Events, birthdays and anniversaries from 14 October
1066: The Battle of Hastings was fought at Senlac Hill, near Pevensey, in which King Harold was killed and the English army routed.
1788: First steamboat experiment held on Dalswinton Loch, Dumfriesshire, by Patrick Miller and William Symington.
1881: One in three of Eyemouth’s fishermen died in a sudden storm, which destroyed almost half the Berwickshire town’s fishing fleet of 45 boats. The death toll was 189, 129 of them from Eyemouth.
1912: US president Theodore Roosevelt was shot and seriously wounded by a demented man while campaigning in Milwaukee.
1913: 439 died in a pit disaster at Senghenydd, Glamorgan.
1920: Degrees were first open to women at Oxford University, although they had previously been allowed to sit for examinations.
1929: Britain’s largest airship, the 777ft R101, built at Cardington, flew on its first trial.
1933: Germany left disarmament conference and League of Nations.
1939: The Royal Navy battleship Royal Oak was torpedoed and sunk in Scapa Flow with the loss of 810 lives.
1944: British and Greek troops liberated Athens from Germans.
1947: Man broke the sound barrier 42,000ft above California. The experimental rocket plane, a Bell XS-1, was released from the underside of a Boeing B29 and accelerated to 670mph.
1955: Province of West Pakistan came into being.
1968: First live telecast from manned US spacecraft was transmitted from Apollo 7.
1969: The 50p decimal coin was first issued in Britain, replacing the ten-shilling note.
1982: The largest mass wedding ceremony took place in Seoul, South Korea 5,837 couples were married simultaneously.
1991: The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Aung San Suu Kyi, the Burmese democratic leader, kept under house arrest by the military regime, which refused to recognise the electoral victory won by her National League for Democracy in May, 1990. She was refused permission to collect the honour.
1996: The House of Commons standards and privileges committee ordered an urgent inquiry into the “cash for questions” allegations involving MPs.
Steve Coogan, actor, comedian, director and writer, 48; Steve Cram MBE, athlete and commentator, 53; Thomas Dolby, rock musician, 55; Randolph Stewart, 13th Earl of Galloway, 85; Justin Hayward, rock singer and musician, 67; William Jarvis, racehorse trainer, 53; Stacy Keibler, actress and professional wrestler, 34; Ralph Lauren, fashion designer, 74; Shaznay Lewis, pop singer (All Saints), 38; Sir Roger Moore, actor, 86; Sir David Murray, chairman, Murray International Holdings and former chairman of Rangers FC, 62; Sir Cliff Richard (born Harry Webb), singer, 73; Roger Taylor, tennis player and coach, 72; Christopher Timothy, actor, 73.
Births: 1633 James II, second son of Charles I; 1644 William Penn, Quaker leader and founder of Pennsylvania; 1888 Katherine Mansfield, author.
Deaths: 1758: James Francis Keith, Peterhead-born Frederick the Great, general and governor of the Ukraine 1740-41 (died in battle during Seven Years War); 1959 Errol Flynn, film actor;1977 Bing Crosby, singer and film actor; 1992 Willie Waddell, Rangers manager.