{"JP":[ {"NewsSection":{"name":"scotland","detaillevel":"full", "Articles": {"count":25,"detaillevel":"full","articlesList":[ {"article": { "url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/robert-burns-tae-a-moose-explained-1-4347164","id":"1.4347164","articleHeadline": "Robert Burns ‘Tae a Moose’ explained","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485256006000 ,"articleLead": "

ONE of the poets most famous works, ‘Tae a moose’ ,tells a bleak but stark story about man’s view on progress in the world and the plight of all creatures within it.

" ,"articleBody": "

It starts with the speaker - a farmer - plowing a field, but accidentally disturbs the nest of a mouse, leaving it frightened and cold.

The farmer stops to comfort the mouse and then begins to ponder on life as it is.

READ MORE: Five of Robert Burns most famous poems

Professor Gerry Carruthers explains that the timing of the poem is talling, being in the 18th century when tenant farmers are being thrown off their land by rich absentee landlords during the Highland Clearances.

He adds: “You have to remember, Burns is the son of a farmer in Ayrshire so was seeing how progress was affecting those working the land.

“The farmer is pessimistic about progress and sees their are victims of progress. The mouse is also a victim.

“Any farmer would not really care for a mouse. He would normally stamp on it as vermin. But no, he apologises and realises the mouses steals very little grain from him.”

However, he also thinks that the mouse might have it easy, as they live in the present and don’t have any regrets from the past.

The professor added: “Burns is a poet of nature and this tells a very interesting tale of where a mouse and humanity align.”

READ MORE: Scottish experts investigate was Robert Burns bipolar

The poem aims to not feel sorry for the mouse, but for all creatures - including mankind - on earth. Whether mouse or man, your plans—however well-laid—often get messed up.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "ALISTAIR MUNRO"} ,"topImages": [ ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/breast-cancer-discovery-explains-why-treatment-doesn-t-always-work-1-4346913","id":"1.4346913","articleHeadline": "Breast cancer discovery explains why treatment doesn’t always work","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485243463000 ,"articleLead": "

Breast cancer tumours can overcome attempts to shut off their oestrogen fuel supply by making the hormone themselves, scientists have learned.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346912.1485243145!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Some breast cancer tumours can make hormones themselves. Picture: PA"} ,"articleBody": "

The discovery helps explain why some women with the disease cease responding to drugs called aromatase inhibitors that halt oestrogen production.

In a quarter of women taking these types of drugs, their tumour cells produce extra copies of genes for the aromatase enzyme which allows them to make oestrogen, a study has shown.

Researcher Dr Luca Magnani, from Imperial College London, said: “For the first time we have seen how breast cancer tumours become resistant to aromatase inhibitors.

“The treatments work by cutting off the tumour’s fuel supply – oestrogen – but the cancer adapts to this by making its own fuel supply.”

About 70 per cent of breast cancers are stimulated by oestrogen.

Another drug, tamoxifen, blocks the receptor molecules on tumour cells that allow them to respond to the hormone.

Both tamoxifen and aromatase inhibitors eventually stop working in about one in three patients and scientists are keen to find out why.

The team is now trying to develop a test that can identify patients whose cancer cells are starting to produce aromatase and oestrogen.

Dr Magnani added: “In many cases when an aromatase inhibitor stops working in a patient, doctors will try another type of aromatase inhibitor.

“However, our research suggests that if the patient’s cancer has started to make their own aromatase, this second drug would be useless. This is why we need a test to identify these patients.”

The findings are published in the journal Nature Genetics. Tumour samples were taken from 150 women whose breast cancers had returned and spread. All the women were treated at the European Institute of Oncology in Milan, Italy.

Dr Richard Berks, from the charity Breast Cancer Now, said: “This reveals a new way that the most common breast cancers can survive anti-hormone treatments.

“By producing more aromatase, breast tumours could resist treatment and return elsewhere around the body, years or even decades after the disease first appeared. Once breast cancer spreads it sadly becomes incurable and so we urgently need to tackle drug resistance.

“It is now critical we find ways to spot, at an early stage, whether a person’s breast cancer is becoming resistant to treatment so that they can be moved onto more effective options.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4346912.1485243145!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346912.1485243145!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Some breast cancer tumours can make hormones themselves. Picture: PA","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Some breast cancer tumours can make hormones themselves. Picture: PA","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4346912.1485243145!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/politics/home-secretary-rejects-proposal-for-scots-immigration-system-1-4346919","id":"1.4346919","articleHeadline": "Home Secretary rejects proposal for Scots immigration system","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485209870000 ,"articleLead": "

Amber Rudd has ruled out the possibility of Scotland having its own post-Brexit immigration system.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346918.1485209810!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Home Secretary Amber Rudd facing attack from SNP. Picture: AFP/Getty Images"} ,"articleBody": "

The Home Secretary said introducing different rules “would complicate the immigration system, harming its integrity”.

SNP MP Tommy Sheppard slammed the move as foolhardy and accused Ms Rudd of showing arrogance and complacency.

There have been growing calls in recent weeks for the government to allow Scotland to set its own immigration targets as it looks to grow its economy after the UK’s divorce from the EU. But Ms Rudd said: “Immigration remains a reserved matter and we will consider the needs of the UK as a whole. Applying different immigration rules to different parts of the UK would complicate the immigration system, harming its integrity and cause difficulties for employers who need the flexibility to deploy their staff over the UK.”

Mr Sheppard, the SNP MP for Edinburgh East, condemned the stance taken by the Home Secretary and said other countries were operating regional immigration policies.

He said during Home Office questions: “There are many large countries such as Canada and Australia which have regional variations in their immigration and visa policies to take account of diverse and complicated local economic circumstances.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Jack Maidment"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4346918.1485209810!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346918.1485209810!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Home Secretary Amber Rudd facing attack from SNP. Picture: AFP/Getty Images","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Home Secretary Amber Rudd facing attack from SNP. Picture: AFP/Getty Images","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4346918.1485209810!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/environment/wildcat-charity-announce-plans-for-new-highland-haven-1-4346880","id":"1.4346880","articleHeadline": "Wildcat charity announce plans for new Highland ‘haven’","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485208561000 ,"articleLead": "

A conservation charity dedicated to saving Scotland’s endangered wildcat from extinction has announced plans for a new “safe haven” for the species in the far north.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346879.1485208501!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The Scottish wildcat is on the brink of extinction, with the biggest threat to survival coming from hybridisation with domestic moggies. Picture: Ian Rutherford"} ,"articleBody": "

Often dubbed the Highland tiger, the UK’s only surviving native cat is on the brink of vanishing. Experts believe 300 or fewer – maybe 35 – remain.

Human persecution and habitat destruction saw it vanish from England, Wales and southern Scotland by 1880. The last few are restricted to the Highlands, but it’s feared interbreeding with domestic cats will wipe it out forever.

A government-backed initiative, Scottish Wildcat Action, was launched in 2013 in an 11th-hour attempt to safeguard the species.

Key conservation measures include vaccinating and neutering domestic and feral cats to stop inbreeding and reduce the risk of disease.

The independent charity Wildcat Haven has been working in a similar project in Ardnamurchan since 2008.

Now the charity is set to create a new 1,500-square-mile conservation zone in Caithness where wildcats can be protected from hybridisation.

It’s part of a larger long-term plan that would see the two areas linked up to created a “truly national” safe area for the species.

Work, including free neutering and microchipping, will start next month. Conservationists say collaboration with landowners and the community will be key to its success.

Project director Emily O’Donoghue, director of Wildcat Haven, believes Caithness can become a real stronghold for the remaining wildcats.

“There have always been extremely promising sightings reported in Caithness and Sutherland, but no one has ever properly surveyed it or worked there,” she said.

“We realised that the only chance any wildcats in the area had was for us to try and replicate the success we’ve had in Lochaber. We’re really excited as to what we might find.”

The scheme has received backing from staff and pupils at Thrumster Primary, near Wick, who are looking forward to getting involved.

Class teacher Lynsey Bremner said: “Giving the children the hands on experience of working with Wildcat Haven will mean that their learning is related to issues we are facing in the real world, giving it purpose.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Ilona Amos"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4346879.1485208501!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346879.1485208501!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "The Scottish wildcat is on the brink of extinction, with the biggest threat to survival coming from hybridisation with domestic moggies. Picture: Ian Rutherford","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The Scottish wildcat is on the brink of extinction, with the biggest threat to survival coming from hybridisation with domestic moggies. Picture: Ian Rutherford","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4346879.1485208501!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ {"video": {"brightcoveId":"1485200751526"} } ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/politics/crime-statistics-not-accurate-measure-of-demand-on-police-1-4346892","id":"1.4346892","articleHeadline": "Crime statistics not ‘accurate’ measure of demand on police","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485207655000 ,"articleLead": "

Police Scotland has warned MSPs that recorded crime is not an “accurate” measure of the demands facing the force.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346891.1485207594!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Police Scotland said it was dealing with more than 42,000 incidents relating to mental ill health. Picture: John Devlin"} ,"articleBody": "

Ahead of a meeting of the Scottish Parliament’s justice committee today, Police Scotland said it was dealing with more than 42,000 incidents relating to mental ill health each year and spending up to £80 million on missing persons investigations.

The Scottish Government has regularly sought to deflect criticism of its handling of policing by highlighting recorded crime statistics, which are now at their lowest level since the mid 1970s.

But in a written submission to the committee, Assistant Chief Constable Malcolm Graham said the figures failed to accurately reflect the realities on the ground.

He said: “Whilst I recognise the often devastating impact that crime has on individuals and communities, the impact of non-criminal incidents is just as evident.

“Last year Police Scotland received over 3.4 million calls and attended over 900,000 incidents. Analysis of available data indicates that only around one in five incidents resulted in a crime being recorded. Many of the most time-consuming incidents relate to concerns for persons, missing / absconded persons and dealing with sudden deaths. These calls are often linked to vulnerability and people in crisis; recorded crime alone is therefore not an accurate measure of demand on policing services.”

In November MSPs heard from the Association of of Scottish Police Superintendents that recorded crime figures did not “in any way” represent day-to-day challenges, while the Scottish Police Federation said the reliance on recorded crime as a measure of police effectiveness was “dangerously misleading”.

MSPs will also hear from the British Medical Association and Alzheimer Scotland today about partnership working with Police Scotland.

Margaret Mitchell MSP, committee convener, said: “Police time is a precious resource, and their role in keeping people safe is vitally important. However it has to be recognised that there are limits to what they can be expected to do. Justice stakeholders generally agree that improvements can be made to how public bodies and voluntary organisations work together with the police.”

A Scottish Government spokesman said: “Policing involves more than simply tackling crime and the Scottish Police Authority and Police Scotland are working on a long-term strategy for a flexible, modern and sustainable police service.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "CHRIS MARSHALL"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4346891.1485207594!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346891.1485207594!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Police Scotland said it was dealing with more than 42,000 incidents relating to mental ill health. Picture: John Devlin","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Police Scotland said it was dealing with more than 42,000 incidents relating to mental ill health. Picture: John Devlin","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4346891.1485207594!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/the-mysterious-monument-to-a-witch-called-maggie-wall-1-4346725","id":"1.4346725","articleHeadline": "The mysterious monument to a witch called Maggie Wall","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485195146000 ,"articleLead": "

It appears out of the low lying mists of the Perthshire countryside, an eerie monument said to mark the spot where witch Maggie Wall was burnt alive in 1657.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346726.1485195086!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The monument to Maggie Wall near Dunning in Perthshire. PIC Marc Curran/Creative Commons."} ,"articleBody": "

The monument, a simple cairn with a cross on top, on the outskirts of Dunning, is sometimes adorned with offerings of pennies, feathers and other trinkets, with a wreath said to be laid for Maggie on occasion.

But a mystery has always surrounded the identity of Maggie - with experts of witchcraft in Scotland doubting if she ever existed at all.

No record of Maggie Wall is contained in The Survey of Scottish Witchcraft, an online resource which charts every recorded witch trial between 1563 and 1736.

READ MORE: Scottish witchcraft records appear online

A total of 3,837 women were accused of witchcraft in Scotland between 1563 and 1736, according to research carried out by Edinburgh University. Maggie Wall is not included in the 3,212 cases where the accused’s name in known.

What is known, however, is that six other women from nearby Auchterarder, in the parish of Dunning, were arrested an accused of witchcraft in July 1662.

Three of them, Issobell McKendley, Elspeth Reid and Jonet Toyes were all strangled and burned following the trial infront of a local panel of commissioners.

Their co-accused Issobell Goold, Agnes Hutsone and Anna Law, appear to have been set free.

No mention of Maggie Wall appears.

READ MORE: The brutal witch hunts of a Scottish king

Dr Louise Yeoman, a witchcraft expert of Edinburgh University’s Scottish Studies department, who led work on the survey, earlier said there was no major spell of witch hunting around 1657, the date of Maggie Wall’s death, but that it could be the case that records of her case simply did not exist.

The survey also shows that local landowners the Rollos took part in the trials of the six Auchterarder women five years after the date given for the death of Maggie Wall.

It is on Rollo land that the monument sits.

One theorgy is that monument to Maggie may have been put up many years later by a new generation of the family in a fit of guilt about the persecutions.

Maggie Walls Wood, referring to the wooded area that once surrounded the monument, was documented from 1829 and the monument doesn’t appear on an ordnance survey map until 1866.

One further explanation earlier put forward by Dr Yeoman is that the monument was built in keeping with the fashion of Sir Walter Scott, particularly Ivanhoe, published in 1823, which involves the rescue of a woman accused of witchcraft.

Other theories have suggested that Maggie Wall was killed in retribution for local unrest over the treatment of their local minister, Reverend Muschet, who was deemed unfit to preach by Church leaders.

Back in the mid 160Os, church officials were send to Dunning to investigate parish business but were attacked by a group of local women, who beat them with sticks and ripped the cloaks off their back.

The Synod was later to pronounce the whole female sex as “wicked” with a long held story that Maggie Wall was singled out for punishment.

On the wreath said to be occasionally laid on the monument is accompanied by a card, “In memory of Maggie Wall, Burnt by the Church in the Name of Christianity.”

But the identity of Maggie Wall remains far from complete with her true story remaining largely unknown.

It has also been argued that the story of another Perthshire witch, Kate McNiven, of Monzie, said to have been burned in 1615, is a complete fabrication.

No records of her witchcraft trial or death exist but several landmarks mark her life, such as Kate McNiven’s well near Crieff.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4346726.1485195086!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346726.1485195086!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "The monument to Maggie Wall near Dunning in Perthshire. PIC Marc Curran/Creative Commons.","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The monument to Maggie Wall near Dunning in Perthshire. PIC Marc Curran/Creative Commons.","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4346726.1485195086!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/michael-fallon-questioned-over-trident-misfire-in-commons-1-4346695","id":"1.4346695","articleHeadline": "Michael Fallon questioned over Trident misfire in Commons","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485194810000 ,"articleLead": "

Defence Secretary Sir Michael Fallon has restated the Government’s confidence in the “capability and effectiveness” of the Trident nuclear deterrent following reports a missile went off course in a test launch.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346694.1485194746!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Fallon said the Trident missile system was successfully tested. Picture: PA"} ,"articleBody": "

The reports have led to claims of a “cover-up”, as MPs were not informed about the June 2016 test when they voted on the £40 billion renewal of the Trident system the following month.

Downing Street confirmed Prime Minister Theresa May was informed about the test before she addressed MPs during the renewal debate in the House of Commons.

During a TV interview this weekend, Mrs May four times ducked questions about Sunday Times reports that an unarmed Trident II D5 missile veered off course after being launched from a Royal Navy submarine off the coast of Florida.

But her official spokeswoman told reporters the PM was briefed on the “demonstration and shakedown” operation undertaken by HMS Vengeance.

“The Defence Secretary and the Prime Minister are routinely informed when one of these specific ‘demonstration and shakedown’ operations are planned and on the outcome of them,” said the spokeswoman.

“In this instance, that was in June so it was under the then prime minister (David Cameron). On taking office, the current Prime Minister was briefed on a range of nuclear issues, including this.”

The spokeswoman declined to say whether Mrs May was informed of a malfunction in the missile system, stating it was not Government policy to discuss operational details of tests in public, and telling reporters she did not anyway “accept the premise of the question”.

• READ MORE: Theresa May informed of Trident test when she became PM

“We have been clear that the submarine and the crew were successfully tested and certified,” said the spokeswoman.

“That was the purpose of the operation.”

Responding to an urgent question in the House of Commons, Sir Michael repeatedly refused to discuss details of the launch, but cautioned MPs against believing every element of press reports.

He told MPs: “Contrary to reports in the weekend press, HMS Vengeance and her crew were successfully tested and certified as ready to rejoin the operational cycle.

“We do not comment of the detail of submarine operations.”

He added: “The capability and effectiveness of the UK’s independent nuclear deterrent is not in doubt.

“The Government has absolute confidence in our deterrent and in the Royal Navy crews who protect us.”

The chairman of the Commons Defence Committee Julian Lewis said Mrs May “should probably have spoken up” about any malfunction during last July’s debate, but put the blame for any cover-up on Mr Cameron’s team.

“This test went wrong in June when it was a question for David Cameron and his team at No 10.

“They evidently decided to cover this matter up,” Dr Lewis told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Andrew Woodcock"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4346694.1485194746!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346694.1485194746!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Fallon said the Trident missile system was successfully tested. Picture: PA","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Fallon said the Trident missile system was successfully tested. Picture: PA","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4346694.1485194746!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/3-teenagers-hospitalised-after-crash-on-a713-in-ayrshire-1-4346610","id":"1.4346610","articleHeadline": "3 teenagers hospitalised after crash on A713 in Ayrshire","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485187962000 ,"articleLead": "

Three teenagers have been taken to hospital after a car came off the road in Ayrshire and ended up in a field.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346609.1485187894!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Three teenagers were injured when the car left the road. Picture: John Devlin"} ,"articleBody": "

The crash happened on the A713 Ayr to Patna Road in the early hours of Sunday.

Emergency services were called to the scene at about 2.50am, where the black Seat Ibiza had left the road.

The 17-year-old female driver and a 19-year-old male passenger were both taken to Ayr Hospital, Police Scotland said.

The man was then transferred to Queen Elizabeth University Hospital in Glasgow, where staff say he is in a serious but stable condition.

Another passenger, a 14-year-old girl, was taken to Crosshouse Hospital in Kilmarnock, where she remains in a stable condition.

Officers are asking anyone with information to contact them.

Sergeant Iain Pittams, based at Irvine, said: “I would appeal to anyone who was on the A713 in the early hours of Sunday morning and may have witnessed the crash to get in touch.

“Similarly, if anyone saw a black Seat Ibiza on the road around the time of the incident, please come forward.”

The divisional road policing unit at Irvine can be contacted on the 101 number.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Russell Jackson"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4346609.1485187894!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346609.1485187894!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Three teenagers were injured when the car left the road. Picture: John Devlin","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Three teenagers were injured when the car left the road. Picture: John Devlin","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4346609.1485187894!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/scottish-monk-accused-of-child-abuse-arrested-in-sydney-1-4346586","id":"1.4346586","articleHeadline": "Scottish monk accused of child abuse arrested in Sydney","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485187077000 ,"articleLead": "

A former Catholic monk accused of child abuse at a Scottish school has been arrested in Australia, it has been reported.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346585.1485186709!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The abuse is alleged to have taken place at Fort Augustus Abbey"} ,"articleBody": "

The BBC said Father Denis \"Chrysostom\" Alexander had been remanded in custody in Sydney pending his extradition back to Scotland to face trial.

He is one of several monks accused of abusing boys at the former Fort Augustus Abbey boarding school in the Highlands.

The Crown Office declined to comment.

Father Alexander has always denied the allegations.

In 2013, he was confronted by BBC Scotland in Sydney as part of a documentary which led to a police investigation.

He is expected to face a further hearing on Wednesday at the local court in New South Wales, where it will emerge if he will oppose the extradition or not.

" ,"byline": {"email": "newsdeskts@scotsman.com" ,"author": "Angus Howarth"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4346585.1485186709!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346585.1485186709!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "The abuse is alleged to have taken place at Fort Augustus Abbey","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The abuse is alleged to have taken place at Fort Augustus Abbey","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4346585.1485186709!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/nakedness-tattoos-and-man-buns-how-pictish-warriors-shook-up-the-enemy-1-4346510","id":"1.4346510","articleHeadline": "Nakedness, tattoos and man buns - how Pictish warriors shook up the enemy","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485183204000 ,"articleLead": "

They were positioned on the front line of battle, naked and painted with tattoos, to “taunt and fearlessly flaunt themselves” in front of the Roman enemy.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346506.1485183855!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Tattoos and nakedness were two key looks of the Pictish warrior. PIC Wikicommons"} ,"articleBody": "

Armed with spears topped with a round metal knob, the Pictish warriors were also equipped with another, more secret, weapon - the man bun.

While the male top knot has recently enjoyed a fleeting style revival, the northern tribes were using the look more than 1,300 years ago to strike unease into their enemies.

The Picts use of the hairstyle is depicted on the Collessie Man in Fife, a standing stone which dates from the 7th Century.

Elizabeth Sutherland, in her seminal book In Search of the Picts, notes how the hairstyle was documented by Tacitus, the Roman historian.

READ MORE: Why did the Picts mysteriously disappear?

In his work Germania 38, Tacitus referred to the “Suebian knot” worn by the Celto/Germanic tribe of the Suebi which was copied by others .

“The hair is twisted back so that is stands erect and is often knotted on the very crown of the head,” Tacitus said.

READ MORE: Lost dark age kingdom found in Galloway

The historian added that the hairstyle was not meant to please the ladies but to “give tribesmen extra height with which to frighten their enemies.”

Sutherland said the nakedness of the warriors gave the fighters both freedom to move during battle and an opportunity to show off the elaborate body decoration of tribes people described as the Picti, or painted people, by the Romans.

Tattooing or body painting was relatively common among people “north and north east of the civilised world,” noted Sutherland.

She added: “The custom may have lapsed during Roman times elsewhere in Europe but was retained by the Picts owing to what Thomas calls their ‘isolated conservatism’.”

How the tattooing was done is also detailed in Sutherland’s book, using accounts from the 7th Century and beforee.

A needle working with tiny punctures, together with the squeezed-out juice of native herbs were the basic tools.

Sutherland said: “The skin was pricked by bone or iron pins and rub bed with soot or herbal dyes to give it colour. Perhaps it was done with needles drawing threads under the skin to raise the flesh. It must have been an extremely painful undertaking and may possible have been combined with initiation rites.

“The primary reason for tattooing was probably to distinguish one tribal group from another in battle, as with standards carried by soldiers in another age.

“Personal pride and prestige would also have been important.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4346506.1485183855!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346506.1485183855!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Tattoos and nakedness were two key looks of the Pictish warrior. PIC Wikicommons","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Tattoos and nakedness were two key looks of the Pictish warrior. PIC Wikicommons","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4346506.1485183855!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4346507.1485183856!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346507.1485183856!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "This wooden replica of the 7th Century Collessie Man is said to depict the top knot hairstyle favoured by the Pictish warrior. The 'man bun' said to make fighters look taller to their enemy. PIC Flickr/Creative Commons.","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "This wooden replica of the 7th Century Collessie Man is said to depict the top knot hairstyle favoured by the Pictish warrior. The 'man bun' said to make fighters look taller to their enemy. PIC Flickr/Creative Commons.","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4346507.1485183856!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/glasgow-s-unbuilt-inner-ring-road-1-4341686","id":"1.4341686","articleHeadline": "Glasgow’s unbuilt Inner Ring Road","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485177102000 ,"articleLead": "

IT WAS Glasgow’s most ambitious engineering project since the introduction of the railways, cutting the city in two and providing a vital link between east and west.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4341680.1484826017!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The 'Inner Ring Road' at Port Dundas pictured in 1972. Signage displaying the Ring Road was still present well into the 1990s. Picture: Stuart Baird/www.glasgows-motorways.co.uk"} ,"articleBody": "

The history of Glasgow’s M8 can be traced back to the Bruce Report of 1945 which envisaged a rationally-planned, modern utopia encircled by a ring of dual carriageways and arterial roads splaying outwards from all four corners of the inner city.

Much of the report - including the wholesale destruction of Glasgow city centre - was ultimately shelved, but subsequent planning dossiers brought the road proposals back to life.

Constructed between 1965-72, the 2.7-mile-long route, which we now classify as part of the M8, traverses the northern districts of Townhead and St George’s Cross before darting south, carving a deep ravine through Charing Cross and Anderston then rising once more to cross the Clyde via the Kingston Bridge.

The route forms what had been intended to be the Inner Ring Road’s north and west flanks. Its completion would have resulted in untold destruction throughout Glasgow’s High Street and Merchant City, threatening historic landmarks such as Glasgow Cathedral, Provand’s Lordship and the Tolbooth Steeple.

It was not to be. The two remaining flanks of Glasgow’s Inner Ring Road, as well as a proposed motorway extension through Maryhill, were abandoned at the start of the 1980s following significant public opposition to the continuation of the works.

One of the great myths surrounding the Inner Ring Road is that large swathes of Glasgow city centre were scythed-down to build it.

According to Stuart Baird, administrator of history website Glasgow’s Motorways, this was not the case: “80% of the motorway was constructed on open, undeveloped land.

“Glasgow Corporation had already established a number of comprehensive development areas, where 95% of poorer housing had been earmarked for demolition. The fact is that districts such as Townhead and Anderston, where the motorway now runs through, would have largely disappeared anyway.”

And, despite its bad press over the years, Stuart is adamant the urban motorway has had an overwhelmingly positive impact for Glasgow: “Traffic in central Glasgow is 30% less today than it was in 1960, and a journey that would once take you 60 minutes at 5 or 6 miles per hour now takes less than 15.

“We also happen to boast one of the UK’s top retail districts outside of London thanks to the likes of Sauchiehall Street, Buchanan Street and Argyle Street being pedestrianised - that just wouldn’t have been possible without the M8.”

Few motorists, or indeed shoppers, would argue with that assessment.

However, the abandonment of the remainder of the Inner Ring Road and its various connections has left a number of “visible loose-ends”.

Just south of the Kingston Bridge at Tradeston, is one of the most famous, commonly referred to as the “ski-jump”; an incomplete junction which rises into the air before terminating abruptly. The ski-jump had been intended to link with the south section of the ring road. Instead, it hangs forlornly, waiting for a connection which will never be built.

North of the Clyde at Charing Cross, a large podium, which many mistook for an unused bridge, stood empty until the 1990s when it was finally furbished with an office block as intended.

And at Townhead, and St George’s Cross there are more dead ends; slip roads which dart off suddenly before coming to a sudden stop. In an alternate universe, the ghost road at St George’s Cross would have led to a completed Maryhill Motorway.

Finally, in the Gorbals, a short section of Lauriston Road becomes dual carriage just as it approaches the corner, mirroring the turn in the road a mile to the west where the Tradeston “ski-jump” is located. Although the dual carriageway was added much later than the 1970s, it is likely that this land had been set aside in preparation to meet the ring road’s south flank.

Speaking of which, many would now argue the requirement for such a road has now been fulfilled.

In 2011 the £700 million M74 extension, bridging the 5 mile gap between Hamilton and the M8 at Tradeston was completed. Taking in much of south east Glasgow and bypassing the Gorbals and Eglinton Toll, the M74 extension performs a similar function to the proposed south section of the Inner Ring Road, albeit located slightly further south.

All that’s missing now is the Inner Ring Road’s east flank - but don’t hold your breath.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4341680.1484826017!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4341680.1484826017!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "The 'Inner Ring Road' at Port Dundas pictured in 1972. Signage displaying the Ring Road was still present well into the 1990s. Picture: Stuart Baird/www.glasgows-motorways.co.uk","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The 'Inner Ring Road' at Port Dundas pictured in 1972. Signage displaying the Ring Road was still present well into the 1990s. Picture: Stuart Baird/www.glasgows-motorways.co.uk","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4341680.1484826017!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4341681.1484826019!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4341681.1484826019!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Sketch showing the Inner Ring Road at Anderston. Picture: Contributed.","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Sketch showing the Inner Ring Road at Anderston. Picture: Contributed.","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4341681.1484826019!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} , {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4341682.1484826023!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4341682.1484826023!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "The infamous "ski-jump" at Tradeston. Picture: TSPL","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The infamous "ski-jump" at Tradeston. Picture: TSPL","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4341682.1484826023!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} , {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4341683.1484826027!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4341683.1484826027!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "The Charing Cross podium pictured in March 1983. Picture: TSPL","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The Charing Cross podium pictured in March 1983. Picture: TSPL","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4341683.1484826027!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} , {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4341684.1484826029!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4341684.1484826029!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Townhead 'stub'. Picture: Google Maps","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Townhead 'stub'. Picture: Google Maps","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4341684.1484826029!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} , {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4341685.1484826030!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4341685.1484826030!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "The incomplete road to Maryhill. Picture: Google Maps","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The incomplete road to Maryhill. Picture: Google Maps","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4341685.1484826030!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/join-the-people-in-purple-to-race-against-dementia-1-4346282","id":"1.4346282","articleHeadline": "Join the people in purple to race against dementia","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485173513000 ,"articleLead": "

Before Caroline Frost died last year she battled dementia for 12 years. Now her daughter is spearheading a national campaign aimed at ensuring that no-one faces the disease alone.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346281.1485173455!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Michelle McKee to run in memory of mother. Picture: Contributed"} ,"articleBody": "

Michelle McKee, 34, an amateur runner from Paisley, has challenged herself to the Stirling Marathon and has her sights set on completing her first London Marathon in 2017 as part of her new year resolutions, all in memory of her mother.

As well as taking on the role as Alzheimer Scotland’s campaign champion runner, Michelle hopes to inspire an army of fund-raisers to don the purple Alzheimer Scotland running vest and raise money for dementia research and improving existing services for the 90,000 people in Scotland with the disease.

McKee said: “My beautiful mum passed away in November and at her funeral our family all wore the new Alzheimer Scotland tartan.

READ MORE: Search on for most entrepreneurially-minded Scot

“I began competing in races to raise funds for Alzheimer Scotland, the most recent being the Edinburgh Marathon.

“The support before and during the race was incredible. Everyone wearing the Alzheimer Scotland purple T-shirt on the day either high-fived me, ran next to me, shouted words of encouragement or even hugged me.

“My ultimate dream would be to see a sea of purple at every event I attend in the future, to be part of a colossal team, a purple army for Alzheimer Scotland.

“I used to run for me, now I run for my mum and everyone who has been affected by this illness, no matter how small. I exhale the grief and inhale the love I have for her.”

With research suggesting that one person in the world develops dementia every three seconds, Michelle is kickstarting 2017 by challenging herself to the ultimate running event, the London Marathon, in memory of her mother.

Members of the public can join Michelle and thousands of challengers to help turn their new year’s resolution into action by registering for a sporting event no matter how large or small today.

Anna Devine, director of fund-raising and marketing at Alzheimer Scotland, said: “Dementia is now Scotland’s biggest health and social care crisis, whilst there’s no cure, we can still do something as a nation to challenge dementia together by getting active with friends, family and colleagues, to help us make sure nobody faces dementia alone.

READ MORE: Deaf sailor who rescued yachtsman beats Olympic heroes to award

“We need the support of the nation to help us raise up to £105,000 every week for the people and projects we support throughout Scotland.

“We really can’t do this without you. So in 2017 we’re inviting you to join our challenge and help us raise funds by getting active and having fun in the process.

“Join Michelle and let’s spread the Alzheimer Scotland colour purple far and wide at Scotland’s

biggest sporting events this year. Let’s make a difference together.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "ALISTAIR MUNRO"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4346281.1485173455!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346281.1485173455!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Michelle McKee to run in memory of mother. Picture: Contributed","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Michelle McKee to run in memory of mother. Picture: Contributed","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4346281.1485173455!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/everything-you-need-to-know-about-robert-burns-1-4346227","id":"1.4346227","articleHeadline": "Everything you need to know about Robert Burns","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485170638000 ,"articleLead": "

HIS WORK is admired and recognised the world over, but Scotland’s ‘ploughman’s poet’ has his parents to thank.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346226.1485170580!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Robert Burns Cottage, Alloway, Ayrshire. Picture: Christopher Furlong"} ,"articleBody": "

Robert Burns entered the world on 25 January 1759, the first of seven children to parents William Burnes and Agnes Broun.

They family lived in a small cottage built by Robert’s father, on the banks of the River Doon in Alloway, just two miles south of Ayr.

Both William and Agnes are credited equally with helping to shape their son’s future path. 

Robert’s love for poetry came from his mother. Agnes couldn’t read or write but that didn’t stop her from singing traditional folk songs and love ballds to her son, something she did often. 

William, a tenant farmer of modest education, taught his children how to read and write and paid for Robert’s tuition. 

Agnes instilled into her son the passion for song and William provided him with the means of communicating his thoughts and emotions to the wider world. 

Young Rabbie could not have asked for a better parentage. 

At the age of 15 Robert composed his first song ‘Handsome Nell’ for Nellie Kilpatrick, a young girl who he formed a close bond with while working the harvest. The song’s message of unspoken love would feature prominently throughout Burns’ career.

As a young adult, Burns toiled hard on the family farm, but incredibly still managed to muster up the energy required to create works of lyrical genius.

In the early 1780s Robert moves to Irvine in North Ayrshire to learn flax-dressing. It is recorded that William Burnes was a Jacobite sympathizer, and some of this radical spirit must have rubbed off on his eldest son, for upon arriving in Irvine Robert Burns becomes a freemason. His political leanings will influence many of his greatest works for years to come.

Rabbie’s passion for creating beautiful poetry grows by the day. By the end of his life he will have authored close to 350 songs – most of which will be published without fee.

But Burns was as passionate about wine and women as he was about song.

In 1784 he meets Jean Armour. They would eventually marry and start a family together, but not before Robert fathers his first children with his mother’s servant Elizabeth Paton, and engages in a string of flings with the likes of Margaret Campbell, AKA ‘Highland Mary’ and Agnes McElhose, AKA ‘Clarinda’.

At age 27 Burns’ first official work ‘Poems, chiefly in the Scottish dialect’ is published. It sells out in a matter of weeks.

Despite inheriting the family farm following his father’s death in 1784, Robert experiences severe financial difficulties. This, and a growing list of personal scandals, leads Burns to seriously consider emigrating to the West Indies to work as a bookkeeper on a plantation, but instead he is persuaded to stay and makes his way to Edinburgh in a bid to develop his career and publish more of his work.

It turns out well for him, and by 1787 he has published his second edition of poems. Burns is now regarded as one of the finest poets in the country, and he hasn’t even turned 30 yet.

A year later Burns, having spent much of his poetry earnings, decides to return to farming and takes a lease on a farm at Ellisland near Dumfries. However, the venture fails and Burns becomes a full-time exciseman in 1791 in order to support his growing family.

While in Dumfriesshire, Burns writes a number of his most exceptional and well-known works, such as Auld Lang Syne, Tam O’Shanter, and Ae Fond Kiss.

Burns died aged just 37 in 1896 having contracted rheumatic fever after falling asleep at the roadside in pouring rain. His youngest son Maxwell is born on the day of his funeral.

In 1815 Burns remains are relocated to a lavishly-built mausoleum. His mother, Agnes Broun, who lived to the ripe old age of 88, is reported to have remarked: “Ah, Robbie, ye asked them for bread and they hae gi’en ye a stane”. 

Key dates 

1759 – Born in Alloway, Ayrshire 

1774 – Writes first song ‘Handsome Nell’ 

1781 – Burns relocates to Irvine in North Ayrshire to learn flax-dressing. Later that year he becomes a freemason 

1784 – William Burnes, Robert’s father dies aged 62 and the family move to Mossgiel farm near Mauchline 

1784 – Family drops the ‘e’ from their surname and Robert meets love interest Jean Armour 

1785 – Burns’ first child, Elizabeth Paton Burns, is born to his mother’s servant Elizabeth Paton 

1785 – Embarks on an affair with Margaret Campbell, AKA Highland Mary. She dies of typhus the following year 

1785 – Pens ‘To a Mouse’ 

1786 – Burns’ first official work ‘Poems, chiefly in the Scottish dialect’ is published. It sells out almost immediately 

1786 – Jean Armour gives birth to twins, Robert and Jean. They go on to have 9 children together, but only 3 survive infancy 

1786 – Burns experiences financial difficulties and considers emigrating to Jamaica to work as a bookkeeper on a slave plantation, but moves to Edinburgh instead to focus on publishing a new collection of his poems 

1787 – Burns’ second edition of poems is published in Edinburgh 

1787 – Becomes a father again, this time with Edinburgh servant May Cameron 

1787 – Meets Agnes McLehose, AKA Clarinda 

1788 – Marries Jean Armour

1788 – Moves with Jean to Ellisland near Dumfries to take a lease on a farm

1788 – Jean Armour gives birth to twin girls

1788 – Burns has an affair with Janet Clow, a domestic servant, who gives birth to a boy, Robert Burns Clow

1789 – Jean Armour gives birth to another daughter, Francis Wallace Burns

1790 – Writes Tam O’Shanter

1791 – Moves to Dumfries to become a full-time exciseman

1791 – Writes Ae Fond Kiss

1791-1794 – Fathers four more children, Elizabeth to Ann Park, and William, Elizabeth Riddell, and James Glencairn Burns to Jean Armour

1796 – Dies aged 37 in Dumfries

1796 – Jean gives birth to their youngest son Maxwell Burns during Robert’s funeral

1815 – Burns’ remains are moved to a mausoleum

Key facts

Robert began signing his name Burns in 1786 following his father’s death. Prior to this the spelling had been ‘Burnes’ or ‘Burness’.

Burns was a radical thinker and a freemason who supported the ideas behind the French Revolution

John Steinbeck’s 1937 novel ‘Of Mice and Men’ was inspired by a line in the Burns’ poem ‘To a Mouse’.

Despite his success as a poet, Burns died penniless and had debts of £14

Burns’ first cousin was Captain Alexander Allan, the Ayrshire-born sea captain who foudned the Allan Shipping Line - one of the largest shipping lines of the 19th century.

Michael Jackson’s 1983 hit Thriller was inspired by Tam O’Shanter

There are more statues of Burns worldwide than any person living or dead save for Christopher Columbus, Queen Victoria and religious figures

Bob Dylan revealed in 2008 that the work of Burns is the source of one of his greatest creative inspirations

It is possible to visit a full-scale replica of Robert Burn’s birthplace, Burns Cottage, in the US city of Atlanta

Clubs dedicated to the legacy of Burns can be found all over the world. The first, The Mother’s Club, was founded in Greenock in 1801, however, they incorrectly celebrated their first Burns Supper on January 29th, having confused Robert Burns’ date of birth

Tommy Hilfiger claims to be a direct descendant of Robert Burns

The Bard was the first person to ever feature on a commemorative bottle of Coca Cola

Burns’ poetry was brought into space in 2010 by astronaut Nick Partin

The melody from the Burns song ‘Coming Through The Rye is used at Japanese pedestrian crossings to indicate that it is safe to cross

Abraham Lincoln was a great admirer of Burns and could recite his work by heart

Burns was a father to 13 children. His wife Jean Armour gave birth to 9, though only 3 survived beyond infancy

He never met his youngest child - Maxwell Burns was born on the day of his funeral in 1796

Auld Lang Syne is sang across the world on New Year’s Eve and has appeared in nearly 200 Hollywood films. It is also considered the third most popular song in the English language

A film about the life of Robert Burns starring Gerard Butler has been on hold for almost a decade

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "DAVID MCLEAN"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4346226.1485170580!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346226.1485170580!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Robert Burns Cottage, Alloway, Ayrshire. Picture: Christopher Furlong","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Robert Burns Cottage, Alloway, Ayrshire. Picture: Christopher Furlong","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4346226.1485170580!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/how-robert-burns-died-and-his-legacy-examined-1-4346110","id":"1.4346110","articleHeadline": "How Robert Burns died and his legacy examined","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485165039000 ,"articleLead": "

HE WAS the humble ploughman’s son whose ability to capture the Zeitgeist of 18th century Scotland through the medium of poetry and song carved a legacy which continues to shine bright two centuries on.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346109.1485164982!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Burns' legacy lives on"} ,"articleBody": "

Burns’ legacy lives strong - and not just here in Scotland.

Every 25th of January - the Bard’s birthday - an increasing number of people both home and abroad take part in the celebrated Burns Supper, to enjoy haggis, whisky, and recitals of his work.

Centred around universal themes of nature and romance, his lyrics offer a timeless appeal which continue to resonate the world over.

His poem ‘Auld Land Syne’, which is famously sung around the globe on New Year’s Eve, is recognised by the Guinness Book of World Records as the third most popular song in the English language behind ‘Happy Birthday’ and ‘For he’s a jolly good fellow’.

We’ve erected countless statues in his honour - Excluding religious figures Burns has more statues around the world than any figure living or dead save for Christopher Columbus and Queen Victoria.

And icons past and present from Michael Jackson and Abraham Lincoln to John Steinbeck and Bob Dylan have cited him as a huge influence. Dylan, in particular, described Burns in 2008 as his greatest inspiration.

The national coffers benefit too, with Burns contributing over £100 million to the Scottish economy every year.

Scotland owes the Bard a huge debt, but the great irony is that Robert Burns died owing money - £14 to be precise.

And despite his fame, we still don’t appear to agree on exactly what caused his death.

The popular theory goes that Burns died from rheumatism having been found by the roadside in the freezing, pouring rain after a heavy drinking session.

Burns’ reputation as a hard drinker would be hard to contest but the truth is that the poet had been seriously ill and for a long time.

He passed away at the age of just 37 on 21 July 1796, but had been suffering for at least five years before that.

In his 2008 book, ‘Robert Burns the Patriot Bard’, Patrick Scott Hogg claims that during the autumn of 1791 things were so desperate that Burns’ doctor came to visit him 5 times in one week. Robert was complaining of painful joints and fever - the early signals of rheumatism.

Within a few years Burns could barely get around without assistance. He was essentially an invalid, and while it’s true that he was no stranger to a glass of port, by 1796 trips to the local pub would have been out of the question.

According to Stewart Cameron of the Halifax Burns Club, the link with alcohol should be ruled out once and for all:

“Numerous authors have dutifully attributed Burns’ death to the effects of alcohol.

“Burns had certainly made himself unpopular for some of his libertine behaviour and revolutionary political views and there was likely no shortage of people willing to propagate the idea that he was ruined by drink. 

“It is clear that Burns liked alcohol and was inebriated on numerous occasions. However, it is false to suggest that his drinking contributed to his demise. The symptoms strongly suggest he had terminal heart failure from bacterial endocarditis, as a complication of rheumatic fever.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "DAVID MCLEAN"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4346109.1485164982!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4346109.1485164982!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Burns' legacy lives on","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Burns' legacy lives on","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4346109.1485164982!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/business/companies/farming/scottish-fishermen-fear-brexit-bonanza-will-slip-through-the-net-1-4345464","id":"1.4345464","articleHeadline": "Scottish fishermen fear Brexit bonanza will slip through the net","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485098419000 ,"articleLead": "

It’s been like a noose tightening around our necks for years,” says John Buchan, “and now we’re going to be free of it.”

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345730.1485098356!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Trawler men unload their catch at Peterhead fish market.. Picture: Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images"} ,"articleBody": "

The Scottish Government’s version of events may be that the decision of the United Kingdom to leave the European Union spells economic catastrophe, but Buchan believes otherwise. For him, and others in Scotland’s fishing industry, Brexit means the opportunity to breathe new life into a business that generates sales of half a billion pounds a year but has been under constant pressure since Britain’s entrance into the European Economic Community in 1973.

Buchan, the skipper of the Atlantic Challenger based in Peterhead, first went to sea in 1972, and says European regulations have been a source of problems for the Scottish fishing industry throughout his career.

“We lost control over who could fish our waters and how much they could take. It’s been tough for the industry. My whole life in fishing has been dictated by the Common Fisheries Policy,” says the 62-year-old. He is unequivocal in his view of the CFP, which regulates the fishing of the UK’s coastal waters, including much of the North Sea. “I detest it,” he says.

Buchan, whose son, John Alexander, has taken over the day-to-day running of the Atlantic Challenger, is far from a unique voice on this matter. While others may have issued dire warnings about the impact of Brexit on the economy, Scotland’s fishermen believe that the result of last June’s referendum will help them sustain and grow their industry. Industry leaders speak enthusiastically about the future for the 5,000 Scots whose livelihoods depend on fishing the North Sea.

After Brexit, international law will fundamentally change maritime governance of the waters around the UK. It will become a Coastal State with rights and responsibilities for harvesting the sea in an Exclusive Economic Zone, just as Norway now does.

Bertie Armstrong, chief executive of the Scottish Fishermen’s Federation, says this return of control to the UK is “no small matter”.

“When we joined the EEC, our waters were turned over to everybody, reflecting the reality of membership. Brexit will change that.”

At present, 58 per cent of EU catches in UK waters is taken by non-UK EU nations under the CFP arrangement of common access. The Federation’s position is clear that the rebalancing of fishing rights in favour of the UK must follow Brexit.

To Armstrong and his members, the CFP is “a remote and flawed system characterised by unacceptable compromises”. Brexit, he says, will mean a new fisheries management system tailored for the needs of UK boats working in the North Sea.

Armstrong says the industry has been squeezed by the CFP. It’s not, he says, that the industry is opposed to rules or regulation but that the policy has become so unwieldy as to be unworkable and that it severely limits the amount of fishing UK crews can do.

Armstrong points to Norway – outside the EU and responsible for its own fishing policies – as a model to aspire to. “Like Norway, we could become a world leader. With Brexit, the governance of the ocean will change at a stroke and prevent a completely unbalanced amount of this natural resource being given away.”

Armstrong doesn’t envisage a Klondike-style free-for-all, but a new fit-for-purpose system for the management of the seas around the UK. Brexit presents, he says, “an incredible opportunity”.

The additional resources that can be generated by striking deals for access to UK waters will, says the Federation, mean great investment in fishing fleets, with subsequent returns for the communities that support them.

“These fundamentally beneficial changes, if handled well, have the potential to put the UK once again at the centre of world sustainable seafood production,” says Armstrong,

Mike Park, chief executive of the Scottish White Fish Producers Association, shares Armstrong’s optimism.

Park says: “There was unanimous support for Brexit across the industry. We have lived under the tyranny of bad legislation for a long time.”

But not only has Brexit created a sense of liberation, it has focused the minds of industry leaders on what they are certain will be a brighter future for fishing. Central to that more prosperous era will be a rise in the weight of fish skippers are permitted to catch.

Park points out that last year, French boats landed almost 25,000 tons of fish in UK waters and German vessels took more than 10,000 tons, while Scottish boats landed just 8,000 tons.

“Once we come out of the CFP, we will have control of access. We’ll have a bigger share of the catch and we’ll create the potential for growth. We’ll be in a strong position for negotiation rather than having out quotas dictated.”

First Minister Nicola Sturgeon last week reiterated her determination that Scotland should retain its membership of the European single market, even after the UK leaves the EU.

Park is adamant that concessions on control of UK waters must not be part of either Scottish or UK government negotiations over Brexit. “We cannot remain part of the single market if membership of the CFP is part of that negotiation.”

This is also the firm position of Armstrong and the Federation.

“The central issue for UK fisheries is recovery of the right to control access to our own renewable natural resource; there must be no trading away of access to this for non-fishery reasons in Brexit negotiations.

“Securing the UK’s status as a Coastal State with full control of resources and access is the aim of Brexit for fisheries. We are blessed with a world class natural resource which, if properly secured and managed, will be a renewable national asset in perpetuity.”

Park speaks of the frustration skippers feel about the level of bureaucracy that has crept into their industry.

He says: “There are 1,122 regulations associated with the CFP, which is considerably more than in any other topic area. If you need that amount of regulation then something is wrong.

“To put that into perspective, there are only 91 regulations when it comes to freedom of movement for workers and social policy.

“After Brexit, some regulations will naturally fall – the industry already knows what bits do not fit. Drawing up a new model for how waters will be controlled is an ongoing process – we will have a policy ready for the UK’s exit from the EU.”

Simon Collins of the Shetland Fishermen’s Association shares that disdain for the heavy regulation under which skippers must currently operate.

“Even when there is consensus that something is wrong, the system is so big that you cannot easily change things. You could have a great idea with widespread support and it would take ten years to implement. Without the CFP we can be much more reactive.”

And Collins adds that, during any Brexit negotiations, the surrender of any control over UK waters would be unacceptable to his members.

“A negotiation over single market access that saw us remain part of the CFP would be the worst possible outcome. That’s a red line matter for us. We’re immovable on it.

“Right now we want to secure that headline position that we are not going to surrender access to waters as part of any Brexit deal. It is so important that we retain control.”

But control of UK waters doesn’t mean the exclusion of boats from other nations, adds Collins.

“We are not saying that nobody else can come in and fish but that they must give something in return.

“We could roughly double what we take now, and have negotiations, year to year, with others who want to fish our waters.”

Collins concedes that the result of the EU referendum took the fishing industry by surprise.

“We didn’t expect the leave campaign to win and we didn’t appreciate how big the prize was.

“But the truth is that had the UK voted to remain then the future would have been bleak. The CFP contains reforms that would have bankrupted some skippers. Life was a grind for fishermen who have been dealing with some rules that were lethal to their businesses. We’ve been engaged constantly in trying to limit the damage coming from Brussels.”

The SNP has long styled itself the champion of the fishing industry. The party enjoys strong support in many fishing communities and senior figures appear to believe they must now ensure that the CFP is ditched for good.

One SNP MSP said: “Obviously, we want to strike a deal where we retain access to the single market but we can’t lose sight of how important the fishing industry is, not just to Scotland but to us as a party.

“We’ve been the champions of the industry for a long time and there’s no way we can squander that with some kind of deal that upsets fishermen.

“If the UK had voted to remain then this would not have been an issue. As it is, it’s become quite a delicate matter. The industry wanted a Leave vote and they got their wish. That being so, we would be crazy to sell them out.”

So long as political support remains resolute, the future for the Scottish fishing industry would appear to be brighter than it has been for a long time.

John Buchan, preparing on Friday to return from the North Sea to Peterhead, certainly thinks so.

“Brexit is the result the industry needed,” he says. “It’s the opportunity of a lifetime.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Euan McColm"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4345730.1485098356!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345730.1485098356!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Trawler men unload their catch at Peterhead fish market.. Picture: Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Trawler men unload their catch at Peterhead fish market.. Picture: Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4345730.1485098356!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4345731.1485098359!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345731.1485098359!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Buyers at Peterhead fish market. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Buyers at Peterhead fish market. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4345731.1485098359!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/politics/food-sector-faces-terrifying-tariffs-after-hard-brexit-1-4345486","id":"1.4345486","articleHeadline": "Food sector faces ‘terrifying’ tariffs after hard Brexit","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485096336000 ,"articleLead": "

Scotland’s food sector has called the prospect of a hard Brexit “terrifying” and has urged the UK government not to walk away from EU negotiations table without a trade deal.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345706.1485096265!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "British Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union (Brexit Minister) David Davis Picture: Getty Images"} ,"articleBody": "

Scottish exports of red meat worth hundreds of millions of pounds could be “close to wiped out” unless new trading terms are in place on the day the UK leaves the EU, industry leaders warned, along with the prospect of beef and lamb prices plummeting.

Theresa May last week confirmed that the UK would abandon membership of the EU single market and seek to negotiate tariff-free access to the trading bloc instead.

However, she warned EU leaders that “no deal is better than a bad deal”, threatening to walk out of talks unless the UK is given the right terms.

Such a move would see exports fall under WTO trade rules, with highest the tariffs imposed on the food sector. Yesterday industry leaders warned the charges would make exports of many Scottish staples uneconomic and damage the livelihoods of thousands working in farming and agriculture.

Scotland exports around £1bn worth of food each year, four-fifths of which goes to other EU countries.

James Withers, the chief executive of food industry membership body Scotland Food & Drink, said there would be opportunities to export Scottish produce to new markets after Brexit, but warned the imposition of WTO tariffs would be a “major shock” to farmers and food businesses.

“We are massively reliant on the EU market, so continued tariff-free access is absolutely critical to the Scottish economy, and for the food and drink industry,” said Withers.

WTO tariffs on food products are high in order to protect domestic producers and ensure quality standards are kept.

However, under a hard Brexit, UK farmers exporting to Europe could face punishing tariffs despite continuing to meet the same strict rules.

Skimmed milk exported into the EU from outside the single market attracts a tariff of 74 per cent, while butter is slapped with a 63 per cent tariff and cheddar an additional 43 per cent. A tariff of 53 per cent is levied on wheat exports.

Red meat attracts the highest tariffs of all, with charges on frozen beef carcasses reaching 160 per cent of their value.

“At those kinds of prices, it’s difficult to see many European customers being up for trade with the UK,” said Withers.

He cited a working paper by economists at Trinity College Dublin which paints a bleak picture for food producers if the government fails to secure a trade deal or a transition towards one that takes effect the moment the UK leaves the EU.

The paper, published by the Economic and Social Research Institute in Dublin, warns that trade in some food products “comes close to being wiped out” under modelling of the potential impact of WTO tariffs.

Exports of red meat and cereals could be expected to fall by 90 per cent, according to economists Martina Lawless and Edgar Morgenroth.

Overall, UK exports could fall by just under 10 per cent, but food would be the hardest hit. The impact could be even more dramatic as the research assumed the UK would remain a full member of the EU customs union – something which was also ruled out last week, meaning produce could face additional trade barriers and customs checks.

Withers said the paper, which is being independently reviewed for publication in an academic journal, made for “terrifying reading”.

“No deal is a bad deal for the Scottish food industry,” he said. “Over the next 18 months to two years, as well as being about extricating ourselves from 50 years of European ties, there has to be a twin-track approach to getting a new trade deal.” He added that a new tariff-free relationship had to be in place “on the day we leave”, saying: “We really can’t afford any period where we might have to default to WTO trade rules.”

Warnings have also been issued by other bodies representing UK farmers about the likely impact of the hardest form of Brexit.

The UK Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board has warned there would need to be a “massive increase in demand” for heavily exported produce such as lamb to sustain current levels of production, while the NFU Scotland has described the imposition of WTO tariffs as the “most damaging scenario for the profitability of British and Scottish agriculture”.

Recalling the impact on lamb producers from the 2001 foot and mouth outbreak, which saw an export ban imposed, Withers said: “We’ve seen before when we’ve been locked out of export markets, it has a catastrophic impact on the sector. You end up with your whole market saturated. Prices can plummet.”

Farming leaders are fearful of the impact of losing out on lucrative subsidies from the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) which results in about £2.1bn in direct subsidies and £600m in rural development payments. The direct payments made up 55 per cent of farmers’ incomes last year across the UK and are calculated on a flat rate per acre, conditional on fulfilling environmental obligations. Some farmers have called for protectionism, including tariffs, for UK produce. But others feel improved labelling and educating children about farming from a young age is the better approach.

Responding to May’s speech, the chief Brexit negotiator for the European Parliament, Guy Verhofstadt, warned it was “an illusion to suggest that the UK will be permitted to leave the EU but then be free to opt back into the best parts of the European project, for instance by asking for zero tariffs from the single market without accepting the obligations that come with it”.

Britain’s Brexit Secretary, David Davis, said the government will “seek the broadest possible access to it through a comprehensive free trade agreement with the EU.”

He said the UK wanted the “most open possible market with the European Union” that allows trade to continue in “as barrier-free a way as possible” after Brexit, he told MPs last week following the Prime Minister’s speech.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Paris Gourtsoyannis"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4345706.1485096265!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345706.1485096265!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "British Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union (Brexit Minister) David Davis Picture: Getty Images","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "British Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union (Brexit Minister) David Davis Picture: Getty Images","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4345706.1485096265!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4345707.1485096270!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345707.1485096270!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "James Withers, chief executive of Scotland Food and Drink. Picture: Phil Wilkinson/TSPL","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "James Withers, chief executive of Scotland Food and Drink. Picture: Phil Wilkinson/TSPL","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4345707.1485096270!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} , {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4345708.1485096278!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345708.1485096278!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "AYR, SCOTLAND - OCTOBER 27: Beef cattle wait to be sold at an auction in Ayr. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "AYR, SCOTLAND - OCTOBER 27: Beef cattle wait to be sold at an auction in Ayr. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4345708.1485096278!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/bradley-welsh-given-sauna-boss-role-in-new-trainspotting-t2-film-1-4345144","id":"1.4345144","articleHeadline": "Bradley Welsh given sauna boss role in new Trainspotting (T2) film","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485079154000 ,"articleLead": "

BOXING gym boss Bradley Welsh takes his big screen bow in T2 Trainspotting on Sunday – but it was very nearly the film debut that never happened.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345143.1485015914!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Bradley Walsh. Picture: TSPL"} ,"articleBody": "

Asked to audition by director Danny Boyle, Bradley admits to “messing up” his big break after getting overexcited.

But he seized a second chance after a party chat to join stars Ewan McGregor and Jonny Lee Miller on the red carpet at tomorrow’s world premiere.

Former boxer Bradley was introduced to Boyle by writer and friend Irvine Welsh during a Guinness World Record bid for charity at his Holyrood Boxing Gym in 2014.

He offered to help-out with sets around Edinburgh – only to soon find his way in front of the camera.

“Originally I was only meant to be in a boxing scene but then Danny asked me to try for another part,” says Bradley, 43.

“I was given the script 30 minutes before and then told to read it in front of Danny and a camera,” he adds, of auditions in Bathgate. “I messed up – on reflection I was too excited.”

But then a chat with the Oscar-winning director at a party a week later led to Bradley sending in a showreel. 
“I told him I messed up and he agreed. I asked him if I could send a showreel and he told me to do it straight away – two days later he sent it back saying I got the part.

“He’s a very, very special man,” says Bradley of Boyle. “Not because he’s a big movie director but because of the way he is with normal people – he makes everyone feel involved.”

Bradley was keeping details of his role – which involved six days filming – under wraps but a preview clip shows him playing an Edinburgh sauna kingpin.

“I’m no shrinking violet and my experiences are coming from the streets of Edinburgh,” says Bradley.

In one scene, Slumdog Millionaire director Boyle had to lay down the law as Bradley tried some ad lib.

“I was saying to him, how about I say this, or how about I say that,” says Bradley.

“He turned to me and said, ‘yes, that’s good, and when you write your own script, you can put that in’.”

Joining Bradley at tomorrow’s premiere will be fiancée Emma, 30, while six-year-old daughter Tiger Eva will have to wait to watch dad’s screen debut in an 18 certificate film.

“She’s excited and keeps saying daddy’s in a movie.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4345143.1485015914!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345143.1485015914!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Bradley Walsh. Picture: TSPL","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Bradley Walsh. Picture: TSPL","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4345143.1485015914!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/scots-donations-saving-lives-in-freezing-balkans-1-4345320","id":"1.4345320","articleHeadline": "Scots donations saving lives in freezing Balkans","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485075582000 ,"articleLead": "

Aid from a Scottish charity has saved the lives of refugees living on the streets in freezing conditions in the Balkans, a volunteer has said.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345319.1485075523!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Migrants warm themselves by the fire outside of derelict brickyard in Subotica, Serbia. Homeless refugees face a desperate battle against freezing temperatures in the Balkans. Photograph: Srdjan Stevanovic/Getty"} ,"articleBody": "

Re-Act, a grassroots organisation set up in Edinburgh more than a year ago in reaction to the refugee crisis in Europe, has sent emergency aid to Serbia, where refugees are enduring temperatures as low as minus 20C with little more than a blanket.

Martin Nolan, who headed to the north of the country as an independent volunteer last week, put out a call for supplies to help keep refugees warm and was given help from the Edinburgh-based charity to buy sleeping bags, items of winter clothing and money for essential supplies.

He said: “After starting a very panicked fundraiser to purchase food stuffs for distribution while I was down there, Re-Act stepped up to the plate yet again. With the donation from Re-Act, I was able to purchase even more ex-military Arctic-grade sleeping bags and a large quantity of thermal hats, scarves and gloves.”

Nolan, an army veteran, told how he had made contact with a local family working to help refugees and had been taken to a group – including six children, the youngest aged seven, living in a disused school.

He said: “We gave out most of our sleeping bags to them and ensured that they each have a thermal hat and gloves. The blankets they had were as good as useless and the only benefit they were giving, if any, was one of psychological value with the idea that if they were wrapped up in them then they could ‘think’ that they were warmer.

“The school has been stripped of anything even remotely useful and anything that could burn has already been used on their makeshift fires which, crazily, they had lit in the centre of the room that most of them are occupying.”

After creating makeshift stoves to allow the refugees to cook, Nolan put out a call for help on Facebook for donations to be able to buy pots and pans to replace old tin cans which had previously held chemicals – and was answered by Re-Act.

He said: “On the open fires that they have been using they have been trying to boil water in old tin cans – many of which originally held chemicals of one description or another and pose unbelievable risks to their health – not to mention the burns that they have inflicted upon themselves by trying to pick up a very thin tin full of scolding water with fingers they can barely feel and that are very close to getting frost-bitten.”

He added: “With the provision of decent cooking pots with bottoms thick enough to withstand the extreme heat of these stoves, and hot water bottles to tuck inside their new ‘Gucci’ sleeping bags – I am certain we are providing a better chance of survival than any other form of aid which they are likely to be given this winter.”

He added: “The refugees receiving these life-saving gifts are incredibly grateful, but at this point they only know that some people, somewhere in the UK (I will try to explain about that funny place at the top called Scotland) care enough about them to try and make a difference. That in itself is amazing.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "JANE BRADLEY
"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4345319.1485075523!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345319.1485075523!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Migrants warm themselves by the fire outside of derelict brickyard in Subotica, Serbia. Homeless refugees face a desperate battle against freezing temperatures in the Balkans. Photograph: Srdjan Stevanovic/Getty","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Migrants warm themselves by the fire outside of derelict brickyard in Subotica, Serbia. Homeless refugees face a desperate battle against freezing temperatures in the Balkans. Photograph: Srdjan Stevanovic/Getty","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4345319.1485075523!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/future-scotland/tech/grand-theft-auto-mastermind-leslie-benzies-launches-new-companies-1-4345247","id":"1.4345247","articleHeadline": "Grand Theft Auto mastermind Leslie Benzies launches new companies","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485041100000 ,"articleLead": "

The Scot who helmed the firm behind one of the world’s best-selling video game series has set up a series of new companies amid an acrimonious legal battle with his former employer.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345246.1485019495!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Leslie Benzies produced eight titles in the critically acclaimed Grand Theft Auto series of video games before acrimoniously departing Rockstar North. Photograph: Stephen Butler/REX/Shutterstock"} ,"articleBody": "

Leslie Benzies, former president of Rockstar North, the studio which produced the acclaimed Grand Theft Auto franchise, looks set to branch out on his own after incorporating several new firms.

In what could represent a major boost for the Scottish gaming sector, the new companies are all registered in the capital.

The Bafta-winning producer is embroiled in a financial dispute with Rockstar North and its US parent company, game publisher Take Two Interactive.

Benzies has claimed he was effectively forced out of Rockstar last year and sued his ex-employers for £105 million. However, the publisher dismissed the allegations and launched a counter-action.

With the legal fight ongoing, Benzies has recently incorporated five firms, Companies House records show.

They include Royal Circus Games Limited, Starship Group and Everywhere Game Limited, the first of which has applied to the Intellectual Property Office (IPO) to make clear its primary aim is to develop video games for consoles, PCs and mobile devices.

In what may be a sign of the company’s first project, Royal Circus has also trademarked the title, Time for a New World, as well as the associated hashtag #TFANW.

Other filings suggest the 46-year-old may not be content with developing games. One new firm is entitled VR-Chitect Limited. According to documents filed with the IPO as well as the United States Patent and Trademark Office, it will produce headsets, glasses and software to “enable virtual reality viewing” similar to Sony’s PlayStation VR.

Regarded as one of the most influential figures in the game industry, Aberdeen-born Benzies worked as the producer of eight titles in the Grand Theft Auto series, which has sold more than a quarter of a billion copies worldwide.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "MARTYN McLAUGHLIN"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4345246.1485019495!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345246.1485019495!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Leslie Benzies produced eight titles in the critically acclaimed Grand Theft Auto series of video games before acrimoniously departing Rockstar North. Photograph: Stephen Butler/REX/Shutterstock","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Leslie Benzies produced eight titles in the critically acclaimed Grand Theft Auto series of video games before acrimoniously departing Rockstar North. Photograph: Stephen Butler/REX/Shutterstock","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4345246.1485019495!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/opinion/helen-colhoun-big-data-holds-key-to-tackling-diabetes-1-4345372","id":"1.4345372","articleHeadline": "Helen Colhoun: Big data holds key to tackling diabetes","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485040893000 ,"articleLead": "

Diabetes is one of the most pressing modern health problems. Nearly 350 million people worldwide are affected by the disease and rates of both type 1 and 2 diabetes are on the rise.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345371.1485023345!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "About �10 billion is spent each year by the NHS on treating diabetes"} ,"articleBody": "

We believe that clues to tackling the condition could be right here in Scotland and are ready to be discovered, thanks to advances in analysing big data sets.

Recent estimates indicate that around £10 billion is spent each year by the NHS on treating diabetes. More than three-quarters of the bill is spent on treating complications that arise from the disease – such as heart disease, kidney disease and blindness.

At the moment we don’t know enough about which people with diabetes are more likely than others to develop specific complications or why.

One way to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of healthcare would be to target certain treatments to those most at risk or those most likely to benefit from treatments targeting certain disease pathways – so-called personalised medicine. But how can we identify these people?

To tackle just that, we have embarked on a major project, backed by a €1.5 million grant from the AXA Research Fund, which was set up by the global insurer to fund primary research into different types of risk.

Our research aims to mine existing data sets – such as information from patient care records and data from wearable devices – to try to identify patterns in a person’s symptoms that may predict their risk of future complications from diabetes.

Our project is also taking advantage of advances in genetic analysis and other large scale biological data in the quest for answers.

There are huge challenges to analysing such a large amount of data. Apart from the practical issues of processing and modelling the data, there are important ethical and governance considerations.

Scotland has one of the world’s most comprehensive electronic health care record systems and, accordingly, has established a strong data safe haven and data use approval system. This enables researchers such as ourselves to securely access anonymised information whilst maintaining patient confidentiality.

The University of Edinburgh is ideally placed to lead this project. In addition to world class experts in public health research, we are also rated one of the top five universities in the world for computer science and have a leading facility for genetic studies. The university also hosts the Farr Institute – a collaboration between six Scottish universities and NHS National Services Scotland – which delivers world-leading health informatics research.

This combined expertise enables us to take complex data sets and build computer algorithms to predict risk of complications in diabetes.

Tomorrow, we are hosting a seminar at the University of Edinburgh where experts will discuss this research and also how these approaches can be applied to other diseases, such as heart disease, Alzheimer’s or even psychiatric disorders.

The prize is enormous. If we can find better ways of quantifying risks and the potential impact of diseases, we can target interventions and treatments more effectively. This will reduce not only the impact on individual patients, but also allow greater efficiency in the use of NHS resources.

Professor Helen Colhoun, AXA Chair in Medical Informatics and Life Course Epidemiology at the University of Edinburgh

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "Professor Helen Colhoun"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4345371.1485023345!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345371.1485023345!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "About �10 billion is spent each year by the NHS on treating diabetes","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "About �10 billion is spent each year by the NHS on treating diabetes","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4345371.1485023345!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/buying-a-trainspotting-postcode-in-1996-was-solid-investment-1-4345451","id":"1.4345451","articleHeadline": "Buying a Trainspotting postcode in 1996 was ‘solid investment’","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485029572000 ,"articleLead": "

CHOOSING a Trainspotting postcode in the year the film was released may have been a solid property investment, according to new analysis.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345450.1485029513!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Leith in Edinburgh has been smartened up as more young professionals have moved in and prices have risen 205 per cent. Picture: TSPL"} ,"articleBody": "

While the 1996 film featured some rather insalubrious locations, changes in the past two decades have seen prices soar by more than 400 per cent in some of the areas featured.

Leith in Edinburgh has been smartened up as more young professionals have moved in and prices have risen 205 per cent from £59,902 on average in 1996 to £182,440 today, Bank of Scotland research found.

Elsewhere in the city, the bookmakers with the “worst toilet in Scotland”, which Renton crawls out of, has long since disappeared from Muirhouse Shopping Centre on Pennywell Road in EH4.

Prices in the EH4 postcode area have soared in the past two decades, rising 209 per cent from an average of £86,281 to £266,748 in December 2016.

Although the film is set in Edinburgh, much of Trainspotting was actually filmed in Glasgow, with a disused cigarette factory providing the setting for 60 per cent of the film’s locations.

The park in which Sick Boy illustrates his unifying theory of life to Renton was one of the many locations in and near Glasgow.

Prices in Rouken Glen Park in Thornliebank, East Renfrewshire, have seen a 194 per cent increase, from an average of £78,799 in 1996 to £231,362 in December last year.

Volcano nightclub on Glasgow’s Benalder Street, where Renton meets Diane, has been demolished but property prices in the G11 postcode have increased 218 per cent over the past 20 years.

In 1996 a property would have cost an average of £56,486 - in December 2016 it was £179,833.

Property prices in the London postcodes featured in the film have seen the highest increases.

The flat that Renton tries to let in London is on the corner where Talgarth Road meets North End Road.

Property prices in the W14 postcode have soared 439 per cent from an average of £125,271 in December 1996 to £674,840 in December last year.

The Royal Eagle Hotel, on London’s Craven Road, where Begbie smashes up the hotel room, is in The City of Westminster (W2), where property prices have rocketed 312 per cent over the last 20 years.

The average price of a property has soared from £166,115 in 1996 to £683,699 on average in December last year.

Graham Blair, mortgage director at Bank of Scotland, said: “The trailer for Trainspotting 2 subtly highlights how much the world has changed since Trainspotting was released 20 years ago - John Menzies has disappeared from Edinburgh’s Princes Street, trams are now a prominent city centre feature and Renton is married.

“If you had decided to choose a Trainspotting postcode back in 1996, you would have seen a solid boost in value since then.

“London, of course, has seen the biggest increase, as prices there have shot up in comparison to Scotland, however the 200 per cent+ increase that most of the Scottish locations saw is more than acceptable.”

Ewan McGregor and most of the original cast have reunited with director Danny Boyle for T2 Trainspotting, which is released next week.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4345450.1485029513!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345450.1485029513!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Leith in Edinburgh has been smartened up as more young professionals have moved in and prices have risen 205 per cent. Picture: TSPL","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Leith in Edinburgh has been smartened up as more young professionals have moved in and prices have risen 205 per cent. Picture: TSPL","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4345450.1485029513!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/anti-trump-protesters-gather-outside-us-consulate-in-edinburgh-1-4345103","id":"1.4345103","articleHeadline": "Anti-Trump protesters gather outside US consulate in Edinburgh","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485020307000 ,"articleLead": "

MORE than 2,000 people gathered outside the US Consulate in Edinburgh in support of women’s rights following US president Donald Trump’s inauguration.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345276.1485074355!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The Edinburgh protest event was one of hundreds taking place across the world to coincide with the womens march in Washington DC. Picture: Lisa Ferguson"} ,"articleBody": "

The event was one of hundreds taking place across the world to coincide with the women’s march in Washington DC.

The Edinburgh march was organised by Leah Higgins and Calum Stewart, both aged 16.

Campaigner Alys Mumford said the event had “ballooned” in scale as word spread through social media and word-of-mouth.

Many people had travelled from towns and cities across Scotland to attend.

They donned knitted pink hats and carried placards and banners with slogans such as “Love Trumps Hate” and “Dump Trump”.

They came together to show solidarity with women in the US, “particularly women of colour, LGBTI women and disabled women, who are fearful of what this presidency will mean”, Ms Mumford said.

She added: “This is the first action of many that women will be taking against misogynistic politics.”

The event followed a series of protests in Scotland against the Trump presidency, including a march to the US Consulate timed to coincide with the inauguration on Friday, and banner drops in cities and towns across the country as part of the global ‘Bridges not Walls’ campaign.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4345276.1485074355!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345276.1485074355!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "The Edinburgh protest event was one of hundreds taking place across the world to coincide with the womens march in Washington DC. Picture: Lisa Ferguson","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "The Edinburgh protest event was one of hundreds taking place across the world to coincide with the womens march in Washington DC. Picture: Lisa Ferguson","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4345276.1485074355!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4345277.1485020152!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345277.1485020152!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Organisers Leah Higgins and Calum Stewart. Picture: Lisa Ferguson","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Organisers Leah Higgins and Calum Stewart. Picture: Lisa Ferguson","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4345277.1485020152!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/immigration-limits-could-damage-scottish-economy-minister-warns-1-4345211","id":"1.4345211","articleHeadline": "Immigration limits could damage Scottish economy, minister warns","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485018558000 ,"articleLead": "

ANY moves by the UK Government to limit immigration could “seriously harm” Scotland’s economy, a Holyrood minister has warned.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345210.1485018499!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Alasdair Allan, the international development minister, said Brexit will cause immeasurable harm to our country . Picture: TSPL"} ,"articleBody": "

Alasdair Allan, the international development minister, said Brexit “will cause immeasurable harm to our country” and further damage could be inflicted by limiting the number of people who can come to the UK.

In its submission to the UK Home Affairs Select Committee’s inquiry into immigration policy, the Scottish Government has vowed to oppose any changes to the rules which create barriers for businesses by preventing them from hiring taking on the staff they need.

The number of people living in Scotland is projected to grow by 7% between 2014 and 2039, with 90% of the rise in the next decade expected to come from inward migration.

In a letter to the committee, Mr Allan said a “key priority” in tackling Scotland’s ageing population was attracting working-age migrants to the country.

He said: “That is why we need the UK Government to deliver an immigration system that meets Scotland’s needs - because we depend heavily on new Scots to support our economy and communities.

“However, net migration targets and caps are too blunt an instrument to address the complex needs of our economy.

“The UK Government’s focus on arbitrarily reducing net migration figures, irrespective of the value migrants bring, what skills shortages they could address or what contribution they could make, is wrong for Scotland and is harming our economic prospects.”

He also spoke out on the issue at the Migrant Voice conference in Glasgow, saying: “Scotland has a long history of welcoming people of all nationalities and faiths, and of supporting their integration into the Scottish way of life and recognising the vibrancy they bring to our society and culture.

“Our response to the Home Affairs Select Committee underlines that migration is key to supporting sustainable population growth.

“Any move to limit migration, whether from within or beyond the EU, has the potential to seriously harm our economy.

“There is robust evidence that migrants are not a drain on society and can contribute significantly if they are given the same rights and opportunities as any other citizen.

“Scotland’s 369,000 migrants from outside the UK are mostly young, economically active and highly qualified.”

The UK Government has already rejected a call to consider devolving immigration powers to Scotland and changing visa arrangements to encourage students from other countries to stay on north of the border after graduating.

A Scottish Affairs Committee report recommended UK ministers consider “sub-national migration powers” for Scotland and a tailored post-study work scheme.

The UK Government response, published on Friday, stated it “does not intend to reintroduce a general post-study work scheme for Scotland” and stressed the immigration system is “designed for the whole of the UK” but takes Scotland’s needs into account.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4345210.1485018499!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345210.1485018499!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Alasdair Allan, the international development minister, said Brexit will cause immeasurable harm to our country . Picture: TSPL","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Alasdair Allan, the international development minister, said Brexit will cause immeasurable harm to our country . Picture: TSPL","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4345210.1485018499!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/glasgow-rail-passengers-told-to-expect-disruptions-1-4345177","id":"1.4345177","articleHeadline": "Glasgow rail passengers told to expect disruptions","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485017539000 ,"articleLead": "

ScotRail warn passengers that trains may be delayed or cancelled until the end of service today, with services through Motherwell heavily affected by a signalling fault.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345176.1485017482!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "ScotRail have warned of disruptions. Picture: John Devlin"} ,"articleBody": "

The services that have suffered disruption include the Dalmuir to Motherwell via Whifflet train - with services terminating at Whifflet - and the Milngavie to Cumbernauld - with services terminating at Motherwell.

Trains from Motherwell to Dalmuir via Hamilton Central will start at Rutherglen, and services from Cumbernauld to Dalmuir will begin at Motherwell, according to the Tweet posted by ScotRail this morning.

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": ""} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4345176.1485017482!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4345176.1485017482!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "ScotRail have warned of disruptions. Picture: John Devlin","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "ScotRail have warned of disruptions. Picture: John Devlin","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4345176.1485017482!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} , {"article": {"url":"http://www.scotsman.com/news/scotsman-artwork-created-to-mark-paper-s-200th-anniversary-1-4344912","id":"1.4344912","articleHeadline": "Scotsman artwork created to mark paper’s 200th anniversary","commentCount":0,"publishedDate":1485005143000 ,"articleLead": "

In paper and ink, it captures the grandeur of Scotland – to mark the birthday of the newspaper that has chronicled the country for two centuries.

","articleThumbnail": {"thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4344909.1485005083!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "David Flecks artwork incorporates The Scotsmans famous masthead."} ,"articleBody": "

An award-winning illustrator and architectural designer has unveiled a new artwork to commemorate The Scotsman’s 200th anniversary.

The map of Scotland by David Fleck takes in country kirks, city tower blocks and the mountain ranges of the Cairngorms and the Highlands.

The intricate hand-drawn map also features some of the country’s best-known buildings and iconic structures, from Edinburgh Castle and the Scott Monument to the Forth Bridge, the Titan crane and the SECC “armadillo”, the Glenfinnan viaduct, the Kelpies, a North Sea oil rig, and, at its northernmost point, Muckle Flugga lighthouse.

The work also incorporates the thistle that has adorned the newspaper’s masthead ever since the first edition went to press on 25 January, 1817, while at the foot of the map stands a likeness of the Foster printing press used to publish The Scotsman in its old Cockburn Street offices during the 19th century.

Mr Fleck, 27, from Edinburgh, used a scale model of the original press, on display at the National Museum of Scotland, to form the foundation of the artwork.

As part of Scotland’s national newspaper’s ongoing bicentenary celebrations, the illustration was commissioned to reflect the title’s heritage, values and traditions.

Mr Fleck said the brief was “pretty daunting”, but that he then realised it was also one which allowed him to look to Scotland’s future as well as its past.

“It was hard to know where to begin when trying to capture 200 years of Scotland in one image, but it suited my illustration style,” the graduate of the Glasgow School of Art said. “It’s an illustration that’s graphic and detailed yet also with feeling.

“The first idea that stuck was that of the printing press. The intricacy and mechanics of it seemed alluring and fitted my style. The image developed around that along with the newspaper’s old masthead.”

He added: “Eventually the idea of the map evolved. 
I was playing around with the ideas of Scotland’s icons and elements from history, as well as looking optimistically ahead.”

Ian Stewart, The Scotsman’s editorial director, said: “I was keen to mark the huge milestone that is 200 years with something a bit different that would obviously talk to the history and 200 years, but also reflected the values of the paper, something of demonstrable ­quality.

“Gill Neil, our group national sales manager, suggested we commission a piece of art, and that was a great idea.

“I loved the thought that it would even be something of paper and ink.”

The resulting illustration has been turned into a series of high-quality prints. Each copy is signed, numbered, and embossed with a special stamp, and will be given to The Scotsman’s staff to mark the anniversary.

Mr Stewart added: “It is something of great quality that will last, and that is very fitting.”

" ,"byline": {"email": "" ,"author": "ANGUS HOWARTH"} ,"topImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4344909.1485005083!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4344909.1485005083!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "David Flecks artwork incorporates The Scotsmans famous masthead.","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "David Flecks artwork incorporates The Scotsmans famous masthead.","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4344909.1485005083!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"bodyImages": [ {"image": {"url":"/webimage/1.4344910.1485005086!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_600/image.jpg","thumbnailUrl":"/webimage/1.4344910.1485005086!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_170/image.jpg","alt": "Illustration: David Fleck","width":600,"height":315,"thumbnailWidth":170,"thumbnailHeight":"auto","imageAlt": "Illustration: David Fleck","landscapeurl":"/webimage/1.4344910.1485005086!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_595/image.jpg","landscapewidth":595,"landscapeheight":398}} ] ,"polls":[ ] ,"videos":[ {"video": {"brightcoveId":"1484926889026"} } ] ,"imageGallerys":[ ] ,"externalLinks": [ ] ,"relatedList":{"count":0,"list":[ ]} }} ]}}} ]}