{"JP":[ {"NewsSection":{"name":"world","detaillevel":"full", "Articles": {"count":25,"detaillevel":"full","articlesList":[ {"article": { "url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/opinion/roger-crofts-geography-undervalued-in-understanding-of-world-1-4457021","id":"1.4457021","articleHeadline": "Roger Crofts: Geography undervalued in understanding of world","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495778416000 ,"articleLead": "

Improving skills in ­literacy and numeracy are vitally important components of school education. But it is wrong to assume that these can only be achieved by teaching English and Mathematics respectively. Many other subjects can and do teach these skills using real life examples.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4457020.1495718451!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Geography provides students with an ability to discuss issues impacting on their lives"} ,"articleBody": "

Geography is one of these ­subjects. Articulating orally and in writing one’s understanding of the world is one sure way of increasing literacy. Collecting, analysing and using information about the world increases ­students’ numeracy, and gives them a better grounding as ­citizens and future employees.

But geography is much more than this. Surely we should aspire to our children and ­grandchildren having a greater understanding of their world: what is happening around them, ­analysing the causes and ­assessing solutions?

Through primary and ­secondary education, we should be teaching children to have a better understanding of ­our world’s complexities and ­interactions. For example, ­everyone should be taught about the causes and consequences of flooding, and what can be done to reduce the effects and moderate the causes.

Equally, all students should understand what is the best use of the land and sea for providing food, for giving a home for nature and to understanding the effects of climate change.

In these, and many other ­topics, geography provides ­students with an ability to ­discuss issues impacting on their lives. So why is it that knowledge-based learning is out of fashion and ­subjects are taught by non-specialists? Why should history graduates teach geography and vice versa in secondary 1 to 3 as part of the Broad ­General Education, when allowing them to use their knowledge and enthusiasm for their subject would ­contribute more to pupils’ learning experience and to acquiring key skills? And why are students being restricted in the choice of subjects at National 4 and 5?

There is a built-in assumption that English and Maths are vital, plus a science and a foreign language, so that ­history, geography and other social subjects are left out. But geography covers the sciences, both natural and social, and it teaches literacy and numeracy skills. But, it is undervalued in subject choice.

We now have an ­unsystematic approach to subject choice at the discretion of the education authority or the head teacher. Who benefits? Certainly, not the students or geography.

Let’s ensure our children are learning key skills for their future lives and careers taught by those with enthusiasm and knowledge.

Geography is a key ­subject for all future citizens, as it opens the whole world to pupils, improves their ­global view and provides a ­context for learning numeracy and literacy. Let’s make the most of it, as geography is the ­subject of our time.

Roger Crofts is chair of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society and patron of the ­Scottish Association of ­Geography Teachers.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4457020.1495718451!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4457020.1495718451!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Geography provides students with an ability to discuss issues impacting on their lives","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Geography provides students with an ability to discuss issues impacting on their lives","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4457020.1495718451!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/politics/us-promises-crackdown-after-manchester-investigation-leaks-1-4457455","id":"1.4457455","articleHeadline": "US promises crackdown after Manchester investigation leaks","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495745512000 ,"articleLead": "

US president Donald Trump was forced to calm a growing row between UK and US intelligence services after a series of leaks from the Manchester bombing investigation that infuriated investigators and hurt grieving families.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4457454.1495745507!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Donald Trump was rebuked by Theresa May over intelligence leaks. Picture: Getty Images"} ,"articleBody": "

British officials reacted with fury and cut off information sharing with US law enforcement agencies, putting the decades-old transatlantic intelligence relationship under strain.

Mr Trump said US justice officials would prosecute whoever was responsible for the leaks, which resulted in the publication of highly sensitive crime scene photos by the New York Times.

The terror threat level in the UK will remain at critical, Theresa May confirmed yesterday, as police raided several more properties and announced they had uncovered “important” evidence.

In a statement released ahead of a gathering of Nato leaders in Brussels, the US president said the leaks were “deeply troubling” and promised to “get to the bottom of this”.

His comments came after the Prime Minister issue an unprecedented public rebuke of the UK’s closest ally, announcing that she would use the meeting to “make clear to President Trump that intelligence that is shared between our law enforcement agencies must remain secure”.

Mr Trump said: “The leaks of sensitive information pose a grave threat to our national security. I am asking the department of justice and other relevant agencies to launch a complete review of this matter, and if appropriate, the culprit should be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law.”

The president added: “There is no relationship we cherish more than the Special Relationship between the United States and the United Kingdom.”

Publication of photos including images of blood-stained and charred bomb parts as well as fragments of the backpack used to carry the Manchester bomb came hours after Home Secretary Amber Rudd called the leaks “irritating” and said they should stop.

Updating the media on the investigation yesterday, Greater Manchester Police Chief Constable Ian Hopkins said the latest leak had “caused much distress” to families of the victims.

The leaks began within hours of the bombing in Manchester on Monday night, with US media reporting first that the explosion was a suicide bombing, then naming the perpetrator as Salman Abedi before Greater Manchester Police were ready to confirm his identity.

The New York Times also published a diagram showing where individual victims of Monday’s attack were standing in relation to the bomber.

With the Trump administration locked in conflict with the US intelligence community and facing damaging leaks almost daily since his sacking of former FBI director James Comey, there is speculation the row has been orchestrated to embarrass the president on the international stage.

A Whitehall source was quoted as saying that officials were “furious”.

The source said: “This is completely unacceptable. These images leaked from inside the US system will be distressing for victims, their families and the wider public.

“The issue is being raised at every relevant level by the British authorities with their US counterparts.”

Greater Manchester metro mayor Andy Burnham said that a decision had been taken early in the investigation to be cautious about putting information into the public domain and tweeted that he had complained to the acting US Ambassador about the leaks.

Mr Burnham added that the revelations were “arrogant, wrong and disrespectful”.

The National Police Chiefs’ Council condemned the revelations, saying it “undermines our investigations and the confidence of victims, witnesses and their families”.

Lord Carlile, the former Independent Reviewer of Terrorism Legislation, described the leaks as “very unusual and irresponsible” and called for those responsible to be “called to account”.

He said: “It damages decades of confidence between the UK and US services, the cohesion of the ‘Five Eyes’ group, and sharing of information with French, German and other security services.

“These leaks made yesterday a very bad day for national security in several countries, and those responsible should be called to account.”

Former Metropolitan Police Commissioner Lord Blair said the leak of images from the attack was a “grievous breach”, but added that something similar had happened after the London 7/7 bombings.

Lord Blair, who was head of the Metropolitan Police during the 2005 attacks, said: “I’m afraid it just reminds me exactly of what happened after 7/7 when the United States published a complete picture of the way the bombs in 7/7 had been made up.

“And we had the same protests. It’s a very grievous breach, but I’m afraid it’s the same as before.”

Congressman Adam Schiff, a senior member of the intelligence committee in the US House of Representatives, said: “If we gave up information that has interfered in any way with their investigation because it tipped off people in Britain – perhaps associates of this person that we identified as the bomber – then that’s a real problem and they have every right to be furious.”

Kurt Volker, a former US permanent representative to Nato and a former CIA analyst, said the leak was “unfortunate” and could be damaging to long-term security.

He said the leaked images revealed little crucial information but their release could harm the key relationship in fighting international terrorism

“If you are an allied intelligence service you are going to think twice about sharing something if you believe this could now be published in the New York Times, it could be released, it could be out there,” Mr Volker said.

The cut-off of intelligence sharing is understood to only affect law enforcement agencies such as the FBI, rather than between MI5 and MI6 and their US counterparts.

The New York Times defended its coverage, saying: “The images and information presented were neither graphic nor disrespectful of victims, and consistent with the common line of reporting on weapons used in horrific crimes.

“We have strict guidelines on how and in what ways we cover sensitive stories. Our coverage of Monday’s horrific attack has been both comprehensive and responsible.”

During questions at the Scottish Parliament, Nicola Sturgeon said the leaks were “completely unacceptable” and backed the decision to temporarily cut off intelligence sharing.

The First Minister said: “The ability of countries to share intelligence confidentially and securely is one of the things that helps keep us safe, and the importance of that and the importance of having trusted arrangements such as through the Five Eyes system cannot be overestimated.

“So I do share the anger and disbelief of the UK government that we have seen sensitive details from this ongoing live investigation leaked to the media in America.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Paris Gourtsoyannis"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4457454.1495745507!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4457454.1495745507!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Donald Trump was rebuked by Theresa May over intelligence leaks. Picture: Getty Images","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Donald Trump was rebuked by Theresa May over intelligence leaks. Picture: Getty Images","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4457454.1495745507!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/scots-galleries-chief-slams-donald-trump-s-cultural-ignorance-1-4456709","id":"1.4456709","articleHeadline": "Scots galleries chief slams Donald Trump’s cultural ignorance","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495713705000 ,"articleLead": "

The head of Scotland's National Galleries has hit out at US President Donald Trump's cultural ignorance.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4456708.1495709736!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Donald Trump was criticised over his approach to culture"} ,"articleBody": "

Sir John Leighton told MSPs today that Mr Trump's boasts that he doesn't read books and avoids cultural institutions is a bad example to young people.

Cultural leaders in Scotland said they were seeking to do more to foster better \"bridge building and understanding\" between Islamic cultures and western attitudes in the aftermath of the Manchester attacks and Middle East volatility.

Sir John told Holyrood's culture committee that \"museums around the world\" are discussing how they can make sense of the volatile world of political upheaval and terrorist attacks.

But he said: \"We now have an American President who makes a virtue of the fact that he doesn't pick up a book and would certainly not know the inside of a museum or an institution.

READ MORE: Manchester Arena attack: Watch Donald Trump condemn “evil losers”

\"What a signal that sends out - what a signal it sends out across the world, out to young people.\"

Sir John, Director General, National Galleries Scotland, said it is the job of such institutions to \"build bridges and promote understanding\" and told MSPs he is currently developing a partnership with the Museum of Islamic Art in Doha.

\"That's partly been prompted by exactly that notion of how we can share expertise and through working in those ways promote learning about each other's cultures.\"

READ MORE: Barra teenager Laura MacIntyre found alive in hospital after Manchester attack

READ MORE: Police told 5 years ago about Manchester bomber Salman Abedi

Liberal Democrat MSP Tavish Scott said the aftermath of the Manchester bombing and Syria attacks had left a younger generation with a view of Islam garnered from modern technology like mobile phone apps. He contarsted with the great cultural and artistic achievements of Islam which may be \"lost forever\" because they are being destroyed by Isis in Syria.

Mr Scott asked whether Scotland's galleries and museums have a duty to use their collections to help Scots to \"get some sense of what's going on in the world around us at the moment.\"

He added: \"That need is greater now than it's ever been.\"

Dr Gordon Rintoul, said: \"Museums of all shapes and sizes do have a really important role to play in bringing out a better understanding of communities. In our own case, for example, we have collections from cultures literally around the world, including as Tavish Scott said, in the Middle East.\"

He added: \"The key is working with communities to see how we can add value and to see how we can use the national collections or themes arising from the national collections to bring about better dialogue and better understanding.\"

" ,"byline": {"email": "scott.macnab@scotsman.com" ,"author": "Scott Macnab"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4456708.1495709736!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4456708.1495709736!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Donald Trump was criticised over his approach to culture","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Donald Trump was criticised over his approach to culture","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4456708.1495709736!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ {"video": {"brightcoveId":"1495542219631"} } ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/opinion/john-edward-anti-eu-rhetoric-makes-scotland-look-small-1-4454377","id":"1.4454377","articleHeadline": "John Edward: Anti-EU rhetoric makes Scotland look small","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495605642000 ,"articleLead": "

Barrett Deems was the drummer with Louis Armstrong’s All Stars and “the fastest ­drummer in the world”. ­Armstrong told him he was “the only guy in the world that makes coffee nervous”.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4454376.1495538351!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker is unfairly targeted by Leavers, says John Edward. Picture: Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images"} ,"articleBody": "

A prickly character, he was asked on tour what he made of Europe: “They should clean it up, paint it and sell it,” he replied. One could be ­forgiven for thinking, in recent weeks, that the ­attitude on this island is starting to swing the same way.

Very few people ditched lifelong personal and political convictions in the aftermath of the 1975, 1979, 2014 referendums. Why would they now? Before last June’s vote, Nigel Farage said a narrow Remain win would be “unfinished business by a long way”.

Triggering Article 50 led to positions hardening on both sides. We are just starting to realise that the 27 member states are treaty-bound to support each other. Michel Barnier, visiting Ireland, pointed out that “in this negotiation, Ireland’s interest will be the Union’s interest”.

Given our stereotype that the Union is one body, under an unelected cabal which makes up the minds of states for them, it is easy to ­forget that each of the 27 have long, distinct and separate histories and a range of reasons to regret the UK’s departure – historical, cultural, social, commercial and, yes, financial. Those ­countries are ­genuine in their sadness that the post-war ­solidarity and common working which the continent forged is being weakened or forgotten.

How else to explain ­correspondents to this newspaper blaming Germany for “unreasonable” financial requests? The EU is not a golf club and pulling out of agreed financial commitments is as unwelcome elsewhere as it would have been midway through Objective 1 funding to the Highlands and Islands.

Others have written to accuse the other states of Europe of having “sat back” while the UK fought to end Nazi domination. By what possible interpretation can the occupied and ­decimated countries of Europe be judged to have “sat back”?

Jean-Claude Juncker, a prime minister for almost 20 years, has been derided as a dipsomaniac demagogue, dancing to Germany’s tune. He has repeatedly and inaccurately been called ‘Herr’ Juncker, demeaning his own country’s language. It takes a particular kind of cruelty to accuse a man whose ­country was occupied and whose father was conscripted at gunpoint into the Wehrmacht – as were many of the men of Luxembourg – as a collaborator or puppet.

Why, in a small, proud country like Scotland, do we hear jibes against another small country? Why is it that Wallonia’s right to intervene in Belgium’s ­agreement of trade deals, as with the recent EU deal with Canada, can be treated as a laughing ­matter in a country where we ­constantly debate the sovereign powers of the Scottish people invested in Holyrood and Westminster?

Arthur Freed, the producer who came looking for ­locations for the film Brigadoon in 1953, reported back: “I went to Scotland and found nothing there that looks like Scotland.”

I am beginning to know how he felt.

John Edward is former head of the European Parliament Office in Scotland.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4454376.1495538351!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4454376.1495538351!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker is unfairly targeted by Leavers, says John Edward. Picture: Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker is unfairly targeted by Leavers, says John Edward. Picture: Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4454376.1495538351!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/former-barcelona-president-and-wife-detained-by-police-1-4455087","id":"1.4455087","articleHeadline": "Former Barcelona president and wife detained by police","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495571496000 ,"articleLead": "

Former Barcelona president Sandro Rosell and his wife have been detained in connection with his businesses in Brazil, Spanish authorities said yesterday.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4455086.1495571493!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Barcelona's football club former president Sandro Rosell arriving for a press conference to announce his resignation following an extraordinary board meeting at the club offices in Barcelona. Picture: Getty"} ,"articleBody": "

The detentions were part of a money-laundering investigation related to buying television rights for past matches of Brazil’s national team.

Three other people were detained, but their identities were not immediately released by authorities.

Police raided offices, homes and businesses in Barcelona and other locations in Spain as part of “Operation Rimet”, a reference to former Fifa president Jules Rimet, who also gave his name to the World Cup trophy from 1930 to 1970.

Authorities said the operation looked into the alleged illegal payments received by Rosell and other people involved in promoting Brazil’s games. Authorities said nearly €15 million (£13m) could have been laundered through tax havens.

Officials said the operation used information from the FBI following the US case against high-level Fifa officials in 2015.

Rosell, a former Nike executive in Brazil, had close connections to the former president of the Brazilian football confederation, Ricardo Teixeira, who was mentioned in the indictment by American officials.

Teixeira was being investigated by Spanish authorities, and raids were also expected in Brazil. Teixeira resigned from the Brazilian confederation in 2012 citing medical reasons amid widespread allegations of corruption and irregularities in his administration.

In the 1990s, Rosell negotiated several deals with Teixeira involving Brazil’s national team and Nike, which remains the sportswear company used by the Brazilian team.

Several years ago, Rosell was formally accused by Brazilian authorities of using one of his companies to benefit illegally from a friendly between Brazil and Portugal in 2008. Rosell was cleared of any wrongdoing at the time.

In a separate case in Spain, Rosell is going to stand trial for fraud and corruption charges involving the transfer of striker Neymar from Brazilian club Santos in 2013.

Prosecutors said the real amount of the transfer fee was concealed to benefit some of those involved.

Neymar and his father will also stand trial.

Rosell resigned as Barcelona president in 2014 because of the allegations related to Neymar’s transfer.

He had taken over the club in 2010. He and his wife were detained at their home in Barcelona during one of the police raids.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4455086.1495571493!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4455086.1495571493!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Barcelona's football club former president Sandro Rosell arriving for a press conference to announce his resignation following an extraordinary board meeting at the club offices in Barcelona. Picture: Getty","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Barcelona's football club former president Sandro Rosell arriving for a press conference to announce his resignation following an extraordinary board meeting at the club offices in Barcelona. Picture: Getty","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4455086.1495571493!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/trump-calls-holocaust-the-most-savage-crime-against-god-1-4455083","id":"1.4455083","articleHeadline": "Trump calls Holocaust ‘the 
most savage crime against God’","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495571346000 ,"articleLead": "

President Donald Trump paid a short visit to Israel’s national Holocaust memorial yesterday, calling the Nazi extermination of six million Jews “the most savage crime against God and his children” during the most sensitive stop on his two-day visit to Israel.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4455082.1495571344!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "US President Donald Trump and First Lady Melania Trump lay a wreath during a visit to the Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial museum. Picture: Getty"} ,"articleBody": "

Mr Trump had come under criticism in some quarters for planning just a brief half-hour stop at Yad Vashem, following a series of missteps by his administration on issues of concern to the Jewish American community, including the Holocaust. But during yesterday’s event, Mr Trump pleased his hosts by taking a stand in expressing sympathy for Holocaust victims and support for the Jewish state. Mr Trump lit the memorial’s eternal flame and laid a wreath in honour of the six million dead.

In brief comments, Mr Trump called the Holocaust “history’s darkest hour”.

“Millions of wonderful and beautiful lives, men women and children were extinguished as part of a systematic attempt to eliminate the Jewish people,” he said. “It is our solemn duty to remember, to mourn, to grieve and to honor every single life that was so cruelly and viciously taken.”

Nearly all foreign leaders make a pilgrimage to Yad Vashem’s vast complex in Jerusalem during official trips to Israel and most visits typically last about an hour and a half and include a tour of the museum. Previous American presidents have had lengthy, emotional visits.

But Mr Trump’s team allotted 30 minutes to Yad Vashem, citing the busy schedule of his 27-hour stay in Israel.

During the ceremony Mr Trump received gift from Yad Vashem’s chairman, Avner Shalev – an exact replica of the original Holocaust-era personal album that belonged to Ester Goldstein, who was murdered during the Holocaust at the age of 16. Ester’s sister, Margot Herschenbaum, the sole survivor of her immediate family, sat on a chair nearby.

Afterward, Mr Trump shook her hand, and she broke down crying.

In an inscription in the memorial’s guest book, he wrote in capital letters: “It is a great honour to be here with all of my friends – so amazing and will never forget.” Both Mr Trump and his wife, Melania, signed the book.

Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu thanked Mr Trump for a speech “that in so few words said so much”.

Yad Vashem played down any controversy over the length of Mr Trump’s visit, saying such events were “not standardised by protocol” and that each was “unique”. and personalized” depending on the guest. Mr Trump has come under fire for appearing to play to Jewish stereotypes during his presidential campaign and for being slow to speak out against antisemitism in America. His administration famously refrained from mentioning the murder of Jews in a Holocaust commemoration statement in January, and his spokesman compared Adolf Hitler favourably to Syrian president Bashar Assad.

But recently, Mr Trump has made an effort to change these impressions. Last month, he visited the US Holocaust Museum and described how “six million Jews had been brutally slaughtered” in a proclamation marking the Days of Remembrance of Victims of the Holocaust. He also called the Nazi genocide of Jews “the darkest chapter of human history” in a speech to the World Jewish Congress.

Zohar Segev, a faculty member at the Ruderman programme for American Jewish studies at the University of Haifa, said he didn’t think the quick visit was meant to offend but that Mr Trump “probably just didn’t properly estimate the sensitivity”.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4455082.1495571344!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4455082.1495571344!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "US President Donald Trump and First Lady Melania Trump lay a wreath during a visit to the Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial museum. Picture: Getty","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "US President Donald Trump and First Lady Melania Trump lay a wreath during a visit to the Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial museum. Picture: Getty","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4455082.1495571344!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/manchester-arena-attack-watch-donald-trump-condemn-evil-losers-1-4454514","id":"1.4454514","articleHeadline": "Manchester Arena attack: Watch Donald Trump condemn “evil losers”","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495544079000 ,"articleLead": "

President Donald Trump has condemned the deadly attack at a pop concert in Manchester as the act of “evil losers” and called on nations to band together to fight terrorism.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4454530.1495544076!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "US President Donald Trump condemned the attacks during his visit to Israel. Picture: Getty"} ,"articleBody": "

“The terrorists and extremists, and those who give them aid and comfort, must be driven out from our society forever,” said Mr Trump, speaking after a meeting with Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas.

“This wicked ideology must be obliterated, and I mean completely obliterated and innocent life must be protected.”

Mr Trump spoke from Bethlehem in the West Bank, the morning after a blast that killed 22 people at an Ariana Grande concert. UK officials have said they are treating the blast as an act of terrorism. So-called Islamic State have since claimed responsibility.

READ MORE: Manchester arena attack: 22 killed, 23-year-old man arrested

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The US President stressed his support for the United Kingdom and mourned the loss of “beautiful young people.” Relying on one of his preferred insults, Trump said he would call the perpetrators “losers, because that’s what they are.”

The president has used the stops in Saudi Arabia, Israel and the West Bank to call for the end of such violence. In a speech in Riyadh on Sunday, he urged Muslim leaders to eradicate what he called “Islamic extremism” and cast the effort as a “battle between good and evil.”

On Tuesday, he added: “All civilized nations must join together to protect human life and the sacred right of our citizens to live in safety and in peace.”

Mr Trump also expressed optimism that he can help facilitate peace between Israel and Palestinians. He said he was “truly hopeful that America can help Israel and the Palestinians forge peace and bringing new hope the region and its people.”

Mr Trump will next head to Europe, where planned meetings with world leaders on the economy and trade could be overtaken with discussion of terrorism and security.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "MARGARET NEIGHBOUR"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4454530.1495544076!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4454530.1495544076!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "US President Donald Trump condemned the attacks during his visit to Israel. Picture: Getty","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "US President Donald Trump condemned the attacks during his visit to Israel. Picture: Getty","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4454530.1495544076!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ {"video": {"brightcoveId":"1495542219631"} } ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/opinion/iain-keith-davidson-must-tell-may-to-help-save-the-planet-1-4452125","id":"1.4452125","articleHeadline": "Iain Keith: Davidson must tell May to help save the planet","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495531186000 ,"articleLead": "

They say a picture’s worth a thousand words. So when Theresa May was snapped holding hands with Donald Trump at the White House it told a clear story – May intends for the UK to walk hand in hand with Trump’s America. But with the G7 leaders meeting this week, the question is, how far will May really follow Trump?

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4452124.1495360834!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Davidsons boss is in need of good advice. Picture: Jeff J Mitchell/Getty"} ,"articleBody": "

Two years ago, it was the G7 that laid the groundwork for the historic Paris climate agreement. Now Trump is trying to bully the world’s biggest economies to drop their ambition to phase out carbon pollution, which is the only way to stop climate catastrophe. Not content with gutting environmental protections in the US, he is brazenly threatening this landmark deal and our future.

Reassuringly, there is a massive global effort happening right now to isolate Trump and limit the damage of his climate broadside. One hundred countries, including China, India, Europe and even oil-rich Saudi Arabia, have spoken in defence of the deal and pledged to continue with or without the US.

The Conservative party just launched their manifesto vowing to step up their international leadership on climate. The first test of that leadership will be at the G7, where May faces a difficult political calculation – stand up to Trump on climate change or stay silent in the expectation of getting the UK a better trade deal post-Brexit. But there is a sliver of hope – Scotland can provide May with the clarity and courage she’ll need to take on America.

Scotland is fortunate enough to have cross-party consensus on climate action. But Ruth Davidson, leader of the Scottish Conservative Party, is best positioned to change May’s mind. She’s called for more renewable energy and electric cars in Scotland, and, with the Conservatives hoping for a Scottish breakthrough in the election, right now she has the Prime Minister’s ear.

What better way to show Scotland that the Tories really have changed than for her to pick up the phone to the Prime Minister and call on her to firmly commit with the G7 next week to ambitious climate policies. Making that call would be an act of leadership, not just for Scotland, but for the world – not an opportunity that comes along often for a Scottish Tory.

This is one of those rare political moments when one person actually can make a world of difference. Germany, Italy, France and Canada – along with hundreds of businesses, cities and investors – are all trying to stop Mr Trump. So he’s hoping for May’s support to ensure he’s not completely isolated at the G7. Davidson can send a signal to May that letting Trump write the entire planet’s death warrant is not in the UK’s interests and certainly not in Scotland’s.

The Scottish people have made it very clear how they feel about the climate issue. Scotland is already a champion in clean energy, which is providing thousands of jobs, and 70 per cent of Scots want to see strong action on climate change.

If her past statements are to be believed, Davidson already knows this. She’s said that climate change is a threat to our economy, our environment and our prosperity. But the Conservatives in Scotland have said a lot of things that most Scots didn’t believe they would follow through on. If Davidson wants people’s votes, this is a perfect opportunity for her to put her words into action.

The overwhelming majority of countries recognise that responding to the climate crisis can invigorate their economies and reshape the landscape for a cleaner, greener future. The new Conservative manifesto vows to offer the international leadership needed, but the question remains whether May will bring that leadership to the G7 or pursue a hand in hand policy with President Trump to undermine that future. Millions around the world want the richest nations to recommit to the urgent action we need on climate. If Ruth Davidson is serious about leading in Scotland, she’ll speak out before Trump leads us by the hand towards global climate catastrophe.

Iain Keith, born in Aberdeen, is a Campaign Director with the global civic movement Avaaz. He has been shaping UN global climate negotiations for over a decade, and was one of the leaders behind the People’s Climate March, the single largest climate mobilisation in history

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Iain Keith"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4452124.1495360834!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4452124.1495360834!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Davidsons boss is in need of good advice. Picture: Jeff J Mitchell/Getty","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Davidsons boss is in need of good advice. Picture: Jeff J Mitchell/Getty","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4452124.1495360834!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/donald-trump-denies-mentioning-israel-in-meeting-with-russians-1-4453868","id":"1.4453868","articleHeadline": "Donald Trump denies mentioning Israel in meeting with Russians","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495515600000 ,"articleLead": "

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4453866.1495479730!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "President Donald Trump visits the Western Wall, Monday, May 22, 2017, in Jerusalem. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)"} ,"articleBody": "

US president Donald Trump said he never mentioned “the word or the name Israel” during a recent conversation with top Russian diplomats.

Speaking alongside Israel’s prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Mr Trump was referencing revelations that he divulged classified information about an Islamic State threat during a recent meeting in Washington with Russia’s foreign minister and ambassador.

US officials said the information originated from Israel.

Mr Trump, who is making his first visit to Israel as US president, said: “I never mentioned the word or the name Israel in that conversation.”

Mr Netanyahu added that US-Israeli intelligence co-operation is “terrific”.

Mr Trump said the story is another one the news media has got wrong.

The president’s first stop was a meeting in Jerusalem with Israeli president Reuven Rivlin.

In a statement following the meeting, Mr Trump addressed his meetings the previous day with Arab and Muslim leaders in Saudi Arabia, and said that there is growing realisation that they share a goal with Israel in their determination to defeat extremism and deter “the threat posed by Iran”.

Mr Netanyahu called Mr Trump “a true friend” to Israel and expressed optimism about the president’s role in the Middle East peace process. But obstacles have emerged that may complicate the relationship between the White House and the Israel.

Mr Trump, wearing a black skullcap, yesterday became the first sitting president to visit the Western Wall.

Mr Trump touched it in prayer and, adhering to tradition, placed a note in a deep crevice.

He also toured the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, which by Christian tradition is where Jesus was crucified and the location of his tomb.

Today, he is set to meet Palestinian lead Mahmoud Abbas in the West Bank and deliver a speech at the Israeli Museum.

But Mr Trump may face concerns from Israelis over the new $110 billion arms deal he announced during his stop in Saudi Arabia as well as questions from Israeli officials about the revelations that he disclosed sensitive Israeli intelligence to Russian officials.

US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, speaking to reporters on board Air Force One, said the US could provide clarifications to Israel about the disclosure but said: “I don’t know that there’s anything to apologise for.”

White House aides have also tried to play down expectations for significant progress on the peace process during Mr Trump’s stop, casting the visit as symbolic.

Mr Tillerson referred to the visit as “a moment in time” and suggested that the US would take a more active role in the future in brokering a deal if both sides make serious commitments.

Mr Trump, whose unorthodox approach has spurred some hope on both sides of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, has done no such managing of expectations.

He boldly stated that achieving peace is “something that I think is, frankly, maybe not as difficult as people have thought over the years” in March during a meeting with Mr Abbas.

“But we need two willing parties,” he said then. “We believe Israel is willing. We believe you’re willing. And if you both are willing, we’re going to make a deal.”

And Mr Trump made one symbolic gesture yesterday in bridging the gap between Israel and the Arab world. His flight on Air Force One was believed to be the first direct flight between Saudi Arabia and Israel, nations that have limited diplomatic relations.

Mr Netanyahu said he hoped an Israeli prime minister could soon make the same flight.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "JONATHAN LEMIRE in Jerusalem"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4453866.1495479730!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4453866.1495479730!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "President Donald Trump visits the Western Wall, Monday, May 22, 2017, in Jerusalem. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "President Donald Trump visits the Western Wall, Monday, May 22, 2017, in Jerusalem. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4453866.1495479730!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4453867.1495479735!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4453867.1495479735!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "US President Donald Trump (C) and Israeli President Reuven Rivlin (L) and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (R) speak upon Trump's arrival at Ben Gurion International Airport in Tel Aviv on May 22, 2017, as part of his first trip overseas. / AFP PHOTO / JACK GUEZJACK GUEZ/AFP/Getty Images","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "US President Donald Trump (C) and Israeli President Reuven Rivlin (L) and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (R) speak upon Trump's arrival at Ben Gurion International Airport in Tel Aviv on May 22, 2017, as part of his first trip overseas. / AFP PHOTO / JACK GUEZJACK GUEZ/AFP/Getty Images","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4453867.1495479735!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/half-a-glass-of-wine-a-day-raises-breast-cancer-risk-1-4453872","id":"1.4453872","articleHeadline": "Half a glass of wine a day ‘raises breast cancer risk’","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495515600000 ,"articleLead": "

Just half a glass of wine or a small beer a day increases the risk of breast cancer, a new report says.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4453871.1495527366!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "A report has warned just half a class of wine a day raises the risk of breat cancer."} ,"articleBody": "

The study, by the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) and the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR), found convincing evidence a healthy diet, exercise, limiting alcohol and watching your weight can all reduce the risk of breast cancer.

Experts found strong evidence that taking vigorous exercise such as running cuts the risk of pre-menopausal breast cancer by 17 per cent compared to women who were least active, and led to a 10 per cent drop for post-menopausal breast cancer.

Meanwhile, breastfeeding had a strong relationship with decreasing the risk of both types of the disease.

There was also “limited but suggestive” evidence eating non-starch leafy vegetables such as cabbage, kale, rocket and spinach decreased the risk oestrogen-receptor (ER) negative breast cancer, a less common but harder-to-treat type of tumour.

Consuming foods high in carotenoids, such as carrots, tomatoes, apricots, spinach and sweet potatoes, was also linked to a lower risk of breast cancer, as were dairy foods.

But there was strong evidence that just a small amount of wine or beer a day (about 10g of alcohol) increased the risk of pre-menopausal breast cancer by 5 per cent and pushed up the risk by 9 per cent in the case of post-menopausal.

In the UK, beers, wines and spirits are measured as units, with one unit being 8g of pure alcohol. A one-unit alcoholic drink is approximately equivalent to 250ml of 4 per cent strength beer, 76ml of 13 per cent wine, or 25ml of spirits.

The study also found being overweight or obese increased the chance of post-menopusal breast cancer, but cut the risk of pre-menopausal breast cancer if people were overweight in their younger years.

Dr Anne McTiernan, a lead author of the report and cancer prevention expert at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Centre in Seattle, said: “With this comprehensive and up-to-date report the evidence is clear: having a physically active lifestyle, maintaining a healthy weight throughout life and limiting alcohol are all steps women can take to lower their risk.”

She said the links between food and breast cancer were intriguing but needed further research.

“The findings indicate women may get some benefit from including more non-starchy vegetables with high variety, including foods that contain carotenoids,” she said.

“That can also help avoid the common one to two pounds women gain every year, which is key for lowering cancer risk.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "JANE KIRBY"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4453871.1495527366!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4453871.1495527366!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "A report has warned just half a class of wine a day raises the risk of breat cancer.","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "A report has warned just half a class of wine a day raises the risk of breat cancer.","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4453871.1495527366!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/regions/edinburgh-fife-lothians/scots-racing-star-dario-franchitti-robbed-at-gunpoint-1-4453767","id":"1.4453767","articleHeadline": "Scots racing star Dario Franchitti robbed at gunpoint","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495470155000 ,"articleLead": "

Scottish racing driver Dario Franchitti has been robbed at gunpoint at a Taco Bell drive-through restaurant in the US.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4453766.1495470150!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Dario Franchitti was robbed in the US. Picture; Ian Georgeson"} ,"articleBody": "

Franchitti, who retired in 2013 after winning the Indianapolis 500 race in 2007, 2010 and 2012, was robbed alongside his long-time team-mate Scott Dixon in their car at the restaurant, less than a mile from the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Indiana.

READ MORE: Dario Franchitti’s memory problems after GP crash
Hours earlier, Dixon had won pole position for next Sunday’s Indy 500 race, the most famous event in the Verizon IndyCar US motor racing series.

The police report said two males ran away after the robbery and that Dixon’s wife was also in the vehicle.

Officers later arrested two boys, aged 15 and 14.

Dixon, who is from New Zealand, is the 2008 Indy 500 winner and a long-time Chip Ganassi Racing team-mate of Franchitti.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4453766.1495470150!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4453766.1495470150!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Dario Franchitti was robbed in the US. Picture; Ian Georgeson","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Dario Franchitti was robbed in the US. Picture; Ian Georgeson","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4453766.1495470150!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/future-scotland/tech/facebook-under-fire-over-content-moderation-1-4453727","id":"1.4453727","articleHeadline": "Facebook under fire over content moderation","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495468731000 ,"articleLead": "

Comments posted on Facebook about killing Donald Trump are banned by the social networking site – though violent threats against other people are often allowed to remain untouched, an investigation based on leaked guidelines has claimed.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4453726.1495468729!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg speaks at his company's annual F8 developer conference in San Jose. Picture: AP"} ,"articleBody": "

A dossier apparently containing dozens of training manuals and internal documents obtained by the Guardian newspaper claims to offer an insight into how content posted by Facebook’s users is moderated.

It shows “credible violence” such as posting the phrase “someone shoot Trump” must be removed by the staff because he is a head of state.

However, generic posts stating someone should die are permitted as they are not regarded as credible threats.

Staff are told videos of abortions are allowed to remain on Facebook as long as they do not contain nudity, while footage of violent deaths does not have to be deleted because they can help create awareness of issues such as mental illness, the Guardian said.

All “handmade” art showing nudity and sexual activity is allowed but digitally made art showing sexual activity is not, the newspaper claimed.

Facebook will also allow people to livestream attempts to self-harm because it “doesn’t want to censor or punish people in distress”, it added.

The leak is likely to reignite the debate between freedom of expression, safety and censorship on the internet.

Last week Theresa May outlined plans for widespread reform of cyberspace. She said the internet had brought “a wealth of opportunity, but also significant new risks which have evolved faster than society’s response to them”. Outlining plans under a future Tory government, she said: “We want social media companies to do more to help redress the balance and will take action to make sure they do.

“These measures will help make Britain the best place in the world to start and run a digital business, and the safest place in the world for people to be online.”

Under the plans, social media firms will have to take action to stop search terms directing users to inappropriate sites.

In March tech giants Facebook, Google, Twitter and Microsoft pledged to join forces to tackle extremist content on their platforms.

Facebook has come under fire for allegedly failing to remove sexualised pictures of children from its website after the BBC said it used Facebook’s “report button” to flag up 100 photos on the website but 82 were not removed.

Facebook monthly users jumped to more than 1.86 billion, according to figures released at the turn of the year.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "RYAN HOOPER"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4453726.1495468729!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4453726.1495468729!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg speaks at his company's annual F8 developer conference in San Jose. Picture: AP","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg speaks at his company's annual F8 developer conference in San Jose. Picture: AP","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4453726.1495468729!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/business/companies/tech/blockchain-consortium-seeks-to-tackle-cyber-crime-1-4453230","id":"1.4453230","articleHeadline": "Blockchain consortium seeks to tackle cyber crime","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495446659000 ,"articleLead": "

A €5 million (£4.3m) project, funded by the European Union, has been launched in a bid to prevent criminals and hackers from using blockchain technology to avoid the prying eyes of law agencies.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4453229.1495446657!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The Titanium consortium aims to tackle the use of blockchain in crimes such as the recent WannaCry ransomware attack. Picture: Yun Dong-jin/Yonhap via AP"} ,"articleBody": "

The three-year project will see 15 members join forces in a consortium dubbed Titanium (Tools for the Investigation of Transactions in Underground Markets), which has pledged to respect the privacy rights of legitimate users in the fight against cyber crime.

• READ MORE: NHS cyber attack: Criminals will be brought to justice

Blockchain is a digital system for proving ownership of assets and operates under decentralised control, which the consortium said allows it to evade traditional investigative measures.

Own an innovative start-up? Find out how to win £5,000 for your business

The best-known use of blockchain technology is the “cryptocurrency” bitcoin, which has many legitimate uses but is also used for criminal purposes in the so-called “dark web”. Those behind the recent WannaCry ransomware attack demanded ransom payments of up to €600 to release the data of affected organisations.

• READ MORE: Is the finance sector set for a blockchain revolution?

The Titanium researchers, including four law enforcement agencies and international police organisation Interpol, aim to develop and implement tools to reveal common characteristics of criminal transactions, detect anomalies in their usage, and identify money-laundering techniques. They will also carry out training to develop skills and knowledge among European law enforcement agencies.

200 Voices: find out more about the people who have shaped Scotland

Project co-ordinator Ross King, a senior scientist at the AIT Austrian Institute of Technology, said: “Criminal and terrorist activities related to virtual currencies and dark net markets evolve quickly and vary in technical sophistication, resilience and intended targets.”

• READ MORE: RBS links up with Irish blockchain payments project

To counter these activities, King said it was necessary to develop efficient and effective forensics tools enabling the reasonable use of different types of data from different sources including virtual currency ledgers, online forums, peer-to-peer networks of underground markets and seized devices.

He added: “The consortium will analyse legal and ethical requirements and define guidelines for storing and processing data, information, and knowledge involved in criminal investigations without compromising citizen privacy.”

Click here to ‘Like’ The Scotsman Business on Facebook

" ,"byline": {"email": "gareth.mackie@scotsman.com" ,"author": "GARETH MACKIE"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4453229.1495446657!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4453229.1495446657!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "The Titanium consortium aims to tackle the use of blockchain in crimes such as the recent WannaCry ransomware attack. Picture: Yun Dong-jin/Yonhap via AP","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The Titanium consortium aims to tackle the use of blockchain in crimes such as the recent WannaCry ransomware attack. Picture: Yun Dong-jin/Yonhap via AP","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4453229.1495446657!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/trump-urges-muslim-and-arab-leaders-to-drive-out-extremists-1-4452891","id":"1.4452891","articleHeadline": "Trump urges Muslim and Arab leaders to drive out extremists","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495397156000 ,"articleLead": "

DONALD Trump has urged Muslim countries to join his fight against terrorism in his first major foreign policy address as US president.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4452890.1495397155!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "United States President Donald Trump addresses the Arabic-Islamic American summit in Riyadh yesterday. Picture: Getty"} ,"articleBody": "

He told a meeting of more than 50 Arab and Muslim leaders in Saudi Arabia yesterday: “Terrorists don’t worship God, they worship death.”

The speech was the centrepiece of Mr Trump’s two-day visit to the country as part of his first overseas trip.

He said the US is prepared to stand with them in the fight against extremists, but Arab and Muslim countries must take the lead.

He urged them to drive extremists “out of your places of worship. Drive them out of your community. Drive them out of your holy land”.

He told the Arab-Islamic American summit in Riyadh that “95 per cent of the victims of terrorist attacks are themselves Muslims”.

In a departure from the sometimes anti-Muslim rhetoric of his presidential campaign, he said terrorism must not only be measured by the number of dead but by the number of “vanished dreams”.

The US sought a coalition of nations in the Middle East with the aim of “stamping out extremism”.

Mr Trump said Syrian president Bashar al-Assad had committed “unspeakable crimes” bolstered by Iran.

He also called upon countries around the world to work together to end the humanitarian crisis in Syria.

He denounced Iranian aggression in the region and said the “longest-suffering victims” are the Iranian people who have “endured hardship and despair under their leaders’ reckless pursuit of conflict and terror”.

He added: “Every nation has an absolute duty to ensure that terrorists find no quarter on their soil.” Mr Trump said terrorist groups “do nothing to inspire but kill” and all countries must work together to “honestly” confront “the crisis of Islamic extremists and the Islamists and Islamic terror of all kinds”.

He stopped short of mentioning “radical Islamic terrorism” – a term he uses frequently in the US and which he condemned former president Barack Obama for failing to say.

Mr Trump said the fight against terrorism “is not a battle between different faiths, different sects or different civilisations. This is a 
battle between those who seek to obliterate human life and those who seek to protect it.”

Mr Trump also vowed to “strengthen America’s oldest friendships and to seek new partners in pursuit of peace”.

He promised “America will not seek to impose our way of life on others, but to outstretch our hands in the spirit of cooperation and trust”.

King Salman of Saudi Arabia said he was committed to stamping out Islamic State and other terrorist organisations and called Iran “the spearhead of global terrorism”.

The US and six Gulf states were expected to sign a deal to coordinate their efforts aimed at cutting off sources of money for extremist groups, including Islamic State.

Meanwhile Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu instructed all his cabinet ministers to attend the official welcome taking place for Mr Trump yesterday after some of them said they were not planning to attend the event.

Mr Trump’s arrival was initially planned to include speeches and greetings with a long list of dignitaries on the tarmac of Ben-Gurion international airport.

Later, the White House asked for a brief ceremony to avoid the heat. As a result, most ministers were planning to skip the event.

Local newspapers reported that Mr Netanyahu fumed at his ministers and ordered them all to attend yesterday’s ceremony.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4452890.1495397155!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4452890.1495397155!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "United States President Donald Trump addresses the Arabic-Islamic American summit in Riyadh yesterday. Picture: Getty","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "United States President Donald Trump addresses the Arabic-Islamic American summit in Riyadh yesterday. Picture: Getty","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4452890.1495397155!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/north-korea-defies-un-and-fires-missile-in-latest-weapons-test-1-4452901","id":"1.4452901","articleHeadline": "North Korea defies UN and fires missile in latest weapons test","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495397126000 ,"articleLead": "

North Korea fired another medium-range missile yesterday in its latest ballistics test.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4452900.1495397124!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "a man passes a TV news screen in Seoul showing an image of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. Picture: AP"} ,"articleBody": "

The rocket was fired from an area near the North Korean county of Pukchang, in South Phyongan Province, and flew eastward about 310 miles, said South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff.

The US Pacific Command said it tracked the missile before it landed in the sea.

White House officials travelling in Saudi Arabia with President Donald Trump said the system, which was last tested in February, has a shorter range than the missiles launched in North Korea’s most recent tests.

An official from South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff said the missile appeared to be similar to a midrange solid-fuel missile that North Korea fired in February.

The missile fired yesterday reached a maximum altitude of 47 miles, said the official.

In February, North Korea used a launcher truck to fire a solid-fuel missile that it calls the Pukguksong (Polaris)-2, a land-based version of a submarine-launched missile the country revealed earlier.

That missile travelled about 310 miles before crashing into the sea.

The February launch, the North’s first missile test after Mr Trump took office, alarmed neighbours because solid-fuel missiles can be fired more quickly than liquid-fuel missiles, which need to be fuelled before launch and require a larger number of vehicles, including fuel trucks, that could be spotted by satellites.

South Korea’s new president, Moon Jae-in, held a National Security Council meeting to discuss yesterday’s launch, which came hours after he named his new foreign minister nominee and top advisers for security and foreign policy. He did not make a public statement after the meeting.

In Tokyo, Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe called the launch a “challenge to the world” that tramples international efforts to resolve the North Korean nuclear and missile problems peacefully, and vowed to bring up the issue at this week’s G7 summit.

The launch came a week after North Korea successfully tested a new midrange missile that it said could carry a heavy nuclear warhead.

Experts said that rocket flew higher than any missile previously tested by North Korea, and that it could one day reach targets as far away as Hawaii and Alaska. Under dictator Kim Jong Un, North Korea has been pursuing a decades-long goal of putting a nuclear warhead on a ballistic missile capable of reaching the US.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4452900.1495397124!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4452900.1495397124!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "a man passes a TV news screen in Seoul showing an image of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. Picture: AP","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "a man passes a TV news screen in Seoul showing an image of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. Picture: AP","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4452900.1495397124!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/opinion/ross-douthat-we-have-a-child-upon-the-throne-1-4451529","id":"1.4451529","articleHeadline": "Ross Douthat: We have a child upon the throne","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495256400000 ,"articleLead": "

Donald Trump’s conduct shows that he does not understand the nature of the office or obligations he holds, says Ross Douthat

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4451528.1495226700!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "It is time for Donald Trumps own inner circle to take a stand for the country and instigate his removal. Picture: Getty Images"} ,"articleBody": "

It was just a few days and a lifetime ago that I wrote a column about Donald Trump’s unfitness for the presidency that affected a world-weary tone. Nothing about this White House’s chaos was surprising given the style of Trump’s campaign, I argued. None of the breaking scandals necessarily suggested high crimes as opposed to simple omni-incompetence. And given that Republicans made their peace with Trump’s unfitness many months ago, it seemed pointless to expect their leaders to move against him unless something far, far worse came out.

As I said, a few days and a lifetime. If the GOP’s surrender to candidate Trump made exhortations about Republican politicians’ duty to their country seem like so much pointless verbiage, now President Trump has managed to make exhortation seem unavoidable again.

He has done so, if several days’ worth of entirely credible leaks and revelations are to be believed, by demonstrating in a particularly egregious fashion why the question of “fitness” matters in the first place.

The presidency is not just another office. It has become, for good reasons and bad ones, a seat of semi-monarchical political power, a fixed place on which unimaginable pressures are daily brought to bear, and the final stopping point for decisions that can lead very swiftly to life or death for people the world over.

One does not need to be a Marvel superhero or Nietzschean Ubermensch to rise to this responsibility. But one needs some basic attributes: a reasonable level of intellectual curiosity, a certain seriousness of purpose, a basic level of managerial competence, a decent attention span, a functional moral compass, a measure of restraint and self-control. And if a president is deficient in one or more of them, you can be sure it will be exposed.

Trump is seemingly deficient in them all. Some he perhaps never had, others have presumably atrophied with age. He certainly has political talent – charisma, a raw cunning, an instinct for the jugular, a form of the common touch, a certain creativity that normal politicians lack. He would not have been elected without these qualities. But they are not enough, they cannot fill the void where other, very normal human gifts should be.

There is, as my colleague David Brooks wrote, a basic childishness to the man who now occupies the presidency. That is the simplest way of understanding what has come tumbling into light in the last few days: The presidency now has kinglike qualities, and we have a child upon the throne.

It is a child who blurts out classified information in order to impress distinguished visitors. It is a child who asks the head of the FBI why the rules cannot be suspended for his friend and ally. It is a child who does not understand the obvious consequences of his more vindictive actions – like firing the very same man whom you had asked to potentially obstruct justice on your say-so.

A child cannot be president. I love my children; they cannot have the nuclear codes.

But a child also cannot really commit “high crimes and misdemeanours” in any usual meaning of the term. There will be more talk of impeachment now, well and good. But ultimately I do not believe that our president sufficiently understands the nature of the office that he holds, the nature of the legal constraints that are supposed to bind him, perhaps even the nature of normal human interactions, to be guilty of obstruction of justice in the Nixonian or even Clintonian sense of the phrase. I do not believe he is really capable of the behind-the-scenes conspiring that the darker Russia theories envision. And it is hard to betray an oath of office whose obligations you evince no sign of really understanding or respecting.

Which is not an argument for allowing him to occupy that office. It is an argument, instead, for using a constitutional mechanism more appropriate to this strange situation than impeachment: the 25th Amendment to the Constitution, which allows for the removal of the president if a majority of the Cabinet informs the Congress that he is “unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office” and (should the president contest his own removal) a two-thirds vote by Congress confirms the Cabinet’s judgment.

The Trump situation is not exactly the sort that the amendment’s Cold War-era designers were envisioning. He has not endured an assassination attempt or suffered a stroke or fallen prey to Alzheimer’s. But his incapacity to really govern, to truly execute the serious duties that fall to him to carry out, is nevertheless testified to daily – not by his enemies or external critics, but by precisely the men and women whom the Constitution asks to stand in judgment on him, the men and women who serve around him in the White House and the Cabinet.

Read the things that these people, members of his inner circle, his personally selected appointees, say daily through anonymous quotations to the press. (And I assure you they say worse off the record.) They have no respect for him, indeed they seem to palpate with contempt for him, and to regard their mission as equivalent to being stewards for a syphilitic emperor.

It is not squishy New York Times conservatives who regard the president as a child, an intellectual void, a hopeless case, a threat to national security; it is people who are self-selected loyalists, who supported him in the campaign, who daily go to work for him. And all this, in the third month of his administration.

This will not get better. It could easily get worse. And as hard and controversial as a 25th Amendment remedy would be, there are ways in which Trump’s removal today should be less painful for conservatives than abandoning him in the campaign would have been – since Hillary Clinton will not be retroactively elected if Trump is removed, nor will Neil Gorsuch be unseated. Any cost to Republicans will be counted in internal divisions and future primary challenges, not in immediate policy defeats.

Meanwhile, from the perspective of the Republican leadership’s duty to their country, and indeed to the world that our imperium bestrides, leaving a man this witless and unmastered in an office with these powers and responsibilities is an act of gross negligence, which no objective on the near-term political horizon seems remotely significant enough to justify.

There will be time to return again to world-weariness and cynicism as this agony drags on.

Right now, though, I will be boring in my sincerity: I respectfully ask Mike Pence and Paul Ryan and Mitch McConnell to reconsider their support for a man who never should have had his party’s nomination, never should have been elevated to this office, never should have been endorsed and propped up and defended by people who understood his unfitness all along.

Now is a day for redemption. Now is an acceptable time.

© 2017 New York Times News Service

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Ross Douthat"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4451528.1495226700!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4451528.1495226700!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "It is time for Donald Trumps own inner circle to take a stand for the country and instigate his removal. Picture: Getty Images","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "It is time for Donald Trumps own inner circle to take a stand for the country and instigate his removal. Picture: Getty Images","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4451528.1495226700!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/uk/julian-assange-rape-investigation-is-dropped-1-4450740","id":"1.4450740","articleHeadline": "Julian Assange rape investigation is dropped","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495214181000 ,"articleLead": "

The rape investigation against WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange has been dropped by Sweden’s Director of Public Prosecution.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4450739.1495214180!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Sweden's director of public prosecution has decided to "discontinue" a rape inquiry centred on Julian Assange. Picture: Dominic Lipinski/PA Wire"} ,"articleBody": "

Marianne Nye said she had decided to “discontinue” the investigation, although it is unlikely to lead to Mr Assange immediately leaving the Ecuadorian Embassy in London, where he has been living for almost five years.

Scotland Yard said it was obliged to execute a warrant issued by Westminster Magistrates’ Court for the arrest of Mr Assange following his failure to surrender to the court in June 2012 should he leave the embassy.

The Swedish announcement came ahead of a press conference by Ms Ny into the long running saga.

Mr Assange was questioned six months ago in the presence of Swedish officials over a sex allegation, which he has always denied.

Mr Assange faces extradition to the United States for questioning over the activities of WikiLeaks if he leaves the embassy.

A brief statement ahead of today’s press conference said: “Director of Public Prosecution, Ms Marianne Ny, has today decided to discontinue the investigation regarding suspected rape (lesser degree) by Julian Assange.”

READ MORE: Julian Assange leading Donald Trump in Time magazine poll

Scotland Yard said: “Westminster Magistrates’ Court issued a warrant for the arrest of Julian Assange following him failing to surrender to the court on June 29 2012. The Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) is obliged to execute that warrant should he leave the Embassy.

“Whilst Mr Assange was wanted on a European Arrest Warrant (EAW) for an extremely serious offence, the MPS response reflected the serious nature of that crime. Now that the situation has changed and the Swedish authorities have discontinued their investigation into that matter, Mr Assange remains wanted for a much less serious offence. The MPS will provide a level of resourcing which is proportionate to that offence.

“The priority for the MPS must continue to be arresting those who are currently wanted in the capital in connection with serious violent or sexual offences for the protection of Londoners.”

The Metropolitan Police stopped its round the clock presence outside the Embassy in October 2015 amid controversy over the escalating cost of the exercise - believed to be over £12 million.

Friday’s development follows a letter sent to the Swedish government by the government of Ecuador saying there had been a “serious failure” by the prosecutor, including a “lack of initiative” to complete inquiries.

The letter raised developments in the United States since the election of Donald Trump as president, including a speech by CIA director Mike Pompeo describing WikiLeaks as a “hostile intelligence service”.

Recent public declarations such as this constitute an “obvious risk” for Mr Assange, said the letter.

READ MORE: Julian Assange to mark 10 years of WikiLeaks

Mr Assange originally faced three sex allegations, all of which he denied.

Mr Assange was on bail when he arrived at the Ecuador embassy in Central London almost five years ago.

WikiLeaks tweeted: “UK refuses to confirm or deny whether it has already received a US extradition warrant for Julian Assange. Focus now moves to UK.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "RUSSELL JACKSON"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4450739.1495214180!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4450739.1495214180!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Sweden's director of public prosecution has decided to "discontinue" a rape inquiry centred on Julian Assange. Picture: Dominic Lipinski/PA Wire","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Sweden's director of public prosecution has decided to "discontinue" a rape inquiry centred on Julian Assange. Picture: Dominic Lipinski/PA Wire","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4450739.1495214180!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ {"video": {"brightcoveId":"1495213607012"} } ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/politics/general-election/actor-danny-devito-backs-jeremy-corbyn-1-4450820","id":"1.4450820","articleHeadline": "Actor Danny DeVito backs Jeremy Corbyn","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495193033000 ,"articleLead": "

Hollywood star Danny DeVito has voiced his support for Jeremy Corbyn once again.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4450819.1495193033!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "editorial image"} ,"articleBody": "

The US actor, 72, backed the Labour leader, saying he was a “big fan” of Mr Corbyn, last year.

Now with the General Election looming, he has tweeted: “UK. You’ve got the guy. Register by May 22nd. Vote for Jeremy Corbyn...show us how it’s done!”

He added: “#grime4corbyn”, in reference to stars like Stormzy who are also supporting Mr Corbyn.

The Labour Party leader replied: “If @DannyDeVito is saying you should register to vote then you really should.”

Last year the Matilda, Twins and The War Of The Roses actor said: “You guys got Jeremy. I’m a big fan of Jeremy”.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "ANGUS HOWARTH"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4450819.1495193033!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4450819.1495193033!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "editorial image","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "editorial image","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4450819.1495193033!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/donald-trump-fbi-inquiry-is-biggest-witch-hunt-in-history-1-4450282","id":"1.4450282","articleHeadline": "Donald Trump: FBI inquiry is ‘biggest witch-hunt in history’","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495138338000 ,"articleLead": "

US president Donald Trump has said the appointment of a special counsel to investigate allegations that his campaign collaborated with Russia to sway the 2016 election is “the single greatest witch hunt of a politician in American history”.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4450281.1495138338!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Donald Trump is complaing of his treatment. Picture: AP"} ,"articleBody": "

The US justice department appointed former FBI director Robert Mueller to lead the investigation.

Mr Mueller will have sweeping powers and the authority to prosecute any crimes he uncovers.

The surprise announcement to hand the probe over to Mr Mueller, who commands deep bipartisan respect, was a striking shift for Mr Trump’s justice department, which had resisted calls from Democrats for an outside prosecutor.

It immediately escalated the legal stakes – and the potential political damage – for a president who has tried to dismiss the matter as partisan witch hunt and a “hoax”.

Mr Trump later tweeted: “With all of the illegal acts that took place in the Clinton campaign & Obama Administration, there was never a special councel (sic) appointed!”

He did not provide examples or evidence of any alleged “illegal acts”.

The announcement was made by deputy attorney general Rod Rosenstein. The White House counsel’s office was alerted only after the order appointing Mr Mueller was signed, according to a senior White House official.

In a written statement, Mr Trump insisted again that there were no nefarious ties between his presidential election campaign and Russia.

“A thorough investigation will confirm what we already know – there was no collusion between my campaign and any foreign entity,” he declared.

“I look forward to this matter concluding quickly.”

Mr Mueller’s broad mandate gives him not only oversight of the Russia probe, but also “any matters that arose or may arise directly from the investigation”.

That would surely include Mr Trump’s firing of FBI director James Comey.

Mr Mueller, a former federal prosecutor at the justice department, was confirmed as FBI director days before the September 11, 2001, attacks which would ultimately shape his tenure.

The FBI’s counter-terror mission was elevated in those years, as the US intelligence agencies adjusted to prevent another attack of such magnitude.

He was so valued that former president Barack Obama asked him to stay on two years longer than his ten-year term.

Mr Comey succeeded him, having been appointed by Mr Obama.

Republicans have largely stood behind Donald Trump in the first months of his presidency as the FBI and congressional investigations into Russia’s election meddling intensified.

However, Republican representatives have grown increasingly anxious since Mr Trump sacked Mr Comey, who had been leading the bureau’s probe – especially after Mr Comey’s associates said he had notes from a meeting in which Mr Trump asked him to shut down the investigation into the Russian ties of his former national security adviser, Michael Flynn.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Eric Tucker"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4450281.1495138338!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4450281.1495138338!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Donald Trump is complaing of his treatment. Picture: AP","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Donald Trump is complaing of his treatment. Picture: AP","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4450281.1495138338!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/1-dead-20-injured-after-car-hit-pedestrians-in-times-square-1-4450153","id":"1.4450153","articleHeadline": "1 dead, 20 injured after car hit pedestrians in Times Square","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495136298000 ,"articleLead": "

At least one person has died and around 20 more are injured after an out-of-control car ploughed into pedestrians in New York’s Times Square.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4450173.1495132482!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "A car rests on a security barrier in New York's Times Square after driving through a crowd of pedestrians. Picture: AP"} ,"articleBody": "

Pictures from the busy tourist hotspot on Thursday showed a badly-damaged red vehicle emitting smoke and resting on two wheels and bollards on the corner of 45 Street and Broadway.

The New York Police Department (NYPD) said it does not suspect a link to terrorism, tweeting: “One male in custody in the Times Square vehicle collision. It is believed to be an isolated incident, it remains under investigation.”

An NYPD spokesman said the driver is a 26-year-old man with a history of driving while intoxicated, who has been arrested and is being tested for alcohol.

President Donald Trump “has been made aware of the situation in Times Square and will continue to receive updates”, his spokesman Sean Spicer said.

New York mayor Bill de Blasio is due to visit the scene, his office said.

Mr de Blasio later said 23 people had been injured, saying: “Based on the information we have at this moment, there is no indication that this was an act of terrorism.

“This is a tough day for New York City, but I want to thank our first responders who got here so quickly.

“We feel deeply for those injured and particularly for the family of the young woman who was lost. Our prayers are with all of them.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "MARGARET NEIGHBOUR"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4450173.1495132482!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4450173.1495132482!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "A car rests on a security barrier in New York's Times Square after driving through a crowd of pedestrians. Picture: AP","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "A car rests on a security barrier in New York's Times Square after driving through a crowd of pedestrians. Picture: AP","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4450173.1495132482!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4450174.1495132483!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4450174.1495132483!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Police block off an intersection in Times Square near a car that lost control and hit pedestrians in New York. Picture: AFP/Getty Images","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Police block off an intersection in Times Square near a car that lost control and hit pedestrians in New York. Picture: AFP/Getty Images","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4450174.1495132483!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ {"video": {"brightcoveId":"1495135992423"} } ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/business/companies/tech/online-giant-amazon-marks-20-years-as-a-listed-company-1-4449335","id":"1.4449335","articleHeadline": "Online giant Amazon marks 20 years as a listed company","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495099422000 ,"articleLead": "

For consumers, the past two decades since Amazon became a public company have seen a revolution in how they shop, with greater choice and convenience than ever before.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4449334.1495099422!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Amazon is this week marking two decades on the stock market. Picture: Nick Ansell/PA Wire"} ,"articleBody": "

Fans of the online retailer who also invested in it when it floated in 1997 have been rewarded handsomely.

Every £1,000 invested when it listed as a public company at $18 (£13.80) per share is now worth more than £500,000. The US company, which employs 4,500 at peak periods in Scotland, launched its initial public offering on 15 May 1997, nearly three years after Jeff Bezos started the company in July 1994. Yesterday they were trading at around $955.

• READ MORE: Amazon’s Dunfermline centre ‘poised for £54m sale’

Early shareholders have profited from the company’s global push into retail on all fronts – including books, clothing and now groceries – which has made it the “main single driver behind e-commerce growth for years”, particularly in the US, according to senior research analyst Matt Littunen at Enders Analysis. He estimates that Amazon’s share of US online retail growth was more than 50 per cent last year.

Own an innovative start-up? Find out how to win £5,000 for your business

Littunen said: “Above all it has helped bring online retail into the everyday experience of consumers, bringing ease to purchases, building trust and quietly revolutionising how orders are processed and delivered.

“But its sheer scale and aggressive tactics have also made online retail a daunting market for many would-be competitors – outside of the umbrella of Amazon’s growing seller services, that is.”

• READ MORE: Pressure mounts on Scottish Government over Amazon handouts

Amazon’s continued dominance helped drive a 23 per cent jump in sales to $35.7 billion in the first quarter of 2017.

Littunen said that in other advanced economies like the UK, different companies have been leading the charge in sectors like grocery and fashion, which Amazon has been slow to capture. But the US firm has still managed to impact Britain’s high street.

200 Voices: find out more about the people who have shaped Scotland

“Through a remorseless focus on fast and accurate home delivery Amazon has taken big chunks of non-food spending away from the high street, beginning with books and DVDs and then moving on to electricals and now clothing,” retail analyst and consultant Nick Bubb said.

“But the big unknown is whether it can do the same in grocery and whether it needs physical stores too.”

Amazon announced in December that it will open a cashier-free bricks-and-mortar grocery store in Seattle, and already has a presence in the UK grocery market through a tie-up with Morrisons.

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" ,"byline": {"email": "businessdesk@scotsman.com" ,"author": "Kalyeena Makortoff and PERRY GOURLEY"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4449334.1495099422!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4449334.1495099422!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Amazon is this week marking two decades on the stock market. Picture: Nick Ansell/PA Wire","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Amazon is this week marking two decades on the stock market. Picture: Nick Ansell/PA Wire","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4449334.1495099422!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/business/companies/tech/facebook-fined-94m-over-whatsapp-user-data-claims-1-4449191","id":"1.4449191","articleHeadline": "Facebook fined £94m over WhatsApp user data claims","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495094838000 ,"articleLead": "

Facebook has been slapped with a €110 million (£94.5m) fine after the EU’s anti-trust watchdog said it provided “incorrect or misleading” information regarding its $19 billion (£14.7bn) takeover of WhatsApp.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4449190.1495094839!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The European Commission said the Facebook fine was 'proportionate and deterrent'. Picture: Johnston Press"} ,"articleBody": "

The European Commission said the US social network inaccurately claimed it would be unable to combine user data between the two companies’ accounts.

• READ MORE: EU approves Facebook’s $19bn takeover of WhatsApp

“Contrary to Facebook’s statements in the 2014 merger review process, the technical possibility of automatically matching Facebook and WhatsApp users’ identities already existed in 2014, and Facebook staff were aware of such a possibility,” the commission said.

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It added that the ruling does not affect its decision to approve the merger.

Commissioner Margrethe Vestager, who has recently put the tax affairs of a number of high-profile firms including Apple, Amazon and Google under the microscope, said the sanction was “proportionate and deterrent”.

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She added: “Today’s decision sends a clear signal to companies that they must comply with all aspects of EU merger rules, including the obligation to provide correct information.

“And it imposes a proportionate and deterrent fine on Facebook. The commission must be able to take decisions about mergers’ effects on competition in full knowledge of accurate facts.”

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" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Ravender Sembhy"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4449190.1495094839!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4449190.1495094839!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "The European Commission said the Facebook fine was 'proportionate and deterrent'. Picture: Johnston Press","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The European Commission said the Facebook fine was 'proportionate and deterrent'. Picture: Johnston Press","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4449190.1495094839!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/trump-no-politician-in-history-treated-worse-than-me-1-4448987","id":"1.4448987","articleHeadline": "Trump: ‘No politician in history treated worse than me’","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495055813000 ,"articleLead": "

Embattled US president Donald Trump complained yesterday that “no politician in history” has been treated worse than him.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4448986.1495055813!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Donald Trump is saluted by students as he arrived at the US Coast Guard Academy in Connecticut, where he slammed the media. Picture: AP"} ,"articleBody": "

But while Democrats demanded an independent commission to investigate his firing of FBI director James Comey, Republican House Speaker Paul Ryan cautioned against “rushing to judgment”.

Mr Ryan said Congress needs to get the facts, but “it is obvious there are some people out there who want to harm the president”.

Elijah Cummings, top Democrat on a key House oversight panel, countered that Mr Ryan and the Republicans had shown “zero, zero, zero appetite for any investigation of President Trump”.

The White House has denied reports that Mr Trump pressed Mr Comey to drop an investigation into Mr Trump’s first national security adviser, Michael Flynn.

In addition, Mr Trump is facing pointed questions about his discussions with Russian diplomats during which he is reported to have disclosed classified information.

Russian president Vladimir Putin has even offered to turn over to Congress records of Mr Trump’s discussions with the diplomats.

The White House has played down the importance and secrecy of the information Mr Trump gave to the Russians, which had been supplied by Israel under an intelligence-sharing agreement.

Mr Trump himself said he had “an absolute right” as president to share “facts pertaining to terrorism” and airline safety with Russia. Yet US allies and some members of Congress have expressed alarm.

Republicans and Democrats alike were eager to hear from Mr Comey, who has increasingly emerged as a central figure in the unfolding drama.

The Senate intelligence committee yesterday asked Mr Comey to appear before the panel in both open and closed sessions. The committee also asked acting FBI director Andrew McCabe to give the committee any notes that Mr Comey might have made regarding discussions he had with White House or justice department officials about Russia’s efforts to influence the 2016 presidential election.

Mr Putin told a news conference that he would be willing to turn over notes of Mr Trump’s meeting with the Russian diplomats if the White House agreed. He dismissed outrage over Mr Trump’s disclosures as US politicians whipping up “anti-Russian sentiment”.

Asked what he thinks of the Trump presidency, Mr Putin said it is up to the American people to judge and his performance can be rated “only when he’s allowed to work at full capacity”, implying that someone is hampering Mr Trump’s efforts.

Mr Trump has not directly addressed the latest allegations that he pressured Mr Comey to drop the Flynn investigation. But the swirling questions about his conduct were clearly on his mind when he told graduates at the US Coast Guard Academy in Connecticut that “no politician in history, and I say this with great surety, has been treated worse or more unfairly”.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Nancy Benac"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4448986.1495055813!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4448986.1495055813!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Donald Trump is saluted by students as he arrived at the US Coast Guard Academy in Connecticut, where he slammed the media. Picture: AP","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Donald Trump is saluted by students as he arrived at the US Coast Guard Academy in Connecticut, where he slammed the media. Picture: AP","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4448986.1495055813!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/irish-taoiseach-enda-kenny-to-stand-down-as-fine-gael-leader-1-4448721","id":"1.4448721","articleHeadline": "Irish Taoiseach Enda Kenny to stand down as Fine Gael leader","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495039916000 ,"articleLead": "

Irish Taoiseach Enda Kenny is to step down as leader of his Fine Gael party tonight, clearing the way for Ireland to have a new head of government.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4448720.1495039917!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Irish PM Enda Kenny has resigned as leader of his party, Fine Gael. Picture: PA"} ,"articleBody": "

In a statement to colleagues in Dublin, Mr Kenny said he was retiring from midnight with his successor to be in place on June 2.

“I want to assure people that throughout this internal process, I will continue to carry out my duties and responsibilities as Taoiseach in full,” he said.

The veteran politician, from Castlebar, Co Mayo, is to resign after 15 years at the helm of the party and more than six years at the head of government.

Mr Kenny revealed his decision to stand down at a private meeting of the Fine Gael parliamentary party and after delaying the announcement for several months.

Mr Kenny said he would give his successor a “brief but appropriate” time to hold talks with parties and independents propping up the Republic’s minority government.

“I would like to stress the huge honour and privilege that it has been for me to lead our party for the past 15 years, in opposition and into government on two successive occasions,” he said.

“I thank all our members, past and present, for that privilege.”

Mr Kenny paid tribute to loyal constituents and supporters in Mayo who he has represented since 1975 and to his personal staff.

“I especially want to thank my wife Fionnuala, our children, my siblings and their families for their understanding of my work, and indeed for accepting the many intrusions of politics into family life in the interest of building our country.

“I could not have engaged as I did without that base,” he said.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "MARGARET NEIGHBOUR"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4448720.1495039917!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4448720.1495039917!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Irish PM Enda Kenny has resigned as leader of his party, Fine Gael. Picture: PA","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Irish PM Enda Kenny has resigned as leader of his party, Fine Gael. Picture: PA","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4448720.1495039917!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/world/wikileaks-whistle-blower-chelsea-manning-released-from-prison-1-4448590","id":"1.4448590","articleHeadline": "Wikileaks whistle-blower Chelsea Manning released from prison","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1495037367000 ,"articleLead": "

Whistle-blower and former soldier Chelsea Manning has been released from a Kansas military prison after serving seven years of her 35-year sentence for leaking classified government materials to WikiLeaks.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4448588.1495037365!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Undated file photo of then Bradley Manning in wig and make-up. Chelsea Manning was released from prison today."} ,"articleBody": "

The 29-year-old, who underwent a gender transition in prison, has taken to Twitter to celebrate, saying “First Steps of Freedom, #ChelseaISFree.”

Ms Manning was convicted under the Espionage Act for releasing government cables detailing secret government operations to Wikileaks in 2010.

The Oklahoma native was convicted of 20 counts including theft, computer fraud and six violations of act. She pleaded guilty for leaking the information but was acquitted of the charge of “aiding the enemy.”

READ MORE: Chelsea Manning hopes army will ‘do right thing’
The majority of her 35-year sentence was commuted by then President of the United States Barack Obama when he granted her clemency in January.

Mr Obama told the media that “she had served a significant amount of time, that it made sense to commute, and not pardon, her sentence.”

The leak was of the largest of its kind at the time with over 250,000 cables being released including detailed instructions to foreign embassies to gather intelligence on UN leaders.

It followed the Iraq and Afghan war logs leak in July and October of the same year.

Ms Manning, then Bradley, was apprehended in Baghdad by US officials in 2010 and spent over 1,200 days in military custody which were removed from her sentence upon her conviction in 2013.

READ MORE: Chelsea Manning to be given gender treatment
She received a dishonourable discharge from the US army, was ranked down and forced to forfeit pay and allowances, though she was not fined.

Ms Manning’s Attorney, Nancy Hollander, claimed her client’s “whole prosecution was unfair” and that “Chelsea wants very much to be a productive citizen, to help people.”

Chelsea Manning’s incarceration sparked controversy in the USA at the time of her trial.

President Trump called the former intelligence analyst an “ungrateful traitor” following her release, claiming she “should never have been released from prison.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "FIONN MCCAUSLAND"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4448588.1495037365!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4448588.1495037365!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Undated file photo of then Bradley Manning in wig and make-up. Chelsea Manning was released from prison today.","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Undated file photo of then Bradley Manning in wig and make-up. Chelsea Manning was released from prison today.","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4448588.1495037365!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4448589.1495037368!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4448589.1495037368!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Media crews wait outside US Army facility Fort Leavenworth in Leavenworth, Kansas. Picture: Getty","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Media crews wait outside US Army facility Fort Leavenworth in Leavenworth, Kansas. Picture: Getty","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4448589.1495037368!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} ]}}} ]}