100 best Scottish buildings of last century revealed

The Dutch Village in Craigtoun Park, Fife, was built in 1923 by Paul Waterhouse
The Dutch Village in Craigtoun Park, Fife, was built in 1923 by Paul Waterhouse
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FROM banks to swimming pools, they are the buildings judged to be the finest examples of architecture in Scotland from the last 100 years.

The public will be asked next year to choose their favourite from a longlist of 100 structures selected by a panel of experts from the Royal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland (RIAS).

The shrine at the Scottish National War Memorial in Edinburgh Castle, designed by Sir Robert Lorimer

The shrine at the Scottish National War Memorial in Edinburgh Castle, designed by Sir Robert Lorimer

The list, which includes buildings from 1916 until the present day, includes two Glasgow banks, the Bon Accord Baths in Aberdeen, Tongland Power Station in Kirkcudbright and several provincial churches.

The public vote forms part of the Festival of Architecture, which takes place from March to October.

A new exhibition, Scotstyle, will tour the country and tell the story of the 100 buildings.

The list was selected from more than 400 public nominations put forward by members of the public, with a group of architects, critics and architectural historians whittling it down to 100 properties.

The great architecture of the last century will hopefully engage people and get them more interested in looking at the buildings around them

Festival chairman David Dunbar

Festival chairman David Dunbar said: “The great architecture of the last century will hopefully engage people and get them more interested in looking at the buildings around them.

“People can vote for their favourite from the first showing in the spring then throughout next year, either online or at the exhibitions. At the end of the year, the people’s favourite will be announced. It will be exciting to see which building is eventually revealed as the best of the century.”

THE FULL LIST

1916 – 1925

The Scottish Poetry Library in Edinburgh opened in 1999

The Scottish Poetry Library in Edinburgh opened in 1999

1916 Suffolk Road Halls Of Residence, 8 East Suffolk Road, Edinburgh. (Architect) Alan K Robertson

1916 Rosyth Garden City, Rosyth. Greig and Fairbairn A H Mottram

1920 Cour House, Kintyre, Argyll. Oliver Hill

1920 Craigtoun Park, islet, Dutch Village, Craigtoun Park, St Andrews. Paul Waterhouse

New housing built by New Gorbals Housing Association in the Lauriston transformational area in Glasgow

New housing built by New Gorbals Housing Association in the Lauriston transformational area in Glasgow

1923 Arches at City Chambers, John Street, Glasgow. Watson, Salmond and Gray

1923 Zoology Building, University of Glasgow. John J Burnet

1924 9 George Square, Glasgow. James Miller

1924 Bandstand and ampitheatre, Kelvingrove Park, Glasgow. James Miller

1924 Winter Gardens, Rothesay, Isle of Bute. Alexander Stephen

1925 War Memorial and Cowdray Hall, 78 Schoolhill, Aberdeen. A Marshall Mackenzie and A G R Mackenzie

St Paul's Roman Catholic Church in Glenrothes opened in 1956 and was designed by Gillespie Kidd and Coia

St Paul's Roman Catholic Church in Glenrothes opened in 1956 and was designed by Gillespie Kidd and Coia

1926 – 1935

1927 Scottish National War Memorial, Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh. Sir Robert Lorimer

1927 Bank of Scotland, 110-120 St Vincent Street, Glasgow. James Miller

1929 North British and Mercantile Building, 200 St Vincent Street, Glasgow. Sir John James Burnet with Norman A Dick

1930 St Conan’s Church, Lochawe, Argyll. Walter Douglas Campbell

1930 India Tyre and Rubber Factory, Greenock Road, Inchinnan. Wallis Gilbert

1931 Scottish Legal Life, Assurance Offices, 81-107 Bothwell Street, Glasgow Wright and Wylie E. G Wylie

1933 St Anne’s Roman Catholic Church, 21-23 Whitevale Street, Glasgow. Gillespie, Kidd and Coia

1933 The Lane House, 46a Dick Place, Edinburgh. William Kininmonth and Basil Spence

1934 Tongland Power Station, Kirkcudbright. Alexander Gibb and Partners

1935 Royal Bank of Scotland, 30 Bothwell Street, Glasgow. James Miller


1936 – 1945

1936 Daily Express Building, 159-195 Albion Street, Glasgow. E Owen Williams

1937 Bon Accord Baths, Justice Mill Lane, Aberdeen. Alexander Robbie

1937 St Cuthbert’s Co-operative Association, 22-34 Bread Street, Edinburgh. T Waller Marwick

1937 St Columba of Iona RC Church, 74-76 Hopehill Road, Glasgow. Gillespie, Kidd and Coia

1938 Luma Light Factory, 470 Shieldhall Road, Glasgow. Cornelius Armour

1938 Rothesay Pavilion, Argyle Street, Rothesay. James Carrick

1939 St Andrew’s House, Regent Road, Edinburgh. Burnet, Tait and Lorne

1939 Glasgow Film Theatre, 12 Rose Street, Glasgow. John McKissack

1939 Reading Room, University Avenue, Glasgow. T Harold Hughes & D S R Waugh

1939 St Mary’s Church, King Street, Aberdeen. A G R MacKenzie

1946 – 1955

1948 Timex Factory, Harrison Road, Dundee. Bennet, Beard and Wilkins

1949 New Taybank Mill, Arbroath Road, Dundee. Kenneth Masson

1949 Wills Tobacco Factory, 368 Alexandra Parade, Glasgow. Wills Engineering Department

1950 Hermit’s Castle, Achmelvich, Loch Inver, Sutherland. David Scott

1951 Vale of Leven Hospital, Alexandria, Dunbartonshire, Keppie Henderson & J L Gleave

1952 Fishermen’s Houses, Lamar Street, Dunbar. Basil Spence and Partners

1953 Extensions, Natural Philosophy Building, University Avenue, Glasgow. Basil Spence and Partners

1953 Sighthill Health Centre, Calder Road, Edinburgh. R Gardner-Medwin

1954 Kilsyth Academy, Balmalloch, Kilsyth. Basil Spence & Partners

1955 National Library of Scotland, George IV Bridge, Edinburgh Reginald Fairlie (completed by A R Conlon)


1956 – 1965

1956 Town House, Wemyssfield, Kirkcaldy. Carr and Howard David Carr

1956 St Paul’s Roman Catholic Church, Warout Road, Glenrothes. Gillespie, Kidd and Coia

1957 High Sunderland, Galashiels. Peter Womersley

1958 Avisfield, 12 Cramond Road, Edinburgh. Morris and Steedman

1959 Silitto Residence, Edinburgh. Morris and Steedman

1963 Seafar 2 Housing, Cumbernauld New Town, Lanarkshire. Hugh Wilson, Dudley Roberts (Project leader), Roy Hunter

1963 Nuffield transplantation surgery unit, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh. Peter Womersley

1963 Gala Fairydean stand, Nether Road, Galashiels. Peter Womersley

1964 Glasgow College of Building and Printing, North Frederick Street, Glasgow. Wylie Shanks and Underwood

1965 St Patrick’s Roman Catholic Church, 30 Low Craigends, Kilsyth. Gillespie, Kidd and Coia

1966 – 1975

1966 St Peter’s College, Cardross, Gillespie, Kidd and Coia / Andy MacMillan and Isi Metzstein

1967 Department of Architecture and Building Science, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow. Frank Fielden and Associates

1967 Mortonhall Crematorium, 30b Howenhall Road, Edinburgh. Sir Basil Spence, Glover and Ferguson

1968 Dollan Aqua Centre, Brouster Hill, East Kilbride. Alexander Buchanan Campbell

1968 Andrew Melville Hall, University of St Andrews, St Andrews. James Stirling

1970 BOAC Building, 83-85 Buchanan Street, Glasgow. Gillespie, Kidd and Coia / Andy MacMillan and Isi Metzstein

1970 Royal Commonwealth Pool, 21 Dalkeith Road, Edinburgh. RMJM John Richards

1972 Bernat Klein Studio, High Sunderland, Galashiels. Peter Womersley

1974 Phase III Housing, Woodside Development Area A, St George’s Road, Glasgow. Boswell Mitchell & Johnson

1974 Stirling University, Bridge of Allan. RMJM John Richards


1976 – 1985

1976 Eden Court Theatre, Bishop’s Road, Inverness. Law and DunbarNasmith

1976 Scottish Amicable Life Assurance Society headquarters, 150 St Vincent Street, Glasgow. King, Main and Ellison

1979 St John Ogilvie Church, Bourtreehill, Irvine. Clunie Rowell with Douglas Niven and Gerry Connolly

1980 Cummins Engine Factory, Shottskirk Road, Shotts. Ahrends, Burton and Koralek

1981 Pitlochry Festival Theatre, Port-na-craig Road, Pitlochry. Law & DunbarNasmith Partnership

1982 Dundee Repertory Theatre, Tay Square, Dundee. Nicoll Russell Studios

1983 The Burrell Collection, 200 Pollokshaws Road, Glasgow. Barry Gasson, Brit Andresen and John Meunier

1984 Ingram Square, Glasgow. Elder and Cannon Architects

1984 Caley House, Kilwinning. Irvine Development Corporation, Roan Rutherford

1985 Babbity Bowsters, 18 Blackfriars Street, Glasgow, Groves-Raines Architects

1986 – 1995

1986 Brunswick Hotel, Brunswick Street, Glasgow. Elder and Cannon Architects

1986 Grianan Building, Dundee Technology Park, Dundee. Nicoll Russell Studios

1987 Princes Square, 34-58 Buchanan Street, Glasgow. Hugh Martin & Partners

1987 National Library Of Scotland Annexe, 137 Causewayside, Edinburgh. Andrew Merrylees Associates

1987 General Accident Fire And Life Assurance Corporation Headquarters, Necessity Brae, Perth. James Parr & Partners

1989 Carrick Quay, Glasgow. Davis Duncan Partnership

1991 The Italian Centre, John Street, Glasgow. Page \ Park Architects

1993 Fruitmarket Gallery, 29 Market Street, Edinburgh. Richard Murphy Architects

1993 Challenge House, 29 Canal Street, Glasgow. McNeish Design Partnership

1994 178-180 Ingram Street, Glasgow. Page \ Park Architects


1996 – 2005

1998 Museum of Scotland, Bristo Place, Edinburgh. Benson + Forsyth

1999 Dundee Contemporary Arts, 152 Nethergate, Dundee. Richard Murphy Architects

1999 Homes for the Future: The Green, Lanark Street, Glasgow. Elder and Cannon Architects

1999 Scottish Poetry Library, 5 Crichton’s Close, Edinburgh. Malcolm Fraser Architects

1999 The Lighthouse, Mitchell Lane, Glasgow. Page \ Park Architects

2000 Tramway, 25 Albert Drive, Glasgow. Zoo Architects

2001 Mount Stuart Visitors Centre, Isle of Bute. Munkenbeck + Marshall

2001 National Museum of Rural Life, Wester Kittochside, East Kilbride. Page \ Park Architects

2003 Clavius Building, St Aloysius College, 45 Hill Street, Glasgow Elder and Cannon Architects

2004 The Scottish Parliament, Canongate, Edinburgh. EMBT / RMJM

2006 – 2015

2006 Maggie’s Centre, Raigmore Hospital, Old Perth Road, Inverness Page \ Park Architects

2007 Pier Arts Centre, 28 Victoria Street, Stromness, Orkney. Reiach and Hall Architects

2009 John Hope Gateway, Royal Botanic Gardens, Arboretum Road, Edinburgh. Cullinan Studio

2010 Shettleston Housing Association offices, 65 Pettigrew Street, Glasgow. Elder and Cannon Architects

2011 The Houl Dalry, Castle Douglas. Simon Winstanley Architects

2013 The Chapel of St Albert the Great, George Square, Edinburgh. Simpson and Brown Architects

2013 House No. 7 Scarinish, Tiree. Denizen Works

2013 The Turf House, Isle of Skye. Rural Design

2014 Maggie’s Centre, Airdrie. Reiach and Hall Architects

2015 Laurieston Transformational Area, Cumberland Street, Glasgow. Elder and Cannon Architects, Page \ Park

Ballroom dancers in the 1938 Rothesay Pavillion

Ballroom dancers in the 1938 Rothesay Pavillion