lottery tickets were sold in the first 12 hours of going on sale.
2008: The cancer-stricken Lockerbie bomber, Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed al-Megrahi, failed in his bid to be freed on bail.
Prince of Wales, 65; Karen Armstrong, writer, 69; Tommy Coyne, footballer, 51; Letitia Dean, actress, 46; Michael Dobbs, British novelist, 65; Stefano Gabbana, fashion designer, 51; Paul McGann, actor (eighth Dr Who), 54; PJ O’Rourke, American political satirist and author, 66; Condoleezza Rice, former United States secretary of state, 59; Chris Woods, footballer, 54.
Births: 1765 Robert Fulton, American engineer and pioneer of the steamboat; 1840 Claude Monet, French Impressionist painter; 1863 Leo Hendrik Baekland, Belgian chemist and inventor of bakelite; 1889 Pandit Nehru, first prime minister of independent India; 1891 Sir Frederick Banting, Canadian co-discoverer of insulin in 1922; 1910 Norman MacCaig, poet; 1930 Dame Elisabeth Frink, sculptor; 1935 King Hussein of Jordan.
Deaths: 1905 Robert Whitehead, inventor of the torpedo; 1914 Lord Roberts, Boer War commander; 1916 Saki (Hector Hugh Munro), writer, killed in action; 1933 Sir David Murray, artist; 1990 Malcolm Muggeridge, writer, broadcaster.