Four “siblings” of Dolly the sheep are in good health, raising hopes that the cloning process does not detrimentally affect physical well-being.
Debbie, Denise, Dianna and Daisy have just passed their ninth birthday. They were cloned using cells from the same adult sheep as Dolly, who stunned the scientific community when she was born more than 20 years ago.
Concerns were raised that Dolly, the first cloned mammal, had aged prematurely when she was diagnosed with osteoarthritis at a relatively young age. But researchers have been given hope that the poor health of Dolly was not a result of the process that led to her creation, as all four of her siblings remain healthy.
The four cloned sheep, nicknamed the Nottingham Dollies, are part of a flock of 13 being monitored by scientists at the University of Nottingham.
The university’s Professor Kevin Sinclair said of the findings, which were published in the journal Nature Communications: “One of the concerns in the early days was that cloned offspring were ageing prematurely and Dolly was diagnosed with osteoarthritis at the age of around five, so clearly this was a relevant area to investigate.
“Following our detailed assessments of glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, blood pressure and musculoskeletal investigations, we found that our clones, considering their age, were at the time of our research healthy.”
It is hoped that the healthiness of the sheep, which was determined in comparison to naturally bred sheep living at the university, is a sign that it is possible for cloned animals to lead longer and healthier existences.
The study examined the 13 sheep between seven and nine years. Dolly died when she was six-and-a-half years old.
Some of the animals showed signs of mild or moderate osteoarthritis but none were found to be lame or required treatment for the condition, researchers said.
The method used to create Dolly and her siblings is called somatic cell nuclear transfer, which involves transferring an adult cell nucleus containing an animal’s “signature” DNA to an unfertilised donor egg whose own nucleus has been removed.