Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 15 July
St Swithin’s Day.
AD862: When St Swithin, Saxon Bishop of Winchester, died, he asked to be buried outside, where rain could fall on his grave. Some 108 years later on the same day, when devoted monks decided to move the body from the “vile and unworthy grave”, a sudden deluge drenched the funeral party and it rained for nearly seven weeks.
1099: Jerusalem was captured by the Crusaders.
1857: The Massacre of Cawnpore, in which 197 British women and children were murdered during the Indian Mutiny.
1869: Margarine was patented in France by Hippolyte Mège-Mouriés of Paris.
1889: New National Portrait Gallery for Scotland was opened in Edinburgh by the Marquess of Lothian.
1893: Matabele staged uprising against rule of British South Africa Company.
1912: National Insurance or social payment, devised by Lloyd George, began.
1916: William Boeing founded his aircraft company, Pacific Aero Products, in Seattle, Washington.
1933: Wiley Post took off from New York for first solo round-the-world-flight – the journey of more than 15,000 miles took seven days, 18 hours, 49 minutes. He had previously done it in the same plane, but with a co-pilot.
1948: Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in London, 13 years after starting in the United States.
1948: United Nations Security Council ordered truce in Palestine.
1958: South Africa resumed full membership in United Nations.
1965: US Mariner-4 sent back the first close-up pictures of Mars.
1975: US Apollo and Soviet Union’s Soyuz spacecraft blasted into orbit for rendezvous in space.
1989: Police called in to search for £1 million cash that disappeared from Heathrow Airport.
1990: Tens of thousands of people marched to Kremlin walls to protest against Communist Party control of Soviet government, army and KGB.
2002: Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan handed down the death sentence to British-born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life terms to three others suspected of murdering Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.
2007: The Roman Catholic Church in Los Angeles agreed to pay total of $660 million (about £350m) to 500 alleged victims of sexual abuse by 221 priests and other church staff dating back to the 1940s.
Celia Imrie, actress, 62; Julian Bream CBE, guitarist and lutenist, 81; Carmen Callil, founder of Virago Press, 76; Derek Griffiths, actor, 68; Trevor Horn CBE, songwriter, 65; Irène Jacob, French film actress, 48; Ann Jellicoe, playwright and theatre director, 87; David Miliband, former Labour Cabinet minister, 49; Brigitte Nielsen, actress, 51; Linda Ronstadt, rock singer, 68; Arianna Huffington, founder of the Huffington Post website, 64; Forest Whitaker, actor, 53; Diane Kruger, actress, 38; Jill Halfpenny, actress, 39; Peter Odemwingie, footballer, 33; Clive Cussler, novelist and marine archaeologist, 83; Ken Kercheval, actor (Dallas), 79.
Births: 1606 Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn, artist; 1858 Emmeline Pankhurst, suffragette; 1865 Lord Northcliffe, newspaper proprietor and pioneer of mass circulation journalism; 1919 Iris Murdoch, author.
Deaths: 1767 Michael Bruce, Scottish poet; 1787 Robert Wainwright, composer; 1987 Alfie Bass, actor; 1989 Laurie Cunningham, footballer; 1990 Margaret Lockwood, actress; 2011 Googie Withers, actress.