On this day: Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin

'It is peace for our time' ' on this day in 1938, Neville Chamberlain waves a peace agreement signed by Hitler. Picture: Getty

'It is peace for our time' ' on this day in 1938, Neville Chamberlain waves a peace agreement signed by Hitler. Picture: Getty

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Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 30 September

30 September

National day of Botswana.

1791: Mozart’s opera The Magic Flute was first performed in Vienna.

1888: Jack the Ripper murdered two more women, Liz Stride and Kate Edowes, in London.

1902: Artificial silk was first patented, as ‘rayon’.

1911: World’s first flying stuntman, Lieutenant HH Arnold, performed flying sequence in The Military Air Scout in New York.

1922: Benito Mussolini formed first Fascist government in Italy.

1928: Discovery of penicillin by Ayrshire-born Sir Alexander Fleming was announced.

1929: BBC made the first experimental television broadcast.

1929: Maiden flight of the first rocket-powered aircraft, designed by German engineer Fritz von Opel.

1935: George Gershwin’s Porgy And Bess was premiered in Boston.

1936: Pinewood Studios opened near Iver, Buckinghamshire.

1938: On his return from Munich prime minister Neville Chamberlain told a crowd at Heston Airport, London: “I believe it is peace in our time.”

1939: Pact agreeing on partition of Poland was signed by Germany and USSR.

1939: A British Expeditionary Force of 158,000 men was sent to France.

1946: International military tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany, found 22 Nazi leaders guilty of war crimes. Eleven were sentenced to death.

1958: Soviet Union resumed nuclear testing.

1965: Judge Elizabeth Lane was sworn in to become Britain’s first female High Court Judge.

1966: Lord Thomson of Fleet bought the Times newspaper.

1967: BBC’s Radio 1 went on the air for the first time.

1971: United States and Soviet Union signed pacts designed to avoid accidental nuclear war.

1992: A new, smaller and lighter 10p coin was introduced in Britain.

1994: Aldwych tube station (originally Strand Station) of the London Underground closed after 88 years service.

1999: Japan’s second worst nuclear accident occurred at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tokai-mura, northeast of Tokyo.

2005: Controversial drawings of Muhammad were printed in Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten.

2009: An earthquake in Sumatra killed more than 1,100 people.

BIRTHDAYS

Rula Lenska (born Countess Roza-Marie Leopoldnya Lubienska), actress, 76; Gary Armstrong, rugby player, 47; Lacey Chabert, actress, 31; Angie Dickinson (born Angeline Brown), film actress, 82; Jenna Elfman, actress, 42; Martina Hingis, former Wimbledon champion, 33; Barbara Knox MBE, actress, 80; Johnny Mathis, singer, 78; Ian Ogilvy, actor, 70; Eric Stoltz, actor and director, 51; Victoria Tennant, British actress, 63.

ANNIVERSARIES

Births: 1788 Lord Raglan, field marshal at Charge of the Light Brigade; 1881 Hans Geiger, German scientist and joint inventor of the Geiger counter; 1906 Michael Innes, thriller writer and academic; 1921 Deborah Kerr, Helensburgh-born actress; 1924 Truman Capote, author; 1947 Marc Bolan, glam rock star.

Deaths: 1772 James Brindley, canal engineer; 1913 Rudolf Diesel, inventor of engine that bears his name; 1955 James Dean, actor; 1978 Edgar Bergen, ventriloquist with dummy Charlie McCarthy; 1985 Charles Richter, seismologist and deviser of Richter scale; 1998 Gordon Richards, racehorse trainer.

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