Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 30 July
1832: The first interlocking jigsaw puzzle in a box went on sale at Merriman’s Bookshop in Liverpool.
1900: London Underground’s Central Line was opened by the Prince of Wales (later Edward VII), with a flat rate of twopence.
1907: Elections were held in Philippines for the first assembly.
1922: Nationalist forces captured Tipperary in Ireland.
1930: Kurds staged uprising on Persian-Turkish frontier.
1935: Ariel, A Life Of Shelley, by André Maurois, was the first Penguin paperback book to be published, price sixpence.
1938: The first edition of the Beano comic went on sale.
1953: Britain signed alliance with Libya.
1963: “Third Man” Kim Philby was granted asylum in USSR after escaping arrest in Britain for spying.
1966: England won the World Cup when they defeated West Germany 4-2 at Wembley.
1971: US Apollo 15 astronauts David R Scott and James B Irwin landed on Moon.
1973: The Thalidomide case ended after 11 years, with compensation of £20million.
1974: Greece, Turkey and Britain signed declaration for ceasefire agreement on Cyprus.
1976: It was reported that at least 100,000 people died in earthquake in northeastern China that shattered the city of Dangsha (Tangshan).
1986: London estate agent Suzy Lamplugh vanished after lunchtime appointment with client calling himself “Mr Kipper”. Her body has never been found.
1991: Luciano Pavarotti’s 30th anniversary concert drew 125,000 people to Hyde Park, London.
1991: UN weapons experts reported finding 46,000 chemical weapons in Iraq, about four times what Baghdad had declared.
2003: In Mexico, the last ‘old style’ Volkswagen Beetle rolled off the assembly line.
2006: Top of the Pops was broadcast for the last time, having aired for 42 years.
2008: The BBC was fined a record £400,000 by Ofcom for faking phone-in winners in competitions on Comic Relief, Children in Need, Sport Relief, the Liz Kershaw Show and the Jo Whiley Show.
Kate Bush CBE, singer, 56; Paul Anka, singer and composer, 73; Peter Bogdanovich, film director and actor, 75; Laurence Fishburne, actor, 53; Frances de la Tour, actress, 70; Patrick Robin Archibald Boyle, 10th Earl of Glasgow, Liberal Democrat peer, 75; Harriet Harman, politician, 64; Jürgen Klinsmann, footballer, coach, 50; Lisa Kudrow, actress, 51; Arnold Schwarzenegger, bodybuilder, actor, former governor of California, 67; Sir Clive Sinclair, inventor, 74; Hilary Swank, actress, 40; Daley Thompson CBE, Olympic decathlon champion, 56; Misty May-Treanor, three-time Olympic gold medallist in beach volleyball, 37.
Births: 1763 Samuel Rogers, poet; 1818 Emily Brontë, poet and novelist; 1863 Henry Ford, father of the mass-produced car; 1898 Henry Moore, sculptor; 1914 Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin MBE, president of International Olympic Committee 1972-1980.
Deaths: 1898 Otto von Bismarck, first chancellor of Germany 1871-1890; 1912 Mutshito, emperor of Japan; 2003 Sam Phillips, record producer and DJ, “discovered” Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins and Johnny Cash; 2007 Ingmar Bergman, film director; 2007 Michelangelo Antonioni, film director; 2012 Maeve Binchy, novelist.