{"JP":[ {"NewsSection":{"name":"world","detaillevel":"full", "Articles": {"count":25,"detaillevel":"full","articlesList":[ {"article": { "url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/north-korea-ups-stakes-with-threat-of-hydrogen-bomb-test-above-ground-1-4568333","id":"1.4568333","articleHeadline": "North Korea ups stakes with threat of hydrogen bomb test above ground","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1506200853000 ,"articleLead": "

Fears have been raised that North Korea’s next nuclear test could involve a thermonuclear missile being flown over Japan, after its foreign minister said his country may test a hydrogen bomb in the Pacific Ocean.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4568332.1506200859!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Students march in Pyongyang yesterday in support of leader Kim Jong-un. Photograph: AFP/Getty"} ,"articleBody": "

The world hasn’t seen an above-ground, atmospheric nuclear test since an inland detonation by China in 1980, and North Korea going ahead could push the region dangerously close to war.

The room for error would be minimal, and any mistake could be disastrous. Even if successful, such a test could endanger air and sea traffic in the region.

Because of that, many experts don’t believe North Korea would take such a risk. But they’re also not ruling it out, given the North’s increasing number of nuclear and missile tests.

The main reason for North Korea to take the risk would be to quieten outside doubts about whether it really has a thermonuclear weapon small enough to fit on a missile, said Jeffrey Lewis, an arms control expert at Middlebury Center of International Studies in the US.

So far, North Korea has been separately testing nuclear weapons and the ballistic missiles built to deliver them, rather than together.

North Korean foreign minister Ri Yong-ho would not have spoken without approval from Pyongyang’s top leadership when he suggested on Friday that the country could conduct an atmospheric hydrogen bomb test to fulfil the ambitions of premier Kim Jong-un.

Kim, in an unusual direct statement to the world, pledged hours earlier to take “highest-level” action against the US in response to President Donald Trump’s threat to “totally destroy” North Korea if provoked. Ri didn’t elaborate and said no one knew what decision Kim would make.

If North Korea attempts an atmospheric nuclear test at sea, it would likely involve its most powerful ballistic missiles, such as the intermediate-range Hwasong-12 or the intercontinental-range Hwasong-14, experts say.

The nation lacks assets to air-drop a nuclear device, and sending a vessel out to sea to detonate a device raises the chances of getting detected and stopped by US military.

For the nuclear missile to reach a remote part of the Pacific, it would have to fly over Japan, as happened with two Hwasong-12 test launches in recent weeks.

A nuclear launch by North Korea would come dangerously close to an act of war, said Lee Choon Geun, a missile expert from South Korea’s Science and Technology Policy Institute.

However, Lewis disagreed: “Although I am sure such a launch would be very alarming to people in Japan, there is little the United States or Japan could do.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "KIM TONG-HYUNG"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4568332.1506200859!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4568332.1506200859!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Students march in Pyongyang yesterday in support of leader Kim Jong-un. Photograph: AFP/Getty","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Students march in Pyongyang yesterday in support of leader Kim Jong-un. Photograph: AFP/Getty","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4568332.1506200859!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/opinion/jane-bradley-quel-relief-it-s-ok-to-parlez-franglais-1-4567726","id":"1.4567726","articleHeadline": "Jane Bradley: Quel relief, it’s OK to parlez Franglais","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1506142800000 ,"articleLead": "

Quebec’s language police have had to call off the dogs after a row over an Italian restaurant being forced to drop the word ‘pasta’ from its menu says Jane Bradley

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4567725.1506107969!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "In Quebec, around 78 per cent of people class themselves as Francophone, while 42.6 of the local population are bilingual. Quebecois want to preserve their French culture, but rules are being relaxed."} ,"articleBody": "

When I was living in Quebec a quarter of a century ago, a local English-language TV station delivered a fantastic April Fool’s Day broadcast.

It ran a news item telling people that they would no longer be allowed to give their dogs commands in English, and they would have to retrain them entirely in French.

The trick piece showed dog owners desperately trying to teach their pets to respond to commands such as “assis” rather than “sit” and “reste” rather than “stay”. Owners who were struggling were to be provided with special state-funded language classes for their dogs, the programme claimed.

It was funny.

But the problem was, no-one knew if the news segment was actually a joke or not, because what was known locally as ‘the language police’ was a serious institution.

A small business in my suburb of Montreal was closed down for a short period of time because its branding did not follow the rules – which required any sign in English to be just two thirds the height of the French sign.

This particular business ran into problems because it combined the lettering of its dual language signage. It read: “Floriste St Lambert Florist”, which could be read as “Floriste St Lambert”, the French version – or “St Lambert Florist” – the English version. The problem was that it printed all of the letters in the same sized font.

This was not good enough for the Office Quebecois de la langue Francaise (OQLF) – to give it its Sunday name - which jumped on the owners from a great height and insisted they rectify the matter immediately.

Just last year, a pub in Montreal was warned over a sticker in its window which said it was “recommended on TripAdvisor”, which the OQLF said was not acceptable as it was only in English. Meanwhile, a few months earlier, the owner of a board game shop – ironically with a French-English name, ‘Chez Geeks’ – ran into difficulties with the OQLF because it had too many signs and adverts in English – even though the owner said many of the games he sold were produced in countries outside of Canada and therefore had no French version.

This month, the watchdog has relaxed its guidelines for the first time after its head was forced to resign amid a furore that an Italian restaurant in Montreal was forced to remove the word “pasta” from its menu.

Now, suddenly, in a move which is unprecedented in Quebec, which fiercely protects its French language roots, politicians have told the OQLF to be less aggressive over the use of foreign words in French - particulaly Anglicisms.

Set up 56 years ago, the organisation’s aim was “to align on international French, promote good Canadianisms and fight Anglicisms”. Originally, the Charter of the French Language required that all commercial signage be in French and no other language – a decision which was modified in 1993, just a few years before I lived there.

The new regulations are a shock for Quebecois, who have previously translated words which originated in English into the French language – even when in France, they have stuck a French prefix in front of the English moniker for the item.

While the French would more often talk about “le weekend”, in Quebec, we referred to “la fin de semaine” – the “end of the week”.

Words such as “un grilled cheese” were prohibited in the past, with the watchdog insisting on a “sandwich au fromage fondant” on a restaurant menu, while the popular North American game of softball no longer has to be called “balle-molle” under the new rules.

A small number of words from languages other than English, including Italian terms such as café latté, gelato and scampi, have also been adopted as permissible in French in Quebec.

In Quebec, around 78 per cent of people class themselves as Francophone, while 42.6 of the local population are bilingual.

What is particularly bizarre about the OQLF’s previous stance is that it is so at odds with how the Quebecois society actually uses the language. In everyday speech, Canada’s Frenchies pepper their language with a complete amalgamation of English and French. A sentence begun in English can often end in French - or, if a word is more suitable in one language or the other, it is thrown into the middle of a conversation conducted otherwise, entirely in the alternative language.

As a teenager visiting my friend Sarah’s house in Montreal, I would watch in awe as her family chatted over dinner. She would speak in French, while her parents, a British-born ex pat married to a Francophone Quebecoise, would answer in different languages. Of her two older brothers, one leaned more towards French, while the other preferred to speak English.

They were, of course, all bilingual (most people in the cosmopolitan city of Montreal are, even if there are other areas of Quebec where English is rarely heard), but they all had their preferences – and it made no difference which language they spoke – everyone understood.

Naturally, the OQLF is not to be disbanded entirely. It will, it says, continue to promote French and create French equivalents as words come into common useage in modern society. Due to the prevalence of English as a business language around the world, technology-related words are more likely to be in English, requiring foreign languages to either adopt them as their own or create an equivalent – such as the Quebecois “mot-clic” for “hashtag”.

And nor should it. With such a close proximity to the US – and English-speaking parts of Canada – it is understandable that the Quebecois want to preserve their French culture and ensure the English language is not allowed to run rough-shod over a fascinating and important part of Canadian heritage.

But at least the new, more relaxed attitude will mean English-speaking dog owners in the province will be able to breathe easy again.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "JANE BRADLEY"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4567725.1506107969!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4567725.1506107969!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "In Quebec, around 78 per cent of people class themselves as Francophone, while 42.6 of the local population are bilingual. Quebecois want to preserve their French culture, but rules are being relaxed.","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "In Quebec, around 78 per cent of people class themselves as Francophone, while 42.6 of the local population are bilingual. Quebecois want to preserve their French culture, but rules are being relaxed.","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4567725.1506107969!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/opinion/nicholas-kristof-meet-the-world-leaders-in-hypocrisy-1-4567720","id":"1.4567720","articleHeadline": "Nicholas Kristof: Meet the world leaders – in hypocrisy","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1506142800000 ,"articleLead": "

There is plenty posturing in the spotlight but little is being done to tackle humanitarian crises, says Nicholas Kristof

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4567719.1506107952!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "President Trump used a forum for peace to threaten to annihilate a nation of 25 million people."} ,"articleBody": "

Leaders from around the world descended on New York this week for United Nations meetings, fancy parties, ringing speeches about helping the poor – and a big dose of hypocrisy. And – finally! – this is one area where President Donald Trump has shown global leadership.

If there were an award for United Nations chutzpah, the competition would be tough, but the medal might go to Trump for warning that if necessary, “we will have no choice but to totally destroy North Korea.” There were gasps in the hall: A forum for peace was used to threaten to annihilate a nation of 25 million people.

There also was Trump’s praise for American humanitarian aid to Yemen. Patting oneself on the back is often oafish, but in this case it was also offensive. Yemen needs aid because the U.S. is helping Saudi Arabia starve and bomb Yemeni civilians, creating what the U.N. says is the world’s largest humanitarian crisis. In other words, we are helping to create the very disaster that we’re boasting about alleviating.

It was also sad to see Trump repeatedly plug “sovereignty,” which tends to be the favoured word of governments like Russia (even as it invades Ukraine and interferes in the U.S. election) and China (as it supports corrupt autocrats from Zimbabwe to Myanmar).

Speaking of Myanmar, Aung San Suu Kyi skipped the U.N. meeting, after being feted last year, because it’s awkward to be a Nobel Peace Prize winner who defends a brutal campaign of murder, rape and pillage. Many Muslim leaders in attendance, like Recep Tayyip Erdogan, did highlight the plight of the Rohingya suffering an ethnic cleansing in Myanmar. If only they were as interested in their own political prisoners!

Meanwhile, world leaders usually ignore places that don’t fit their narratives. Everybody pretty much shrugged at South Sudan and Burundi, both teetering on the edge of genocide; at Congo, where we’re headed for civil strife as the president attempts to cling to power; and at the “four famines”: in Nigeria, Somalia, Yemen and South Sudan. To Trump’s credit, he expressed concern on Wednesday about South Sudan and Congo and said he would dispatch U.N. Ambassador Nikki Haley to the region to see what can be done; let’s hope his administration provides desperately needed leadership.

In fairness, there are broader reasons for hope, including astonishing progress against global poverty – more than 100 million children’s lives saved since 1990. Every day, another 300,000 people worldwide get their first access to electricity, and 285,000 to clean water. Global poverty is a huge opportunity, for we now have a much better understanding of how to defeat it: resolve conflicts, invest in girls’ education, empower women, fight malnutrition, support family planning, and so on.

For the first time in human history, less than 10 percent of the world’s population is living in extreme poverty, and we probably could virtually eliminate it over the next 15 years if it were a top global priority. Trump rightly hailed PEPFAR, the Aids program President George W. Bush devised, but he also has proposed sharp cuts in its funding.

The progress on stopping human trafficking is also inspiring. I moderated a U.N. session on the topic, and it was heartening to see an overflow crowd engaging in a historically obscure subject, even as a new report calculated that there are 40 million people who may be called modern slaves. Prime Minister Theresa May convened perhaps the largest meeting of foreign ministers ever on human trafficking.

We now have the tools to achieve enormous progress against these common enemies of humanity – poverty, disease, slavery – but it’s not clear we have the will. What’s striking about this moment is that we have perhaps the worst refugee crisis in 70 years, overlapping with the worst food crisis in 70 years, overlapping with risks of genocide in several countries – and anemic global leadership.

“There is a vacuum of leadership – moral and political – when it comes to the world’s trouble spots, from Syria to Yemen to Myanmar and beyond,” notes David Miliband, the president of the International Rescue Committee. Margot Wallstrom, Sweden’s foreign minister, agrees: “I think there’s a leadership vacuum.”

There are exceptions: Wallstrom, U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and more.

But many countries are divided at home, distracted by political combat and looking increasingly inward, and in any case, the U.S. remains the indispensable superpower, and it is AWOL. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has achieved a degree of irrelevance that no one thought possible, and Trump is slashing the number of refugees accepted, cutting funds for the U.N. Population Fund and proposing huge cuts for diplomacy, peacekeeping and foreign aid (fortunately, Congress is resisting).

The number that I always find most daunting is this: About one child in four on this planet is physically stunted from malnutrition. And while it is the physical stunting that we can measure, a side effect is a stunting of brain development, holding these children back, holding nations back, holding humanity back.

So it’s maddening to see world leaders posturing in the spotlight and patting themselves on the back while doing so little to tackle humanitarian crises that they themselves have helped create.

©2017 New York Times New Service

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "NICHOLAS KRISTOF"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4567719.1506107952!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4567719.1506107952!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "President Trump used a forum for peace to threaten to annihilate a nation of 25 million people.","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "President Trump used a forum for peace to threaten to annihilate a nation of 25 million people.","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4567719.1506107952!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/long-delays-expected-as-america-s-busiest-border-crossing-shuts-1-4567747","id":"1.4567747","articleHeadline": "Long delays expected as America’s busiest border crossing shuts","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1506111243000 ,"articleLead": "

The busiest border crossing in the world will close this weekend to the more than 40,000 cars that pass between California and Mexico every day.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4567746.1506111250!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The busiest border crossing in the United States, between San Diego and Tijuana, will close to the more than 40,000 cars that pass through it daily to Mexico. Picture: AP Photo/Gregory Bull"} ,"articleBody": "

The closure between San Diego and Tijuana for work on a $741 million expansion project presents a monumental headache for border businesses, workers, tourists and Christopher Enjambre. His band, Minor Gems, plays gigs in Tijuana.

“It’s already hectic now, so ... damn,” he said, shaking his head in disbelief. “It’s going to be crazy.”

Travellers have been enduring hours-long waits on the Mexican side of the border to enter the US with the constant addition of security measures since the September 11, 2001, attacks.

Frequent crossers, like Enjambre, 28, of Chula Vista, south of downtown San Diego, worry they will now face long lines on both sides, making trips through the San Ysidro crossing intolerable.

The expansion is believed to be the largest renovation of a crossing along the nearly 2,000-mile-long US-Mexico border. It has been in the works for years to ease congestion and boost cross-border commerce.

US officials are warning people to avoid driving to Baja California from the early hours of today until noon on Monday, hoping to ease what is feared will be a massive traffic jam on the US side as Mexico-bound cars are detoured to the much smaller Otay Mesa crossing to the east.

“Don’t even think about going across in a vehicle,” said Jason M-B Wells, executive director of the San Ysidro Chamber of Commerce. “It’s going to be a standstill.”

Wells and other business leaders want people to cross on foot and are planning a festival with live music and food trucks to greet those who do. San Ysidro’s pedestrian crossing, where 22 inspection lanes into the US were added this summer, will be open in both directions. Vehicles from Mexico into the US also can cross.

Leaders in Baja California’s tourism industry are concerned about the disruption that could continue well past the weekend as some lanes stay closed until November.

They already were working to get word out that their tourist spots are safe after the US State Department issued a travel advisory last month that included the region because of violent crime.

Ricardo Argiles, chief executive of the Rosarito Beach Group, which owns the landmark Rosarito Beach Hotel, said the border closure is a second blow. Reservations for his hotel this weekend are down 30 per cent from last year at this time, and he fears tourism will keep lagging.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "JULIE WATSON"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4567746.1506111250!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4567746.1506111250!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "The busiest border crossing in the United States, between San Diego and Tijuana, will close to the more than 40,000 cars that pass through it daily to Mexico. Picture: AP Photo/Gregory Bull","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The busiest border crossing in the United States, between San Diego and Tijuana, will close to the more than 40,000 cars that pass through it daily to Mexico. Picture: AP Photo/Gregory Bull","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4567746.1506111250!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/angela-merkel-set-to-win-fourth-term-as-germans-go-to-the-polls-1-4567728","id":"1.4567728","articleHeadline": "Angela Merkel set to win fourth term as Germans go to the polls","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1506108883000 ,"articleLead": "

Chancellor Angela Merkel appears all but certain to win a fourth term when Germans vote tomorrow after a humdrum campaign produced few divisive issues but saw smaller parties gain support - including the nationalist, anti-migration Alternative for Germany.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4567727.1506108890!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Supporters of the right-wing Alternative for Germany (AfD) political party demonstrate against the German Chancellor and Christian Democrat (CDU) Angela Merkel at a CDU election campaign stop. Picture: Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images"} ,"articleBody": "

Merkel, already chancellor for 12 years, has run a low-key campaign emphasising the country’s falling unemployment, strong economic growth, balanced budget and overall stability in a volatile world.

Pre-election polls give her conservative Union bloc a lead of 13 to 17 points over the centre-left Social Democrats led by her challenger, Martin Schulz. The two are traditional rivals but have governed together in a “grand coalition” of the biggest parties for the past four years. Schulz returned to German politics in January after years as the European Parliament’s president. He has struggled to gain traction with a campaign that centred on righting perceived economic injustices for Germany’s have-nots. It has also been difficult for him to carve out clear differences with the conservatives.

Merkel offered Germans “a combination of the experience of recent years, in which we have achieved plenty, and curiosity for the new” during the pair’s only head-to-head debate of the campaign.

Merkel is pledging to get from Germany’s current 5.7 per cent unemployment rate - down from 11 per cent when she took office in 2005 - to “full employment” by 2025. She pledges limited tax cuts and to keep Germany’s borrowing at zero.

And she offers a steady hand internationally, with long experience of European Union negotiating marathons, tough talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin, and now of engaging cautiously with President Donald Trump.

Polls suggest that Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union and its Bavaria-only allies, the Christian Social Union, will come in a few points short of the 41.5 per cent support they had in 2013 - Merkel’s best result yet. They put Schulz’s Social Democrats around or below the 23 per cent they won in their worst showing yet in post-Second World War Germany, which was recorded in 2009.

Hans Kundnani, an expert at the German Marshall Fund think-tank, said it was a “foregone conclusion” that Merkel would be the next chancellor.

The difficult part may be forming a new government. Merkel can hope for a narrow majority for a centre-right coalition with the pro-business Free Democrats, with whom she ran Germany from 2009 to 2013, or the traditionally left-leaning Greens.

More likely is a result that leaves her either seeking an untried coalition with both those parties, or another “grand coalition” with the Social Democrats. The latter party has pledged to ballot its membership on any coalition deal, which could be tricky if it performs very badly.

A government with the Free Democrats aboard might take a tougher stance on efforts to reform the eurozone and bail out strugglers. The Greens want a faster transition away from gas and diesel cars and a wealth tax on the rich.

The junior partners, whoever they are, will have “limited influence over the overall direction of policy”, Kundnani wrote in an analysis. He added that “in so far as differences exist between the four parties that could become part of the government, they are a matter of details and nuances”.

Polls show four parties competing for third place, with support between 7 and 12 per cent – the Free Democrats, who look set to return to parliament after a four-year absence; the Greens, the Left Party and Alternative for Germany, or AfD. AfD has swung right since it narrowly missed entering parliament in 2013. It has been helped by opposition to Merkel’s decision to allow in large numbers of refugees.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Margaret Neighbour"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4567727.1506108890!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4567727.1506108890!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Supporters of the right-wing Alternative for Germany (AfD) political party demonstrate against the German Chancellor and Christian Democrat (CDU) Angela Merkel at a CDU election campaign stop. Picture: Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Supporters of the right-wing Alternative for Germany (AfD) political party demonstrate against the German Chancellor and Christian Democrat (CDU) Angela Merkel at a CDU election campaign stop. Picture: Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4567727.1506108890!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/donald-trump-says-kim-jong-un-is-obviously-a-madman-1-4567620","id":"1.4567620","articleHeadline": "Donald Trump says Kim Jong Un is ‘obviously a madman’","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1506099242000 ,"articleLead": "

Donald Trump has added economic action to his fiery military threats against North Korea and renewed his rhetorical offensive against Kim Jong Un, calling the reclusive leader “obviously a madman”.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4567619.1506099251!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "An escalating war of words between Donald Trump and Kim Jong-Un ratcheted up a notch as the US president dubbed North Korea's leader a "madman". Picture: SAUL LOEB,ED JONES/AFP/Getty Images"} ,"articleBody": "

• READ MORE: 50 countries have just banned nuclear weapons

The US president’s move to punish foreign companies that deal with the North was the latest salvo in a US-led campaign to isolate and impoverish Kim’s government until his country halts its missile and nuclear tests.

Mr Trump announced the measures as he met leaders from South Korea and Japan, the nations most immediately endangered by North Korea’s threats of a military strike.

“North Korea’s nuclear weapons and missile development is a grave threat to peace and security in our world and it is unacceptable that others financially support this criminal, rogue regime,” Mr Trump said as he joined Japanese PM Shinzo Abe and South Korean President Moon Jae-in for lunch.

“Tolerance for this disgraceful practice must end now.”

Hours later, Kim branded him as “deranged” and warned that he will “pay dearly” for his threat to “totally destroy” the North if it attacks US interests.

The rare statement from the North Korean leader responded to Mr Trump’s combative speech days earlier when he issued a warning of potential obliteration for the isolated nation, and mocked the North’s young autocrat as a “Rocket Man” on a “suicide mission”.

• READ MORE: Jim Duffy: Trump’s bold stance is a power game driven by economics

Returning insult with insult, Kim said the president was “unfit to hold the prerogative of supreme command of a country”.

He described the president as “a rogue and a gangster fond of playing with fire”, and characterised Mr Trump’s speech to the world body on Tuesday as “mentally deranged behaviour”.

The volley of insults continued on Friday as Mr Trump sent out a pre-dawn Twitter post: “Kim Jong Un of North Korea, who is obviously a madman who doesn’t mind starving or killing his people, will be tested like never before!” the president tweeted.

Mr Trump’s executive order expanded the Treasury Department’s ability to target anyone conducting significant trade in goods, services or technology with North Korea, and to ban them from interacting with the US financial system.

Mr Trump also said China was imposing major banking sanctions, but there was no immediate confirmation from the North’s most important trading partner.

• READ MORE: North Korean minister echoes Pedro Caixinha’s ‘dog and caravan’ phrase

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Matthew Pennington and Jonathan Lemire"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4567619.1506099251!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4567619.1506099251!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "An escalating war of words between Donald Trump and Kim Jong-Un ratcheted up a notch as the US president dubbed North Korea's leader a "madman". Picture: SAUL LOEB,ED JONES/AFP/Getty Images","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "An escalating war of words between Donald Trump and Kim Jong-Un ratcheted up a notch as the US president dubbed North Korea's leader a "madman". Picture: SAUL LOEB,ED JONES/AFP/Getty Images","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4567619.1506099251!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/50-countries-have-just-banned-nuclear-weapons-1-4567255","id":"1.4567255","articleHeadline": "50 countries have just banned nuclear weapons","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1506086250000 ,"articleLead": "

Dozens of country have signed a pact to ban nuclear weapons, despite most of the world’s nuclear powers arguing against it.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4560807.1506086256!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The move comes as North Korea advances its own nuclear programme. Picture: AP"} ,"articleBody": "

Countries as large as Brazil and Mexico and as small as San Marino and Kiribati have agreed to a treaty that makes it illegal in their country to develop, test, produce, manufacture, otherwise acquire, possess or stockpile nuclear weapons “under any circumstances”.

South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma also signed the pact.

During the apartheid era, South Africa was a nuclear power, but it agreed to dismantle its small stockpile in 1988 as part of a deal for Namibia’s independence with Cuba and Angola.

Nuclear weapons-free zones

“SA remains the one and only country that has ever voluntarily disbanded its nuclear weapons programme which the government did towards the end of apartheid,” said Sarah Swart of Red Cross.

“That already gives South Africa moral authority to speak on this issue. Then in 1996 we see Africa coming together as a continent to negotiate the Pelindaba Treaty, which creates the continent as a nuclear weapons-free zone. Again an outstanding achievement,” Swart said.

The UK, along with France and the United States, said the ban would fail.

US ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley said it would embolden “bad actors” at the expense of the current powers.

China and Russia, the other two permanent members of the UN Security Council, were also absent from the signing ceremony. In Europe, neutral Ireland joined Austria and a handful of small states in signing.

No Japan

Japan, which was hit with two nuclear bombs during the Second World War, did not sign, although it signalled that it was sympathetic in general to non-proliferation.

“Although we share the same feelings about nuclear abolition, it differs from Japan’s approach, so we will not be signing it,”

Foreign Minister Taro Kono said. “Unfortunately, the reality is that there are divisions between countries with nuclear weapons and those without, as well as between the countries without them, when it comes to recognising (both) the inhumanity of nuclear weapons and the severity of the security environment,” he said, adding that Japan will try to bridge those gaps through existing frameworks.

The list of countries that signed the treaty in full:

Africa

Algeria

Cape Verde

Central African Republic

Comoros

DR Congo

Republic of Congo

Cote d’Ivoire

The Gambia

Ghana

Libya

Madagascar

Malawi

Nigeria

Sao Tome and Principe

South Africa

Togo

Asia

Bangladesh

Indonesia

Laos

Malaysia

Nepal

Palestine

Philippines

Thailand

Europe

Austria

Ireland

Liechtenstein

San Marino

Vatican City

North America

Costa Rica

Cuba

El Salvador

Guatemala

Honduras

Mexico

Panama

South America

Brazil

Chile

Ecuador

Guyana

Paraguay

Peru

Uruguay

Oceania

Fiji

Kiribati

New Zealand

Palau

Samoa

Tuvalu

Vanuat

This article featured on our sister site iNews.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "KARL MCDONALD"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4560807.1506086256!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4560807.1506086256!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "The move comes as North Korea advances its own nuclear programme. Picture: AP","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The move comes as North Korea advances its own nuclear programme. Picture: AP","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4560807.1506086256!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ {"video": {"brightcoveId":"1505465794794"} } ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/catalan-pro-independence-protesters-call-for-release-of-officials-1-4566944","id":"1.4566944","articleHeadline": "Catalan pro-independence protesters call for release of officials","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1506069211000 ,"articleLead": "

Thousands gathered yesterday at the gates of Catalonia’s judicial body in Barcelona to demand the release of a dozen officials arrested in connection with a vote on independence that Spanish authorities are challenging as illegal.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4563352.1506069219!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Thousands gathered yesterday at the gates of Catalonias judicial body in Barcelona (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)"} ,"articleBody": "

The demonstrators answered a call by pro-independence civic groups to stage long-term street protests against the police surprise crackdown one day earlier.

READ MORE: Nicola Sturgeon backs Catalonia’s right to hold a referendum

Acting on a judge’s orders, police seized ten million ballot papers and arrested at least 12 people, mostly Catalan government officials, suspected of coordinating the referendum. The arrests were the first involving Catalan officials since the campaign to hold an independence vote began in earnest in 2011.

READ MORE: Why Catalonia’s independence vote is ‘very different’ from Scotland’s

Catalan Vice President Oriol Junqueras acknowledged that the crackdown had disrupted the referendum plans. “It’s evident that we won’t be able to vote like we have done in the past,” Mr Junqueras told broadcaster TV3.

Even so, he remained confident there will be a large turnout of Catalans on 1 October – whatever form the vote takes. Pro-independence leaders have insisted the ballot will go ahead despite the obstacles.

The Catalan National Assembly, a driving force behind the secession movement, urged people to gather at noon yesterday outside the region’s justice tribunal and bring tents if needed.

By midday, the protesting crowds filled a square the size of two soccer fields and erupted in slogans chanting “We will vote!” and “Hello democracy.” Many wrapped themselves in the “estelada” flag, which has become a symbol of those in favour of an independent Catalan republic, and some climbed lampposts to get a better view. We will be here, peacefully but present, until all of the arrested walk out free,” Assembly president Jordi Sanchez told the cheering crowds.

The regional police force cordoned off the area, and live video streaming from the ground showed people angrily whistling and jeering at a police officer who became entangled with a protester.

“Our motto is that we are not afraid,” said Malena Palau, a 21-year-old student participating in yesterday’s gathering. “We want to vote because we have the right to decide, regardless of what we vote.”

The protesters’ response began on Wednesday as news of the police raids on Catalan government offices and the arrests spread through social media. Some people camped out overnight at the gates of the regional department of economy, where civil guard investigators arrested two officials.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "EMILIO MORENATTI"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4563352.1506069219!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4563352.1506069219!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Thousands gathered yesterday at the gates of Catalonias judicial body in Barcelona (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Thousands gathered yesterday at the gates of Catalonias judicial body in Barcelona (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4563352.1506069219!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/opinion/susheila-nasta-mbe-indians-have-added-spice-to-british-life-for-centuries-1-4565265","id":"1.4565265","articleHeadline": "Susheila Nasta MBE: Indians have added spice to British life for centuries","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1506060050000 ,"articleLead": "

People of Indian heritage now form Britain’s ­largest ethnic minority but ­surprisingly little is known about the diverse history of their settlement.

" ,"articleBody": "

In Scotland alone, a country with rich bonds to the sub-continent, more than 33,000 people identify with an Indian heritage.

Launching in Edinburgh this ­September, a major new photographic exhibition offers some ­fascinating glimpses into this multi-layered ­history, highlighting its present-day significance.

As its title suggests, the exhibition aims to bring the historic and present-day contributions of Indians to Britain’s centre stage. It derives from a ten-year Open University project, which has revealed the extent to which Indians have made substantive contributions to all walks of British life: whether in fuelling the machine of empire, providing ­military forces in both World Wars, bolstering trade, participating in ­politics, cultural life, the arts or sport.

Markers of this history are embedded in the very body of the nation: ranging from usage of Indian words like ‘bungalow’ or ‘shampoo’, to our culinary tastes (even Queen Victoria had a penchant for chicken curry), to names of streets, textile designs and architecture.

We don’t think anything nowadays for instance of going out for an ‘Indian’ or having a daily ‘cuppa’. Curated to coincide with the 2017 Year of Indian-British Culture, it is ­appropriate that the first stop of the exhibition’s three-city tour will be in Edinburgh. Not only does Scotland have large South Asian communities today but its relationship with India over more than 400 years has been particularly marked.

Some of Britain’s earliest Indian ­settlers were lascar seamen, the name given to South Asians employed on European ships as sailors or militiamen. Working under difficult ­conditions some decided to jump ship to settle in British sea ports such as Glasgow, where they later took up alternative employment, setting up lodging houses and cafés, or working as pedlars and cooks.

Other Scottish cities had major ­connections with India as well. ­Dundee was the heart of the jute trade, a natural material used to make sandbags and rope among ­other things. By the early 20th ­century, Edinburgh was home to more than 200 Indian students seeking medical, agricultural, engineering and legal qualifications. The ­earliest image in the exhibition is a well-known portrait of Queen Victoria with Abdul ­Karim, her Indian attendant.

A staged photo, it was taken at the height of empire in the 1880s. This striking image may seem to reinforce notions of the imperial exotic as we imagine Victoria as Empress of India, seated alone with a handsome ­Muslim servant. We might be ­surprised however to find the location is a cottage on the Balmoral estate in Scotland.

Most significant perhaps, is the close friendship between the Queen and the Indian man from Agra, a relationship which cut across the rigid barriers of race and class. As many will already be aware, this intriguing story played out on British soil, has caught the imagination of director Stephen Frears, and the film Victoria and Abdul will be on general release with a star-studded cast this month.

This extraordinary story will ­certainly attract much attention but there are many others which may be suggestive: audiences may be intrigued by the 1925 image of Indian ayahs or nannies walking ­Glasgow’s Great Western Road in saris with their charges, or the powerful First World War image of Highlanders and Indian soldiers sitting side-by side in a trench.

The connections between Britain and India in this exhibition are, on the one hand, a story that can be told through famous historical personalities, but important, too, are the ­snapshots of the everyday, which focus our attention on the many ways in which Indians have shaped ­British life.

Any photographic selection can only touch the edge of a much bigger story, but it reveals a snapshot that resonates today.

India in Britain: At the Heart of a Nation is a free open-air exhibition that runs from 17 September to 1 October outside The Scottish National Gallery, The Mound Precinct, Edinburgh. For further information about this project and the curatorial research team, see: http://www.open.ac.uk/arts/research/asianbritain

Susheila Nasta MBE is Emeritus ­Professor of Modern and Contemporary Literature at The Open University.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/opinion/jim-duffy-trump-s-bold-stance-is-a-power-game-driven-by-economics-1-4566765","id":"1.4566765","articleHeadline": "Jim Duffy: Trump’s bold stance is a power game driven by economics","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1506056400000 ,"articleLead": "

I’m spending a few days here in Las Vegas, the true feel of America is played out everywhere. The American corporate companies will do anything to generate a buck and relieve you of your cash. And that’s not simply on the casino floor.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4566762.1506025499!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The Strip in Las Vegas. One end of this famous thoroughfare is dominated by the presence of the Trump Hotel, one of the most expensive places in town to book a room."} ,"articleBody": "

I’m spending a few days here in Las Vegas, the true feel of America is played out everywhere. The American corporate companies will do anything to generate a buck and relieve you of your cash. And that’s not simply on the casino floor.

The Strip in Las Vegas has changed so much over the last twenty years that it is unrecognisable from the last time I visited when I was a student, travelling the States having worked in a summer camp for three months in New York State. The hotels and casinos are amazing pieces of real estate with soaring structures, opulent lobbies and a fancy Starbucks in almost every atrium. I don’t know what the deal is, but Starbucks appears to have Vegas sewn up on the caffeine stakes. There must be about 80 outlets and they all look very fancy. No dowdy sofas and cracked leather chairs here.

Starbucks has used it’s considerable muscle to ensure it has a great seat at the table in every casino. The pools are filled with private cabanas and air-cooled tents that you can hire for ludicrously expensive sums of money. And I guess that is why they were all empty while us proles were herded and corralled into the cheap sun beds on the outskirts of the pool area. But, there is something else going on in Las Vegas that is played out on the Strip and on the news channels. It’s all about control and economics.

As I walk up the Strip past some really spectacular hotels like the Bellagio with its awesome dancing fountains display, the Venetian with its river gondolas for hire and Paris with yes, the Eiffel Tower our front and centre, I am awestruck at the money and finance that has built Las Vegas into what it is. Escalators and moving walkways traverse the Strip ensuring that we can get from A to B to spend money as effortlessly as possible. Then I look up at the end of the Strip and I see a truly imposing site. It stands there so everyone can see it. It makes you look at it, because it has taken up a position of power. It doesn’t roll with the other hotels and casino resorts. It is making a statement about who it is and what it is. And in big bold lit up letters it says it all as it signals this power to me. It’s called TRUMP. Yes, the Trump Hotel looks pretty awesome as it dominates one area at the end of the Strip. And if there was any doubt as to why it is where it is, then one only needs to look at this week’s address to the UN by the man himself.

I really want to stay in the Trump Hotel, because it looks really upmarket and classy. Even on booking.com, the hotel algorithm that works out occupancies and makes sure the 100,000+ rooms here in Las Vegas are full every night, it is one of the most expensive places to bunk down. But my partner will not set foot in the place. For her, staying at Trump would be selling out and in her words, make her physically sick. Yes, she watched the UN address as well and was gobsmacked at the way the Hotelier and President spoke. It was unstatesmanlike she said, and incendiary to peace. The UN is to be respected, right? But then I turn on the TV and direct her to Fox News. It seems that Fox just dig what President Trump had to say. Lou Dobbs, the news anchorman, used words like ‘bold’ and said it was the best speech he has ever heard from a US President. It was honest and truthful and much needed as the big hotelier at the top of the Las Vegas Strip said he would destroy North Korea. I must say I quite enjoyed it.

But as we spoke the next day in the cheap seats at the hotel pool, as I again asked permission for a night in Trump tower, I thought about why Trump said what he did in the way he did. Firstly, like guys such as Michael O’Leary from Ryanair, Trump is an entrepreneur who lives by and for money. He is not like his predecessor Barack Obama, who is now mugging people for £500 a plate at dinner. Trump made his money before politics. This is why he knows the rules of the game. And this is why I would offer a different perspective on his odds at the UN.

I bet that Trump has called his fellow rich buddies in Russia and China and of course the USA. These buddies between them probably own a huge percentage of the net wealth and income generation of these countries - Putin included. China and Russia are raking in billions in business and they just love it. Capitalism has seduced them and they want more. So they don’t much care for Rocket Man and his antics. He is a distraction.

No, Trump will have spoken to the real power players, not the politicians, to make sure they are onside before he let loose at the UN. And this is why it all happens…

One day, apart from a couple of aircraft carriers parked alongside North Korea, there will be a Trump hotel or two being erected where once there were missile displays in the main square. And that is what the game is all about: power and economics driven by a few very rich white men who are quite literally unstoppable.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4566762.1506025499!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4566762.1506025499!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "The Strip in Las Vegas. One end of this famous thoroughfare is dominated by the presence of the Trump Hotel, one of the most expensive places in town to book a room.","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The Strip in Las Vegas. One end of this famous thoroughfare is dominated by the presence of the Trump Hotel, one of the most expensive places in town to book a room.","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4566762.1506025499!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/odd/north-korean-minister-echoes-pedro-caixinha-s-dog-and-caravan-phrase-1-4566233","id":"1.4566233","articleHeadline": "North Korean minister echoes Pedro Caixinha’s ‘dog and caravan’ phrase","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1505993773000 ,"articleLead": "

North Korea’s foreign minister echoed comments made by Rangers manager Pedro Caixinha when he was asked to comment on remarks made by US president Donald Trump.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4566230.1505993773!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho at Pyongyang Airport. Picture: AP"} ,"articleBody": "

Ri Yong-ho was responding to Trump’s maiden United Nations speech, in which the US vowed to ‘totally destroy North Korea’ if provoked.

Minister Ri told reporters: “Back home, we have a saying: The dog barks, but the caravan continues.

“If [Trump] thought he could scare us with the noise of a dog barking, well, he should be daydreaming.”

Rangers manager Caixinha used the phrase in a recent press conference, telling reporters: “What I need to tell you, and it’s a Portuguese saying, ‘the dogs bark and the caravan keeps going’. That means that we are focused in our work. We are all together in the same direction.”

Trump also referred to North Korean leader Kim Jong-un as “Rocket man.”

South Korean TV footage also showed Ri saying he feels ‘sorry for [Trump’s] aides’ when he was asked about the “Rocket man” comments.

Ri was due to give a speech at the UN General Assembly on Friday, according to the Yonhap news agency.

Trump has unleashed many strong statements on North Korea including his August warning that the North will be met with ‘fire and fury.’

The North has responded by a slew of weapons tests and warlike and often-mocking rhetoric against Trump.

A top North Korean general called Trump’s threats ‘a load of nonsense’ let out by ‘a guy bereft of reason.’

The rhetorical battle came as outside experts say North Korea is getting closer to achieve its long-stated goal of building nuclear-armed missiles capable hitting anywhere in the US mainland.

Earlier this month, North Korea conducted its sixth and most powerful nuclear test to date and it was subsequently slapped with fresh, tough UN sanctions.

North Korea later fired a ballistic missile over Japan and the US military flew powerful bombers and stealth fighter jets over the Korean Peninsula and near Japan in a show of force against the North.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "ANGUS WRIGHT"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4566230.1505993773!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4566230.1505993773!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho at Pyongyang Airport. Picture: AP","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho at Pyongyang Airport. Picture: AP","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4566230.1505993773!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4566231.1505993778!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4566231.1505993778!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Pedro Caixinha used the phrase during a press conference. Picture: SNS Group","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Pedro Caixinha used the phrase during a press conference. Picture: SNS Group","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4566231.1505993778!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} , {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4566232.1505993781!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4566232.1505993781!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Trump: Referred to Kim Jong-un as 'Rocket man'. Picture: AP","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Trump: Referred to Kim Jong-un as 'Rocket man'. Picture: AP","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4566232.1505993781!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/business/companies/tech/google-strikes-1-1bn-deal-with-smartphone-maker-htc-1-4565977","id":"1.4565977","articleHeadline": "Google strikes $1.1bn deal with smartphone maker HTC","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1505985415000 ,"articleLead": "

Google is buying a major division of smartphone maker HTC for $1.1 billion (£815 million) to expand its efforts to build phones, speakers and other gadgets equipped with its arsenal of digital services.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4565975.1505985421!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Google is buying the HTC team that made its Pixel smartphone. Picture: Josep Lago/AFP/Getty Images"} ,"articleBody": "

The US group is buying the HTC engineering team that built the Pixel smartphone for Google in a cash deal, the companies said in a joint statement. Google is also getting a non-exclusive licence for Taiwan-based HTC’s intellectual property to help support Pixel phones.

• READ MORE: Technology news

The deal underscores how serious Google is becoming about designing its own family of devices to compete against Apple and Amazon in a high-stakes battle to become the technological hub of people’s lives.

“We think this is a very important step for Google in our hardware efforts,” Rick Osterloh, Google’s senior vice-president of hardware, said at a press conference in Taipei.

“We’ve been focusing on building our core capabilities. But with this agreement, we’re taking a very large leap forward.”

The deal, which needs regulatory approval, is expected to close by early next year.

Over the past decade, Google had focused on giving away its Android operating system to an array of device makers, including HTC, to ensure people would keep using its ubiquitous search engine, email, maps, YouTube video service and other software on smartphones and other pieces of hardware.

But that changed last year when Google stamped its brand on a smartphone and internet-connected speaker. HTC manufactured the Pixel phones that Google designed last year, paving the way for this deal to unfold.

• READ MORE: John McLellan: could Amazon swallow up Facebook and Google?

HTC chief financial officer Peter Shen said about 2,000 engineers will be transferred to Google, Taiwan’s Central News Agency reported. The staff are “primarily focused on research and development,” Osterloh said.

Although Android powers about four out of every five smartphones and other mobile devices in the world, the software can be altered in ways that result in Google’s services receiving less emphasis or left out completely from the pre-installed set of apps.

That fragmentation threatens to undercut Google’s ability to increase the ad sales that bring in most of the revenue to its corporate parent, Alphabet Inc, as people spend more and more time on smartphones and other devices instead of personal computers.

Apple’s iPhone and other hardware products are also particularly popular among affluent consumers prized by advertisers, giving Google another incentive to develop its own high-priced phone as a mobile platform for its products and ads.

• READ MORE: Cash stash sparks talk of huge acquisitions for Apple

Google also wants to build more internet-connected devices designed primarily for home usage, such as its voice-controlled speaker that’s trying to catch up with Amazon’s Echo. The Home speaker includes a digital concierge, called Google Assistant, that answers questions and helps manage people’s lives, much like the Alexa in Amazon’s Echo.

Google’s previous forays into hardware haven’t panned out to be big winners so far. It paid $12.5bn for smartphone maker Motorola Mobility five years ago only to sell it off to Lenovo Group for less than $3bn after struggling to make a dent in the market. And in 2014, Google paid more than $3bn for home device maker Nest Labs, which is still struggling to make money under Alphabet’s ownership.

The latest purchase is a big gamble for Google. and parent company Alphabet, but analysts say this time it could pay off. That’s because it gives a financial lifeline to Google’s struggling Taiwanese partner while giving the Silicon Valley giant access to the strong R&D talent it needs in order to expand its share in the coveted premium smartphone market.

• READ MORE: Apple unveils glimpse of ‘future of the iPhone’

It’s “a business decision to have access to one of the best R&D teams,” said Neil Shah, research director at Counterpoint Technology Market Research. But it’s also “a sort of emotional decision to save its close partners.”

HTC, which teamed up with Google in 2008, has seen its market share shrink dramatically in the past decade in the fiercely competitive smartphone market. Its share of the global smartphone market fell to less than 1 per cent last year from nearly 9 per cent in 2011, according to Counterpoint data.

One risk, though, is that expanding into hardware threatens to further alienate Android-based device makers like Samsung Electronics, which has been forging closer ties with Google’s rival Facebook, and China’s Huawei.

Analysts also predicted Samsung could be the biggest loser as Pixel phones undercut the South Korean tech giant’s market-leading smartphone business as consumers potentially turned off by high priced Galaxy devices defect to the Pixel, which is slightly cheaper and has Google’s newest software.

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" ,"byline": {"email": "businessdesk@scotsman.com" ,"author": "RYAN NAKASHIMA and MICHAEL LIEDTKE"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4565975.1505985421!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4565975.1505985421!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Google is buying the HTC team that made its Pixel smartphone. Picture: Josep Lago/AFP/Getty Images","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Google is buying the HTC team that made its Pixel smartphone. Picture: Josep Lago/AFP/Getty Images","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4565975.1505985421!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4565976.1505985423!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4565976.1505985423!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Google is seeking to expand its share of the premium smartphone market. Picture: Justin Sullivan/Getty Images","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Google is seeking to expand its share of the premium smartphone market. Picture: Justin Sullivan/Getty Images","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4565976.1505985423!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/politics/spain-responds-to-scottish-government-statement-on-catalonia-1-4565583","id":"1.4565583","articleHeadline": "Spain responds to Scottish Government statement on Catalonia","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1505933673000 ,"articleLead": "

The Spanish Government has rejected a statement by Scottish ministers over the proposed Catalonian independence referendum.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4563352.1506069219!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Thousands gathered yesterday at the gates of Catalonias judicial body in Barcelona (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)"} ,"articleBody": "

Amid tensions between Madrid and the Catalonian government, people gathered outside a government building in Barcelona after reports 12 officials were arrested (see video).

On October 1, registered voters in Catalonia are due go to the polls to decide whether the region should break away from the rest of Spain.

The hugely controversial vote was called by the Catalan assembly - where a majority of representatives are pro-independence - and has not been officially sanctioned by the Spanish government.

Cabinet secretary for external affairs Fiona Hyslop said on Sunday “that all peoples have the right to self-determination and to choose the form of government best suited to their needs, a principle which is enshrined in the UN Charter.”

She added that the the Edinburgh Agreement was “an example of how two governments, with diametrically opposed views on whether or not Scotland should become independent, were able to come together to agree a process to allow the people to decide. It is essential that democracy and civil rights are respected in all countries.”

But the Spanish Government said the example of the 2014 Scottish independence referendum could not be applied to Catalonia.

“Spain cannot apply the United Kingdom’s solution for the Scottish issue: our historical origins and our legal-political systems are different,” a spokesperson for Spain’s ministry of foreign affairs told Buzzfeed News. “Spain has a written constitution, submitted to the vote of all Spaniards in 1978 and approved by 87.7% (and 91.4% of the Catalonian voters), which makes the rules of the game clear.

“The Spanish constitution enshrines the Spanish nation as a political and social reality prior to the constitution itself. Therefore, national unity is the basis of our constitution. There are established procedures to amend the constitution. Therefore, in our legal framework, a referendum in the form proposed by the United Kingdom to Scotland would only be possible if the constitution were amended.

“The British case is an exception to an overwhelming majority of written constitutions that do not recognise this possibility. Recent judicial decisions in Germany and Italy have underlined the same constitutional approach as Spain. More concretely, according to Germany’s Supreme Court ‘there is no room under the constitution for individual states to attempt to secede’.”

READ MORE: Why Catalonia’s independence vote is ‘very different’ from Scotland’s

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "CHRIS McCALL"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4563352.1506069219!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4563352.1506069219!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Thousands gathered yesterday at the gates of Catalonias judicial body in Barcelona (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Thousands gathered yesterday at the gates of Catalonias judicial body in Barcelona (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4563352.1506069219!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ {"video": {"brightcoveId":"1505932436659"} } ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/jake-lamotta-passes-away-aged-95-1-4565574","id":"1.4565574","articleHeadline": "Jake LaMotta passes away aged 95","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1505924651000 ,"articleLead": "

Former middleweight champion Jake LaMotta, whose life in and out of the ring was depicted in the film Raging Bull, has died aged 95.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4565572.1505924656!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Jake LaMotta, right, fighting Marcel Cerdan in Briggs Stadium in Detroit in 1949. Picture: AP"} ,"articleBody": "

LaMotta passed away today at a Miami-area hospital from complications of pneumonia, according to his fiancee Denise Baker.

“Rest in Peace, Champ,” De Niro said in a statement.

The Bronx Bull, as he was known in his fighting days, compiled an 83-19-4 record with 30 knockouts, in a career that began in 1941 and ended in 1954.

LaMotta fought the great Sugar Ray Robinson six times, handing Robinson the first defeat of his career and losing the middleweight title to him in a storied match.

In the fight before he lost the title, LaMotta saved the championship in movie-script fashion against Laurent Dauthuille. Trailing badly on all three scorecards, LaMotta knocked out the challenger with 13 seconds left in the fight.

LaMotta threw a fight against Billy Fox, which he admitted in testimony before the Kefauver Committee, a U.S. Senate committee investigating organized crime in 1960.

“I purposely lost a fight to Billy Fox because they promised me that I would get a shot to fight for the title if I did,” LaMotta said in 1970 interview printed in Peter Heller’s 1973 book “In This Corner: 40 World Champions Tell Their Stories.”

LaMotta was “stopped” by Fox in the fourth round on Nov. 14, 1947, in Madison Square Garden. He didn’t get a title shot until 10 fights later.

On June 16, 1949, in Detroit, he became middleweight champion when the Frenchman Marcel Cerdan couldn’t continue after the 10th round.

Of the claim that Cerdan had to quit because of a shoulder injury, LaMotta said in 1970: “Something’s bound to happen to you in a tough fight, cut eye, broken nose or broken hand or something like that. So you could make excuses out of anything, you know, but you got to keep on going if you’re a champ or you’re a contender.”

Renowned for his strong chin, and the punishment he could take, and dish out, LaMotta was knocked down only once - in a 1952 loss to light-heavyweight Danny Nardico - in his 106 fights.

LaMotta’s first defense was supposed to be a rematch with Cerdan, but the Frenchman was killed when a plane en route to the United States crashed in the Azores in 1949.

So in his first defense, LaMotta outpointed Tiberio Mitri on July 12, 1950, in New York, then on Sept. 13, he rallied to knock out Dauthuille at Detroit.

LaMotta’s title reign ended on Feb. 14, 1951, when Robinson stopped him in the 13th round in Chicago. In a fight that became known as the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre, LaMotta gave as good as he got in the early rounds, then took tremendous punishment. He would not go down.

In their second match, on Feb. 5, 1943, in New York, LaMotta won a 10-round decision, giving Robinson his first defeat in the 41st fight of his illustrious career.

LaMotta was born July 10, 1921, on New York City’s Lower East Side but was raised in the Bronx. After retiring from boxing in 1954, he owned a nightclub for a time in Miami, then dabbled in show business and commercials. He also made personal appearances and for a while in the 1970s he was a host at a topless nightclub in New York.

The 1980 film “Raging Bull,” based on LaMotta’s memoir written 10 years earlier, was nominated for eight Academy Awards. Though director Martin Scorsese was passed over, De Niro, who gained 50 pounds to portray the older, heavier LaMotta, won the best actor award.

In 1998, LaMotta, who had four daughters, lost both of his sons. Jake LaMotta Jr., 51, died from cancer in February. Joe LaMotta, 49, was killed in plane crash off Nova Scotia in September.

A funeral in Miami and a memorial service in New York City are being planned, Baker said.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4565572.1505924656!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4565572.1505924656!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Jake LaMotta, right, fighting Marcel Cerdan in Briggs Stadium in Detroit in 1949. Picture: AP","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Jake LaMotta, right, fighting Marcel Cerdan in Briggs Stadium in Detroit in 1949. Picture: AP","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4565572.1505924656!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4565573.1505924659!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4565573.1505924659!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Jake LaMotta . Picture: AP","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Jake LaMotta . Picture: AP","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4565573.1505924659!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/odd/ex-morton-and-gretna-player-describes-surreal-match-in-north-korea-1-4565389","id":"1.4565389","articleHeadline": "Ex-Morton and Gretna player describes ‘surreal’ match in North Korea","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1505917364000 ,"articleLead": "

A footballer who spent time at Morton, Gretna and Stirling Albion has talked about the ‘surreal’ experience of playing a competitive match in North Korea.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4565387.1505917371!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Erik Paartalu in action for Melbourne FC in Australia. Picture: Getty Images"} ,"articleBody": "

Australian midfielder Erik Paartalu, who is currently with Indian Super League outfit Bengaluru FC, travelled to capital Pyongyang to take on local side April Twenty-Five in the AFC Cup - Asia’s equivalent to the Europa League.

Paartalu told BBC Sport: “Once we arrived [in Pyongyang] it was a complete eye opener. Everything you see and hear on the news is different to what you see first hand.”

Bengaluru - also featuring former Celtic striker Miku - had won the first leg 3-0, and were due to take on April Twenty-Five in the second leg at the 114,000-capacity May Day arena in the North Korean capital.

But despite the tie being played at the vast arena, fewer than 10,000 fans turned out to support April Twenty-Five.

“The stadium was humongous - if it had been full it would have been intimidating but not with 9,000 fans,’ said Paartalu.

“During the warm-up the atmosphere was loud and boisterous. But when the game started there was silence, it was not like a UK crowd,” he added.

Paartalu admitted he had some concerns before travelling to the secretive country, saying: “It’s one thing going to play somewhere where there may be a war going on, or an unstable area, but North Korea is a different kettle of fish.

“Once we arrived it was business, before we left, we were stepping into the unknown.”

READ MORE - Rumour Mill: Rangers injuries, Gordon v Sutton, Rodgers on Ralston

Paartalu, who made over 100 appearances for Gretna, Stirling Albion and Morton between 2006 and 2010, revealed that the team had no access to phones during their visit, and were unable to use the internet.

He continued: “We arrived at the hotel around dusk, and wondered why all the street lights were not coming on. Someone told us it was to stop anyone viewing Pyongyang via satellite.

“The first time we got to the hotel it was like any other in the world, but there was a TV in the lobby, with a loop of [North Korea leader] Kim Jong-un. The propaganda starts as soon as you walk in.

“You get a sense that what you are seeing is a watered down version, what they want you to see. You question that all the time, ‘is this real?’”

While the team were in Pyongyang, North Korea fired a ballistic missile over Japan on the morning of September 15. Although the match had taken place on September 13, the team was not able to leave until two days later.

Paartalu also revealed that a guest at the hotel had told them that they would have seen the missile flying overhead, if they had been outside the hotel at 6am.

Sespite the surreal experience, Paartalu described North Korea as a ‘beautiful country’, adding: “Even travelling around you are just excited to see it.

“I will never forget the trip and am so glad I got the chance to do it. People will ask me about it for years to come - not many people can say they have been to North Korea.”

Bengaluru now face FC Istiklol of Tajikistan in the inter-zonal final, with the winner qualifying for the overall final.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "KEN MCNIVEN"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4565387.1505917371!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4565387.1505917371!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Erik Paartalu in action for Melbourne FC in Australia. Picture: Getty Images","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Erik Paartalu in action for Melbourne FC in Australia. Picture: Getty Images","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4565387.1505917371!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4565388.1505917374!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4565388.1505917374!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Paartalu playing for Morton against Partick Thistle in January 2010. Picture: SNS Group","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Paartalu playing for Morton against Partick Thistle in January 2010. Picture: SNS Group","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4565388.1505917374!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/scot-who-founded-canada-removed-from-banknotes-over-genocide-1-4565354","id":"1.4565354","articleHeadline": "Scot who founded Canada removed from banknotes over ‘genocide’","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1505916069000 ,"articleLead": "

The Scot who founded Canada is to have his face removed one of the country’s banknotes amid a row over “cultural genocide”.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4565353.1505916078!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "John A Macdonald. Picture: Creative Commons"} ,"articleBody": "

Sir John A Macdonald, who negotiated the deal that established the Canadian state and served twice as Prime Minister in the late 19th Century, has featured on the country’s $10 note since 1971.

But demands have been growing to scrap anything bearing his name because of the way he treated the indigenous population.

His replacement on the $10 note will be civil rights activist Viola Desmond, who in 1946 stood her ground in a whites-only area of a Nova Scotia theatre, receiving a fine and a jail sentence.

It comes as the country looks to honour past heroes who have fought for social justice and human rights.

• READ MORE: Bid to rename Canada river named after Scots ‘occupier’

The new series of notes will be released by the Bank of Canada towards the end of 2018. A bank spokesman said: “Viola Desmond was a woman who broke down barriers, who provided inspiration to Canadians on social justice issues and showed that each and every one of us, individually can make a difference.”

President of Historica Canada, Anthony Wilson, added of Macdonald: “Many native leaders have argued that so long as he and other past oppressors are still honoured the path to reconciliation will be incomplete.”

The move comes after a national debate over whether Macdonald should be excluded from anything bearing his name - including bank notes, schools and airports.

The row centres around the Indian Act, brought in by Macdonald in 1876, which resulted in 100,000 native Canadian children being forcibly taken away from their parents.

The youngsters were sent to institutions to try to remove the “savage” influence of their parents.

Instead, many of the youngsters were subjected to sexual and physical abuse at the hands of the people supposed to “civilise” them.

The Indian Act was recently labelled “cultural genocide” by a national commission and a motion has been passed by the Elementary Federation of Ontario calling for Macdonald’s name to be stripped from nine schools.

Felipe Pareja, a French teacher who proposed the change, said: “They are not comfortable things to talk about but that doesn’t make it any less necessary to talk about them and to acknowledge them. This is about truth and reconciliation.”

These views were echoed by campaign group Idle No More. Spokeswoman Tori Cress said: “I don’t see how we should be glorifying individuals like this in such a public place as schools.

“This is not about erasing history. It’s about putting it in its proper place.”

Whilst the proposal also triggered Colonialism No More and the Saskatchewan Coalition Against Racism to launch a petition to have Macdonald’s statue removed from Victoria Park in the city of Regina, capital of Saskatchewan.

• READ MORE: How the Scots built: Canada

According to media reports in Canada, their petition read: “We, the undersigned, hereby petition the Council of the City of Regina, as part of the process of reconciliation, to authorize and arrange for the removal of the statue of John A. Macdonald from Victoria Park.”

“And to arrange for it either to be stored out of public view or to be placed in a museum where it can be used to educate the public about the history it embodies.”

Explaining the policy in 1883, Macdonald said: “When the school is on the reserve the child lives with its parents who are savages. He is simply a savage who can read and write. In central training industrial schools they will acquire the habits and modes of white men.”

But the moves to airbrush Macdonald have been opposed by several prominent Canadians, including Kathleen Wynne, the Premier of Ontario.

She argued: “We need to teach our children the full history of this country, including colonialism, our indigenous peoples and their history and what our founders did to create Canada and make it the country it is.”

And Don Cummer, the organiser of an annual kilted ice skating event in Macdonald’s honour, called for balance. “His legacy is a mixed one and it’s good to remind ourselves that our heroes have not always been on what we today consider the right side of moral issues”, he said.

Macdonald was the first Prime Minister of Canada, from 1867-1873, serving again from 1878-1891.

He was born in Glasgow on January 11, 1815. In 1820, his family moved to Kingston in the Province of Upper Canada after his father’s business ventures had left them in debt.

After leaving school he went to law school and qualified as a lawyer in 1836. He was involved in several high-profile cases and quickly became prominent in Kingston, which elected him in 1844 to the legislature of the Province of Canada.

• READ MORE: Scotland ‘should be invited to be Canadian province’

By 1857, he had become Premier under the colony’s unstable political system. He was the leading figure in the political reform which led to the birth of Canada as a nation in 1867 and became Prime Minister, serving for a total of 19 years.

A stroke in 1891 left Macdonald partially paralysed and unable to speak and days later, on June 6, he died. His open casket was visited by thousands before his body was transported to Kingston where he was buried next to his first wife Isabella.

During his time as Prime Minister the transcontinental railway was built and there are also rivers, buildings, statues and airports named after him across the country.

Elsewhere similar debates are raging on over controversial historical figures in the United States, South Africa and Australia.

Last month in Charlottesville, Virginia, white supremacists protested against the removal of the statue of General Robert E Lee, who commanded pro-slavery Confederate forces during the American civil war.

Whilst in Australia, another controversial Scottish political figure has resulted in calls for his name to be removed from the country’s most southern electoral district.

Angus McMillan, regarded as one of Australia’s founding fathers, massacred Aboriginal people to clear land for sheep farmers.

In 2015, a similar row erupted in Cape Town, South Africa over the 1934 statue of British colonialist Cecil Rhodes, with calls for it be taken down after his role in the annexation of vast swathes of land in the country.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Blair Meikle"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4565353.1505916078!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4565353.1505916078!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "John A Macdonald. Picture: Creative Commons","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "John A Macdonald. Picture: Creative Commons","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4565353.1505916078!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/regions/dundee-tayside/abusive-partner-of-david-haines-daughter-defaced-scrapbook-she-kept-of-father-1-4565240","id":"1.4565240","articleHeadline": "Abusive partner of David Haines' daughter defaced scrapbook she kept of father","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1505913145055 ,"articleLead": "

The daughter of a British aid worker murdered by Islamic State (IS) terrorists was left \"scared and belittled\" by her controlling partner who defaced a scrapbook she kept to remember her father, a court has heard.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4565239.1505913231!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Bethany Haines and her father David."} ,"articleBody": "

Bethany Haines was in an on-off relationship with Andrew Murray when he targeted the \"treasured\" possession, a tribute to David Haines who was beheaded in Syria three years ago.

Perth Sheriff Court heard how Murray, 22, was jealous of her male friends and would accuse her of being unfaithful to him.

During their relationship between January and October last year, he tampered with her mobile phone, sent a compromising photograph of him and Ms Haines to a friend and punched a hole in the bedroom door of the home they shared in Coupar Angus, Perth and Kinross.

Murray has admitted causing his ex-partner fear or alarm with his behaviour and will be sentenced on October 24 after Sheriff Lindsay Foulis called for a social work report.

The court heard how 20-year-old Ms Haines' family and friends saw a difference in her appearance and demeanour when she was with Murray.

She stopped wearing make-up, rarely left the house and became hostile, prosecutors said.

Murray repeatedly checked her mobile phone and social media messages, and insisted she remove about 50 male friends from her Facebook account.

The first offender also tampered with her phone contacts list, changing a friend's number to his own so that he received messages sent to the friend by Ms Haines.

The court heard he called her an \"unfit mother\", a \"junkie\", a \"slut\" and a \"liar\".

\"The complainer felt scared and belittled,\" said Fiscal Depute Sue Ruta.

She had returned to live with her mother in Scone in September last year when she received a message from Murray saying he had found her scrapbook - a 45-page notebook containing press articles and notes from journalists in relation to her father.

Ms Ruta said: \"She treasured the book. It was her way of remembering her father.\"

When she later recovered the tribute, she found photographs of Ms Haines and her previous partner at Mr Haines' memorial service had been ruined, with her ex-partner's head ripped off and his body coloured in black.

The prosecutor said: \"She went to retrieve the scrap book and saw that four pictures of her and her ex-partner at her father's memorial had been defaced.

\"She couldn't comprehend how somebody could do that to her, knowing how upset she was about her father's death.\"

The court heard that Ms Haines, who has a young son, had received help from a trauma specialist after her father's death.

Yorkshire-born Mr Haines, 44, was taken hostage in Syria while working for international relief agency Acted in March 2014.

He had been been helping refugees in a camp near the Turkish border when he was snatched by IS militants.

The former RAF engineer was one of several hostages beheaded by IS, whose filmed executions involved the notorious terrorist Jihadi John.

ends

" ,"byline": {"email": "ONLINE@SCOTSMAN.COM" ,"author": "ALLAN MACKIE"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4565239.1505913231!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4565239.1505913231!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Bethany Haines and her father David.","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Bethany Haines and her father David.","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4565239.1505913231!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/police-arrest-12-in-raids-on-catalonia-government-offices-1-4564970","id":"1.4564970","articleHeadline": "Police arrest 12 in raids on Catalonia government offices","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1505901031000 ,"articleLead": "

Spanish police have arrested 12 people in raids on offices of the regional government of Catalonia as a crackdown intensifies on the region’s preparations for a secession vote that Spain says is illegal.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4564969.1505901041!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "People holding 'Esteladas' flags protest during a police raid on offices of Catalonia's regional government. Picture: AFP/Getty Images"} ,"articleBody": "

Wednesday’s raids mostly targeted the region’s economic and foreign departments as Spanish authorities worked to halt all preparatory moves for the planned October 1 referendum, it was reported.

Hundreds of people gathered to protest against the raids and shout pro-independence slogans outside offices in the region’s capital, Barcelona.

• READ MORE: Letters: Catalan vote could be huge for Scotland

The Catalan regional government confirmed Josep Maria Jove, secretary general of economic affairs, was among those arrested.

Police and judicial authorities would give no details on the operation, saying a judge has placed a secrecy order on it.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "MARGARET NEIGHOUR"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4564969.1505901041!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4564969.1505901041!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "People holding 'Esteladas' flags protest during a police raid on offices of Catalonia's regional government. Picture: AFP/Getty Images","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "People holding 'Esteladas' flags protest during a police raid on offices of Catalonia's regional government. Picture: AFP/Getty Images","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4564969.1505901041!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/did-teetotal-donald-trump-drink-wine-at-the-un-1-4564895","id":"1.4564895","articleHeadline": "Did teetotal Donald Trump drink wine at the UN?","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1505898366000 ,"articleLead": "

Given the first nine months of his administration, it’s not often President Donald Trump still has the ability to raise eyebrows with his actions.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4564893.1505898374!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "US President Donald Trump raises his glass to a toast by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres. Picture: AFP/Getty Images"} ,"articleBody": "

But at UN lunch meeting, the did just that.

Known for his teetotalism, Trump became a talking point among the world’s media gathered in New York after he lead a toast to the ‘great, great potential’ of the United Nations.

• READ MORE: Donald Trump warns ‘Rocket Man’ Kim US can destroy North Korea

He appeared to take a sip of wine before passing the glass to an aide standing nearby.

He was also later spotted raising a glass to UN Secretary General Antonio Gutteres with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.

US media speculated as to what it was that he was drinking, with NPR politics editor Domenico Montanaro tweeting: “Is That wine or Diet Coke for Trump?”.

• READ MORE: Cancel ‘racist’ Donald Trump state visit, Jo Swinson says

Others followed suit with Bloomberg White House correspondent Jennifer Jacobs cautiously calling it “maroon liquid.”

President Trump has repeatedly said he doesn’t drink after losing his older brother Fred to chronic alcoholism aged 41.

Mr Trump is reportedly known to break his no alcohol rule when taking communion at church.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "ANGUS HOWARTH"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4564893.1505898374!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4564893.1505898374!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "US President Donald Trump raises his glass to a toast by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres. Picture: AFP/Getty Images","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "US President Donald Trump raises his glass to a toast by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres. Picture: AFP/Getty Images","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4564893.1505898374!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ {"video": {"brightcoveId":"1505837494518"} } ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/mexico-earthquake-at-least-248-dead-after-powerful-quake-1-4564802","id":"1.4564802","articleHeadline": "Mexico earthquake: At least 248 dead after powerful quake","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1505896379000 ,"articleLead": "

Rescuers and volunteers frantically dug through the rubble of collapsed schools, homes and apartment buildings long into the night, looking for survivors of Mexico’s deadliest earthquake since 1985 as the number of confirmed fatalities climbed to 248.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4564798.1505896368!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "A man walks out of the door frame of a building that collapsed after an earthquake in the Condesa neighborhood of Mexico City. Picture: AP"} ,"articleBody": "

Adding poignancy and a touch of the surreal, Tuesday’s magnitude 7.1 quake struck on the 32nd anniversary of the earlier temblor that killed thousands and came just two hours after earthquake drills were held across Mexico to mark the date.

One of the most desperate rescue efforts was at a primary and secondary school in southern Mexico City, where a wing of the three-story building collapsed into a massive pancake of concrete floor slabs. At the scene, journalists saw rescuers pull at least two small, sheet-covered bodies from the rubble.

The federal Education Department reported late Tuesday night that 25 bodies had been recovered from the school’s wreckage, all but four of them children. It was not clear whether the deaths were included in the overall death toll of 248 reported by the federal civil defense agency.

During a visit to the site earlier in the night, President Enrique Pena Nieto had reported 22 bodies found and said 30 children and eight adults were reported missing at that point.

A mix of neighborhood volunteers, police and firefighters used trained dogs and their bare hands to search through the school’s rubble. Reports swept through the crowd of anxious parents outside the gates that relatives in two families had received Whatsapp messages from girls trapped inside, but that could not be confirmed.

The rescue effort continued long through the night, the work punctuated by cries of “quiet” so searchers could listen for any faint calls for help.

“They have heard voices in there,” Pena Nieto said.

Rescuers had to shore up the fallen concrete slabs with wooden beams so they wouldn’t collapse further and crush whatever tiny airspaces remained.

In a video message released late Tuesday, Pena Nieto urged people to be calm and said authorities were moving to provide help as 40 percent of Mexico City and 60 percent of nearby Morelos state were without power. But, he said, “The priority at this moment is to keep rescuing people who are still trapped and to give medical attention to the injured people.”

People across central Mexico already had rallied to help their neighbors as dozens of buildings tumbled into mounds of rubble. Mexico City Mayor Miguel Angel Mancera said buildings fell at 44 sites in the capital alone as high-rises across the city swayed and twisted and hundreds of thousands of panicked people ran into the streets blocking traffic.

Dust-covered and exhausted from digging, Carlos Mendoza, 30, said two people were pulled alive from the ruins of a collapsed apartment building in the Roma Sur neighborhood during a three-hour period.

“When we saw this, we came to help. This is ugly, very ugly,” he said, gesturing at the destruction.

Blocks away, Alma Gonzalez was in her fourth-floor apartment when the quake collapsed the ground floor of her building, leaving her no way out. She said she was terrified until the people living in the neighboring house mounted a ladder on their roof and helped her slide out a side window.

Mancera said 50 to 60 people were rescued alive by citizens and emergency workers in the capital.

The national Civil Defense agency reported early Wednesday that the confirmed death toll had climbed to 248, more than half of them in the capital.

The official Twitter feed of agency head Luis Felipe Puente said 117 dead had been counted in Mexico City and 72 in Morelos state, which is just south of the capital. It said 43 were known dead in Puebla state, where the quake was centered. Twelve deaths were listed in the State of Mexico, which surrounds Mexico City on three sides, and three in Guerrero state.

At the site of a collapsed apartment building in Mexico City, rescuers worked atop a three-story pile of rubble, forming a human chain that passed pieces of rubble across four city blocks to a site where they were dumped.

Throughout the day, rescuers pulled dust-covered people, some barely conscious, some seriously injured, from about three dozen collapsed buildings. At one site, shopping carts commandeered from a nearby supermarket were used to carry water to the rescue site and take rubble away.

As night began to fall huge flood lights lit up the recovery sites, but workers and volunteers begged for headlamps.

Where a six-story office building collapsed in Mexico City, sisters Cristina and Victoria Lopez Torres formed part of a human chain passing bottled water.

“I think it’s human nature that drives everyone to come and help others,” Cristina Lopez said.

“We are young, we didn’t live in ‘85, but we know that it’s important to come out to the street to help,” said her sister Victoria.

Ricardo Ibarra, 48, did live through the 1985 quake and said there hadn’t been anything like it until now.

Wearing a bright orange vest and carrying a backpack with a sleeping bag strapped to it, he said he and friends just wanted to help.

“People are very sensitive because today was the 32nd anniversary of a tragedy,” he said.

Buildings also collapsed in Morelos state, including the town hall and local church in Jojutla near the quake’s epicenter. A dozen people died in Jojutla.

The town’s Instituto Morelos secondary school partly collapsed, but school director Adelina Anzures said the earthquake drill held in the morning came in handy.

“I told them that it was not a game, that we should be prepared,” Anzures said of the drill. When the quake came, children and teachers rapidly filed out and nobody was hurt, she said.

The U.S. Geological Survey said the magnitude 7.1 quake hit at 1:14 p.m. (2:15 p.m. EDT) and was centered near the Puebla state town of Raboso, about 76 miles (123 kilometers) southeast of Mexico City.

Much of Mexico City is built on former lakebed, and the soil can amplify the effects of earthquakes centered hundreds of miles away.

The quake appeared to be unrelated to the magnitude 8.1 temblor that hit Sept. 7 off Mexico’s southern coast and also was felt strongly in the capital.

U.S. Geological Survey seismologist Paul Earle noted the epicenters of the two quakes were 400 miles apart and said most aftershocks are within 60 miles.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "MARGARET NEIGHBOUR"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4564798.1505896368!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4564798.1505896368!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "A man walks out of the door frame of a building that collapsed after an earthquake in the Condesa neighborhood of Mexico City. Picture: AP","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "A man walks out of the door frame of a building that collapsed after an earthquake in the Condesa neighborhood of Mexico City. Picture: AP","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4564798.1505896368!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4564799.1505896376!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4564799.1505896376!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Rescuers searching for survivors buried under the rubble ask for silence in Mexico City. Picture: AFP/Getty Images","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Rescuers searching for survivors buried under the rubble ask for silence in Mexico City. Picture: AFP/Getty Images","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4564799.1505896376!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} , {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4564800.1505896382!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4564800.1505896382!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Patients lie on their hospital beds after being evacuated following the earthquake in Mexico City. Picture: AP","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Patients lie on their hospital beds after being evacuated following the earthquake in Mexico City. Picture: AP","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4564800.1505896382!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} , {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4564801.1505896387!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4564801.1505896387!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "A woman tries to reach people on her mobile phone after she evacuated with others to Paseo de la Reforma Avenue. Picture: AP","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "A woman tries to reach people on her mobile phone after she evacuated with others to Paseo de la Reforma Avenue. Picture: AP","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4564801.1505896387!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ {"video": {"brightcoveId":"1505895981468"} } ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/donald-trump-warns-rocket-man-kim-u-s-can-destroy-north-korea-1-4564528","id":"1.4564528","articleHeadline": "Donald Trump warns ‘Rocket Man’ Kim U.S can destroy North Korea","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1505849667000 ,"articleLead": "

Donald Trump threatened to “totally destroy North Korea” if the US is forced to defend itself or allies against aggression in a strongly worded address to the general assembly of the United Nations.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4564526.1505849676!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "U.S. President Donald Trump addresses the 72nd session of the United Nations . (AP Photo/Richard Drew)"} ,"articleBody": "

Mr Trump, speaking in his home city of New York, also took aim at Iran, who he accused of pursuing an agenda of destruction, in his speech at the world body’s headquarters.

READ MORE: Jo Swinson says UK should cancel Donald Trump visit

The US President doubled down on his description of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un as ‘Rocket Man’ and accused the third-generation of the hermetic state’s dynastic leadership of being on a suicide mission.

The hardline stance follows a series of weapons tests by the Pyongyang regime, including a number of recent launches that saw missiles launched over Japan.

READ MORE: North Korea launches second missile test over Japan

In a speech that was at times less bombastic than the businessman’s freewheeling campaign style, the President was heard to mispronounce the name of the organisation he was addressing, referring to the “Unaided Nations”.

He also said the Iranian government was running an “economically depleted rogue state” whose chief export is violence.

Twitter users raised a smile when photos from the event appeared to show White House Chief of Staff John Kelly with his head in his hands as Donald Trump stepped up his attacks on fellow UN nations.

It is the second time General Kelly’s reactions have gone viral, after he was photographed seemingly looking aghast as the President equivocated following the racially charged violence in Charlottesville, Virginia.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Ross McCafferty"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4564526.1505849676!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4564526.1505849676!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "U.S. President Donald Trump addresses the 72nd session of the United Nations . (AP Photo/Richard Drew)","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "U.S. President Donald Trump addresses the 72nd session of the United Nations . (AP Photo/Richard Drew)","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4564526.1505849676!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ {"video": {"brightcoveId":"1505837494518"} } ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/business/companies/retail/toys-r-us-files-for-bankruptcy-protection-in-us-and-canada-1-4563895","id":"1.4563895","articleHeadline": "Toys ’R’ Us files for bankruptcy protection in US and Canada","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1505811174000 ,"articleLead": "

Retail giant Toys ’R’ Us has filed for bankruptcy protection in the US and Canada after struggling amid mammoth debts and online competition.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4563894.1505811184!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Toys 'R' Us said its UK stores were not affected by the so-called Chapter 11 filing. Picture: Lisa Ferguson"} ,"articleBody": "

But the group, which has about 1,600 stores worldwide and 64,000 employees, said its stores outside of the US and Canada – including the UK and Europe, as well as around 255 licensed stores and a joint venture in Asia – were not included in the so-called Chapter 11 filing.

• READ MORE: Retail news

Toys ’R’ Us said its stores would operate “as usual” while it looks to restructure a $5.6 billion (£3.6bn) debt mountain.

The New Jersey-based chain has secured more than $3bn in financing from a syndicate of lenders to help keep its stores open.

It comes ahead of the all-important Christmas season, which makes up around 40 per cent of the group’s annual sales.

The filing is the latest example of turmoil in the retail industry as the shift online takes its toll on established players.

• READ MORE: Toys ‘R’ Us could file for bankruptcy in just weeks

Dave Brandon, chairman and chief executive of Toys ’R’ Us, said: “We are confident that we are taking the right steps to ensure that the iconic Toys ’R’ Us and Babies ’R’ Us brands live on for many generations.”

He added: “As the holiday season approaches, our global team members are ready to serve the millions of kids and families who will be shopping with us.”

• READ MORE: Remembering The Jolly Giant: Scotland’s Toys ‘R’ Us

The private equity-owned company sought to assure that it will be working to ensure it is fully stocked and that products are delivered on time.

Toys ’R’ Us has suffered falling like-for-like sales for three quarters in a row and reported a quarterly net loss of $164 million on sales of $2.2bn in June.

Click here to ‘Like’ The Scotsman Business on Facebook

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Holly Williams"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4563894.1505811184!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4563894.1505811184!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Toys 'R' Us said its UK stores were not affected by the so-called Chapter 11 filing. Picture: Lisa Ferguson","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Toys 'R' Us said its UK stores were not affected by the so-called Chapter 11 filing. Picture: Lisa Ferguson","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4563894.1505811184!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/bid-to-rename-canada-river-named-after-scots-occupier-1-4562778","id":"1.4562778","articleHeadline": "Bid to rename Canada river named after Scots ‘occupier’","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1505726039000 ,"articleLead": "

It is a Canadian river which has borne the name of a local town’s Scottish founder for almost 200 years.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4562777.1505715630!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "A Scot is behind a campaign to have a Canadian river renamed - due to the name's links to violence in Jacobite Scotland."} ,"articleBody": "

Now a Scot is behind a campaign to have the waterway renamed due to the actions of Edward Cornwallis in Jacobite Scotland and his role in occupying the territory which was formerly the home of the indigenous Mi’kmaq people.

Cornwallis was the former governor of Nova Scotia who issued a bounty on Mi’kmaq scalps and also played a brutal role at the Battle of Culloden, violently suppressing the Jacobite rebellion.

Isobel Hamilton, an artist who moved to Nova Scotia from Scotland four years ago,
is petitioning officials to change the name of the Cornwallis River, as well as that of a bridge due to be built over it.

She said the original name used by the Mi’kmaqs for the river that flows through the Annapolis Valley – Jijuktu’kwejk – should be restored.

Ms Hamilton said: “Edward Cornwallis was unpleasant in Scotland and then he was unpleasant over here. He had a bounty on the scalps of the Mi’kmaq people to be able to suppress them. It must be very difficult for the Mi’kmaq people who are here to have to live with these place names which mention him every day, especially when they had a name for the river that they used before he even arrived.”

She added: “We feel that it is time to give the river back it’s original name. The province does not need this reminder of Cornwallis and there is certainly no need or desire to commemorate or glorify him.”

Officials from the town of Kentville have already covered
up Cornwallis’s name on a poster of a bridge set to be built next year, claiming there was never an intention to name it after him. Instead, they want to name it after Kentville’s longest-
serving mayor.

The Annapolis Valley First Nation first asked for a name change in 2011 and last year they submitted a request to GeoNova, the body that governs place names in Nova Scotia. However, there has been no movement from the authorities.

In 2015, premier Stephen McNeil had a sign for the Cornwallis River removed at the request of a Mi’kmaq elder but no further steps were taken to rename the waterway.

Halifax Council, said it would consider the role of Cornwallis’s name in the city, which also has a Cornwallis Street and Cornwallis Park, as well as a statue of the governor.

Kentville’s mayor Sandra Snow said it was not responsible for naming rivers. Neither Nova Scotia council nor GeoNova was available for comment.

The Change.org petition set up by Ms Hamilton has more than 130 signatures.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Jane Bradley"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4562777.1505715630!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4562777.1505715630!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "A Scot is behind a campaign to have a Canadian river renamed - due to the name's links to violence in Jacobite Scotland.","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "A Scot is behind a campaign to have a Canadian river renamed - due to the name's links to violence in Jacobite Scotland.","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4562777.1505715630!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/lifestyle/culture/tv-radio/emmys-handmaid-s-tale-the-big-winner-as-brits-lead-the-way-1-4562976","id":"1.4562976","articleHeadline": "Emmys: Handmaid’s Tale the big winner as Brits lead the way","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1505719403000 ,"articleLead": "

Charlie Brooker and Riz Ahmed led the way for Britain at the Emmys in a night of disappointment for The Crown after it entered television’s biggest ceremony with high expectations.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4562975.1505719393!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Riz Ahmed poses with the Emmy for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Limited Series or Movie for "The Night Of". Picture: AFP/Getty Images"} ,"articleBody": "

Brooker’s Black Mirror scooped two accolades, while debutante Riz Ahmed won lead actor in a limited series for his role in The Night Of at the Los Angeles ceremony on Sunday.

Despite receiving 13 nominations, The Crown only scooped one award - with US actor John Lithgow winning best supporting actor in a drama series for his portrayal of Sir Winston Churchill.

The highest achievers were the dystopian show The Handmaid’s Tale and Big Little Lies, which netted five-a-piece.

The Handmaid’s Tale, based on the Margaret Atwood novel, won best drama and lead actress in a drama series for Elisabeth Moss, while Nicole Kidman won outstanding lead actress in a limited drama for Big Little Lies.

• READ MORE: Dramatic Black Mirror trailer gives a glimpse into sex new episodes

On the politically-charged night which saw Donald Trump a repeated target of criticism, the Armando Iannucci-created satire Veep was also a winner with two awards including best comedy.

So too was comedy series Saturday Night Live, which has resurged with its repeated attacks on the US President.

In one of the diatribes on the night he was called a “sexist, egotistical, lying, hypocritical, bigot” in a speech by presenters Lily Tomlin and Jane Fonda.

The pair were on stage with Dolly Parton, having walked out to the theme music of their 1980 hit movie 9 To 5.

The country singer raised her eyebrows but remained silent during her co-stars’ critique.

Reading-born Brooker, 46, collected the writing for a limited series award and outstanding television movie, both for the San Junipero episode.

Londoner Ahmed, who portrayed a Pakistani-American’s experience in the US legal system in the show based on 2008 British series Criminal Justice, said the award was bittersweet.

“It’s always strange reaping the rewards of a story that’s based on real-world suffering,” the 34-year-old said.

• READ MORE: Bafta win for Happy Valley as The Crown leaves empty handed

“But if this show has shone a light on some of the prejudice in our society, xenophobia, some of the injustice in our justice system then maybe that’s something.”

Birmingham-born John Oliver, 40, scooped outstanding writing for a comedy series and best variety talk series for his US talk-show Last Week Tonight.

Stranger Things’ Millie Bobby Brown, 13, missed out on becoming the youngest ever Emmy winner at the Microsoft Theatre when the Briton was beaten to best supporting actress in a drama series by Ann Dowd in The Handmaid’s Tale.

Other nominated Brits to walk away empty handed were Westworld’s Anthony Hopkins and Benedict Cumberbatch for Sherlock: The Lying Detective.

Among The Crown’s nominations at the 69th Emmys were best drama series and lead drama actress for Stockport’s Claire Foy.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "ANGUS HOWARTH"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4562975.1505719393!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4562975.1505719393!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Riz Ahmed poses with the Emmy for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Limited Series or Movie for "The Night Of". Picture: AFP/Getty Images","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Riz Ahmed poses with the Emmy for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Limited Series or Movie for "The Night Of". Picture: AFP/Getty Images","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4562975.1505719393!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/fresh-protests-over-police-killing-turn-violent-on-streets-of-st-louis-1-4562858","id":"1.4562858","articleHeadline": "Fresh protests over police killing turn violent on streets of St Louis","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1505683507000 ,"articleLead": "

Protests have again broken out in the city of St Louis after the acquittal of a white former police officer over the fatal shooting of a black man.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4562857.1505683498!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "ST LOUIS, MO - SEPTEMBER 16: Demonstrators protesting the acquittal of former St. Louis police officer Jason Stockley. Picture: Scott Olson/Getty Images"} ,"articleBody": "

Hundreds marched for hours on Friday in mostly
peaceful demonstrations until a broken window at the mayor’s home and escalating tensions led riot officers to fire tear gas to disperse the crowds. On Saturday evening, police were out in force as demonstrators again rallied.

Activists had for weeks threatened civil disobedience if Jason Stockley was not convicted for the 2011 death of 24-year-old Anthony Lamar Smith.

That stirred fears of civil unrest and prompted the construction of barricades around police headquarters, the court where the trial was held and other potential 
protest sites.

Yesterday, shop owners swept up broken glass and boarded up storefront windows that were shattered overnight as they prepared for demonstrators to hit the streets again.

Saturday night’s clash between police and a few dozen
protesters in the Delmar Loop area of University City, a 
suburb about ten miles west of St Louis near Washington 
University, resulted in the arrests of at least nine people.

Missouri governor Eric 
Greitens issued a warning on Facebook yesterday that anyone caught destroying 
property could face felony charges.

“Saturday night, some criminals decided to pick up rocks and break windows. They thought they’d get away with it. They were wrong. Our 
officers caught ’em, cuffed ’em and threw ’em in jail,” the first-term Republican governor wrote.

Saturday night’s violence capped a day of noisy but peaceful demonstrations at suburban shopping malls. Protesters shouted slogans such as “Black lives matter” and “It is our duty to fight for our freedom” as they marched through West County Centre mall. A group also demonstrated at another suburban shopping centre, the Chesterfield Mall, and at a regional food festival.

Organisers hoped to spread the impact of the protests beyond predominantly black districts to those that are mainly white.

The confrontation took place in an area known for concert venues, restaurants, shops and bars, and includes the Blueberry Hill club where rock legend Chuck Berry played for many years.

A peaceful march there earlier in the evening ended with organisers calling for people to leave. But a few dozen protesters refused to go. Police ordered them to disperse, saying the protest was illegal.
Hundreds of police in riot gear eventually moved in with armoured vehicles.

Mr Smith’s death is just one of several high-profile US 
cases in recent years in which a white officer killed a black suspect, including the 2014 killing of Michael Brown in nearby Ferguson that sparked months of angry and sometimes violent protests.

Mr Stockley wasn’t charged until May last year, which was three years after he left the force and moved to Houston and more than four years after his December 2011 confrontation with Mr Smith.

Mr Stockley shot Mr Smith after he had fled from Mr Stockley and his partner, who were trying to arrest him for a suspected drug deal.

Mr Stockley, 36, testified that he felt he was in danger because he saw Mr Smith holding a revolver when Mr Smith backed his car toward the officers and sped away.

Prosecutors said Mr Stockley planted a gun in Mr Smith’s car after the shooting.

The officer’s DNA was on the weapon but Mr Smith’s was not. Dashcam video from Mr Stockley’s cruiser recorded him saying he was “going to kill this (expletive)”.

Less than a minute later, he shot Mr Smith five times.

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